General information

Broccoli - the benefits and harm

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


The first to eat broccoli were the Italians. In 1724, this little-known plant was called Italian asparagus. It was the Italians who brought it to America.

The cabbage plant gained real popularity after the First World War. The name comes from the Italian word "brocco", which means "escape" or "branch".

Composition and calorie broccoli

This is a kind of cabbage, which is rich in trace elements and vitamins. The composition is dominated by vitamins C and K, which are necessary for the normal functioning of the connective and bone tissue, as well as for the healthy functioning of the kidneys.

The content of vitamin A broccoli - a record among cabbage plants. For example, cabbage contains 0.3% vitamin A (3 µg per 100 g. Of product), and broccoli - 42.9% (386 µg). The norm for the body is 900 micrograms per day.

Vitamins and minerals in 500 gr:

  • And - 1930 mcg,
  • B9 - 315 mcg
  • K - 508 µg,
  • C - 446 mg,
  • potassium - 1580 mg,
  • Calcium - 235 mg,
  • magnesium - 105 mg,
  • phosphorus - 330 mg,
  • iron - 3.65 mg.

Calories per 100 grams is 34 kcal. At the same time broccoli is rich in proteins.

100 grams of product includes:

Useful properties of broccoli

Jill Fullerton-Smith, the author of the most truthful book about food, cites 3 facts about a cup of broccoli:

  • Not inferior to milk in calcium content - 100 gr. boiled cabbage contains 180 mg of calcium, and in one glass of milk with a volume of 100 ml. - 120 mg.
  • Contains 10% of the daily iron intake - 1.8 mg at a rate of 18 mg.
  • Contains almost 100% of the daily intake of vitamin C - 89.2 mg at a rate of 90 mg per day.

Reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes

Choline and methionine remove cholesterol from the body, preventing it from accumulating. Regular use of broccoli strengthens the walls of blood vessels. Therefore, cabbage is necessary for people suffering from diseases of the heart and blood vessels, and is also recommended for the prevention of such diseases.

Helps to cope with constipation

Broccoli is rich in fiber - 2.6 gr. on 100 gr. raw cabbage, which cleanses the intestines and stabilizes its work, eliminating constipation. Regular consumption of the plant eliminates even chronic constipation.

Also, cabbage stimulates the secretion of bile, normalizing the work of the liver and gallbladder.

Normalizes blood sugar

It is an indispensable product for diabetes mellitus of the first and second type. Also, broccoli is useful for someone who loves sweets. High blood sugar damages the walls of blood vessels, destroying them.

Cabbage contains sulforaphane, which stabilizes the level of sugar, strengthens and protects the walls of blood vessels from damage.

Restores and strengthens the nervous system

The composition has vitamin B1, which regulates the activity of the nervous system. Lack of vitamin B1 affects the functions of the nervous system, heart, blood vessels and digestion. Therefore, broccoli is included in the diet of people with nervous disorders, high irritability and poor memory.

Harm and contraindications of broccoli

Harmful vegetable soups and broths from cabbage due to the content of harmful purine bases - adenine and guanine.

The carcinogens that broccoli secretes during frying accumulate in the body. To preserve useful properties, as well as to protect the body from carcinogens, doctors do not recommend adding a lot of oil and frying cabbage over high heat.

For pregnant women, broccoli has no contraindications, as it contains vitamin B9, which is the foundation in the formation of new healthy cells and maintains their integrity.

In order not to harm the body, as well as get a maximum of vitamins and nutrients, it is necessary to properly prepare and store a healthy vegetable.

Broccoli has contraindications. You can not eat raw vegetables and fried in the form of:

  • increased acidity of the stomach, diseases of the pancreas,
  • gastritis and ulcers,
  • observance of the diet prescribed by the doctor, which excludes the ingestion of food containing coarse fiber,
  • individual intolerance.

How to cook

Most of the recipes are based on cabbage inflorescences. But for cooking, you can use the stem, peeling it off.

Use the trick of the French, who use the potato peeler to clean the stalks. After peeling the stalk, you will see a juicy and soft inside that is usually thrown away. Gil Fullerton-Smith, author of The Whole Truth About Food, advises you to add peeled broccoli stems to the soup, boil them in salted water and drain the broth. You can also make stews from the stalks by cutting into strips.

Cabbage stalks can also be cooked using the blanching method, dipped into boiling water for 3-5 minutes, and then rinsed with ice water, or steamed, following the advice of the author of culinary books, Nigel Slater.

Remember that the stems and inflorescences have different cooking times, as they differ in structure.

There are several ways to cook broccoli:

  1. Cooking. Fresh broccoli dipped in boiling salted water and cook for 5-7 minutes. If kapustav frozen, then boil a little longer - 10-12 minutes. The cabbage removed from the stove continues to be exposed to temperature. Put it in a colander and pour it in cold water. This ritual is necessary for every green vegetable, regardless of size.
  2. Steam cooking. Cooking time depends on which type of finished cabbage is more to taste - soft and melting in the mouth (cooking time - 12-15 minutes), or juicy and crispy (cook 5-7 minutes).
  3. Blanching. Inflorescences blanch exactly as the stems. The only difference is in cooking time. Stems should be blanched for 3-5 minutes, and small inflorescences - 2-3 minutes. Cooking time for blanching depends on the size of the inflorescences.
  4. Roasting in the oven. To make broccoli perfectly baked, follow two rules: sprinkle the cabbage with oil and spread it evenly in a baking dish or on a baking sheet.
  5. Raw cabbage. From raw broccoli, you can prepare a salad, or crunch buds. Vegetable can be mixed with dried apricots, raisins, a small amount of sunflower seeds, and you can fill with mayonnaise, sour cream or yogurt. In salads add boiled chicken, vegetables and fresh herbs. Experiment and discover new tastes.

