Output quality goose offspring allows incubation of goose eggs. For each farmer, this is not an easy task, requiring knowledge of the rules for artificial hatching of chicks, methods for creating favorable conditions, as well as knowledge of how many days the goslings hatch in the incubator.
All this is determined by the specifics of this type of poultry.
Features of incubation goslings
Incubation is a method of artificial breeding of young geese in a special agricultural machine. The first feature of this type of production of goose offspring is that it also depends on many natural factors, under the influence of which the vital activity of the adult bird was found.
- the diet and composition of feed for poultry during active laying,
- the correct ratio of the number of males and females in the household,
- regular geese walking,
- microclimatic conditions in the house, etc.
After all, all this directly affects the formation and quality of eggs, from which, as a result, chicks will be born in the incubator.
The second feature of gosling incubation is the influence of factors of the artificially created environment and the incubation mode. Breeding chicks can occur in both self-made and industrial devices.
The hatchability of the goslings will depend on how the farmer organizes the livelihoods of the poultry in his farm, as well as creates the conditions for the incubator.
How to choose goose eggs for incubation?
To get healthy goose offspring, you need to properly select eggs for incubation.
For incubating goose eggs at home, you should use only those specimens that meet the following criteria:
- there are no spots, blackouts in the protein part when viewed through the ovoscope,
- during the turning the yolk can always return to its original location, which is also visible with the aid of an ovoscope,
- the shell has a smooth surface
- the yolk is always in the center, which will also help to know the ovoscope,
- weight corresponds to the norm: 120-140 g (light rocks), 160-180 g (heavy rocks),
- dimensions are between 8-10 cm - in length and 4-5 cm - in width,
- having the correct shape,
- produced from geese aged 2-4 years, not more.
Goose egg compared to chicken and quail
All eggs whose sizes go beyond these limits, that is, small and too large, belong to the category of marriage.
The laying of goose eggs in the device is made only after a thorough check of the shell.
Such an examination of the surface is intended to identify all cracks and other defects in the shell.
All defective units must also be rejected because the germ cannot form in them.
It is recommended when inspecting eggs before laying in the device to use a special translucent device - an ovoscope.
Storage and processing of goose eggs before laying in the incubation machine
Incubation of goose eggs at home provides for a special mode of storage before laying in the incubator. After collecting the eggs from the geese, they should be in a position on their side in an environment in which the temperature does not exceed a range of 8 to 15 degrees.
Humidity of air should be in the range from 75 to 80%. If the storage of goose eggs for further incubation lasted more than eight days, it is no longer rational to use them for the planned purposes. After a week, the chicks' hatchability drops significantly. This dynamic is displayed in the table below:
Specialists in breeding geese at home are advised to turn the eggs, which are intended for further incubation, starting from the fifth day of their storage.
And creative farmers have come up with another interesting way to preserve eggs: to heat the goose product daily, for example, in the same incubator, for an hour and then return to the storage location.
What temperature should be maintained during temporary heating? It should be about 37.2 degrees, but no more.
This method in the practice of poultry farming was called "as in the nest." It helps create an effect when the goose sits on the eggs in the nest to hatch them.
The next important point that requires detailed consideration is how to properly handle the eggs before laying in the incubator. There are different views on the procedure for washing a goose product.
Some farmers are inclined to believe that washing them is not recommended. This may adversely affect hatchability. From this point of view, eggs of low and medium contamination should be cleaned with a soft brush and sprayed with disinfectant solutions (factory made or homemade)
But with intensive pollution of the shell, you should still resort to this procedure. Because the incubator should be sent thoroughly cleaned and disinfected eggs. They are washed using:
- hydrogen peroxide,
- potassium permanganate.
At home, preparing a solution of one of these substances in water (from 0.5 to 3%). The egg is lowered into the vessel with a solution for two or three minutes, then rinsed and dried.
It is forbidden to wipe them with a cloth, napkin, so as not to damage the protective shell. At the same time, such a temperature of the solution is needed, which will exceed the temperature of the goose product itself by 5 degrees.
After cleaning and disinfecting, the eggs are ready for breeding geese in the incubator.
Rules for laying goose eggs in an incubator
Eggs are placed in an incubator in a horizontal position.
In an incubation cabinet, eggs are placed horizontally marked with crosses and zeros. This is done to facilitate the turning of the eggs from one side to the other.
