Although in nature, the medlar prefers to grow in gardens or on mountain slopes, but under certain planting conditions, it can be grown at home. Such a tree will become a real decoration of any room and in addition will give tasty and juicy fruits. It only remains to learn how to grow a loquat from a stone in order to acquire such a miracle.
Of course, not all varieties are suitable for planting at home; a Japanese plant grows best. The medlar has the appearance of a low evergreen shrub, the height of which does not exceed 2 m, but it is in natural habitat conditions, and at home it does not grow above a meter. The plant is excellent fruit, although in the apartment the fruits are sometimes small.
For those who are interested in how to grow a medlar from a stone, it is important to know that only fresh seeds germinate. They need to be extracted from fresh pulp and immediately planted. If you let the stones dry and lie down for at least a week, the germination percentage will drop to 25%. In some stores you can find packaged seeds. It is not at all clear what the producer was counting on, because such a loquat will never sprout. The plant will grow exactly if you take a fresh fruit, eat it, and the bone is immediately planted in the substrate.
The fruit of the loquat has rather big stones, so there will be no problems with them. You can buy or prepare the land yourself, for this it is recommended to mix humus, peat, sheet soil and sand. You can plant several bones in one pot, you need to bury them to a depth of 2 cm. At first, the loquat should be carefully cared for. How to grow a strong and fruitful tree from a stone? This question is of interest to many gardeners, because non-compliance with the temperature regime, irregular watering can lead to the death of the germ.
Seed should be planted in a well-moistened substrate, twice a week, the ground should be watered and the top layer of soil should be sprayed daily from a spray bottle. It is better to cover the pot with film or glass; every day the greenhouse must be ventilated and cleaned by condensate. Pot should be placed on the windowsill on the sunny side, so as not to form mold. Those who are interested in how to grow a medlar from a stone need to know that the first shoots will appear only in a month.
The plant grows well, so after three weeks it reaches a height of about 15 cm. During this period, shoots should be planted in separate pots. This is a very painful procedure for the medlar, some instances may die, but most take root and goes perfectly well, not only in height, but also in width. Those who want to know how to grow loquat from a stone, it must be remembered that the plant blooms only in the third year, in the end of autumn, and the fruits ripen in the second half of December, so there is an opportunity to treat yourself and your family with an exotic dessert for the New Year. Transplantation should be carried out every five years, during this period the bush can have a pain and not bear fruit for some time.
Medlar bone in the home
Grow a medlar from a stone at home. Photo step by step
Medlar Japanese or loquat can be grown from the stone. The bones are easy to get from the fruit, and they even make up most of it. They are very large, somewhat reminiscent of peanuts.
Take pots with a diameter of 7-9 cm with good drainage holes. Fill them with sand and peat mixture. Liberally spill with water so that the liquid completely soaks the soil and flows through the holes.
Medlar how to grow out of the stone at home photo step by step
Plant bones, deepening by 2-3 cm. You can put one seed in a pot, you can have several. Seeds can not ascend all, and seedlings can wait a few months (up to five). All this time, you just need to maintain moderate humidity without developing mold.
Growing medlar from stone at home photo
Cover crops with a film, put in a warm place. Sprout does not seem soon. During this time, regularly lift the film to remove condensate. Moisten the soil from a fine spray.
How to plant a medlar bone photo
Protect shoots from direct sunlight. When you see the sprouts, remove the shelter. The air temperature must be at least 18 ° C.
Lokva from the bone photo
With the appearance of 3-4 pairs of leaflets, transplant the medlar from a stone into a container of slightly larger diameter. Transplanting soil: 2 parts of leafy ground, 1 part of sod, 0.5 parts of sand.
Medlar japanese at home tree photo
How to propagate the medlar German
Medlar Germanic propagated by seeds. Cut the fruit, remove the seeds, soak in a solution of growth stimulant for 2-3 hours. As a soil, you can take a universal substrate for indoor flowering plants.
- In a pot of 1.5-2 l, place 5-6 seeds, deepening by 3-4 cm.
- Cover the crops with film, put in a warm place for germination.
- Ventilate daily, moisten the soil as it dries.
- Shoots will appear in 40-45 days, and after about 25 days of growth 3 true leaves will form.
- After that, transplant the plants into separate pots by way of transshipment.
Reproduction medlar cuttings
Reproduction of loquat cuttings photo
Both types of medlar are surprisingly viable - they successfully reproduce by cuttings.
Root cuttings of medlar can be in the soil or water (in the latter version, take an opaque container or wrap the jar with a dark cloth, paper - roots appear in the dark). Soil mixture for rooting - sand and peat in equal proportions. The lower cut should be at an angle of 45 °, remove the leaves, leaving a pair at the top. In the soil deepen by 4-5 cm, pour. When rooting in water, a liquid level of up to 2 cm is sufficient. To create a greenhouse effect, cover the top with a bag or a plastic cup. Place in a warm place.
The roots will appear in a couple of months. Replant the stalk in loose nutrient soil. Provide abundant watering, illuminate the lamps.
Care for the medlar Japanese in room conditions
Medlar Japanese home cultivation care and reproduction
Japanese medlar (loquat) should be transplanted annually until the age of 5 years, then once in 3-4 years. At the bottom of the tank, be sure to place a drainage layer. Transfer together with the earthy clod, without violating its integrity. For adult plants every spring, replace the top layer of soil.
The least painful medlar tolerates the transplant after the end of fruiting.