There are many options for serving vegetables. Broccoli is combined with:

  • oiled
  • mayonnaise, sour cream, yogurt or any sauce. Broccoli is combined with both conventional soy sauce and dark,
  • ginger, mustard and lemon juice.

Broccoli Sauce Recipe

Take:

  • chopped parsley and basil,
  • crushed anchovies,
  • Walnut,
  • almond,
  • garlic,
  • grated cheese

Cooking:

  1. Ingredients mix and chop in a blender until smooth.
  2. Add balsamic vinegar, olive oil, mix.
  3. Season the vegetable with the resulting sauce.

What is broccoli

Many have met in the shops this beautiful green plant, resembling a lush floral bouquet. This vegetable is broccoli cabbage. You can grow it in almost any locality, but the climate of Spain, Italy, France is considered the best. In these countries, the plant is often used in cooking because of its beneficial properties. To eat this type of cauliflower can be fried, boiled, stewed, added to salads. For cooking, inflorescences are used with a tender part of the stem, sometimes sprouts.

Broccoli - Composition

To learn more about the topic: broccoli - the benefits and harm, you need to learn about the substances that are contained in the plant. It has a large number of different trace elements, vitamins, macronutrients. The chemical composition of broccoli is presented:

  • beta carotene (vitamin A),
  • phosphorus,
  • vitamin u
  • potassium,
  • magnesium,
  • Vitamin PP,
  • by sodium
  • iron
  • B vitamins,
  • fiber,
  • silicon,
  • vitamin C,
  • biologically active substances
  • folic acid
  • vitamin k,
  • zinc
  • calcium,
  • vitamin E,
  • selenium.

Broccoli - Calorie

Energy value is very important for dieters and body builders. Depending on the method of processing, scientists determined the caloric content of broccoli, 100 grams of which contain:

  • raw (raw) vegetable - 35 kcal,
  • boiled - 28 kcal,
  • steamed - 27 kcal,
  • frozen - 23 kcal,
  • stewed - 37 kcal,
  • fried - 46 kcal.

Broccoli nutritional value

Another important characteristic is the nutritional value of broccoli. With these values, a person can find out how much he will receive important substances for the body, eating 100 grams of cabbage. These elements are batteries of energy that helps regulate our livelihoods. The plant contains:

  • proteins - 2.8 g (3.41% of the required rate per day),
  • fats - 0.4 g (0.62%),
  • carbohydrates - 6.6 g (5.16%),
  • dietary fiber - 2.6 g (13%),
  • water - 89.3 g (3.49% of the daily requirement).

Can I eat broccoli raw

Consumers are accustomed to the fact that fresh, unprocessed vegetables are better absorbed by the human body than boiled, fried or stewed. However, in the question of whether it is possible to eat broccoli raw, there is no consensus. Some experts argue that during heat treatment the plant loses more than half of its beneficial properties, while others believe that properly processed or blanched cabbage is more useful.

There is a huge number of recipes of dishes, among the ingredients of which are indicated fresh green cabbage. In Europe and America, broccoli are often consumed untreated, make a salad from it. Those who want to lose weight and watching calories are recommended to blanch the cabbage. To do this, simply place the coaches in a container of boiling water for a few seconds. Season the vegetable with olive oil, add your favorite spices and serve to the table. Green cabbage is especially useful for pregnant women and small children - it is well absorbed and contains many vitamins.

Broccoli - useful properties

The invaluable benefit of broccoli for the body is in its properties:

  • contains antioxidants of natural origin,
  • strengthens the immune system
  • regulates blood sugar,
  • improves the condition of the lens and retina,
  • contains elements that benefit the liver,
  • strengthens the heart and blood vessels
  • improves blood composition.

The benefits of broccoli for women

Many of the fair sex are skeptical of this vegetable, considering it tasteless, insipid. The benefits of broccoli for women are in such factors:

  • Positive effect on skin condition. By consuming broccoli every day, you prolong youth. It is useful to use a medicinal plant for masks, since it contains many vitamins.
  • Vitamin oil from vegetables is used for hair and nails, helping to strengthen their structure and eliminate brittleness.
  • Use in dietary nutrition. The product contains a large amount of protein, which has a positive effect on weight loss. Green cabbage is an indispensable product for dietary, vegetarian and lean dishes.
  • The fight against cellulite. The beneficial properties of broccoli contribute to the development of bile. It helps regulate the level of fat, thereby helping to eliminate skin defects associated with cellulite.
  • Disposal of carcinogens, toxins and slags. These harmful substances can provoke the development of tumors of the uterus, chest and ovaries. Inflorescences contain antioxidants that can combat this problem.
  • Nutrient-rich composition will benefit hair and nails.
  • The content of indoles supports hormonal balance.

The benefits of broccoli for children

This type of cauliflower is among the ten most useful products. The plant is often used in the nutrition of children. As part of a child’s diet, broccoli can benefit:

  • Helps fight constipation, establish a normal stool due to the presence of a large amount of fiber. Useful trace elements contribute to the removal from the body of harmful substances, the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • The benefits of broccoli for babies are based on the hypoallergenicity of the product. It is possible to feed your baby with mashed potatoes or vegetable juices from a very early age, without fear of harm.
  • Vitamins in broccoli help to increase the immunity of the child. The nervous system improves as the cabbage is famous for having a large number of beneficial micro and macro elements.
  • The content of sulforaphane and diindolylmethane prevents the occurrence of inflammation of the respiratory system.
  • If the child is overweight, you need to enter broccoli in the diet - it contains fiber and protein, quickly saturates the body, with a minimum of calories.
  • Cabbage has antiparasitic effects.

How is broccoli useful for men?

The representatives of the stronger sex prefer to use proteins only of animal origin, therefore they often refuse vegetables. However, the use of broccoli for men is invaluable. The plant is an excellent tool for preventing the development of cancer cells and inflammatory processes in the prostate gland .. Broccoli actively fights against the problems of the cardiovascular system, helps to eliminate excess cholesterol in the blood that can appear when eating fatty foods.

