After the luxurious peonies in the garden fade, care must be continued. Plants need proper pruning, fertilizing and watering: all these procedures will help the peonies to recover and ensure their lush flowering next season. We learn how to properly care for peonies after flowering, paying particular attention to their pruning.
To the plant could develop fully and after flowering, water it needs to continue. Proper development of the root system, as well as flowering next year, depends on competent and sufficient soil moisture.
The frequency of irrigation depends on the weather. If summer is normal, watering is done every 10 days. In case of severe drought, the frequency of procedures should be increased. From 10 to 30 liters of water are spent on each bush: depending on the size of the plant and the temperature outside.
It is necessary to achieve soil wetting to a depth sufficient to fully moisten the entire pion root system. The better the roots are developed, the better the plants develop, they tolerate frosty winters. The entire root system should be hydrated, and not only its central part. In the autumn, watering is reduced to a minimum at first, then stopped altogether.
Of course, the greatest amount of nutrients required by peonies before and during their flowering. After the completion of the decorative period, the need for fertilizer becomes lower. But does not disappear at all.
At the end of flowering, fertilizing should be done once or twice, not more. It is possible to use both organic fertilizers, and mineral. The composition of the top-dressing should be mainly phosphate-potassium: potassium nitrate, superphosphate can be used, organic matter - mullein.
It is necessary to produce foliar feeding with the use of mineral complexes. Such a top dressing will increase the decorativeness of the shrub and will lay the foundation for the formation of future flower buds.
When summer comes to an end, fertilization is directed to winterization. Peonies are beginning at this time to strenuously stock up on nutrients to survive the coming cold. At this time, the future flower buds are actively forming, the root system is intensively developing: all these processes must be provided with energy in the form of nutrients.
Very useful for peonies after flowering procedure. Mulching solves several problems at once:
- retains moisture in the soil,
- protects the garden from weeds,
- provides plants with additional nutrition.
It is recommended to use organic matter as mulch: humus, dry weathered mullein. After moistening the mulch layer, the latter will begin to decompose, gradually supplying the roots of the plant with good nutrition.
To loosen the soil is necessary too: make the procedure after each watering, as well as after the rain. The fact is that water after drying forms a solid dense crust on the surface of the earth, which greatly impairs the permeability of the soil. Crust is necessary to break.
This procedure after flowering is performed if the bush of peonies has grown strongly and begins to interfere with nearby growing neighbors. In addition, sometimes a transplant is needed if the place for pions is chosen incorrectly: it is either too sunny, or too wet, shady.
Transplantation is done in the fall. It is necessary to dig a shrub gently, after thoroughly moistening its roots. A large amount of water will help more carefully to get a bush out of the ground without damaging its roots. Stems before harvesting their wells are tied together. Poddevat the plant better with a pitchfork, so as not to cut the rhizome with a shovel.
The plant is then inspected, removing damaged and rotten roots, if any. Then a little dried in the air and made landing in a new hole.
The shrub is located in the center of the fossa, its root is watered, and then it is only when the soil falls asleep. Pay attention that the plant buds are located at a depth of 5 cm. If you bury them too much, the stem may rot later.
If the bush is already quite adult (4-5 years) and at the same time strongly overgrown, it is recommended to divide it during transplantation. This will allow you to get from one plant several healthy, full-fledged peonies, which will be able to bloom next year.
Peony is a poorly adaptable flower, so the first month or two after transplantation is traditionally “sick”. Then, with proper and attentive care, it is restored by itself. Care after transplantation should include compulsory root irrigation and foliar spraying. In addition, the soil in the garden should be regularly loosened so that the soil is well permeable.
Consider all the nuances and points about this main procedure for the care of peonies after flowering.
Does pruning need and why
When a peony bush ceases to bloom, it loses much of its decorative effect. The bush is now a green plant, but with faded, dried buds. Inexperienced gardeners often produce a radical pruning bush immediately. However, quick pruning in this case is extremely undesirable.
The fact is that through green leaves the peony carries out the processes of its photosynthesis, which, as you know, are beneficial to the roots. That is, by cutting an early bush, you will deprive its roots of the opportunity to get stronger, to lay flower buds for the next season. And as a result, next year there will be no lush flowering, and there will be no normal greenery: the bush will weaken. If the peony is trimmed in a similar way for several seasons in a row, this can kill the bush.