During active growth, keep the soil slightly moist: water 3-4 times a week. Easy drying of the soil is allowed in the period of relative dormancy. Water for irrigation requires softened, at 3-4 ° C warmer than the air temperature. After watering gently loosen the soil.
It is necessary to maintain sufficient humidity in the room. Leaves are pubescent, it is better not to spray the plant, and once a month to bathe the floor with a warm shower. Periodically place on a pallet with wet moss, pebbles, expanded clay.
For the summer season, take it out to the balcony or to the garden - keeping it in the open air contributes to growth.
Lighting is required bright. The most acceptable for growing windows are southeast. Fruit setting occurs at a time when sunlight is not enough. Extend daylight hours to 12 hours artificially. Use fluorescent lamps.
Care of the German medlar
When growing in indoor conditions, follow the same care guidelines as for the Japanese medlar.
- In winter, the Germanic variety does not bloom, so there is no need to create greenhouse conditions for it. Feel free to place the plant pot on the glazed balcony (the air temperature should not lower below +2 ° C), stop watering completely.
- Pinch the tops if you want to form a bush. For growth in the form of a tree, pruning is not required.
- German medlar can be sprayed.
German medlar is often grown in the garden - it can withstand temperatures down to -30 ° C. Choose a well-lit area with fertile neutral soil. Avoid close bedding of groundwater, water moderately.
Medlar Japanese or lokva Eriobotrya japonica
Medlar Japanese or lokva Eriobotrya japonica photo
An evergreen plant, the leaves look like leaves of a walnut, slightly pubescent. Flowering begins in November, and bears fruit in spring (May). Blossoms on the shoots of this year. The fruits are round in shape, apricot color, have one large bone. The skin of the fruit is thin, puree pulp, has a delicate melting taste and apple flavor. They are absolutely not deadly, you will not find them on sale - you should regale yourself from the bush immediately.
Lokva is thermophilic, it is grown in open ground in a subtropical climate. In the autumn comes flowering, the leaves become red, which looks very impressive.
If the climate does not allow, grow loquat indoors. You should not be afraid that the tree will take up a lot of space: growth is limited to a height of 1.5 m.
Medlar German Mespilus germanica
Medlar German Mespilus germanica photo
Deciduous plant. The leaves are oblong, dark green, glossy. Flowering occurs in late spring and early summer, fruiting occurs in October-November. Blossoms on the shoots of last year. The fruit is firm, with dense skin of dark red color, contains 5 small stones. The berries taste sour, and when frozen, they become softer and get a sweet aftertaste. Wait for the frosts to try them.
This type of medlar grows well in cold climates, bravely enduring frost.
In nature, there are about 30 species of this plant. But despite this diversity, only some of them can be grown at home. The Caucasian or German medlar is particularly popular, as it is also called. The medlar is also good at home and in the open field.
These types of fruit tree differ significantly among themselves. The only thing that is similar in them is fruits that taste good. Japanese medlar berries look very similar to apricot. The flesh is soft and juicy. They tolerate transportation and long-term storage.
For the first time medlar began to grow the ancient Greeks more than 2700 years ago.
As for the German medlar, it is not intended for fresh consumption. Before tasting the berries, it is necessary that they are well cured and froze slightly. Such conditions give the pulp tenderness and pleasant taste.
Fruits are rich in nutrients such as:
Homeland plants are the Balkan Peninsula, Iran, Asia Minor. Often it can be found in the Crimean mountains and in the Caucasus. The plant belongs to the group of heat-loving crops, therefore, more and more medlar is grown at home. In the room it is able to reach 2 meters high. Leathery hardwood plates. From above each of them is brilliant, and from below - velvet. During the flowering period, the room is filled with a pleasant almond aroma, which lasts a long time.
Flowers self-pollinating. But despite this, many housewives, in order to increase productivity, carry out artificial pollination. At the end of flowering, in place of buds appear berries. Their diameter varies within 8 cm. Fruits grow in clusters.
Rules for growing plants in room conditions
The medlar at home in a pot is a real decoration of the family nest. She is not very demanding to care. Compliance with several rules, and your home will get a beautiful view, a pleasant aroma, and children will enjoy the exotic fruits.
To grow loquat in a pot, you can use both processes and bones. For those who decided to use the first method, you will need to separate last year's shoots. Cut twigs into small cuttings and place in moist soil. Then cover the container with a glass jar and put in a warm place for a month.
The fruit of the plant is used to treat pathologies of the intestines and the genitourinary system.
As for the cultivation of medlar fruit at home from the stone, this is the easiest and most popular method. In this way everyone can grow an exotic tree. If you do everything right, then soon your window sill will decorate a beautiful plant.
The first thing to start with is the selection of ripe berries. They need to extract the bones and clean the pulp.
Put the seeds in a container and rinse well under running water. Then put the seed on the windowsill so that it dries well. Since the grains are covered with a dense shell apply scarification. To do this, take sandpaper and rub it with a seed. You can also use a file. Processing these methods, allows you to destroy the dense part, thus speeding up the germination of the stone.
The second stage in growing a medlar tree at home is soaking the seeds. This will require immersing the seed in a container of water. It is important to ensure that the liquid is at room temperature. All seeds that have surfaced can be thrown away. They are unsuitable for planting. Planted in the soil need only those grains that were left to lie at the bottom of the vessel.
After the first shoots, the capacity should be rearranged in partial shade. This is due to the fact that shoots are afraid of the scorching sun and may stall in development.
After the appearance of a full third pair of leaves, plants can begin to form. It is during this period that you should pinch your loquat. This will allow you to get a beautiful tree that will please the eye over the years.