What temperature should be in the incubator at the time of laying eggs? The device must be preheated to the internal air temperature of 37.8-38.0 degrees and, with the same indicators, the goose product should be laid. This helps avoid sticking of the embryo to the shell.
After the laying of the eggs is done, the success of the process will depend on how well the goose egg incubation regime is supported, namely:
- air temperature is regulated,
- maintain proper moisture levels
- regular and timely turning eggs.
In order for home goose eggs to be incubated productively, it makes sense to consider the whole incubation process and its features in stages from A to Z.
Turning and spraying eggs
Incubation of geese at home provides for the constant turning of the eggs in the incubator in order to evenly warm up at least 4 times a day.
In order not to get confused about which side to turn the egg, it is supposed to mark it with various convenient symbols on both sides (for example, the X and O symbols).
This concerns precisely manual turning.
Modern production incubators, on the other hand, are distinguished by the automatic rotation mode of trays, for which the required interval is set. One day before the goslings hatch in the device, the eggs stop turning.
For those who want to know how to put out goslings in an incubator, it is important to note another rule: to produce regular irrigation of incubated eggs.
It is necessary to begin to spray eggs from the fifth day of stay inside the device. For this, a weak solution of potassium permanganate is used most often. Spraying helps cool the goose eggs in the incubator.
From the 10th day spraying is performed twice a day, from the 20th - three times, from the 24th day - four times. From the 28th day the irrigation stops and until the chicks appear, it does not resume.
Temperature indicators in the goose egg incubator
The temperature in the incubator for goose eggs should be maintained at a level that does not lead to hypothermia during the first 15 days and overheating - in the last days of incubation.
The key rules under which the incubation temperature is maintained are the following principles:
- Warming up the incubator before laying up to 37.8-38 degrees.
- The temperature increase in the first four hours to 39 degrees, so that the eggs warmed to 37.7 degrees.
- Maintaining the first two days at a temperature of 38 degrees. Lowering it from the third day to 37.8 degrees.
- The decrease in the rate inside the incubator from the fifth day to 37.6 degrees.
- Lowering the temperature from the tenth day to 37.5 degrees.
- Reducing the rate on the 28th day to 37.3 degrees. When it happens, the goslings take out in the incubator at home.
The cooling process during the incubation of goose eggs is vital. Eggs are rather large in size, the embryos warm up well and can die from overheating if the temperature is not observed. Practicing daily cooling of eggs by turning off the device for half an hour to avoid a sharp temperature drop.
Ventilation and humidity in the incubator
Humidity in incubators for breeding geese with their own hands, as well as in industrial-type devices, should be sufficiently high. Initially, it is set at 70% and remains so for the first week of incubation. From the 8th to the 27th day, it may slightly decrease - up to 60%.
The output of the goslings in the incubator at home takes place necessarily at high humidity - from the 28th day it rises to 90% and remains at this level until the final completion of the incubation cycle.
This is extremely important because the eggshell of goose eggs is very thick and hard. It’s hard to chick a chick. And because of high humidity, it softens somewhat, for the chick it is easier for the chick to choose from it. Ventilation must always be open.
Below is a table of incubation of goose eggs, which reflects the indicators of a comfortable temperature and humidity conditions:
Hatching goslings in an incubation device
Incubation of goose eggs takes a total of 30 days. If it is determined on which day the first signs of hatching occur on the goslings, it is safe to talk about the 29th day. In this time interval, you can see the nakleyov shells.
In the question of the day when the mass hatching of chicks begins, all farmers agree on the answers: on the 30th day of incubation. If we talk about how many days the hatching ends, then practice shows that the whole process can sometimes stretch up to 32 days.
One of the reasons for the protracted hatching process can be problems in goslings with release from under the shell. In this case, it may require a very careful, careful mechanical influence of the farmer himself.
Doubtful eggs should be examined through the ovoscope, determine the location of the beak, and in these zones make holes in the shell so that the chicks can continue to act on their own.
Typical mistakes farmers novices
Poultry farmers who do not have the experience and sufficient knowledge about how to breed goslings in an incubator often make mistakes that lead to the death of goose offspring and to low hatchability results. They violate a number of rules, which, on the contrary, it is extremely important to adhere to, so that the geese do not suffer.