What else is useful broccoli?

Recent medical research has shown that broccoli can fight cancer tumors, such as breast, ovarian, prostate, bladder and skin cancer. It contains the most valuable substance - sulforaphane, which stops the development of cancer cells. Especially a lot of this component in young stalks and sprouts of cabbage. True, in its heads it is contained almost 10 times less than in stems. The same substance kills antibiotic-resistant bacteria that cause stomach ulcers.

In addition to sulforaphane, broccoli contains two more substances needed for cancer: sinegrin and indole-3-carbinol (IPH). Sinegrin is part of other types of cabbage. It not only prevents the division of cancer cells, but also destroys them. IZS acts both on cancer cells and on the human immune system, significantly strengthening it, due to which the body is able to more actively resist cancer.

For those patients who ate broccoli meals at least twice a day, the growth of cancerous tumors was stopped. In the near future it is planned to develop anticancer drugs based on the above substances. Their advantage is that they are optimally absorbed by the human body.

Hurt broccoli

Broccoli itself is a product that is beneficial to the human body from all points of view. It is very difficult to cook and eat this cabbage in such a way that it harms, but still it is possible.

First, it is not recommended to use the decoction obtained from cabbage - it contains guanine and adenine - substances harmful to the human body. Therefore, when cooking vegetable broth broccoli is not used. Secondly, with a serious heat treatment, most of the nutrients are lost, vitamins and microelements are destroyed. Especially it concerns so common in our time cooking methods in the microwave.

Strongly advise broccoli to fry over high heat with plenty of fat. In this case, instead of the beneficial properties with which this cabbage is so rich, the body will receive a serious blow, which will be caused by carcinogens formed during the process of heating the oil. Thirdly, eating raw broccoli (this is the best option) should be careful for people with high acidity of the stomach and impaired pancreatic functions. Some diets prescribed after surgery also prohibit the consumption of raw vegetables containing large amounts of coarse fiber.

It turns out, in order to gain maximum benefit from the use of this product and not cause harm to health, you just need to cook the cabbage correctly (or use it raw) and store it properly - in the freezer or not more than a week in the refrigerator.

How many calories in boiled broccoli?

Due to the low content of calories, this product is considered one of the diet. Broccoli cooked without adding fat contains a little more than 30 Kcal per 100 grams of product.

For comparison, in an apple about 35 Kcal per 100 grams (fruits contain sugar, therefore, more calories and are not recommended for those who want to lose weight). Therefore, broccoli is often included in diets for body correction - it is useful, tasty and safe, and also perfectly nourishes.

Slimming broccoli

The basis of any diet is to reduce the amount of fat and carbohydrates in the diet. In this case, broccoli is the ideal option to include it in the diet menu. There is a myth that broccoli is a product with a negative caloric content, i.e., it consumes more energy for its digestion than it brings to the body. This is far from the truth, rather, we can say that it gives very few calories - this is quite enough to create an optimal diet that allows you to lose weight without harm to health.

As mentioned above, raw broccoli will be most beneficial. On the second place is steamed cabbage - so some amount of useful substances will be lost, but a lot will remain.Permissible broccoli stew for a short time (no more than 7 minutes) without adding salt, which contributes to the delay in the body of excess fluid. The least desirable methods of cooking this product are long boiling, baking. The most unfavorable option - roasting.

Despite the fact that raw vegetables are healthier, dietitians advise to regularly eat light vegetable soups: they have a beneficial effect on the gastric mucosa, are saturated and are a gentle source of fiber that is not contraindicated in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Broccoli puree soup is one of the healthiest and healthiest foods.

The dietary version of this tasty and healthy soup is cooked in unsalted vegetable broth. First, potatoes, carrots and leeks are cut and boiled, and broccoli is added 7 minutes before the vegetables are cooked. Fresh or dried herbs, onions, garlic, bay leaves are added to taste. After 7 minutes, the pan is removed from the heat, and the resulting vegetable soup using a blender is ground into mashed potatoes of the desired consistency. Of course, this soup is preferably consumed without bread. For a more substantial option, you can add boiled white chicken meat. One serving of vegetable soup with pieces of chicken contains about 300 Kcal, which will provide the body with energy for about 5 hours.

It is also believed that broccoli helps to speed up the metabolic processes in the body, helps to burn fat. Indeed, there are prerequisites for this, because this cabbage contains a rather large amount of chlorophyll and B group vitamins, which contribute to metabolic processes. True, for this it is desirable to use cabbage in its raw form, for example, add it to light vegetable salads. Of course, during the diet period, broccoli salads are recommended not to be filled with mayonnaise or sour cream, but with a minimum amount of vegetable oil and lemon juice.

Since broccoli contains a large amount of fiber, it will help cleanse the intestines, and as a result, get rid of excess weight. Therefore, it is desirable to eat broccoli at least once a day. For lunch you can eat a portion of lean meat with a side dish of stewed cabbage, an excellent breakfast will serve steam omelet with broccoli. The diet will be most effective if you replace one of the meals with a lenten dish of this cabbage. It is better if it is a vegetable salad with fresh broccoli for dinner. If the cabbage seems too hard, you can scald it with boiling water - it will not bring significant damage to the benefits of cabbage.

Video recipe from the program "Just delicious - broccoli!"

Broccoli is considered a postulate of proper nutrition. Low calorie, perfectly balanced composition, including many valuable elements - what else is required from the product? Taste! But this is a fixable matter, according to the chefs. Curly cabbage can be prepared so that everyone will ask for supplements.

