The productivity of any bee colony primarily depends on the quality of the uterus. Good individuals can lay up to 2,000 eggs per day or more in a hive. The uterus lives much longer than ordinary worker bees - up to 5 years. But, unfortunately, already in the third year, laying significantly reduces productivity. As a result, few worker bees are born in the hive, and, consequently, the indicators of honey collection fall. This can be fixed only by replacing the queen hive.
Actually, the uterus itself is a rather complicated and time-consuming procedure. To alleviate the task of changing it is possible with the help of a special design - a Dzhentersky cell.
This convenient honeycomb was invented by the German beekeeper Karl Dzhenter. Currently, many beekeepers equate this device in importance to the invention of the hive itself with moving frames. The device is really very convenient - it allows you to display a large number of queens at once and at the same time has a not too complicated structure. The production of such devices is carried out by the company “Dzhenter”, whose plants are located in Germany. All components of the combs in its workshops are assembled from high-quality food-grade plastic.
It is easiest to buy a generic cell through the Internet in the online store of the corresponding specialization. Its main structural elements are:
- lightweight plastic body 117 x 117 mm,
- cover designed for isolation in the hive of fetal females,
- plastic grate in the form of a plate
- pan bottom (100 pcs.),
- themselves bowls (100 pcs.),
- nozzles for fixing the pan on the graft frame and mounting screws for them.
In the center of the lid of the device there is a large opening for the exit of the uterus, covered with a plastic curtain. Long narrow slits are made throughout its area. In the case-box of a honeycomb a grid with 90 holes with a diameter of 4.4 mm is inserted.
Variants of the device
Above is a description of the Generos honeycomb model "Standrat". There are also such varieties of this device as:
Structurally from the base, these models are practically no different. The difference is only in the configuration. "Advanced Standard" is complemented by 115 bottoms and pans, vaccination strips, plug for cleaning cells, 30 uterine cells and some other devices. The dimensions of the cell body of this model are 120 x 120 mm.
Complete with the “Quick Start” model also includes cells, a device for removing cups, etc. This set is considered the best and most convenient for displaying bee-maids, since, among other things, it is complemented by special bowl holders on the graft bar.
Cost of honeycomb
The food grade plastic used to make this device is durable and easy to clean. Therefore, a long service life is something that, of course, distinguishes the gentlemen cell. The price for it, however, is quite high. In Russia, depending on the configuration, you will have to pay about 5300-6500 rubles for it. In Ukraine, this device costs about 1700-2200 hryvnia.
When choosing a honeycomb you need to be extremely attentive. The fact is that in the domestic market there is a huge amount of poor-quality, short-lived and inconvenient fakes of this device.
Dzhentersky honeycomb: instructions for use
Actually, the procedure of breeding queens using a honeycomb cell consists of several stages:
- receiving larvae in the mother hive,
- installation of pans on the vaccination bar,
- getting queens in an educational hive.
If the cell contains no cells and holders, they can be made independently. The former are usually made from disposable syringe bodies. They simply make holes that are designed so that the bees can feed the released uterus. Sometimes the cells make them from thin-walled aluminum tube sections. In this case, they are more durable and last longer. Holders are the easiest to make from PCB. Caps-caps are usually made from the same material.
How to get the larvae?
Before using the new gentleman’s cell, wash it thoroughly with soapy water. The larvae with its help is obtained as follows:
- the bottoms of the pans are inserted into the cells of the lattice fixed in the housing;
- from above everything is richly smeared with honey,
- a cellular lattice is inserted into the box,
- in the honeycomb starts the uterus,
- the box is covered with a lid,
- honeycomb is inserted into the frame, also pre-smeared with honey,
- the frame is placed in the uterine hive.
The cover of the honeycomb is arranged in such a way that the uterus could not come out, and the bees penetrated into the body freely. For a couple of hours, working individuals remove all the honey from the lattice and clean the cells. After that, the uterus starts laying eggs. After 8 hours after installation, the frame must be removed from the hive and checked. If there are eggs in the cells, open the outlet for the uterus on the lid of the box. Himself honeycomb frame must be put in place. Larvae of eggs go on the third day.