To avoid such negative consequences, pruning is necessary - but only after one and a half to two months after the end of flowering.
Important: early pruning will also lead to the fact that seed boxes will not be able to form on the bush: they can look quite decorative and attractive on the plant.
What does trimming peonies after flowering? In fact, this procedure is aimed at preparing the plant for wintering. In winter, shoots may freeze through the cold, so they need pruning. In the spring, the peony will move into active growth and, with proper care, will quickly increase the green mass. In addition, the removal of leaves and shoots helps protect the plant from the spread of infection and fungus.
Time for the procedure
Above it was said that pruning of peonies after flowering should be done no sooner than when it will be a half to two months after the last bud wilts. In any case, you must wait until all the flowers on the bush dry up.
The first buds are pruned - usually they are simply cut off. Then comes the part of the stem directly adjacent to the buds: it is already cut with shears. It is recommended that the leaves be kept intact as long as possible: it is through them that the photosynthesis process is carried out. The best time for the initial trimming of pions is in August.
The final pruning is done in early October. The procedure is performed only after the bush "lies down" on the garden bed. Pruning is done at the root, after which after some time hemp is sheltered for the winter.
After flowering, carefully inspect the bush: are there any signs of a fungal infection? If spots on the leaves are found, it is urgent to remove such greens together with the shoots, without waiting for the deadline. And if the fungus was found, after removing the affected parts, treat the plant with copper-containing preparations for prophylaxis.
Then cut the buds - by the time of the procedure, absolutely all the buds on the bush should already curl. Pruning adjacent to the buds are subject to pruning.
What remains of the bud is removed before the first leaf. But if this leaf is weak, then pruning is extended to the first strong leaf. It is better to remove the buds with shoots with shears, so that the roots of the plant are not injured, not stretched.
After removing the buds, at least a pair of leaves should remain on each shoot. An exception is made only if the deciduous part of the peony bush obscures other plants in the flower bed from the sun. To avoid this, it is better to immediately plant a sprawling peony in the background.
Next, you need to leave the bush alone for one and a half to two months so that the leaves have time to produce the photosynthesis processes necessary for the plant. At the beginning of October, the final pruning follows: from the bush only hemp leaves 1-2 cm high are left.
Tree Peony Trimming
The main pruning of the tree peony is done in the spring, as this plant needs to be formed. At the same time and sanitary pruning.
After flowering the shrub is also trimmed. The procedure is carried out in October and early November: the bush is shortened by two thirds. Autumn pruning of tree peony is aimed at improving the frost resistance of the plant.
Some varieties of tree peony are not cut at all in the fall. This is done with those varieties in which flower buds are formed on the shoots of last year. After pruning such a peony, you can get a “naked” shrub without flowers next year.
Peonies younger than three years of age are not subjected to pruning procedure: these plants need only weeding, loosening watering. Even feeding them is not necessary, because the nutrients injected into the planting have not yet been consumed.
After pruning, be sure to remove from the site all the removed parts of the plants: from the need to gather in a heap and burn. The measure will help protect the garden from the spread of fungi, infections, pests.
Watch a video on how to properly trim a peony after flowering.
Types of peonies
Peonies grow in the wild. But breeders are constantly creating new varieties, and now there are about 4.5 thousand. All of them are divided into grass and tree. Herbaceous plants each year produce stems, many of which are topped with buds. After flowering, they fade or lose their petals. It depends on the sort of peonies. After the flower fades, a seed box forms in its place. In the fall, the stems and leaves freeze and disappear. And in the spring new are formed.
Trees or semi-shrubs reach a height of more than a meter. Their stems do not disappear in winter. They are quite frost resistant. Can live up to a hundred years.
Peonies are terry flowers of various thickness, anemic, non-double.
Duration of flowering depends on the climatic zone and variety. They are early, medium flowering and late.
Peonies are very undemanding plants. Care for them is easy. They tolerate the winter well, can grow for a long time, up to fifteen years, in one place. Fade in spring, when there is still a reserve of moisture in the ground. But in the period of initiation of replacement of the kidneys, he needs water. If the soil is dry, then the peony needs to be watered. After the moisture is absorbed into the soil, it is loosened, but not deep - up to 8 cm. Otherwise, young shoots and even plant tubers can be damaged.
