In the cold period of time, the mice have nothing to eat, and they are constantly in search of food. By the end of winter and by the beginning of spring, these rogues are especially active. Once in the garden, they are ready to nibble everything in their path, but the most important targets for them are apple trees. Unlike stone fruit plants, the bark of apple trees is not bitter and more convenient for nibbling because of its soft structure. If the pests spoil the trunks partially, then the trees can still be saved. Some gardeners had to observe how, after a massive invasion of mice, tree trunks were damaged along their entire diameter, and many of these plants could not be saved.
Sometimes mice get to the root system of trees, which represents a great threat to the spring awakening and further development of plants. Not for nothing gardeners face the question of how to protect the apple tree in winter from mice.
Young apple trees and new seedlings are especially in need of protection from rodents. They are a favorite food for garden pests.
Risk of damage
Since rodents like to feed on buds, roots and bark, after their visit the stem of the plant becomes bare. Stamb in this state is not able to cope with the necessary processes occurring inside it.
The bark is responsible for the important functions of the plant. It provides continuous movement of water and nutrients. The bark also serves as a reliable armor from many small pests and diseases.
If the bark is damaged from all sides, there is a probability that it will be cut off from the main power source - the root, and this threatens to destroy the tree. To avoid this, you need to take care in advance how to protect the apple tree from mice in the winter. There are several ways of such protection, which we will consider in turn in the article.
Proper care of the apple tree and preparation for winter will protect against rodents. A well-tidy garden will not much attract pests. Mice like to find secluded places under the foliage and make moves in them. Therefore, in the autumn you need to scrape out all the leaves carefully and remove piles of dry grass.
The areas around the trunks should be dug up, which will be an obstacle for rodents. Naked land does not attract mice, as they prefer to wade to the trunks of trees under the cover of dry grass. Digging should be done carefully so as not to cut the roots. Then you need to wrap the trunks of apple trees.
Another preventive way to protect apple trees from mice in the winter is to tamp snow around trunks. Such a barrier will not allow rodents to get to their delicacy unhindered, as they make their moves under a snowcover.
Winding trunks serves two purposes: it protects the plant from severe frostbite and from rodents. Covering material used by gardeners is diverse. The main thing that it was dense enough. This may be agrofibre, burlap, old stockings, plastic bottles or film.
It is recommended to use a canvas of neutral shades. This contributes to the uniform flow and distribution of heat and light on the trunks of trees.
Under the canvas when winding trunks can not lay organic material. It will be a great bait for rodents. Dry leaves, straw, hay, and even peat or humus for mice are suitable building materials for mink.
Before proceeding to the shelter of plants, it is important to understand the principle of how to protect the apple tree from mice in the winter, and then use the available materials. It consists in the following: the protective layer should cover not only the trunk to the first branches, but also cover the soil around the tree. This implies the use of several types of material or methods of protection. Moreover, covering fabric must be firmly fixed at the basal area. The root system is covered with mulch, soaked in caustic detergent for scaring mice.
An excellent device from rodents is a metal mesh. Most often it is used as a barrier against hares. But if there is such a material with dense weaving in home use, then it is also suitable for protection against mice.
Mechanical barrier is considered one of the best ways to apple. The barrel and bark in this case will remain in natural conditions for them. Sunlight and heat will penetrate through the grid. The installation of the grid provides plants with regular ventilation, which, in turn, prevents the occurrence of diaper rash and diseases.
The mesh is instilled into the soil by 25 cm with great care so as not to damage the roots. Its height should correspond to the length of the trunk.
For this purpose, and used a soft mesh for storing vegetables. To create a good defense, it is wound in several layers.
In most cases, preference is given to soft materials. They are easy to use and less bruising. You can choose a dense elastic fabric or polyethylene.
How to protect apple trees from mice in winter with this material? For convenience, it is better to cut the canvas with ribbons 20-25 cm wide. It is necessary to wrap the tree trunks so that there are no empty gaps. Each subsequent round need a little overlay the previous one. Such a stock will not allow the wind to unwind the covering material. From above it is fixed with wire or rope at intervals of 15-20 cm.
To decide how to wind an apple tree for the winter from mice, you need to take into account the number of trees in the garden. Buying agrofibre or film for a large garden can cost too much. In this case, protective materials can be combined. For example, a piece of trees wrap with roofing material. In the practice of horticulture is applied even lapnik. They tied shtambi, having its branches down.
It is important to know that it is necessary to use roofing material correctly. The first layer is necessarily wrapped with a soft cloth or paper. Covering material should fit snugly against each other so that there are no gaps between them. Water may enter the voids, which will subsequently lead to icing of the bole.
The roofing material is quite dense and impenetrable in structure, therefore, with the onset of spring, it should be removed immediately.