Installation of pans
After the larvae are withdrawn, the Genther cell must be carefully removed from the frame and transferred to a warm room. In the room in which further work will be performed, you should put a couple of pots of water to boil to increase the humidity of the air. This is necessary so that the larvae do not dry out during the transfer to the inoculation bar. Actually the installation procedure of the pan is done as follows:
- the bottom of the larva is taken out of the lattice cell in the housing,
- a bowl is put on it
- holders are attached to the vaccination bar,
- they are inserted into a bowl with a bottom and a larva.
Thus you need to place on the holders the required number of pans. Next, the slats are installed in the inoculation frame.
Dzhentersky honeycomb: conclusion of uterus from larvae
In the next step, the grafting frame is placed in the hive educator. From it previously, approximately in two days, it is necessary to clean a uterus. In this case, the "orphaned" bees will be much more willing to care for the larvae. In one hive it is allowed to install no more than two grafting frames. At the same time, only strong families can be trusted to bring new queens.
On the fourth day after the installation of the frame, it must be removed from the hive and checked how many larvae the family received. Using the generic cell, in most cases you can get one hundred percent output. Bees usually build queen bees over all the bowls attached to the slats. In addition to the honeycomb itself, the beekeeper should also examine the family itself for the presence of fistulous larvae. If any are found, they should be removed.
Before the very conclusion, holders are put on cages on the holders. This is necessary in order to preserve all queens, not allowing rivalry between them. As soon as the bees are bred, the cells are removed from the holders and closed with traffic jams. In the future, they are divided into families or sold.
Can I make a honeycomb with my own hands?
The withdrawal of the beekeeper with the use of a honeycomb cell is much easier. However, since such a device is expensive, many beekeepers would certainly like to try to make it with their own hands. The design of this device is quite simple. And therefore, to make it yourself is not too difficult.
Instead of the case, you can use, for example, some kind of rigid small box. A good cellular mesh is obtained from a regular piece of plywood. In it, you just need to drill the required number of holes of the same diameter. Bowls can be made from disposable syringes, cutting their top (as the bottom will serve as the holder for the needle). In this case, cells are made of the remaining plastic body. The lid for the honeycomb is also the easiest way to make a piece of plywood, drilling holes in it for workers to enter the bees.
1. Larvae during transfer are not damaged and do not dry out, since the transfer is carried out without touching them.
2. Larvae for transfer are taken strictly known age (the youngest).
3. With a spatula, the larva is transferred to feed that is not peculiar to its age, which significantly impairs the quality of the queens produced. Usually the mother-leaders inoculate on the milk taken from the older queen cells. Since it is almost impossible to collect milk from the larvae under the age of 12 hours, it is too small. In the gentlemen cell, the larva is transferred along with the bottom of the cell and with all its milk.
4. A big plus for the female leaders is the friendly exit of the queens. Such a friendly exit does not happen when hatching with the transfer of larvae with a spatula, and even more so when fistula and swarm females come out. When the exit of the queens stretches for several days, work with queen cells is very difficult. For example, individual womb may already go out, while others in the same family may be on the 10-13th day of development, when they need complete rest. The slightest shaking at this time can lead to the death of queen cells. Some math leaders claim that even a thunderstorm these days causes their death.
5. Great convenience for elderly and inexperienced female leaders, which is not necessary when using a gentleman’s cell to have excellent eyesight and a firm hand. As you can see, the honeycomb can be embedded in a frame with dry land, but it is possible and not to embed it, but simply attach it to the separate upper bar of the nested frame, so it will be easier to work during further maintenance. It does not affect the sowing of a honeycomb by the uterus.
1. The high cost of Dzhentersky honeycomb, about $ 130, depending on the configuration.
2. For the production of a large number of queens, it is not suitable, since there are only 99 detachable bottoms. Not all of them are sown with a womb. Usually one sowing is enough to charge two grafting frames, approximately 60 larvae. For further work it is necessary to have spare bottoms in order to complete the comb again for the next sowing. Bottoms are released only after 17 days. Therefore, on large uterine hatcher apiaries, you need to have some gentlemen’s combs.
3. It is necessary to start work on the derivation of queens using a honeycomb 4 days earlier than when transferring larvae with a spatula. Therefore, it is more difficult to predict what the weather will be like when setting up a vaccination frame for teachers. And when the cycle of withdrawal of queens began, all work is carried out strictly according to the schedule despite the weather.