The reasons why newcomers have low hatchability rates of chicks are as follows:
- Sharp temperature drops. They can lead to overheating of the eggs, and to hypothermia. The result is the death of the embryo. If there is a risk of interruptions in the supply of electricity, you need to take care of the acquisition of the generator. Rule: you can not dramatically change the temperature.
- A frivolous attitude to the indicators of humidity, unwillingness to track it and regulate it in the necessary limits. Rule: humidity should be increased / decreased always in time.
- Wanting to control the hatching of the goslings in the incubator, inexperienced poultry farmers can often open the incubator and look inside. The result is overcooling of the sample and the death of the chicks. The rule is: minimal mechanical interference in the process of the birth of offspring (only the need to help the chick to get out of their shell).
- Trying to save on the consumption of resources, some newcomers resort to turning off or dimming the light in the incubator. The result is the fading of the embryos. Rule: hatching goslings in an incubator should be accompanied by a stable lighting mode. It is strictly forbidden to turn off the light or change its mode.
- Beginning poultry farmers, seeking to see their first brood as quickly as possible, may pick up chicks from the incubator too early, long before they are completely dry. The result is hypothermia and death of the newborn chick. Rule: hatching goslings in an incubator provides for their stay inside the device until dry.
The process of incubating eggs requires special attention from poultry farmers. It can be performed both in home-made incubators and in production devices.
Plant machines provide ample opportunities for adjusting the microclimate inside, which is key to hatchability and survival of chicks. Creating favorable conditions for eggs - a pledge to get healthy goose offspring.
In order to see in detail the process of incubating eggs of geese in practice, we offer to view a selection of videos:
Methods for breeding goslings
Goslings can be purchased at the poultry farm or get a brood at home, if you use a goose to hatch eggs. But today electric incubators are increasingly used. Depending on the size of the devices it is possible to get a huge population of young stock for 1 time.
When the farmer is faced with the task of bringing goslings for sale, it is more logical and more expedient to resort to the method of incubating goslings. Below we offer to get acquainted with the processes of incubation of geese and discuss the potential difficulties and peculiarities of hatching goslings at home.
We collect eggs for laying in the incubator
Experienced farmers begin to take eggs long before breeding. Such procedures are related to the fact that the geese are not carried very often and in a certain season, which makes the egg just as good as gold. It is desirable to pre-influence the eggs, affecting their quality by simple methods:
- It is necessary to provide geese with high-quality, balanced feed during the period of egg collection,
- calculate the correct number of males in relation to females in the pen,
- maintain optimal temperature conditions in the goose, as well as daily walks on pastures.
Practice shows that compliance with the listed recommendations significantly increases the number of high-quality eggs and positively affects the incubation of goslings.
Given the fact that the geese are rushing in the morning, you can podgadat time and pick up the testicle is still warm. Try to make manipulations calmly, without disturbing the bird. If nothing appeared in the nest in the morning, be sure to check in there in the evening.
Geese are clean and responsible parents, so they carefully equip their nests, often covering the surface with their own fluff.
Eggs can be safely hidden in the down so that the first time they can not be found. Try to keep the nests of birds in order, periodically change the flooring. Do not be lazy to clean the pen, excluding the possibility of swamps and litter in the nest.
Egg storage at home
To fill the goose incubator with a sufficient number of eggs for hatching, it is necessary to wait a certain time. Storing pre-selected eggs is an important and responsible process.
Storage temperature should fluctuate within ten to fifteen degrees, while eggs should always lie "on its side."
How many days you will collect eggs is a personal matter, however, keep in mind that the maximum shelf life of eggs for incubation of goslings is a week, and every day of storage deprives the chances of hatching.
For the rescue of the embryo, on the fifth day of storage, it is recommended to turn the eggs to the other side.
Storing eggs "like a nest"
The presented method perfectly resembles the natural way of storing eggs, which occurs naturally in the nest. To do this, dilute the stored eggs to incubate the goslings in the incubator daily for one hour. After warming up, return the eggs to their old storage at home.
Selection of the best of the best.
In order for the goslings in the incubator to turn out healthy and alive, it is necessary to choose the eggs for the tab correctly: they must be of medium size, high-quality, regular shape.
Both small and large eggs are considered a marriage. Check the shell for cracks and other defects. All second-class eggs set aside, since it is not advisable to wait for hatching from them.
