Why quail peck each other
Among the reasons leading to this behavior, there are several groups associated with the violation of the conditions of these birds, as well as one natural reason, which consists in the natural process of fighting males for the territory and females, which often manifests itself especially acutely in the conditions of lack of the latter. Below, we will analyze each of the reasons given in more detail and suggest possible ways to solve the problems underlying the quail quaking each other.
Like any other bird, especially the steppe, quails are characterized by the need to have their personal territory in which they search for food, as well as build nests and brood offspring in pairs. Naturally, if the elementary landing rules are not observed, these birds may begin to show excessive excitement and peck their neighbors in the cage. At the same time low density of landing goes to these birds exclusively for the benefit. The content of quail in the cage When seeding quails, the following golden rule should be observed:
- in the case of planting in large cells and premises, there should be from 80 to 120 individuals per square meter,
- When seated in small cages, it must be remembered that each bird should not have less than 130 centimeters of square area.
In general, it is recommended not to contain in one standard cage, 90x40 cm in size, more than 25-30 quails.
As a result of the constant lack of protein components in the food they feed, and also due to the lack of certain mineral components (mainly calcium) in the diet and insufficient menu in terms of volume, birds can also begin to show aggression towards each other. A good proof that the problem lies precisely in the diet is the presence of changes in the appearance of the birds. (loss of feathers, irritation of the skin, changes in the structure of the skeleton, etc.). Quail baldness An adequate solution to this problem is a set of measures to identify the missing component of the diet and the subsequent inclusion of a sufficient amount of it in the diet:
- For example, if there is a lack of protein foods, you must increase the amount of corn and legumes in the feed, or start feeding some fish or meat waste to the birds.
- If you think that the reason is in small volumes of feed, you just need to increase its quantity (normally, each bird should have at least 30–35 g of feed).
Bad light mode
Another probable group of reasons for the emergence of the problem of raskleva quail their relatives are a variety of flaws in the organization of daylight birds. This is especially true in the winter, in conditions of lack of natural lighting. Normal daylight hours for healthy quails are 12–14 hours, depending on age and specific species. Here are the main reasons for the appearance of rasklevy associated with violations of daylight hours:
- too sharp, frequent and jerky turning on the light (especially after dark),
- constant flickering of light bulbs as a result of temperature fluctuations
- lack of ultraviolet rays
- too short or opposite, too long total daylight hours,
- setting cells too close to natural and artificial light sources,
- use of bulbs with too high or low voltage indicators to ensure daylight hours (a bulb with a voltage of 40–60 W is recommended).
The only correct and adequate solution to this problem is the timely identification of the true cause and its subsequent elimination. In general, the main recommendation regarding the establishment of light for any house containing inside these birds is to lay good wiring and ensure adequate daylight using certain equipment (light bulbs, soft switches, dimmers, etc.). .).
Drafts or lack of ventilation
Quails react rather painfully to the presence of any wind and drafts. The loud sounds that accompany drastic wind gusts in drafts frighten little birds, and they may begin to harm their neighbors in the cage due to excessive stress resulting from too frequent repetitions of such episodes. In addition, excessive drafts have a rather bad effect on the health of the birds, which makes them rather irritable and, again, peck at their fellows. It is also possible that a cage with quails stands in a room completely devoid of all kinds of vents. In this case, the main reason for the appearance of flares is the lack of oxygen, as well as the complete absence of air movement in the room, which also provokes irritability and excessive stress in birds that are used to light steppe winds.
After establishing such a reason for the appearance of rasklevy need to address the various blemishes in the ventilation system:
- First of all, it is necessary to properly seal the room from a variety of drafts, tightly curtain the windows with a cloth or a thick layer of polyethylene, as well as capping all the cracks.
- Next, it is worth checking the presence of special air vents and the presence of traction in them, and, in the case of their absence or incorrect operation, carry out appropriate repair work.
Remember that air must be drawn inward, not blown out of the ventilation.
Fight for leadership
Just as in the wild, there should be 4–5 females for each male quail in captivity. However, due to the fact that under the conditions of their natural habitat, all females with nests are located at sufficiently large distances from each other and practically do not overlap with each other - conflicts between males in the wild are quite rare. It is present in the cage, albeit relatively comfortable for the birds, but still a rather pronounced lack of natural space.
As a result of the presence of such a deficit, males, especially young ones, that only recently caged by old quails that have already taken root with each other, can begin to show aggression towards each other. It is also very often possible to develop a situation in which males compete due to an insufficient number of females in a cage, as a result of which quails cannot fully satisfy their sexual instinct. The solution to this problem is to maintain the correct proportion between females and males (for 4–5 males for each male), ensuring the proper amount of personal space for each bird, equal at least to such an area that each bird finds a place at the feeder during the meal. Recall that the minimum area for adequate maintenance of quails should not be less than 130 centimeters square for each bird.
