Despite the unpretentiousness and enviable stamina, Zamiokulkas sometimes makes their owners seriously alarmed. Why does zamiokulkas turn yellow, and what if the stems wither and the leaves dry? The answer to the questions of the florist most often lies in the mistakes made during the care or lack of attention to the guest from tropical, but not too wet areas of Africa.
Without taking into account the biological characteristics of the culture, the florist risks facing a situation in which the zamiokulkas signals ill health with yellow spots, drying up tips of the leaf plates, loss of elasticity and richness of the stems. The longer the plant is in uncomfortable conditions, the more serious the consequences and external signs of indisposition.
If you do not follow the rules of home care, Zamiokulkas turns yellow, the number of leaf lobes decreases, their color becomes visibly paler. But lack of attention threatens not only the loss of decoration, but also the decay of the root system, the base of the shoots, their drying out or wilting due to the attack of pests.
Why zamiokulkas not give new shoots?
The reason that the leaves of the zamiokulkas turn yellow, lose their saturated green color or fade completely is often a lack of light. Unfortunately, flower growers forget about the change in light in the autumn-winter period.
The pot with zamiokulkas located in the depth of the room must be moved closer to the window, when there is no such possibility, the culture is provided with additional illumination.
The owner of an ornamental plant, complaining that the zamiokulkas does not give new shoots, should pay attention to the location of the pot and the quality of the soil in it. Although the plant can not be called fast-growing, the slowdown in the formation of young foliage is often explained by a nutrient-poor substrate or the need to transplant a green pet. The root system in this case occupies the entire volume of the pot, leaving no space for soil. Because of this, the flower suffers, the leaves of the zamiokulkas turn yellow, the growth stops, and the already existing greens wither.
To remedy the situation, an appropriately sized pot is selected for the ornamental culture, transplantation or fertilizing of the zamiokulkas is carried out with a complex composition.
Zamiokulkas wrinkled stem
The fact that most flower growers take Zamiokulkas stem and its pointed lanceolate leaves is in fact a sheet of complex shape. If the thickened stalks lose their elasticity, and the leaves of the zamiokulkas turn yellow, the reason may lie in violation of the rules of watering.
In nature, the plant is faced with drought and to maintain life, it accumulates moisture in powerful succulent leaves. When a zamiokulkas chronically loses water, that is, watering is rare and superficial, it threatens yellowing and fading to all the aboveground parts. An analogous situation is observed after the gulf of soil, which led to the deterioration of the root system.
Asking: “What is to be done, and why does the zamiokulkas turn yellow?”, The florist should analyze the care of the plant and find the possible cause of the pet's unhealthiness.
If the stem of zamiokulkas wrinkled due to overflow:
- the flower is taken out of the pot,
- gently remove the soil and wash the roots,
- damaged areas are removed with a clean, sharp knife
- Cuts on healthy tissue are powdered with charcoal powder and dried.
Having found signs of rot or fungal infection, the indoor plant lover should not be limited to coal treatment. In this case, it is worth resorting to fungicides, which will destroy one of the causes of the problem, protect roots and tubers in the future..
Planting zamiokulkasa carried out in pots, a little more than the volume of a healthy root system. The substrate must be loose, permeable to air and moisture. It is important that irrigation water does not accumulate in the ground; therefore, a powerful drainage is made in the pot, and sand, perlite or vermiculite and charcoal are added to the soil.
When the leaves of the zamiokulkas turn yellow after transplantation, this may indicate a wrong selection of the substrate, which turned out to be too dense.
A similar situation awaits a grower, if he, trying to feed the plant, incorrectly picked up the concentration of active substances. Not coping with excess nutrition, zamiokulkas is experiencing discomfort and weakness. That is why zamiokulkas turns yellow, but what to do in such a situation? Unfortunately, even here we cannot do without transplanting a bush into a new soil and washing the roots.
What to do if zamiokulkas leaves turn yellow, and then become covered with dark spots and dry quickly. Such symptoms indicate a too low temperature of the plant and excessive watering. Most often this happens when the season changes, when the florist did not have time to adjust the care. If the sickness of a green pet is noticed in time, it will be enough to arrange watering or to move the pot to heat.
If zamiokulkas leaves turn yellow, the flower may signal an attack of pests.