Weeds around the peony are removed. But they are not growing very actively. After all, the peony has a thick wide crown, which suppresses young weeds at a young age. The soil around the bush can be covered with a layer of mulch. It will protect the flower from drying out of the soil and the appearance of weeds.
Peony responds well to fertilizing. When planting at the root make a number of fertilizers, which is enough for three years. Then the bush must be fertilized by adding nitrogen and potassium. The first time this is done when the sprouts reach 10 cm. When the buds appear, feed a second time. Then, during flowering and after it, potassium and phosphorus are added.
Can be fed with infusion of mullein or chicken manure.
But it is not worth much to fertilize a peony. An excess of applied substances leads to the opposite result.
Pruning in the first years of life
Gardeners want to quickly see how the new plant blooms. But do not hurry. The buds of the first and second year must be cut before flowering, immediately after they appear. This will give impetus to the growth of the bush, and then abundant flowering. After all, the formation of a bud and flowering is a lot of strength and energy, which the young plant is small. Remove the flower itself. Do it in the morning or in the evening. The stem and leaf are not removed. This weakens the plant.
When do you need to trim peonies after flowering? In the third year after the start of bud formation, they are allowed to bloom.
Do peony pruned after flowering? This is done immediately after they have faded. The heads are removed, leaving only a few top flowers on the bush. Then the bush in the following years will form a large number of buds. The same is done next year. In tree peonies, you can adjust the size of the flower. In order for them to be large, one third of the formed buds are pruned.
Some experts claim that in the early years flowers are allowed to bloom, and they are pruned immediately after withering. Deciding whether to trim the peonies after flowering or before it, you need based on the condition of the bush. If it is quite developed, then you can leave. If weak - better to remove.
How to trim
After flowering, the rest of the bud is removed to the first leaf or, if it is weak, above a strong leaf. Do this shears, so as not to pull out the root. After trimming, at least two sheets should remain on the sheet.
Cutting the stems to the ground is not worth it. After all, they care about the accumulation of useful substances. But sometimes it is necessary to cut, because the leaves that have lost their presentation, shade young beautiful plants in a flowerbed. In this case, it is advised to cut off half the leaves. Shoots that did not bloom, do not touch.
Planning the device beds, you can place the peonies in the background. Then they will not interfere with seeing flowers that grow later.
Pruning as a disease prevention
Carefully inspect the entire bush. Pruned sick and wilted shoots. They can be affected by diseases and trigger the development of the fungus. Therefore, all the cut parts of the plant are carried away from the bush.
When are peonies cut after flowering completely? This must be done with the defeat of his nematode or leaf rot. In the first case, the leaves lose their usual form, in the second - they become gray.
To save the bush, you need to cut it completely, change the soil to a new one. All trimmed parts of the bush are burned.
Tree Peony Trimming
Tree peonies are pruned in early April. Then remove all weak, broken and dry branches. After bud break, control pruning is performed. They break off the extra shoots that thicken the bush. Tree peony can be grown in the form of a tree, with a single trunk, it is possible in the form of a bush - with several trunks. In both cases, it will take up much more space than the grassy one.
Do I need to trim the peonies after flowering on a tree plant? They are removed as in the grassy ones.
In autumn, tree peonies are not pruned. For three years, they are sheltered from frost. This procedure is particularly needed grafted tree pions. They are warmed and in older age.
Why the peony does not bloom
The main indicator of the normal development of the bush - abundant flowering. Sometimes peony bushes refuse to bloom for many years. This can happen for several reasons.
- The bush is planted in a dark place near the building.
- The soil under the bush is very wet and there is no drainage.
- Peony planted very deep. The root neck is 5 cm below ground level.
- The soil is very acidic. In this case, it is necessary to lime.
- Kidney freezing during spring frosts.
- Dry soil and lack of top dressing.
- When the peonies are cut off after flowering, it is too early, and the plant did not have time to take the right amount of nutrients from the soil.
- When planting and splitting the root, the buds are incorrectly distributed. Weak roots can not cope with a large number of shoots.
- The plant has not been transplanted for a long time (more than fifteen years)
When peonies are pruned incorrectly after flowering, such problems may arise:
- If it is done too early, they can grow back and bloom. But in the winter they will surely freeze.
- If the shoots are cut too late, the root can rot.
- Cutting off a lot of stalks with flowers for bouquets, loosen the bush.