The ovoscope will help you in determining the best copies for bookmarks. An egg is suitable if:
- shell without defects, flat,
- the yolk is located strictly in the center,
- there are no stains and darkening in the protein,
- yolk returns to its original position when turning.
Successful hatching of goslings is guaranteed subject to the following parameters:
- Maintain the required temperature.
- The correct frequency of turning eggs.
- Поддержание правильного уровня влажности.
Обязательно придерживайтесь инструкции по эксплуатации инкубатором:
- Отобранные яйца заложите набок в ячейки.
- Первая неделя характеризуется температурой в тридцать восемь градусов. Опрыскивать яйца не требуется.
- Ежедневно по пять раз переворачивайте кладку.
- С восьми утра до полудня понижайте температурный режим до тридцати семи с половиной градусов.
- To avoid overheating, cool the eggs by turning off the incubator and unscrewing it for a period of ten minutes.
Set the humidity in the chamber to sixty-five percent. Continue cooling eggs for half an hour per day.
Remove the eggs for ventilation and sprinkle with potassium permanganate.
How many days goslings are displayed is a moot point, since everything happens individually. However, if you did everything right, be prepared to wait for the first chicks already on the twenty-ninth day.
Selection of eggs for incubation
Any experienced poultry farmer knows that there are two methods of breeding goslings - natural and artificial. In the first case, the hen is used, which serves adult goose. For artificial breeding goslings in the incubator at home, you will need an incubator. It can be purchased for a different number of eggs.
Incubation of goslings will be successful if you select good eggs in advance. The ovoscope will be useful for this. With his help, you can determine how high-quality copy. Even before the inspection, too small and large eggs should be sifted out, as well as cracks and other defects in the shell.
When using an ovoskop, pay attention to the following:
- the yolk must be strictly centered,
- protein should not contain dark spots,
- yolk when turning independently returns to the correct position.
If you keep the birds yourself and plan to take eggs from them to evaporate the goslings in the incubator, you can affect the quality of the specimens. To do this, feed adults with a balanced feed, calculate the number of males and females correctly, and bring geese to pasture every day. In this case, most eggs will be of high quality.
How to display goslings in an incubator?
Store eggs before placing in an incubator can not be more than 7 days. Goose rush every other day, so you have to wait for a sufficient number of copies. Storage temperature should be 10-15 °, and the eggs lie only on one side with a blunt end up. In order for the embryos not to die, they should be turned over to the other side after 4 days. If stored longer than a week, the chance of getting live and healthy chicks will be significantly reduced.
Breeding goslings at home is carried out according to certain rules. They should not be disturbed, since the number of surviving and healthy chicks depends on it. If it is necessary to grow artificially for the first time, it is necessary to become familiar with the process in detail.
The basic rules of incubation:
On the question of how goslings are removed in an incubator, simply answer. The scheme of action is always the same, and it is suitable for each person. Before laying, wash the eggs in a weak solution of potassium permanganate in order to disinfect them. Place in liquid for 3 minutes a couple of hours before the bookmark. To prepare the solution, mix 5-7 crystals of potassium permanganate in 1 liter of water, the temperature of which is 30 °. The amount of solution can be increased while maintaining the proportions indicated. After the eggs are washed, they can not be wiped with a cloth. You need to let them dry on their own in order not to break the protective sheath.
Place the enumerated eggs in the incubator on the rack. Putting them to the side and nothing else. The first week you need to maintain a temperature of 38 °, above it should not rise. Use an outdoor thermometer to monitor the temperature. To remove the goslings in the incubator at home, spray eggs for the first 7 days, and then do not spray the week. From day 15 again spray
It should be immediately marked with a simple pencil shell, signing on it the date of the bookmark. This is necessary in order to know when they are about to hatch. It is especially useful in the event that one or several bookmarks will be posted later. Mark the top with the letter B, and the bottom with the letter H, which will help not to get confused when turning the eggs.
It is necessary to turn the eggs at least three times a day so that the embryo does not adhere to the wall. Do this through the same amount of time. It is important to perform the action quickly, so that the eggs do not have time to cool. If the incubator has an auto-reverse function, then it is recommended to set the frequency to 4 hours. It is important to remember that it is not necessary to turn the eggs from the 26th day of incubation.