A plant that is carried out in the open air in summer is exposed to the risk of infestation by aphids, which surround young shoots and rear foliage. The insect brings the greatest harm precisely to the fragile plants.
Therefore, after placing the pot in the room, it is better to arrange weekly quarantine for the zamiokulkas, and to treat the greenery with insecticide to detect the pests.
In addition to aphids culture threaten:
- spider mites, rapidly spreading in dry indoor air,
- shchitovki falling on zamiokulkas from the street or neighboring plants,
- thrips and mealybugs.
It is not enough to fight spider mites with systemic acaricides. Chemicals will give only a temporary effect, if you do not arrange care for yellowed at home zamiokulkas.
Systemic insecticides are used against shield insects, thrips, and insects, and more than one treatment will have to be carried out for the last two pests.
To avoid unpleasant for the grower of the spectacle, when the zamiokulkas turn yellow, the leaves of the flower wither and fall, it is possible to provide the plant with an optimum temperature, light, watering and feeding. We must not forget about the timely transplantation of ornamental culture and careful attention to the selection of the substrate.
Why do leaves of zamiokulkas turn yellow? Usually the answer lies in the wrong care. If the flower turned yellow, then it is necessary to find out why it happened. Most often the reasons are as follows:
watering (excessive or insufficient),
direct sunlight (burns),
top dressing (excessive or insufficient),
Zamioculcas belongs to drought-resistant plants, therefore it is highly undesirable to “flood” it. Excess and stagnant moisture for it is destructive. This leads to decay of the roots, and then - and tubers. To save the plant from certain death, you must remove it from the pot and carefully examine the root system. Remove all the roots and tubers that have rotted, then treat with ashes and special preparations to restore the roots. All healthy nodules can be re-planted in the pot, not forgetting to use a special soil for succulents. It is necessary to water very moderately, only at full drying of the top layer of the earth. In the second variant (moisture is obviously not enough), the plant seeks to lose excess leaves for survival. In this case, if the tubers are alive, it is enough to simply resume normal watering.
The most important thing - do not "fill"
Zamioculcas yellows from direct sunlight. It belongs to the category of shade-tolerant colors, and the sun can leave ugly yellow or brown spots on the leaf blades. It is preferable to place it on the eastern and northern windows. You can even put it in the back of the room, the plant will easily transfer it.
In zamiokulkasa leaves may turn yellow just from old age. For quite natural reasons, the green mass gradually changes color, and then it falls off. This is a completely normal process. In nature, this is exactly what happens. This is the life cycle of the plant. Growing up, new young leaves take away nutrients from older ones, which slowly and gradually die off. It is not necessarily the plant feels bad. Only the decorative qualities of the flower and the worried owners suffer. If the spots are dry to the touch, then this should not be alarming. It is necessary to wait for natural drying, and then remove them. If zamiokulkas leaves turn yellow, then what to do, you decide. But do not rush. It may well be that to do just nothing.
The reason for the yellowing of the foliage may be in excess fertilizer. In no case can not overfeed the plant, because of this it will not grow faster. It is quite enough to feed one during the growing season. And in the fall and winter they are not required at all. From the lack of food flower also suffers and gives a signal by changing the color of the leaves. Although it is very rare.
If the zamiokulkas plant turns yellow leaves, then the reason may be hiding in a sharp temperature difference indoors or in the presence of drafts. These generally undemanding plants are very sensitive to such factors. Negative effect on them and the proximity of operating heating devices.
When the leaves turn yellow ...
Another reason why the zamiokulkas turns yellow may be mechanical damage to the tuber. Sometimes when an unsuccessful transplant rhizome is accidentally injured and then begins to rot. Or when splitting the plant, a small nodule was left, and there were too many leaves on it. In the first case, it is necessary to act similarly to the situation of excessive irrigation, that is, to remove the center of rotting. In the second case, do nothing: your pet just gets rid of the extra leaves.
Presence of pests
Pests can be found on the yellowed plant. This also adversely affects his appearance. Usually these are such insects:
Shchitovka. Manifested by the appearance of brown spots on the leaves. In the neglected version of the plant can completely lose the aboveground parts.
Aphid. It settles on the tops of young tender leaves. Visually well visible.
Tick spider web. Crohn changes color and looks depressed. The web is visible to the naked eye.