Useful properties and composition of minerals

Eat a vegetable always cooked, an exception is made by people who are fond of raw food. But even after cooking in broccoli, all useful trace elements are preserved, which include:

  • iodine (about 10% of the daily allowance per 100g),
  • manganese (11%),
  • sulfur (14%)
  • potassium (13%)

Here there is a huge amount of boron, the daily rate of which is 100 grams of the product exceeds 2.5 times.

As for the other useful components, here you can highlight:

  • high content of silicon macroelement, the content of which exceeds the daily norm by 2.5 times,
  • cabbage is rich in ascorbic acid and vitamin K. Their content in 100 grams of the product is about 100% of the daily norm,
  • folic acid content of about 16%

Medicinal properties and benefits for the body

This variety of cabbage has a positive effect on the vital processes that occur in the human body.

That is why experts advise to use a vegetable in the presence of the following diseases:

  • Broccoli should be consumed with high cholesterol and heart disease.

The components of the vegetable actively influence its cholesterol reduction and strengthen the blood vessels, as a result of which the blood pressure returns to normal and the work of the heart stabilizes.

  • Due to the content in the cabbage kaempferol, broccoli is an excellent way to eliminate the symptoms of allergies, and also prevents its occurrence by reducing the effect on the body of allergens.
  • High content of lutein and zeaxanthin, which play an important role in eye health.

Therefore, the use of broccoli is extremely necessary for children and people in the age, even for infants, because it will prevent the development of diseases such as cataracts, macular degeneration and others.

  • Broccoli components protect the skin from UV exposure, which reduces the risk of skin cancer.

In the case of losing weight, broccoli is recommended to be consumed with meat or even potatoes, but the amount of cabbage should be twice as much as any supplement.

Having a low calorie content, cabbage fills the stomach, as a result of which a person will not feel the feeling of hunger for a long time, while consuming few calories.

As facial masks use vegetable juice. It can be mixed with additional components, in which minerals are also present in large quantities. These masks can saturate and moisturize the skin.

This vegetable should be recommended for women during pregnancy.

Broccoli contains antioxidants that can normalize blood circulation in the placenta, thereby reducing the risk of various pathologies in the infant.

Contraindications to the use and possible harm

Despite all these beneficial properties, the use of broccoli has its own contraindications:

  • Experts do not recommend eating a vegetable to people suffering from diseases of the pancreas and with high acidity.
  • You also can not take cooked decoction of a vegetable, because it contains nitrogenous bases, adversely affecting the human body.

Broccoli is not recommended to use very often and in large volumes.

According to experts, some substances contained in vegetables can seriously harm the human body. They can cause hypofunction of the thyroid gland, which is explained by a lack of hormones that regulate the body's metabolism. Such a manifestation is fraught with stunting in adolescents and weight gain in adults.

How to use for health

Of course, broccoli can be used in any form. It can be fried, boiled, stewed and added to salads in raw form.

But long-term heat treatment somewhat reduces the content of useful components in the vegetable.

Therefore, if you want to get the maximum benefit, broccoli is recommended to be processed for a short time.

Steam it for 5-7 minutes. Mature inflorescences, possibly, will turn out not in a pre-prepared form, but the vegetable will not lose its beneficial properties.

There are no specific recipes for preparing cabbage as a treatment for any disease. The only thing that can be recommended is to use freshly squeezed juice from a vegetable, in case of unwillingness to use cabbage in cooked form.

Juice can wipe the skin of the face, and after 10-15 minutes to wash off the composition. Minerals penetrate the skin of the face, so that it will get a healthy look, undergo the appropriate hydration and help get rid of acne.

The benefits of broccoli during processing

Broccoli is often hard to find fresh, especially in the winter. In supermarkets they sell frozen vegetables.

The best treatment method is steaming. Thus, the beneficial properties of broccoli will remain in the original amount.

The beneficial properties of broccoli and its effect on the body's work are amazing.

Scientists have conducted studies that showed that cancers can be caused due to problems in the body.

These include chronic inflammation, oxidative stress and insufficient detoxification of the body.

Eating broccoli regularly can prevent these three main causes of cancer cells. Therefore, use broccoli regularly and monitor your health.

Broccoli is a type of garden cabbage. C Italian broccoli can be translated as flowering twigs or stalks. This type of cabbage is also called asparagus. Despite the fact that for many centuries this vegetable was almost not known outside of Italy, since the beginning of the twentieth century to the present day, broccoli is a very popular product all over the world.

The harm and benefits of broccoli cabbage for the human body in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract

The benefits of broccoli cabbage in diseases of the digestive system has long been proven by doctors, scientists and nutritionists. This is due to the high content of the substance, which was called anti-ulcer factor or vitamin U.

This and some other organic and mineral compounds in the chemical composition of broccoli are able to fight the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. That it is the main cause of gastric ulcers.

Considering the fact that there is less fiber in this cabbage, and the concentration of vitamins is more, it does not irritate the gastrointestinal mucosa and helps to eliminate inflammation, accelerates the healing of ulcers and erosions.

For the prevention of gastritis and ulcers, it is enough to eat 70 grams of fresh or boiled broccoli per day. Given the fact that many nutrients are destroyed with prolonged heat exposure, it is enough to boil this cabbage for 2-3 minutes.

Scientists have confirmed the benefit of broccoli for fatty tissue liver. Steamed or boiled broccoli not only restores liver cells, but is also an excellent prophylactic against its destruction.

However, even a healthy product like broccoli can be harmful:

  • with individual intolerance,
  • with high acidity of gastric juice,
  • when used broth, which boiled cabbage.

Harm to the digestive system from eating raw or boiled broccoli in very moderate amounts is extremely rare.

The benefits and harm of broccoli cabbage for children

Among all the vegetables that are useful for the children's body, broccoli is one of the first places. It's related:

  • with hypoallergenic properties,
  • with the presence of a small amount of fiber,
  • high in vitamins.