In addition, in the process of forming cells containing inside young quails, it would be best to place young males together, rather than plant them in cells with already formed families. So, each of the young males in the worst case will be forced to fight against all the other males from the cage equally, and not face the coordinated, directed against him the actions of quails that already know each other.
How to treat a wounded bird
First of all, remember that as soon as you notice the presence of a crust on any of your birds, you must immediately remove the injured individual in a separate cage. Such isolation will allow to achieve a significant advantage in treatment, increase the chances of a successful recovery and prevent further possible attacks from aggressive neighbors.
Most often, quails peck each other’s torso and legs, because it is easiest to hit the first, and the legs are the most vulnerable, weakly protected and painful place to strike. It is necessary to treat a wounded bird in several stages. First of all, decide on how long the wound you noticed was inflicted, and whether it was not complicated by any bacterial inflammation.
If the injury is complicated, which can be understood by the presence of pus, abscesses, fever and localized redness - wash it with antibiotic solutions, for example, penicillin or Vetbicinna. In especially severe cases, it is recommended to also enter these antibiotics intramuscularly in the dosages indicated in the instructions. After the symptoms of an infectious disease subside, further treatment is carried out in the same way as with uncomplicated wounds. If the wounds are not too old and do not have signs of purulent inflammation, then all treatment can be reduced to their primary washing with hydrogen peroxide and subsequent treatment with a non-greasy ointment with a healing effect, for example, Vishnevsky ointment or “Levomekol.” These manipulations are designed to prevent various pathogens that can cause complications from entering the body and the wound surface.
The cage containing the injured birds must be cleaned every day, in order to maintain hygienically concomitant conditions. After the wounds are fully tightened, you can begin the process of re-integration of the nested bird in the cage.
The main measure that prevents the appearance of raklevy quail each other, is the exact and scrupulous observance of all established hygienic and sanitary standards for the cultivation and maintenance of these birds. In addition, the presence of a complete, balanced diet with a special emphasis on protein components (especially in winter periods), and the presence of proper supplements also plays a rather important role.
It is also important to keep in mind the somewhat heightened temper of young males of this species, and also to observe all the recommendations for preserving life and shaping the environment of such young. Do not forget about the special susceptibility of quails to various stress factors in the form of strong drafts, the complete absence of air movement, too bright or dim light, or frequent and abrupt changes in its parameters. And one of the most effective, giving almost one hundred percent guarantee for the absence of problems pecking quail each other, is the seating of each individual family, consisting of 1 male and 4-5 females, in separate, sufficient cell size. This method, although it gives quite good results, is practically not used in practice, due to its low economic profitability, high bulkiness of the chicken house formed in this way and excessive labor intensity in its maintenance.
So, we hope that this article has helped you to understand the reasons for the emergence of the problem of the emergence of bows in quails, and also offered decent solutions to this situation. Remember that in especially severe cases only a veterinarian should provide assistance to a wounded animal, so do not hesitate to contact him for help if you are unable to cope with the problem yourself.
Many do not understand why quails peck at each other. In most episodes, the solution to the problem lies on the surface. In any case, the owner is directly responsible for the incident. The first thing you should pay attention to is your attitude towards birds. If you notice blood on the quail's head, you need to take action immediately.
But which ones? The manifestation of cannibalism among birds provoked their discontent. Only in this way can they express that there are mistakes in the actions of the master. This is a peculiar method of attracting attention, which is common among animals.
In the wild, each individual has to fight for its place in the sun. It is quite natural that stronger birds will peck the weak to show their superiority and earn credibility in the flock. At home, males fight for the attention of females, which is another reason why quails peck at each other. Opponents hit the most vulnerable places:
At best, opponents damage only the outer skin covering, the plumage deteriorates. At puberty, males are very aggressive and can peck all indiscriminately. The reasons for catching quail are the easiest. All of them are related to conditions of detention, space, food and lighting. Treatment of this phenomenon takes place without the use of drugs. It is enough to establish a competent neighborhood, isolate provocateurs. This should be done immediately after the first incident. If you ignore the situation, you can lose a large number of birds. Sometimes even quail females peck at each other.
First of all, review the lighting in the room. It should be a little, but a lot. It is important to maintain a balance so as not to introduce birds into a stressful state. Individuals need only daylight if there are windows in the house. In a fully enclosed space, you can use bulbs not exceeding 40 watts. Modern technologies produce powerful light sources that are cost-effective for keeping birds. But the so-called "housekeepers" shine too brightly, and this annoys all animals.