The first 10 days of the eggs are not cooled. Next once a day, turn off the incubator and open the lid for 5-10 minutes. In the second half of incubation, the cooling time is increased to 20-30 minutes, conducting procedure 2 in the morning and evening.
So you need to continue evaporating the goslings. As for the temperature, it should remain at around 37.8 °. You should start sprinkling eggs with warm water, doing it once a day (you can use a weak solution of potassium permanganate). Experienced breeders recommend adding 5 drops of vinegar to a glass of water in water. This is necessary in order to soften the shell. It is advisable to cool the buds immediately after spraying for 20 minutes.
The first check and rejection of eggs is done on the 10th day of incubation. On day 21 you need to check the fetus again with the help of an ovoscope. The contents of the egg should be dark, the lumen can only be at the blunt end. The boundaries of the air chamber are uneven. If the embryo has died, it will be displayed as a dark spot without vessels. In this case, the egg should be removed to make room for a better warm.
For about 28 days, you need to remove the eggs, lay a piece of cloth on the grill so that the kids do not damage the legs. Open special vents on the incubator lid. Very soon the chicks will hatch, and this needs to be prepared. Reduce the temperature to 37 °, and raise the humidity to 90%. Spray manganese every 6 hours. There were cases when the chicks appeared earlier than a month. Therefore, how many days the goslings are displayed in the incubator is a moot point.
After how many chicks hatch?
You can often hear the question of how many days to put out the goslings at home. It is usually asked beginner poultry farmers. The term is individual for each case. But on average they appear not earlier than in 28 days and not later than in 31. Nestlings from small eggs are the first to break the shells, and then the rest. If problems arise with incubation, and one of the babies cannot get out into the light on their own, human intervention will be required. Help needs to be started in a day from the beginning of the curse.
How goslings hatch
It will be useful for every beginning poultry farmer to watch the video of how goslings hatch in an incubator. It will help to better understand the process and to feel more confident in the future when the kids start to be nodded. At the end of the incubation period, the chicks begin to actively knock in the shell. Just listen. If in doubt, attach the egg to your ear.
On the conclusion of goslings in an incubator at home, the following can be said. It was successful if the chicks themselves began to spit at 28-30 days. It may take from an hour to a day. If the process is delayed, you need to help the baby to hatch. You can only release if the shell is drained of blood, otherwise the chick will die.
If a person came to the removal of goslings responsibly, then it will end successfully. Most chicks will hatch, and you can start looking after them.
It is necessary to collect eggs in a still warm condition. Therefore, they do it several times a day in order to have time to take away from all bird mothers. Of course, geese differ in their special attitude to their offspring. They prepare the nest very well for hatching. They line all the nest with their fluff, and when the egg is laid, they carefully cover it. So it keeps its temperature longer.
However, it would be good from the side of the owner, who wants to put the goslings in the incubator, not to abuse the maternal heat, and it is desirable to take the eggs immediately after the laying.
Rush geese mostly early in the morning. Therefore, you should collect the result exactly then. But it happens that a few geese may be late before dinner, and some later. Therefore, it is advisable to go into the goose in the morning, after lunch and in the evening. So you can pick up all the eggs on time.
In order for the goose offspring to be good, the eggs in the incubator should be laid only full. How to determine their usefulness? To determine their need to view an ovoskopom.
There are several signs:
- In the ovoscope, the shell will be viewed evenly, without interference.
- The yolk will be colored dark, should be located clearly in the center.
- If it is rotated, the yolk will not hang out, but will slowly move away from the center, but during the termination of rotation, it will return to the center.
- Around the yolk looks thick protein, without blackouts and spots.
When laying in the incubator, also sorted by size. Although usually small, too big or unsightly looking in an incubator do not lay.
The main purpose of the incubator is to maintain the required temperature for hatching goslings. There are at least two ways in which life in an incubator will be comfortable.
In the first method (which is also more common and often used), it is necessary to maintain a constant temperature and humidity in the incubator. The temperature should not be 15 degrees Celsius, and the humidity should not exceed 80%. Store them in this mode should be 7-8 days and 1-2 times a day to turn. Then from 9th day in the incubator they set a higher temperature and hold it until the very nod.