It’s enough for a child to eat 50 - 60 grams of this type of cabbage to get a daily rate of vitamin C. Broccoli cabbage juice contains natural phytoncides that protect the child from various viruses and bacteria, strengthen his immunity.

In order for the child to get the maximum benefit, it is necessary to cook the inflorescences together with a part of the shoot, and the duration of the heat treatment should not exceed 3-5 minutes. Older children of preschool and school age can be given broccoli, which is scalded with boiling water. Asparagus cabbage dishes are desirable in the diet of children:

  • with increased nervous excitability and sleep disturbance,
  • with obesity and other metabolic disorders,
  • with diabetes mellitus or predisposition to it.

Broccoli for formula-fed babies are useful from 5 months, and on natural from 6 months.

Asparagus cabbage is harmful to children:

  • with a sick pancreas,
  • after surgery on the abdominal organs,
  • with individual intolerance.

Harm and benefits of broccoli for men

A high content of nutrients with low calorie content is beneficial for all people. If we consider the benefit of this vegetable exclusively for the strong half of humanity, then, first of all, it is necessary to note the anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties of the vegetable. Every year, more than 700 thousand prostate cancers are registered in the world. Of this number, 200 thousand patients die.

Scientists have conducted studies that showed that if 450 grams of broccoli are present in the weekly diet, this reduces the risk of cancer by several times.

Given that 100 g of the product contains a daily rate of vitamin C and other organic compounds, eating vegetables improves vascular tone, reducing the risk of heart attack and stroke. Eating broccoli regulates hormones by regulating the amount of female hormones in the male body.

It is harmful to abuse asparagus cabbage to men with impaired thyroid function and increased gas production.

Harm and benefits of broccoli cabbage for women

For the female body, broccoli is just as useful as for the male. She perfectly helps:

  • stabilize weight
  • lowers blood glucose levels
  • strengthens the immune system
  • reduces the risk of improper development of the fetus,
  • cleans the blood
  • normalizes hormones,
  • regulates blood formation.

Separately, it should be noted that this vegetable is indispensable in increasing the effectiveness of breast cancer treatment and its prevention. Broccoli is one of the leaders among vegetables in terms of the organic matter content of sulforaphane. That it is able to promptly destroy cancer cells. The compound destroys the DNA of carcinogenic cells, stopping tumor growth and metastasis.

It is harmful to use broccoli for the weaker sex in the following cases:

  • in violation of iodine exchange,
  • with increased acidity of gastric juice,
  • during gas formation,
  • with exacerbation of pancreatitis.

Boiled broccoli in small quantities may be present in the diet of almost all women.

The benefits and harms of frozen broccoli

Like many other types of cabbage, broccoli perfectly retains its healthy, flavor and nutritional properties after a quick freeze. In such a product, depending on the variety, per 100 g contains:

  • protein 2.7 - 3 g,
  • fat 0.3 - 0.4 g,
  • carbohydrate 4.7 - 5 g,
  • calories 23 - 25 g

When frozen in broccoli, the content of vitamins almost does not change:

Frozen broccoli is helpful:

  • with obesity
  • with anemia,
  • in case of low vision,
  • in inflammatory processes.

Fresh-frozen vegetable perfectly regulates the work of the heart and blood vessels, brain and central nervous system, female reproductive organs.

In cooking and nutrition, frozen broccoli is used to make soups, hot dishes, sauces and salads.

Despite the fact that frozen broccoli has a milder effect on the body, it is harmful to use it in excessive amounts, especially in case of diseases of the pancreas and thyroid glands.

Fast freezing broccoli is a good way to preserve this vegetable in the winter for use in children's and adult nutrition.

Broccoli is very popular among supporters of proper nutrition and lovers of various diets. To have a clear idea of ​​the effects of cabbage on the human body, let's consider its useful and harmful qualities.

The composition and use of broccoli

  1. The place of honor is assigned to the squirrel. According to its content, broccoli may surpass beef, rabbit and chicken eggs. This type of cabbage is famous among people who regularly visit the gym. Protein is necessary for muscle formation and weight loss, as well as other vital processes in the body.
  2. Not done without amino acids, they are in the cabbage in excess. Moreover, many amino acids are not produced independently, and therefore must come from food.
  3. For the smooth operation of the body requires lipids, acting as substances necessary for the production of thyroid hormones and build bone tissue.
  4. Broccoli includes potassium, calcium, phosphorus, and other minerals. All of them are needed to eliminate heavy metal salts, normalize the functioning of the heart, and remove cholesterol from the blood channels.
  5. Omega-acids, concentrated in a large amount of vegetables, control intracranial pressure, as well as fight against hypertension (high blood pressure).
  6. Copper with cobalt and iron are involved in blood formation processes and increase the production of red blood cells. Phosphorus affects brain activity, enhancing perception, concentration and memory.

Important!
With such a powerful list of chemical elements, broccoli has a relatively low calorie content. Per serving of boiled vegetables weighing 100 grams. accounts for only 29 Kcal. In view of all this, cabbage is often used for weight loss and allows you to achieve impressive results.

The benefits of broccoli for men

  1. Men prefer to get pure protein from animal food. Therefore, eating vegetables is not taken seriously. If you look on the other hand, the benefits of broccoli for the stronger sex is invaluable.
  2. Cabbage is famous for its excellent antioxidant properties. Vegetable prevents the development of inflammatory processes and cancer cells of the prostate gland.
  3. Systematic eating broccoli actively opposes the development of cardiovascular diseases. Vegetable cleans the blood of excess harmful cholesterol. Therefore, broccoli should be eaten in conjunction with fatty dishes.

The benefits of broccoli for pregnant women

  1. In the period of carrying a baby, women should carefully monitor the state of their health. Girls need to increase the protective functions of the body.
  2. Broccoli is saturated with folic acid, the enzyme is necessary for the proper formation and development of the fetus. Вещество предотвращает образование патологий и синтезирует новые клетки.
  3. Если регулярно кушать капусту, можно не принимать дополнительно никаких медикаментов и витаминов. В брокколи находится достаточное количество кальция, селена и ретинола. Vegetable is recommended to eat when planning pregnancy.

