Portulac is widely represented in cooking in the Caucasus, the Mediterranean and Asia. Since the green of this plant has a tart, sour taste, it refreshes and quenches thirst. Leaves and shoots like to add to salads and soups. Even pickled portulac can replace capers in dishes, which are often added to meat. In Australia, portulac seeds are consumed in the same way as in Russia, sunflower seeds. Grass is sometimes used as an ornamental plant. As a remedy, use leaves, shoots and seeds of this culture.
Field weed under the microscope
In ancient China for several centuries used amazing grass for medicinal purposes. However, only the composition of purslane, revealed through laboratory experiments, helped determine how useful it is and where it can be used. Standardly, the plant contains more than 80% water. Everything else falls on:
- Nitrous, coloring and bitter substances.
- Carbohydrates. It contains glucose, fructose, sucrose, maltose and galactose.
- Organic / fatty acids: oxalic, oleic, stearic, linoleic and palmitic.
- Vitamin complexes (groups PP, C, B, K and E).
- Macro and trace elements. High content of calcium, magnesium, sodium, iron and zinc.
- Resin, protein and mucous compounds.
- Varieties of carotene.
Like all other representatives of the flora, purslane is a medicine. From it prepare infusions, decoctions and oils. Still, homeopathy implies scrupulous adherence to cooking techniques and proportions. This therapy is much longer medication. In some cases, it has a number of side effects. Therefore, you need to be especially attentive. It is important to keep dried grass in normal conditions, so that it does not bloom, and also does not become covered with mold.
Preparation of raw materials is carried out both in summer and autumn. The leaves are harvested before the beginning of September, and the seeds - in August. Dried culture in the usual way: in a dry and well-ventilated place.
Healing of purslane and contraindications
The above list of main components shows in how many areas of medicine a beautiful weed can be applied. Each individual group of healing substances has an amazing effect on the human body. In this regard, the plant is used as the following means:
- cleansing the blood and stop bleeding,
- reducing the level of sugar
It is noteworthy, but often purslane is used as a laxative. Although in other cases, its infusions are used to combat intestinal disorders. Such a contrast is explained by the versatility of an unusual herb and, of course, by the recipes of its preparation.
The fleshy leaves of the weed are often applied to the site of insect bites, and most importantly, snakes. Some grind them into juicy mush and make compresses on wounds.
These actions should be complemented by the unique ability of the culture to cleanse the body. Its components restore the organs at the cellular level. It is necessary to pay attention to such medicinal properties of garden purslane to those suffering from complex liver diseases, as well as kidneys.
Garden purslane, lat. Portúlaca olerácea in the people has a few more names: butterlak, flea, sosonka, dandur, chicken leg. Also familiar to all of us the name "mat" also refers to it.
This unpretentious annual plant with its succulent leaves and their shape resembles a “money tree”. Stems, like the leaves, juicy and fleshy, can reach a height of 60 cm. Butterlac blooms from June to September with small yellow buds, and the seeds ripen in seed bolls.
There are a lot of varieties of danur - about 200. Large-flowered, orange, cherry trees, etc. These varieties differ in the shape and color of the inflorescence, leaves, and stems.
In Asia and the Caucasus, the scythe is used as a vegetable, as an ingredient for stews, salads, as well as being marinated as a separate dish and rolled into jars, without losing its flavor properties.
It is not clear from where dandur comes from, there is a version that the plant originally grew in the warm regions of Southeast Asia, but then “settled” and successfully settled in other parts of the planet.
The benefits of flowers and leaves of therapeutic "weed" for the human body
Despite the ill fame of weeds, flea contains a huge amount of incredibly useful for the human body substances and trace elements. The rich composition allows to treat such ailments as:
- some diseases of the skin,
- deviations in the work of the blood system,
- disorders of the nervous system,
This is just a short list of diseases that the nymph effectively fights.
Substances that are part of the plant
The composition of the therapeutic weed is truly rich.
Vitamins: A, RE, B1, B2, B4, B5, B6, B9, C, PP, NE.
Micro- and macronutrients: C, Ka, Mg, Na, P, Fe, Mn, Cu, Se, Zn.
The most valuable amino acids: alanine, cysteine, tyrosine, methionine, arginine, valine, phenylalanine, tryptophan, threonine, alanine, aspartic acid.
Naturally, this set has its own contraindications.
Useful properties of garden purslane for diseases of the urinary-genital system
Due to the content of norepinephrine in the buttery, his infusions and decoctions normalize the work of the adrenal glands, because it is noradrenaline that is directly involved in their work.
Dandur also helps the body produce a release of insulin, which is also involved in the work of the adrenal cortex.
The herb has an anti-inflammatory effect and is excellent in combating inflammatory processes in the bladder, for example, in urethritis or cystitis, and local application contributes to the relief of mucosal inflammatory processes. He has a diuretic effect.