4. With some doubts, I want to point out one more flaw, which I am not quite sure. In some families, the bees change their queens after enclosing them in the gentlemen’s honeycomb. I had two such cases. For 6 years now I have been breeding queens in this way. I use two honeycombs, repeatedly concluded in them tribal queen bees. It would be possible to neglect these two cases, but, taking into account the special value of queens used by the tribe, I consider it necessary to warn the beekeepers about this probability. It is possible that the bees of some families believe that such a uterus (limited in the laying of eggs on a small part of the honeycomb) poorly lays eggs due to illness or other deficiency, and therefore it is replaced.
I often give out mothercases, wrapped in chocolate foil. It protects the sides of the queenbee from being broken by bees, and the free tip of the queen does not interfere with the exit of the young uterus.
In conclusion, I will provide information that may be useful if you yourself will buy a DENTH cell abroad. In the Russian-speaking countries, its not quite correct name is used - the Gentshank. In fact, the name and surname of the inventor Karl Jenter. The translator read Jenter as it is pronounced in English, and not in German. However, in Poland the honeycomb honeycomb is called the Amber frame, and in Ukraine it is most often called the Shtilnik Enter, although there, of course, the name of the lady hair is also used.Read more articles on this topic here.
Dzentersky honeycomb is a unique invention of Karl Dzhenter (end of the 20th century), facilitating the process of breeding bee-maids.
The beginning of a great story
Karl Dzhenter - a beekeeper from Germany, in an attempt to simplify the whole process of hatching and increase the percentage of larvae receiving bees, invented such a device as the "gentlemen cell." In beekeeping, the significance of this invention for outputting is comparable only with the invention of a moving frame for hives.
What does the device consist of?
Included you will be able to find a plastic double-sided box, a special lid that isolates the uterus, the grating, in the form of honeycomb cells, as well as 115 pans and the same plastic cups, 40 plastic pipes, which fix the pans in the graft frame.
What is a honeycomb body?
Unlike the Nikot system, the hull of a honeycomb is manufactured with the dimensions 117x117 mm. This is a kind of box with a partition in the middle with the surface of a similar surface of the base of bee honeycombs. It has about 90 holes, which are located every two cells in the partition. On one side, 90 plastic plugs enter these holes, and their concave ends form the bottom of the honeycomb cells. When the holes are filled from the rear, the box is closed with a lid. On the opposite side, a plastic grid is inserted into it, which forms the lower part of the honeycomb cells.
Work on the use of
After collecting the honeycomb, it cuts into a special frame, and then fixed with two screws. The day before the eggs are picked, the honeycomb frame is placed straight in the center of the nest with brood. Bees begin their work on the honeycomb: they coat it with wax, prepare and clean the cells. A day later, the frame is removed. An insulator cap is put on the open side, and a round plug is removed from the center hole.
After being in the family of the uterus, it is passed onto the artificial honeycomb through this hole, and then the lid is closed. The frame returns to the middle of the bee colony, between the fruit cells. An insulator cover contains special slots through which nurse bees can easily pass. The uterus, which is in isolation, will be forced to lay eggs in the cells of the honeycomb, including the ends of the plastic plugs. Find out more in the video below.
Time of use
Often, a uterus from a strong family can lay eggs in as little as three hours. After this time, the frame is removed, the insulating cover is removed from it, and then the entire structure returns to its original place. At this time, the uterus and a few more bees are left on the cell, but they can leave there at any time. The family continues its work without any changes.
What happens next?
After 4 days, the bees begin feeding the larvae. From this point on, it is possible to accurately calculate the time when it is necessary to transfer the larvae to the family-teacher. Using this method, the beekeeper will always know the exact age of the larvae, even by the hour. The frame is removed from the family, the nurse bees are shaken off, and then the frame is transferred to a warm place. Using a magnifying glass, you can consider how much the larvae are already developed. Of the 90 pieces, choose the 40 largest and largest.
Unlike the Nikot system, a plastic cup is put on each selected cap with the larva, this forms the basis of the mother liquor, a special bowl. They are inserted into plastic pipes, which fix the queen cells in the graft frame. It drilled holes. Each plank should contain 10 queen cells, and each vaccination frame contains two planks. More information can be found in the video.