All cases require immediate intervention. Methods of struggle may be as follows:
Prewash the soap solution with a sponge and wash off the insects. Soap is preferable to the usual economic. The procedure is best done carefully. Care must be taken to ensure that the solution does not fall on the substrate in the pot. Then, placing the plant in the shower, wash off the composition.
You can use natural remedy in the form of garlic. Infused on it during the week, the solution is thoroughly sprayed.
If nothing helps, then you need to use special chemicals (insecticides). The duration of exposure can be significantly increased if the plant is completely wrapped for several hours in a plastic bag. This is especially true in the fight against scutes, which have a thick shell.
Good care at home provides prevention. An effective preventive measure against all pests is a regular shower and spraying.
Why does the foliage of the zamiokulkas turn yellow, what if the plant loses its attractiveness? You must carefully examine the plant and try to understand the cause, then take appropriate action. Proper care and care will help prevent such situations.
Overflow is the main reason
Overflow is indeed the main reason for the change in the color of the leaves of the zamiokulkas from green to yellow. It often happens that the florist buys a plant with a closed root system or receives it as a gift. However, he does not realize that instead of the usual root system, in this case a tuber hides in the soil.
The task of the tuber is to accumulate water in order to gradually give it to the leaves when a drought occurs. House at the florist unfolds not the most favorable picture. The grower sees that the soil has dried up in a pot and is in a hurry to water the plant. The tuber quickly absorbs the resulting water - the soil becomes dry again. An inexperienced florist repeats watering, and the tuber again eagerly sucks in all the liquid.
If such a chain of events lasts too long, the tuber will get an excess of moisture and begin to rot. The flower will redirect all the moisture and nutrients from the leaves to the root to cure and restore it. Hence the yellowing of foliage.
This problem can be diagnosed according to the following signs: leaf lobes turn yellow and pale in the whole plant, wet dark spots appear on the petioles.
Remove the tuber from the pot and carefully examine it. Using a blade or a sharp knife, you must carefully cut off all rotten places, as well as all soft places with an unpleasant smell. Sections should be processed with ordinary medical green or crushed activated carbon.
The slices need to be slightly dried in air, after which the zamiokulkas need to be transplanted into a new soil. Just do not remove the yellowed leaves - they will still be useful for the plant.
To prevent such a problem from arising in the future, it is necessary to provide the plant with competent watering. To understand when you need to make a new watering, since the ground is completely dry, you need to wait another three days. It is also worth remembering that the plant needs quality drainage. Zamiokulkas completely cannot swim in the swamp from the soil and water.
If the room is already very hot and the air is too dry, we assume daily watering with very little water. However, it is better to spray the plant overnight. In this way you will achieve a complete imitation of the natural environment for the zamiokulkas.
There is one piece of advice with which you can determine if it is time to water the plant. We take a wooden stick and immerse it at the very bottom of the pot, leaving it there for 12-14 minutes. After that, take out the wand and look at the level of humidity. Decide whether watering is required today.
How blooms zamiokulkas
Zamioculcas (zamioculcas) is an evergreen exotic plant from the arid family. In everyday life it is called a dollar tree, because of the round fleshy leaves, similar to Crassula - “money tree”. Due to his aesthetic qualities, unpretentious content at home, he gained particular popularity among gardeners.
Zamioculcas has a modified stem and a powerful root that looks more like a potato tuber. Leaf with pinnate leaves with erect and thick stem. From the stem, the leaves diverge in different directions and have a dark green color. The shape of the leaves is ovoid, the surface is leathery, glossy with glitter.
Flower zamiokulkasa nondescript, faintly smelling. An ear-shaped inflorescence surrounded by a light green veil. At home, self-pollination does not occur, so after flowering you need to remove the flower.
When zamiokulkas blooms, it is necessary to increase watering and root dressing. Flowering occurs infrequently, for this it is important to create conditions close to natural:
- located on the south side,
- wipe the leaves from dust.
Proper watering and care for zamiokulkas
Zamioculcas, like many southern plants, is able to store moisture for future use. It needs to be watered rarely, but plentifully and to prevent rotting of the root system. Excessive moisture can cause plant death. If the roots rot, save the flower will not succeed.
Long to keep without water, too, can not. This will cause the zamiokulkas leaves to turn yellow and fall off. The roots of a flower are strong, so you can save it in such a situation - water well enough and it will begin to come to life, fresh leaves will appear. The plant tolerates dry soil more easily than it is richly hydrated.