The second method is based on the natural temperature maintenance. It imitates how the hen once a day sits on the eggs in order to carry the following, and thus raises the temperature for some time up to 37 degrees. Then she gets up, and the temperature around her becomes room temperature again. So in the incubator for about an hour a day, you can raise the temperature, then return it to its initial state. However, it is worth remembering that it is impossible to overheat in a coma case. 38 degrees Celsius - this is the maximum temperature and then it can not be held for more than an hour.
Goose egg incubation temperature
As already mentioned above, the maximum allowable temperature for incubation is 38 degrees. Usually during the incubation period (starting from the 9th day of storage) the temperature is kept within 37.5-37.8 degrees. During the hatching period, the temperature is slightly reduced to 36.9 degrees Celsius.
Why future goose offspring cannot be overheated and how to avoid it, look in the video below. This video is filmed by a woman who has almost all the brood died due to a jump in temperature.
Successful hatching depends on the correct turning of the eggs. The ideal would be to turn over 4 times a day. So that every night the egg is held on the other side, unlike the previous one.
Tip: not to get confused, which were turned upside down, which are not, mark their sides with different signs. For example, a cross and a toe. So in one turn you have all your eggs must lie zeroes upward, the next - with crosses. So you can always understand which side to turn.
Modern incubators are equipped with autoturn. By setting the time and the coup, you can be calm and confident in good offspring. However, remember, about a day before the goslings want to get out, turn over to stop.
In any case, the eggs cannot be kept at the same temperature all the time. This is contrary to the nature of hatching goslings. Therefore, starting from day 7, you will have to imitate the attitude of the goose towards your calculations.
To do this, turn off the incubator a day for about 30 minutes. At the end of this period, they should be sprinkled with water, not cold and not hot. It will be as if the goose had moved from her perch to eat, walk, swim and wet the village back.
Hog eggs hatching
Goslings begin to leave about 28 days. During this period, it is necessary to reduce the temperature to 36.9 degrees. Increase the air humidity up to 75-80% and start ventilation at full capacity.
In order to prevent overheating at such a crucial moment they should be sprinkled with warm water every 5 hours. On the 29th day of incubation, procreation will begin. The next day (the 30th) you will get a mass movement of goslings to freedom. And the end of all this will be on the 31st day.
After the bulk has hatched, the temperature, humidity and ventilation indicators can be returned to the original, so that the next batch of offspring feels comfortable. The temperature rises to 37.8 degrees, the humidity is lowered to 70%, and the ventilation is reduced by half.
Video "We bring goslings"
In this video, you can see how some hosts that have geese help their offspring to hatch. It should be noted that geese hatch not like other representatives of domestic birds.
- Standards for keeping geese: specialist response
Let's live together - we solve the problem of cannibalism in goslingsLet's see how to properly display the goslings in the incubator
The correct incubator will directly determine how many chicks will hatch. To do this, when choosing, you will need to pay attention to some features of the unit.
One of the main parameters when choosing is its capacity. Often for the household take an incubator for 30 eggs.
Important!When buying, specify how many goose eggs the incubator is designed for, since the number of goose is very different from chicken and others.
It is also important to focus on the country of origin. Almost every country produces similar devices. But most poultry farmers recommend buying domestic devices, because any incubator can break down, regardless of manufacturer, and if you purchased “your” you will be easier to get service.
As for the internal structure, a very important parameter of home incubators is way of turning eggs: there is a manual and automatic. With automatic, trays with eggs lean 45 °, thereby rolling them to the other side. This method is considered more productive and safer.
You should also pay attention to the material from which the inside of the incubator. Trays made of foam, warmer, but strongly absorb odors and can break. Plastic is more durable and easier to clean, but they need additional insulation.
Choose a device with accurate temperature controllers and humid, digital regulators are best suited. Also note the presence of good ventilation.
Important!If in your area there are frequent jumps or power outages, then you should pay attention to the ability to connect backup power.
How to determine the breed for breeding
Before you put goose eggs in the incubator, you need to decide on the breed of bird that you will grow. Today, there are about 25 species in the world, which are divided into heavy, medium and light.
Heavy breeds - These are birds that are raised to produce more meat, and some are raised due to an enlarged liver. Large breeds include: Kholmogory, Linda, Toulouse, Landa, large gray, Emden geese. But the most common - Linda and large gray, other breeds are very difficult to find. You should also know that such breeds can produce no more than 50 eggs.