Quails need ultraviolet light, which is carried by the sun's rays. The muffled blue light has a relaxing effect on the birds. In such conditions, they behave calmly. With natural light, its intensity changes smoothly. Lamps act too sharply, flicker, irritating birds. The best option would be twilight.
Violating conditions of detention, you put the bird in stress. For this reason, she may not only be aggressive towards her neighbors, but also fall ill and then die. As already mentioned, stronger males are desirable to be resettled in separate cells. In the same room, they can peck each other to death.
Animals get used to one owner. The appearance of a stranger also creates discomfort. The house should be in a quiet place, away from the kennel and production premises. One should not purposely frighten the birds with sharp movements, drive them around the yard, swing their arms.
Another reason why quails peck at each other’s heads is the lack of free space. On one square meter of the house is not more than 80 individuals.
The space is recommended to divide the partition. Layers will live on one side, and roosters on the other. If you breed quail for personal use, one or two males per dozen females are enough. But in this case it is important to maintain a balance. Moderate crowding will not prevent the growth of animals.
It also happens that before the move the birds were not aggressive, and after the resettlement they began to peck. It is also associated with stress. Do not transfer quail from cage to cage too often. They get used to a new place of residence for a long time. The females experience aggression when they finish laying eggs. For some time they are also recommended otsselyat.
The pecking of relatives takes place on the basis of a lack of trace elements. The diet of quails must include vitamin-mineral complexes. Food quality also provokes protest. Birds rebel in spite of a host who saves aft. Dirty stagnant water in the drinking bowl they also do not like. Most often the culprit of the incident becomes a young individual. In its immature age, it is deficient in methionine, fiber, potassium, and calcium, which leads to plucking of its plumage, both native and neighboring.
Do not be surprised why quail, not receiving vitamins, peck each other to the blood. What else can they do except to use radical methods? In the diet should be a kind of mode. Try to give food at the same time in moderation. The purchased feed contains the necessary elements for normal growth and development of animals.
How to save the wounded quail
Why not try to start to revise their attitude to birds. Promptly identified cause will help avoid unpleasant episodes. When the incident has already occurred, it is necessary to reanimate the victim as soon as possible.
If quails peck each other to blood, what to do with wounded birds? In the first place of the algorithm of action is disinfection. The affected areas should be treated with hydrogen peroxide or levomekolom. Затем птицу перемещают в отдельную клетку, чтобы не допускать рецидива. Кормить пострадавшего желательно протеиносодержащей пищей – так процесс заживления пройдет быстрее.
В особо серьезных случаях можно вызвать ветеринара. Восстановлению способствует прием витаминов.
Расклевы у перепелок чаще всего происходят в районе ног, головы, шеи, глаз и клоаки. When fights in birds, the plumage suffers and the skin most often in these places. Quails can peck and fight among themselves for several reasons. The main ones are:
- content on a limited area
- lack of feed and drinking water
- small number of livestock in cages.
In fact, in natural conditions cannibalism is observed in quails not often. This phenomenon is typical for artificial birds. In addition to the above reasons, slander may be caused by the transfer of quails from cage to cage, termination of egg-laying in females, puberty in young, lack of lighting, etc.
Conditions of detention
For quails, it is important to observe a certain balance of livestock in a limited space. The predominance of individuals of the same sex in the flock can lead to the fact that the birds begin to peck their neighbors to the blood. Sharp, sudden sounds, the appearance of predators in the house can also cause serious conflicts among quails.
Most often, fights are started by the dominant (the strongest and largest) quails, trying to take a place near the place of feeding and drinking troughs. It is easy to avoid this by reducing the number of birds in the cage. Transplanting birds to a new place of residence excites birds, causing quails to peck their relatives.
The presence of two or more males in the cage will invariably lead to conflict in the pack, therefore the males, especially the dominant ones, should be expelled. Youngsters at the age of puberty tend to fight each other. This is typical not only for quails, but also for all domestic birds. One can fight this by placing one brood in one cage. Joint adoption of sand and ash baths can be a good panacea for pecking quails. They tend to peck their neighbors and females who have stopped laying eggs. In this case, they should also be set aside. Often others suffer from cannibalism old, sick and weak quail.
An excessive number of quails in one cage, or vice versa, too much free space can also lead to fights between them. For the separation of individual groups of quails in the cells can be installed mesh or opaque partitions or individual microcells for the preservation of the most valuable copies of the flock.