The benefits of broccoli gastritis

  1. Broccoli is practically no different in composition from white cabbage. The only difference is that in the first case, the raw material contains more carotene. The enzyme has a positive effect on the mucous membranes of the internal organs.
  2. Carotene blocks heavy metal ions that adversely affect the intestinal wall and stomach. Broccoli is recommended to eat during gastritis. Active ingredients tighten damaged tissues and ulcers.
  3. The only condition is that cabbage must be eaten stewed or boiled. Broccoli removes dead particles from the body. If you cook the vegetable correctly, it will retain all the benefits.

Broccoli, benefits for women, men and children

The fact that broccoli, the benefits and harms of which have been known since the time of Hippocrates, is an excellent dietary product, almost everyone knows, it is allowed to be used for many diseases, as well as for feeding children from the first year of life. This cruciferous vegetable has a record-low calorie content — only 34 Kcal per 100 g of product and contains at least 10 vital vitamins, trace elements and minerals. Many in ready-to-eat plant and protein.

Due to the high content of vitamins E, PP, C, A and others, in broccoli, the benefits and harms for women focus on the sexual sphere - these biologically active compounds are involved in the formation of sex hormones, and help easy pregnancy. In addition, the amino acids that make up the vegetable have a beneficial effect on the condition of hair and nails, they become strong, shiny and elastic, they do not exfoliate, they do not split.

Broccoli, the benefits and harms of which are considered, is composed of compounds that affect the state of the nervous system. Thus, the B vitamins and folic acid are directly involved in the creation of neural connections, they are more useful in broccoli than in other products, so it is recommended for inclusion in the diet for babies. The benefits of broccoli for children are not limited to a positive effect on the central nervous system, the vegetable also stabilizes the work of the digestive tract, and nourishes the blood with elements that contribute to the proper formation of all internal organs.

Scientists have also studied well the benefits of broccoli for men - representatives of the strong half of humanity often have problems with the heart and blood vessels. Every third man has high cholesterol, and this problem is easily solved by broccoli. In addition to the complex of amino acids and bioferments that break down complex fatty acids, it contains a lot of fiber, like a sponge, it absorbs excess cholesterol in the intestine, and this is the reason for its benefits to the body.

The health benefits of intoxication or acute poisoning are not bad for broccoli - substances contained in it absorb toxins and remove them from the body, amino acids and complex compounds start the process of regeneration of damaged tissues. This property of broccoli is widely used in the rehabilitation of patients after long-term illnesses and surgical interventions.

How to use broccoli with health benefits

Broccoli cabbage, benefits and harms are concentrated solely in its buds, which form curly dense heads and according to the latest research, their body requires more calories than is extracted from the product - this feature is called negative calorie. It is widely used in nutrition, and is especially useful in cases when there are no other ways to eliminate excess weight.

Steamed broccoli - in the photo

Some concerns are caused by doctors and nutritionists newfangled mono-diet for broccoli, because despite the balanced composition and overall benefits for the body, this vegetable can not cover the needs of the body. If only broccoli cabbage is used for food, the benefits and harms of the product are redistributed towards the last characteristic, that is, harm.

How to use broccoli to benefit exclusively:

  1. Vegetable is recommended to steam or in large amounts of water without the addition of salt. If you do not know what to cook for dinner, then broccoli can be quite tasty and easy side dish. Boiled cabbage is well suited to lean meat and fish
  2. Broth from broccoli should not be used as food. Moreover, you should not lay raw cabbage in soup broth - this type of cruciferous plant accumulates a lot of nitrates, and easily gives them to the water in which it is boiled
  3. Broccoli is undesirable to combine with fatty sauces, mayonnaise and sour cream, the benefits of vegetables can be significantly reduced.
  4. You can eat broccoli and raw - in this form, cabbage is useful for people with gastritis with low acidity, and for those suffering from heartburn, it is better to eat boiled cabbage
  5. You can not boil broccoli for a long time even for a couple, the optimal duration of cooking is 7 minutes. Under such conditions, all the vitamins will be preserved in cabbage, and its structure will become tender.
  6. Broccoli can not be fried in oil for even 1-2 minutes. Tender cabbage buds literally absorb carcinogens from the oil. The benefits of such dishes will not, and the harm can be very pronounced

Broccoli may well be called a universal product and the benefits from it can be extracted in various forms. Broccoli cabbage is good in salads, first and second dishes, it is used to make smoothies in combination with fruits and other vegetables.

Broccoli - harm to the body and contraindications to use

Like other vegetables, in cabbage broccoli benefit and harm are combined evenly and under certain conditions, this culture can cause irreparable damage to health, which doctors specify contraindications to broccoli:

  • aggravation of gastritis, especially if the acidity is increased
  • peptic ulcer in the acute stage
  • tendency to increased gas formation
  • reflux disease, which is accompanied by severe heartburn
  • acute inflammatory processes of the digestive tract

In the case of these diseases, the harm of broccoli is to create additional irritation of the mucous membrane, which is not desirable in acute inflammatory and other pathological processes. The abundance of fiber in broccoli is potentially dangerous in terms of increased gas formation. One should not overlook such an aspect as individual intolerance, if after eating this variety of cabbage there are unpleasant symptoms, it is better not to use it in the future.

Broccoli is a healthy and tasty product that is recommended for use with many ailments. However, one should not lose sight of the fact that broccoli benefits and harms equally, almost like drugs from a pharmacy. Eating this vegetable should be moderate.

Broccoli cabbage: good

The birthplace of this product is considered Asia Minor and the Mediterranean. Cultivate the plant actively began in the days of ancient Rome. Broccoli cabbage is especially popular in Italy and France, where cooks quickly appreciated its excellent qualities and healing abilities.