Watering is necessary as the land dries, always with settled, slightly warm water. In the hot season, watering once a week, and in the winter - less often, because the flower goes into "sleep" mode.
Due to its ability to accumulate moisture, Zamioculcas quickly loses its supply of nutrients, therefore, with the arrival of spring and until the beginning of autumn, it must be fertilized twice a month. For plants, nitrogen-free liquid fertilizers are excellent. Make the feeding should be after irrigation, diluting the concentrate with warm water.
What to do if zamiokulkas yellow leaves
Abundant hydration and low temperature lead to the fact that the leaves of the zamiokulkas begin to turn yellow. To solve this problem, it is necessary to reduce watering and put the flower in a warm, well-ventilated room. In the summer it can be kept on the balcony, he is not afraid of heat and drafts. Periodically wipe the leaves with water or wash under a warm shower.
If zamiokulkasa began to rot the stem, it means that the root itself is rotting. Чтобы справиться с проблемой, необходимо выкопать корень и удалить острым ножом пораженные участки. Срезы смазать зеленкой или присыпать толченым активированным углем. Цветок полностью обработать Фундазолом и посадить в свежую, удобренную почву.
Если замедлился рост, у замиокалькуса желтеют и скручиваются листья, то причина в застое воды в клубне. Remove the flower from the pot, inspect the root tuber, if it is wrinkled, then treat it with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and transplant it into fresh ground.
Stretching the leaves and pale color indicate a lack of light - put the plant on the window. Brown spots on the leaves appear with burns - remove the flower from direct sunlight.
How to transplant Zamiokulkas
The choice of container is of great importance for transplantation of zamiokulkas. When the rhizomes grow strongly, the plastic pot may burst or deform. The ideal option is a wide and small container with a drainage hole, the size of which is slightly larger than the flower's tuber.
In a large container there is the danger of over-wetting the soil. In addition, the ground part of the plant will develop only when the roots grow throughout the free volume of the pot.
Young Zamiokulkas must be replanted annually, an adult - once every 4-5 years. Transplant after winter, when the plant begins to wake up from "hibernation."
Pour a layer of drainage soil into the selected container about 1/4 of the pot, this will not allow excess moisture to accumulate. Carefully remove the plant from the old pot by transfer. Put the flower strictly in the center and fill the ground. Well pour and spray out of the spray.
A purchased zamiokulkas cannot be immediately transplanted; it needs adaptation for at least three weeks. If the plant was purchased in winter, then it should be replanted in early spring, closely monitor the flower, creating a comfortable environment.
Ways to breed zamiokulkas
Zamiokulkas can be propagated in several ways:
- the division of an adult plant.
Cut the leaf cut "Kornovinom" and dry during the day. Planted leaf should be in a mixture of peat and sand or substrate. Water by spraying the ground and the leaf itself two days after planting. After 9-10 weeks, a tuber with roots will appear underground, and in six months new leaves will start growing.
Cut off the leaf plates with “Korneov” and leave for 2-3 hours to dry. The plate should be deepened 3 cm into the wet substrate; a mixture of sand with peat is well suited. Put in a warm place and cover, ventilate so as not to collect condensate. Watering by spraying two days later, do not re-moisten the soil. After 9-10 weeks a tuber is formed, the first shoots with leaves will appear after 10-12 months.
Reproduction of Zamiokulkas by grafting is one of the reliable methods, since several young plants are obtained from one plate and they root well. Cut the branch into small cuttings, so that there are two leaves opposite each other. Sprinkle the slices with activated charcoal or treat with Kornevin to improve growth. Plant cuttings in the same way as the plates themselves. Start spraying a couple of days after planting. Tubers are formed after 9-10 weeks, and the young shoots will appear six months later.
The simplest and most reliable way of breeding zamiokulkas is to divide the plant into tubers during transplantation. Remove the flower from the pot, free the tubers from the ground. Divide into the required number of parts so that each tuber has a kidney, carefully unravel the roots. Seed tubers in small pots. Sprinkle three days after planting by spraying. To care for tubers as well as for adult plants.
It is important to remember that Zamiokulkas is considered a poisonous plant. It will not bring harm to health, but when it comes in contact with the skin it causes itching and redness. Despite this, the plant is popular, does not require special care and looks good in any interior. There is a belief that the dollar flower attracts financial well-being. True or not, you can see for yourself by growing a beautiful exotic plant at home.