The miraculous weed is known as a green healer from the time of Hippocrates. In ancient Greece, for example, butterlac was used to treat gonorrhea.
Use in diseases of the cardiovascular system
The composition contains substances that bring invaluable benefits to the human cardiovascular system.
The herb helps to thin the blood, prevents the formation of blood clots, it also removes excess cholesterol from the body, normalizes the heart, increases blood pressure, dilates blood vessels.
It is used in prophylactic treatment at risk of developing coronary heart disease.
Another duduk helps the development of red cells. But, before being treated with butterlak, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with the contraindications.
The use of medicinal herbs in the diet
Portúlaca olerácea is used by man not only for the preparation of decoctions, tinctures and ointments based on it.
In addition, the sucker itself has an extraordinary, pronounced taste and has long been a part of many dishes in the Caucasus, in Asia and in some southern countries.
Butterlaka leaves juicy, fleshy and tart. It perfectly complements the vitamin salad and benefits, being a culinary ingredient.
It contains fiber, essential and non-essential amino acids, vitamins and trace elements. The leaves of the plant perfectly saturate, dull the feeling of hunger, while saturating the body with a mass of nutrients.
In addition, they serve as an antioxidant and gently excrete toxins and other harmful substances from the body.
Contraindications to the use of portulaca garden
Despite its numerous healing properties, the herb also has contraindications, as with any drug.
- dandur is not used during pregnancy and lactation, as the substances in its composition increase blood pressure, excite the central nervous system, are a powerful tonic, therefore harmful to the fetus and the body of a pregnant woman,
- also green medicine has contraindications for people with increased excitability, epilepsy, with disorders of the vegetative system,
- the grass can not be used for people with high blood pressure, as well as for problems with the functioning of the cardiovascular system,
- Also, do not use Portúlaca olerácea in cases where there is a nervous strain.
When to collect and harvest Portúlaca olerácea?
The most useful in the portulaca garden are the stems and leaves, as well as seeds and less often flowers. All this refers to the aboveground part. The collection is made in the summer, at a time when the height of the shoots reaches at least twenty centimeters. Shoots grow to this length in just a month.
Due to the fact that Portúlaca olerácea grows extremely quickly, it can be harvested during the entire growing season, but until the seeds begin to ripen. Excluding those cases when the seeds are collected for medicinal purposes.
Many herbalists advise to collect any plants, starting at sunrise, ending with 16 hours of the evening. This is due to biorhythms, hours of wakefulness and rest.
You can dry the collected in a well-ventilated area, hanging beams upside down against the ceiling or into the attic, avoiding direct rays. Large bundles can not be dried, as debates can occur, and, as a medicine, dried shoots will no longer be used.
After preparation and drying, the plant can be crushed and stored in a tissue or paper bag in a dark cool place for no more than 1 year. After the expiration of this period, the healing properties disappear.
Use with excess weight
It is necessary to add 1 tablespoon of chopped herbs to a glass of boiling water. Boil on low heat for 5 minutes, then remove from heat, pour into a thermos and let stand for an hour and a half. After this broth, you can use 1 tablespoon, 3 times a day for 10-15 minutes before meals. This recipe is also used in the treatment of diseased joints.
Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract
Boil 1 tablespoon of garden portulae in 200 ml of water, then let it brew, filter, drink 2 tablespoons 3 times a day before meals.
Hopefully, over time, not only traditional medicine, but also classical medicine will use the healing properties of dandur for the benefit of man. Be healthy!
What is purslane
What is purslane, medicinal properties and contraindications, what are the beneficial properties of this plant, all this is very interested in those who lead a healthy lifestyle, watching their health, and are interested in traditional methods of treatment, including with the help of herbs and spices . So we will try to answer these questions in the following article.
Garden purslane is an annual herb that represents the portulaca family. His homeland is presumably a region of the Eastern hemisphere with a tropical climate and western regions of India. Currently grows in Asia Minor, Mongolia, Japan, China, Southern and Central Europe. On the territory of Russia it is widespread in the Far East, in the European part and in the Caucasus.
The portulac has a lying stem with a smooth surface. The average length is 30–40 cm. The leaves are sessile and obovate. The upper are opposite, the lower - in a spiral.
Small flowers are colored yellow and form bunches that are in the axils of the leaves or between the branches of the stem. The flowering period begins in June and lasts until September. The fruit is a box of spherical or egg-shaped form. Ripening occurs in September.
Portulak is a heat-loving plant that tolerates drought well. Dies even with slight shading. It develops well on sandy and stony dry soils. Poor transfers.
When grown as a garden crop purslane reproduce mainly seed method. Harvested in the autumn, the seeds are pre-germinated, sowing produced in February. Seedlings are transplanted into small pots, while plants create additional lighting.
In open ground, seedlings are planted when the weather is warm, placing the stems at intervals of at least 15 cm. Leaves can be cut a month later after emergence and before the flowering period.