The above vegetable has multiple properties that positively affect the human body. The utility of broccoli is expressed in its following abilities:

  • she is an active assistant in the fight against cancer,
  • contains a significant amount of Omega-3 fatty acids in its composition,
  • serves as a valuable source of kaempferol, which is an active substance that strengthens blood vessels and removes toxins from the body,
  • it is characterized by a high concentration of carotenoids and ascorbinka, which slows down the process of human aging, since free radicals are destroyed,
  • normalizes the work of the digestive tract,
  • prevents the growth of helicobacteria that contribute to the formation of gastric ulcers, gastroduodenitis, gastritis and other diseases,
  • improves the exchange of cholesterol in the body,
  • protects the organs of vision from diseases such as cataracts,
  • improves the metabolism of vitamin D,
  • stimulates the secretion of bile,
  • increases appetite
  • It has a positive effect on the human skin,
  • normalizes growth and development processes in babies,
  • prevents the occurrence of strokes and myocardial infarction,
  • strengthens blood vessels and heart.

If you regularly eat the above product, the risk of developing atherosclerosis is minimized.

Broccoli: composition

This vegetable contains many nutrients. The benefits of broccoli, experts say, is due precisely to its composition:

  • fiber and dietary fiber remove toxins and other harmful substances from the body,
  • B vitamins soothe the nerves,
  • phytoncides prevent the development of fungi and microorganisms,
  • tocopherol acetate and ascorbic protect the body from the effects of radicals (free),
  • potassium helps to eliminate salts and excess water from the human body,
  • phosphorus and calcium are responsible for the normalization of the state of the brain and bone tissue,
  • iron and cobalt improve blood formation, prevent the development of cellulite and maintain a reliable level of tissue strength,
  • iodine contributes to the normal functioning of the thyroid gland and the entire endocrine system.

The benefits of broccoli, according to experts, is so great because it contains a huge amount of protein. Therefore, sometimes nutritionally it is often equated to meat, especially beef.

Broccoli: Harm

Scientists note that this vegetable does not adversely affect the human body. The only contraindication to its use is the individual intolerance of the product. But it is quite rare.

Therefore, experts say that broccoli has no harm. It is good for the body, and you can eat it without any caution to both kids and adults.

The benefits of frozen broccoli

This vegetable in this form is an indispensable source of nutrients in the winter. The benefits of frozen broccoli are almost the same as fresh vegetables. It also contains vitamins (B, ascorbic, retinol), potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iodine, cobalt, manganese, copper, dietary fiber, fiber.

Experts say that with modern freezing the color and taste of this product does not change at all, all the nutrients also remain. In order to preserve all its useful qualities to the maximum, the cooks do not recommend it be defrosted beforehand.

This vegetable in nutrition. Calorie Product

The benefits of broccoli for people on a dietary basis are literally invaluable. After all, the body of such a person needs an increased amount of all nutrients. The caloric content of the above product is only 34 kcal per 100 grams.

The benefits of broccoli for the organism in dietetics are due to the following properties of this vegetable:

  • it gives you a feeling of satiety,
  • promotes weight loss
  • does not allow overeating,
  • speeds up the metabolism
  • helps to improve the metabolic process,
  • actively removes various impurities from the body (slags, toxins),
  • normalizes stools.

Broccoli for losing weight is a unique and almost indispensable product.

How to choose and store broccoli?

In the supermarkets, the above-mentioned vegetable is sold both fresh and frozen. Broccoli cabbage, whose benefits and harms are obvious, is selected according to the following criteria:

  • must be firm
  • have a dark green color,
  • have tightly closed buds.

Vegetable overripe, if he observed slightly open buds and yellow color. Its smell should be fresh, there should not be rot, stains and other defects.

You can store broccoli in an airtight container in the refrigerator. If necessary, it can be frozen.

Broccoli - a unique product that has no contraindications to the use. It helps cleanse the body, saturating it with beneficial substances.

Broccoli is a type of garden cabbage. C Italian broccoli can be translated as flowering twigs or stalks. This type of cabbage is also called asparagus. Despite the fact that for many centuries this vegetable was almost not known outside of Italy, since the beginning of the twentieth century to the present day, broccoli is a very popular product all over the world.

Nutritional value and chemical composition

Frozen broccoli cabbage contains a lot of fiber, vitamins A, C, B1, B6, and the mineral composition includes iodine, sulfur, manganese, cobalt, copper, potassium, calcium, iron, sodium, etc. I would like to note that 100g of this vegetable contains daily the rate of iodine - 10%, manganese - 11%, sulfur - 14%, potassium - 13%. Broccoli is rich in silicon, ascorbic and folic acid.

100g of frozen broccoli cabbage contains:

For losing weight, this type of cabbage when consumed gives a feeling of saturation, dulling for a long time hunger, so the diet is tolerated easily. Broccoli has a positive effect on all processes that occur in the human body.

  • Broccoli
  • Broccoli cabbage

Useful properties and contraindications to use

Benefit:

  • Eating frozen broccoli helps lower harmful cholesterol, strengthens heart vessels and stabilizes its performance.
  • Kampferol contained in cabbage eliminates allergy symptoms.
  • Zeaxanthin and lutein, which are contained in this cabbage, contribute to the improvement of vision, prevent the occurrence of cataracts and macular degeneration.
  • Broccoli protects the skin from ultraviolet exposure to sunlight, therefore, is the prevention of skin cancer.
  • A large amount of fiber in broccoli contributes to the excellent work of the intestine, cleans it from toxins and toxins.
  • Nutritionists recommend eating broccoli during pregnancy, because it has a positive effect on the intrauterine development of the baby.
  • Often, broccoli is the No. 1 vegetable introduced as the first complementary food to babies.
  • Eating broccoli improves immunity, prevents the development of anemia, provides the body with energy.