Creolin is an effective remedy for rodents
The drug is intended for use in veterinary medicine. It is used to fight bloodsucking insects and pasture flies. In the instructions for use "Creolin" is described as a strong antiseptic with antiparasitic and disinfectant action. The tool is used for psoroptosis in sheep, as well as for the treatment of cattle. It can be used to disinfect premises where birds and domestic animals are kept.
This tool is widely used in the cultivation of crops. Insecticidal effects have been detected. It destroys pests such as butterflies and mites, and helps fight the nematode and aphids.
Experienced gardeners use “Creolin” from mice in the garden. For this purpose, a teaspoon of the product is diluted in 1 liter of sunflower oil and in the fall they are smeared with apple trunks.
In addition to protection from rodents, the oil-based solution has a healing effect. It heals damaged areas on the crust and prevents the strong effects of undesirable climate change. Lubricating the trunks of this tool is an excellent preventive measure against diseases and harmful insects.
Sawdust can be impregnated with the same solution and spread out around apple trees. In this case, “Creolin” from mice in the garden serves as an effective deterrent and helps protect the protective layer of the trunk from damage.
In the summer, treating trees with an oil solution protects them from aphids.
An aqueous solution of "Creolin" treats trees after frostbite and damage by rodents. It also helps in the fight against small pests that spoil the bark of trees. For the manufacture of a working solution take 1 tsp. liquid per 200 ml of water. Means is applied on fabric, put to the damaged places and fix. You can add it to the whitewash for spring processing trunks.
In the instructions for use "Creolina" refers to the toxicity of the drug. It has 3 degree of danger, therefore it is necessary to use them in rubber gloves.
The crucial moment in the preparation of the apple for the winter period becomes tree pest releasethat can survive the winter and cause heavy damage to fruit trees, if you do not take the necessary measures:
- Many inexperienced gardeners do not specifically remove the fallen leaves and small branches around the tree, as they think that in this way they save the root system of trees from freezing. However, in the fallen leaves appear pests and larvae of various kinds of insects that can harm the young processes and apples. Consequently, the foliage around the apple trees is important to collect and destroy. Similar work is being done with rotten fruits,
- To carry out the processing composition copper sulphate or alternative special preparations from lichen,
- For the destruction of bark beetles attract birds. The easiest method is to hang the feeders and feed the birds,
- To protect trees from sunburn, frostbite and insects preferably whiten the bottom trees.
Treating apple trees from pests.
Before the onset of cold weather, it is better to cut out old branches. Apple trees give the appearance of a bush, cutting off old branches and shortening, live and young branches about 1/3 the length. The optimum height of the apple tree is 3-3.5 m.
Branches intersecting with each other are also cut to prevent thickening of the crown, trying to choose damaged branches. All cuts are made with a hacksaw or shears at an acute angle. Place the cut covered with oil paint or garden broth.
The general scheme of pruning an apple.
Warming of the trunk and roots
Frost preparation is not complete without insulation of roots and tree trunk. This will require:
- Soil loosening
- Coating with peat, manure or sawdust to save the root system from freezing,
- Preparing for the winter of young apple trees requires additional scooping of the tubercle 35–40 cm in height,
- Snow cover can be considered an additional insulation, creating a slide around the trunk.
Annual saplings do not ripen to get stronger in frosts and suffer from frost. Gardeners need to spend a little time and warm them, wrapping them around the trunk material and fix tape.
Warming of a sapling in the way of additional scum hillock.
- paper in several layers
- cloth or burlap.
If you did not have the above materials on hand, you can use spruce or reed.
These are unique trees with a height of no more than 2.5 m and a width of up to 0.5 m. Having a high yield. Around the central escape they do not have long branches. Apple trees of this species must be covered completely:
- Take wooden strips,
- Around the tree is going to the pyramid,
- Humming inside
- The pyramid is wrapped in a material, such as polyethylene or tarpaulin.
Apple trees will easily survive the winter weather and in the spring they will begin to delight with their flowering, and then with apples.
How to cover an apple tree for the winter
The important point is the correct timing of the shelter of an apple tree. Need to build protection after complete sap flow and minus air temperature about -10 degrees.
Competent selection of materials to protect the trunk is also an equally important point.
Use tape or tape made of cloth to hold the material.
To save them from rodents, seedlings are covered with spruce leaves, stockings or alternative materials. Low trees are wrapped with a fine-mesh net.
Watch the video for practical guidelines on preparing apples for winter:
To give the apple tree resistance to gusts of wind, it is recommended to tie a support to the tree. To protect young trees, you need to cover the space near the roots, because the root system may freeze. You can use straw, shavings, sawdust, spruce branches and other materials. Wrap the barrel with improvised materials: hessian, paper, old rags, nylon stockings, it will scare away rodents. The higher part is wrapped in toilet paper or newspapers. Make several layers, reinforcing with string.
With proper measures for harboring apple trees, trees will feel good throughout the winter, they will not die and freeze under covering materials and under a snow coat. In the fall they will be able to please with delicious bulk apples.