Many growers want to buy this plant for themselves, because it has high decorative qualities. However, one feature of this strange plant is not known to everyone. At the same time on one handle can be located no more than 17 plates. As zamiokulkas grows new leaves, the old ones gradually die off and as a result, gradually turn yellow.
Over time, the plant will certainly begin to lose its decorative qualities. The leaves from the bottom of the petioles become bare, and at the top remains a neat fan of the remaining leaves. However, you should not worry too much, because the growth of zamiokulkas continues very slowly.
This problem can be diagnosed by the appearance of yellowness on the lower leaves and the formation of new shoots.
Solution to the problem
Here you do not need to do anything, because everything goes exactly as it should. The plant grows and develops correctly, which means that you provide it with the right care.
The problem, which is the complete opposite of the first cause of yellowness on the leaves. Here the florist on the contrary makes too strong an emphasis on the fact that his succulent grows, and therefore he waters it too rarely. The flower is deficient in moisture, and in this state it starts the mechanism of saving resources.
The entire aboveground part of the plant is discarded yellow and discarded, which can grow again sometime later, when moisture becomes sufficient again. Flower growers start to panic and look for the cause of the disease of the plant, although it is pretty obvious.
Remember: if a plant can do without water for a long time, this does not mean that it does not need moisture at all. The problem can be diagnosed by the following features: The leaf plates on the whole plant turn yellow very sharply. Then they quickly dry up and die.
Immediately water the plant. However, in this case there is a risk of overflowing the plants. At first it is necessary only to moisten the soil a little. After a few hours, repeat this procedure. Thin roots during this time will return to life and begin to act actively.
After a few hours it is necessary to repeat the procedure a third time. Then wait for the soil to dry out. Then zamiokulkas watered gently and little by little. Even if the entire ground part of your flower is dead - do not rush to throw out the tuber, because from it you can still get a beautiful and healthy plant.
Most of the insect pests common in our country repel wax coating on Zamiokulkas leaves. However, such pests as scutes, spider mites and aphids, do not disdain and will certainly get to the cell sap of the leaves. They represent a great danger to the plant, their population is growing very quickly.
Diagnosis of the problem: initially, small yellow dots appear on the leaves, which eventually grow into large spots. A cobweb or holes can be observed on the underside of the leaf plate. The largest accumulation of insects is also located there.
Usually getting rid of these pests is quite a challenge. However, in the case of zamiokulkas, the situation is easier because it does not have a cannon on the foliage. To get rid of pests you will need the following items:
- Kitchen foil or thick film
- Clean warm water
- Soft cloth,
- Laundry soap.
For a start it is worth closing the soil in a pot with polyethylene or foil. Next, you need to thoroughly lather the cloth and with its help to wash off all insects from the plant. Wash the zamiokulkas with clean water. If you do not want to bother with soap solutions, you can use any suitable insecticide and follow the instructions on the packaging.
Sunburn and frostbite
Despite the hot natural environment of this plant, a long stay in direct sunlight adversely affects its health. In order to prevent the occurrence of problems, from time to time the plant must be pritenyat.
Diagnosis of the problem: torn stains of yellow color appear on the leaf plates, subsequently they grow.
You must immediately move the flower pot to a darker place. You can also cover it with a curtain or white paper to protect it from direct sunlight. Handle the plate itself is not necessary. It is enough to spray them with any solution of adaptogen.
You can use zircon, aloe juice, epin. Spraying these substances will help the plant recover quickly. Similarly, frostbite of the plant, which is often found among those who like to arrange drafts in their apartments during the winter season, is also manifested.
If you had to cut the tuber of a plant, and you chose a crushed angle as a treatment, you should add some kind of root formation stimulator to the powder. Thanks to this action, young roots will soon take the place of rotten ones.
If your plant slowly turns yellow, and then the leaves lose their color altogether, becoming colorless, your zamiokulkas is categorically lacking nutrition or light. In your power to eliminate both problems. For a start, it is worthwhile to provide the zamiokulkas with bright diffused lighting. Then you should feed it with a weak solution of any fertilizer based on a complex of minerals.
If the problem was solved by itself and the correct pigmentation of the plant began to recover - you did everything right. If this does not happen - the reason lies in something else.