An unbalanced diet and poor-quality food force quails to peck at their relatives. Stale and dirty drinking water can also cause fights. Pulling feathers from quails is due to a lack of potassium, methionine, sodium, calcium, cystine and fiber. Young animals whose diet lacks these elements are more prone to cannibalism.
The content of the necessary substances that prevent the occurrence of aggression among quails, guarantees the use of mixed fodder of factory production.
It should also be noted that pecking themselves and neighbors quails often causes a chronic lack of protein-containing food. This gap well fills the addition to the diet of boiled fish or other animal products. The desire to fight and peck others from quails with such a diet passes quickly. Some farmers prevent pecking in quails by adding hemp seeds to feed.
The lack or excess of solar or artificial lighting can also force quails to fight and peck at each other. Optimal for the maintenance of quail are daylight sources or ordinary forty-watt light bulbs. Affects the behavior of birds and the spectrum. Most birds feel well with an abundance of ultraviolet light, which is saturated with sunlight. By the way, window glass delays most of the ultraviolet waves, so you should look for other materials to seal window openings. By the way, quails behave most calmly with reddish and blue room lighting.
The constant flickering of lighting devices annoyingly affects birds (do not use lamps with a flicker frequency of more than 100 hertz) as well as the unexpected switching on of light in the dark. There is such a device, called a dimmer, which allows you to smoothly increase the intensity of lighting in the house. Quails in this light are unlikely to peck at themselves and their relatives
What to do with a wounded bird
It is quite natural that the quail injured in fights with congeners should be isolated as soon as possible from the neighbors. The kind of open blood can provoke other members of the pack to further fights. It is better to entrust the rendering of first aid to a wounded bird to a veterinarian, but it is not difficult to do this with your own hands.
In the event of a bird being injured, first of all it is necessary to wash open wounds with a disinfectant solution and strengthen its diet.
Not bad helps to restore the affected birds fortified diet. Calcium-rich foods will help for quick healing of bones.
A healthy individual will independently restore the damaged functions of the body, and deadly sick birds should be slaughtered and carcasses cremated. The most aggressive quails are subjected to debicking operations, that is, cutting off sharp tips of the beak and claws with the help of a special tool. It is advisable that this procedure be performed by a veterinarian in cold weather. Birds that have debicy do not lose their appetite and continue to live and eat normally.
No need to submit to the table of the dead as a result of pecking birds, if the cause of the pathology in the flock is not clear. Along with errors in keeping and feeding, infectious diseases transmitted to humans can be the cause of this behavior of birds. If your pets begin to fight and peck the neighbors in the cage, then this may be due to one of the above reasons.
Pharmaceutical drugs that can stop or prevent cannibalism in quails include: potassium bromide, chlorpromazine and reserpine, but they should be used only in case of advanced cases of catch. Quails - birds are not aggressive by nature, therefore, having eliminated the external causes of conflicts in the flock, the fights and pecking will cease. Careful consideration of the conditions of detention and the diet of quails can save livestock from manifestations of cannibalism in birds.
at 2015-06-11, 21:24
Good afternoon, and I have the following problem with the hook:
In general, now I have two cages with quails: in one Japanese 20pcs, pure females, and in the second white 20pcs, 4 males and the rest of the females.
Last week I decided to buy 5 men for the Japanese, it is said and done! I put them in a cage. And in an hour all the males were corrupted, there was no place on the heads of the living place, and the whites apparently became nervous and one female was also corrupted.
I immediately transplanted them into a separate cell, patients were smeared with brilliant green, gave me a healthy will to buy. In the saray he turned off the light 1 from 2 windows closed and put a cardboard partition between the cells! For 4-5 days, egg production is completely gone!
In general, the knowledgeable would like to know why the females had such a reaction?
Catching up blood is noted when non-compliance with the rules of bird landing. In other words, a small cage contains an excess of the number of birds. Accordingly, the birds have difficulties with eating and water. Therefore, aggressive behavior occurs.
In addition, this problem occurs when transferring males from one parent flock to another family. Birds are trying to establish themselves in a new society.
Rasklev is celebrated during puberty. This phenomenon can provoke a loud noise that will cause fright in quails.
Ways to solve the problem
To deal with this phenomenon is quite simple. It is necessary to create comfortable conditions for birds and remove possible irritants.
So, if you are faced with chanting, injured birds must be placed in a separate cage. It is recommended to treat wounds on the body with levomecol, injuries to the legs can be washed with hydrogen peroxide. This will help prevent the occurrence of infectious diseases.
When buying a cage, it is worth considering the fact that the density of bird landing should not exceed 100 individuals per square meter. If you have a greater number of birds, it makes sense to purchase or make the cage more spacious.