Care is regular watering, weeding from weeds, fertilizing and thinning. The first thinning is carried out in the phase of one or two true leaves. Fertilizing is carried out as the green is cut with infusion of ash (200 g of ash to insist day in 10 l of water). When growing through seedlings, the first cut of greens is carried out in 20-30 days and then - before flowering. A full harvest of greens is carried out 2-3 times per season: first, the plant is cut at a height of 5 cm from the ground, watered and fed with a solution of mullein (1:10). After regrowth (after 25-30 days), cut and repeat and feed again.
The purslane smell is weak, the taste is weak, tart, refreshing. Used before flowering. Cut off young shoots with leaves. Later, after flowering, the leaves become hard, sharp in taste.
The leaves, the tops of the stems and portulaca flowers are excellent vitamin salad greens, which are used mainly until flowering, while the leaves and stems are tender and juicy.
Its greens have a tart, slightly sour, slightly salty, refreshing taste. The leaves contain vitamins C and E, provitamin A, as well as valuable, easily digestible protein, fatty acids, alkaloids, organic acids, carbohydrates, resinous and mucous substances, mineral salts. Portulaca seeds contain lignin and fatty oil.
Fresh leaves and the tops of the stems with flowers are stewed, fried, eaten raw in salads, boiled in borsch, soups and sauces. Greens are pickled and used in meat and fish dishes. In the spring, while the leaves are still young, the salad of them is prepared with vegetable oil and vinegar. Suitable for all soups, vegetable dishes, spinach, sauces, rice and pasta. Fresh, finely chopped portulaca leaves are served with cottage cheese, salads, tomatoes and cucumbers.
What is useful purslane garden
Purslane garden - the most ancient medicinal and food plant. In ancient times, used as a magical plant. He was laid on the bed to get rid of nightmares. Portulac scattered around the house to spread happiness. It was believed that the purslane constantly worn with itself attracts love and good fortune, it protects from evil forces. Warriors wore purslane for protection in battle.
In the old days, Arab doctors advised to treat diabetes mellitus with purslane; they used it in removing warts, erysipelas of the skin, in removing acne on the head (washing it with a decoction of herbs in wine).
In ancient times, purslane seeds were believed to purify the body.
The leaves and the aerial parts of the plant were used in salads to prevent the effects of drunkenness. The juice of the aerial part mixed with boiled wine was given to henbane as an antidote. Portulac seed powder mixed with honey was taken orally for the treatment of bronchial asthma.
Portulac leaves were used in Russia as a wound-healing and anti-toxic agent for poisonous snakes and insects bites, for trichomonas colpitis, liver and kidney diseases, as a diuretic, for avitaminosis, dysentery, seeds used for scaly deprive.
It was believed that it prevents sexual arousal. In the Russian army, in closed educational institutions in the XVIII – XIX centuries, especially for this property, it was grown in greenhouses, kitchen gardens and widely used greens in salads, added to pie fillings, compotes.
The simplest preparation of purslane to relieve sexual arousal is an infusion of fresh or dry grass: two pinches per cup of boiling water, infuse, wrapped, for several hours, drain and drink one sip 4 times a day. Infusion can be stored in a dark cold place for 1-2 days.
Seeds were used in the form of a decoction as a febrifuge, with diarrhea.
In Chinese medicine, purslane is used as an anti-inflammatory and diuretic, prescribed for gonorrhea and trichomonas colpitis, syphilitic arthritis, diseases of the liver, kidneys, avitaminosis, bacterial dysentery, paralysis of infectious origin. Outwardly - with pyoderma and psoriasis.
Currently, for medicinal purposes apply grass, which is collected in June - September, the seeds are collected in August - September. Dried in the usual way.
Portulac leaves contain 86.6% water, 1.8–2.2% nitrogenous substances, 0.4–0.5% fat, 2.2–6.5% nitrogen-free extractives, 1–2.1% fiber. , 0.03% alkaloids, glycosides, bitter substances, coloring matter, protein, mucous, sugary (2.1%), resinous (2.4%) substances, organic acids (up to 0.52%), including oxalic acid, vitamins: C (up to 39.9 mg%), B1 (110 µg% - in fresh purslane and 40 µg% - in dried), B2, PP, carotene (1.2-2.5 mg%), bioflavonoid liquid, saponins, norepinephrine. The seed oil contains glycerides of palmitic, stearic, behenic, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids, sitosterol.
Противопоказаний у портулака немного, но отнестись к ним нужно с особой серьезностью.
It should not use purslane: pregnant and lactating women, patients with autonomic nervous system disorders, people with increased central nervous system excitability, hypertensive patients (high pressure - quick treatment with folk remedies), heart rhythm disturbances with low heart rate, contractions (bradycardia ), as well as in vegetative disorders.