The average, most often, include expensive decorative birds (tape, Sevastopol curly, crested). The widespread Rhine geese also belong to the middle ones. Birds of this breed grow quickly, carry more eggs, but have much less meat than heavy ones.
Light breeds in net weight do not exceed 3 kg, but they carry an average of 90 eggs. Lungs include such popular breeds as the Kuban and Italian.
Did you know?On average, geese live for about 25 years.
The right choice of eggs
The hatchability of the goslings depends on the quality material, therefore, when selecting eggs, pay attention to all the details: on the shape, weight, condition of the shell. If there is any deviation, even the most insignificant, the egg is sent to the marriage. The weight of eggs should be from 140 to 160 g for the lungs, from 170 to 200 g for the heavy ones. The form must be correct and the shell durable.
You can select eggs with the help of an ovoscope, which you can do with your own hands.
Bookmark material is a very important stage in the rearing of chicks. Here you need to take into account the time of day and time of year. In order for the chicks to be stronger, the conditions of the bookmark should be as close as possible to the natural ones. The period is most suitable for this. from the last days of February to the beginning of May.
Important!Before laying the incubator warms up to 38 ° Cfor 4 hours. Bookmark should be carried out in the afternoon, the optimal time is considered to be around 18:00, in which case the goslings will begin to hatch in the morning. Same themselves eggs should be laid horizontally - This will allow the fetus to develop without any abnormalities.
Before laying eggs in an incubator, it is strictly forbidden to wash them; at home, you can only treat with a light solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection, but a UV lamp is most suitable for this. For the bookmark only suitable material that is not more than 10 days. But if you failed to incubate them in time, then experienced poultry farmers recommend stably heating and cooling them in order to preserve the viability of the embryos.
Conditions for incubation
Инкубация яиц длится примерно 30 дней — это столько же, сколько дней сидит гусыня на яйцах в натуральной среде. Если в вашем инкубаторе отсутствует автоматическое переворачивание, вам придется делать это самостоятельно и часто, не менее четырех раз в сутки, такая процедура нужна для правильного питания, газообмена и развития плода.
Did you know?В природе гусыня переворачивает яйца более 40 раз за сутки. Such a procedure is also necessary so that the goose does not stick to the shell walls at the early stages of development, because sticking in the future may lead to its death.
Also need strictly maintain the correct temperature and moisture during the entire period of stay in the incubator:
- during the period from 1 to 27 days, the temperature should be 37.8 ° С, and from 28 to 30 days - 37.5 ° С,
- as for humidity, from 1 to 7 days it should be 70%, from 8 to 27 - 60%, and from 28 to 30 - about 90%.
- From 15 to 27 days you need to cool the eggs twice a day for 15 minutes.
When to expect chicks
The first chicks will begin to hatch after 29 days, with strict observance of the rules of incubation, hatchability may be about 85%, but there may be more, which is considered a very good result, given the complexity of the whole process.
In order for the goslings to be healthy, it is important to feed them correctly and to prevent diseases of birds.
Newbies very often allow many mistakeswhich lead to different consequences:
- If the thermometer is in the wrong position, it shows an inaccurate temperature, which in turn can lead to overheating or underheating, it is very important that the thermometer is flush with the shell surface. If overheating has occurred, the chick will hatch earlier, it will have thin legs and little fluff, and it may not hatch at all. When underheating, the goslings hatch later and at the same time cannot independently crawl out the shells, they have very thick down and plump legs.
- With a lack of moisture, the chicks appear very sluggish and small, often, they can not get out on their own because they dry to the shell. To avoid such a situation, it is necessary to spray the shells with clean boiled water three times a day.
- A very common mistake is infrequent coups that cause the germ to stick to the shell.
Incubator goslings: advantages and disadvantages of the method
The main advantage of this method is that about 30 eggs can be placed in the home incubator, while the hen can sit no more than 12 eggs. A huge advantage is the high percentage of hatching of chicks (adhering to the correct incubation conditions).
The disadvantage of this method can be called the need for constant monitoring on your part and energy costs, because the device should work around the clock, while it absorbs a lot of electricity.
As we have seen, the process of growing goslings in an incubator is very laborious, it requires a great deal of responsibility from you. But if you do it right, you can get a good brood of young.