It is recommended to arrange regular bathing quail in the ashes. On a bath day, the birds enjoy and forget about feuds.
Practiced separate keeping of males and layers. Quails are kept in a separate cage, and the male is placed to them only at a certain time. If there is no possibility of separate content, it makes sense to equip opaque partitions in the cells.
Adding to the daily ration of boiled fish or hemp seed, serves as an excellent prevention of biting. You can use other feed mixtures, as long as they contain a large amount of protein.
For dimming the lighting, it is recommended to use a dimmer. In addition, it is useful to provide the birds with natural daylight. It is noted that the red or blue spectrum of the light perfectly prevents pecking.
By following these simple rules, you will be able to provide comfort and peace to the birds, and save yourself from unnecessary problems.
Why is this happening
Any peck is a sign of stress in which your birds are for one reason or another, and is almost always associated with conditions of detention.
- Too bright light is the most common and simple cause of such cannibalism. In nature, quails live in high, thick grass and see bright light only in moments of danger, fleeing from a predator, a hunter, a natural cataclysm, or something else equally terrible. Therefore, a bright light is always stressful, birds are restless, fly and jump around the cage, they do not find a place for themselves.
What to do? Close access to daylight, make a 17-hour light day with a dim light bulb. If the heart bleeds - how are they, the poor, sitting in such inhuman conditions - then all is well and the birds are comfortable.
- The next reason for catching quails is landing density. If quails go to bed, lounging and stretching their legs, and at the same time there is enough space for everyone, it means that everything is fine with the density. If not enough - thin out like a radish, otherwise your pets will turn into hellish creatures, blood-thirsty tribesmen and coolly zaklyuyut someone from the neighbors.
- Other conditions of existence: drafts, improper food, abundance of litter, lack of ventilation and, as a result, fresh air.
If the bird is hungry (due to unbalanced feed), if it cannot breathe normally because of piles of feces, if the room is damp, drained, stench - even with proper lighting, problems are possible. Previously, we wrote more about the effect of feed on the peck of chickens.
- Sometimes the young males of quails are too vehemently trying to hide the chickens, as a result they tear their neck to the blood, which provokes everyone else to attack the victim.
In this case, it is best to keep the males apart.
- Rarely, but in the general flock there is an aggressor, a bloodthirsty fighter, suggesting distemper in the herd and beginning to chant, resulting in cannibalism in quails.
Here the solution is simple: the bully - in the soup. Do not allow such cockerels (and females) to breed!
Reasons for picking
Cannibalism in quails is expressed in plucking feathers, pecking off the head, eyes, back, wings, toes, and cloaca. The problem appears at any age, often fights arise under stress, as well as a behavioral reaction to a violation or change of conditions:
In some cases, the negative behavior is manifested after replanting birds, the end of productivity in females or with the onset of puberty. Quails become aggressive, pecking weak congeners into blood, which causes other cell dwellers to engage in a scuffle, which often ends in the death of the victim. To prevent the development of the situation, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the species when setting up the house and keeping the birds. If there are cases of fights, it is important to find the source of the problem and fix it, otherwise serious losses cannot be avoided.
What if a bird is injured
Quail, injured in bird battles, must be deposited, because the sight of blood provokes relatives to further peck. The owner himself can independently assist the wounded individual. The treatment is:
- in washing with a disinfectant solution: potassium permanganate or “Furacilin”,
- in the treatment with green paint, deep damage is smeared with Levomikol ointment,
- faster gain quail will help strengthen the diet and fortified supplements. To restore bone tissue, calcium, vitamin D, and
- Pharmaceutical preparations of Aminazine, potassium bromide or Roserpin are used to relieve arousal and prevent fights in the flock of quails. The exact dosage is established by the veterinarian, but it is better to initially not allow situations that induce to horn.
If the bird is young and healthy, it will quickly return to normal and be able to participate in reproduction, or it will be sent for fattening for further slaughter. A heavily injured quail is preferable to be slaughtered and used for food. In case of severe damage, the carcass is destroyed.
Active fighters are subjected to the procedure of debicking: cutting the tip of the beak. Well, if the manipulation will be carried out by a veterinarian. Independently it is only by an experienced breeder. If done correctly, quails continue to eat and live normally, but it will be harder for them to peck at their fellows.
It is not necessary to prepare dishes from the quails who died because of the bite, if the factors of the pathological behavior of the bird are not precisely clarified. Cause of cannibalism are not only the wrong conditions. Sometimes the root of the problem lies in infectious diseases that can be transmitted to humans.