Harm:

  • Nutritionists do not recommend broccoli to people suffering from diseases of the pancreas and those who have an increased acidity of gastric juice.
  • A decoction of this type of cabbage contains nitrogenous bases, so it is better to refuse it.
  • You can not eat broccoli often and in large quantities, because it can cause thyroid dysfunction, which is fraught with, for example, stunting in adolescents.
  • In its raw form it is better not to eat cabbage (you can get E. coli).

Use in cooking

To preserve all the beneficial properties of frozen broccoli, it should not be thawed before cooking. Cabbage is used for cooking casseroles, in batter with cheese and bread crumbs, with eggs, meat, sour cream and butter. There is no starch in cabbage, so it can be combined with any products.

In order to extract the maximum usefulness from a frozen vegetable, it should be cooked for no more than 5 minutes and preferably steamed.

When buying cabbage in the trade network, pay attention to the color, which should be uniform and bright, without putrid inclusions and foreign smell, not typical for cabbage.

Cabbage freeze. In order to freeze broccoli, you need to buy fresh cabbages and disassembled into inflorescences. Then, flip it in hot water and drop it into ice water, dry it and put it into bags in the freezer. The product is stored for about a year.

  • Brussels Sprouts
  • Frozen Brussels Sprouts

Frozen Broccoli Recipes

If you purchased frozen broccoli in a store and are not going to cook it immediately, then place the product in the freezer as quickly as possible. Repeated freezing of broccoli is contraindicated. Boil frozen cabbage should be in boiling salted water for 3 minutes, then drain in a colander, sprinkle with butter and can be served as a separate dish or side dish.

Frozen broccoli puree soup.

  • 400g frozen broccoli,
  • a little spinach,
  • 2 medium sized potatoes
  • 1 onion, a glass of 10% cream,
  • 2 glasses of water
  • Hops-suneli, Provencal herbs and salt to taste.

  1. Boil the water and put the vegetables, chopped and cook for 20 minutes.
  2. After cooling a little, grind the contents with a blender and pour in the cream, preheating.
  3. Then bring the contents to a boil, at the end add salt and seasonings. Serve with sour cream and greens.

If there is no broccoli on your table, immediately correct the situation and diversify the family menu with a useful and tasty vegetable.

Although everyone has heard about the unique healing properties of broccoli, few people regularly include this cabbage in their diet, considering it fresh and tasteless. Today our hero is broccoli. What are its benefits and harm, how to cook cabbage? We learn more about her to fall in love with this "green curly hair".

Benefits for women

Asparagus cabbage has a specific taste that not everyone likes, but the beneficial properties of broccoli compensate for this disadvantage.

Regular use improves skin, prolongs youth. Broccoli oil is widely used in the preparation of cosmetics that strengthen hair and nails.

Уникальные свойства капусты провоцируют выработку желчи, которая нормализует уровень жира. Это влияет на состояние кожи, уменьшает проявления целлюлита, способствует похудению.

Антиоксиданты в брокколи борются с токсинами и шлаками. Accumulating harmful substances in the body adversely affect the work of the organs. Toxins provoke the occurrence of cancer.

Benefits for men

Broccoli contains elements that reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

Men under 50 are exposed to the disease. Regular use of broccoli for prophylactic purposes will reduce the risk of cancer.

Cabbage components prevent the development of atherosclerosis, and a high content of vitamin C strengthens the protective functions of the body.

The benefits of cabbage for children are:

  • In hypoallergenic. You can feed the kids at any age.
  • Fiber improves intestinal function, which is important for a young, emerging organism.
  • The high content of nutrients provides the baby with a daily dose of vitamins and minerals.
  • Vitamin U has an anti-ulcer effect.
  • Phytoncides contained in cabbage strengthen immunity.

Include a green vegetable in the diet of an overweight child.

Broccoli quickly saturates the body with a minimum of calories.

Broccoli for weight loss

Nutritionists advise including broccoli in the diet for those who want to lose weight.

Arguments:

  1. The amount of energy spent on processing more than caloric.
  2. The level of protein in cabbage is equal to the level of protein in meat.
  3. Broccoli restores metabolism.
  4. Digestion improves, toxins and slags are removed from the body.
  5. Coarse fibers and fiber improve intestinal function.

Lose those extra pounds will help boiled or steamed broccoli cabbage in the daily diet. Follow the diet for 10 days.

Diversify the diet will help: boiled chicken meat, chicken broth, vegetable stew, tomatoes, boiled beef, dairy products, buckwheat.

In addition, add to the diet: boiled eggs, fish, a few baked potatoes. Drink up to 2 liters of water daily, green tea without sugar, tomato juice.

Give up a diet when you feel unwell, nausea, weakness.

The benefits and harms of broccoli during pregnancy

The beneficial properties of broccoli are necessary for the female body during all periods of pregnancy.

It is a prophylactic agent for anemia and beriberi, which women in the position face. Broccoli in the diet strengthens the immune system, which protects the future mother from viral infections.

Serotonin (the hormone of joy) improves mood, regulates sleep and appetite. Pregnant women are prone to mood swings, so you should include this vegetable in your diet.

Folic acid protects the fetus from the development of pathologies, eliminates the symptoms of postpartum depression.

Despite the benefits of the application, cabbage can harm a pregnant woman.

The reason for refusing to use is:

  • Individual intolerance.
  • Allergic reaction.
  • Increased acidity.

Broccoli cabbage treatment

Immunostimulating and anti-cancer properties of broccoli contributed to what doctors called a vegetable product of the XXI century.

Broccoli is 90% water, which means it can be consumed every day in unlimited quantities.

In addition, the vegetable quickly saturates the body, feeds it with vitamins and other useful elements. Active ingredients are used in the treatment of various diseases.

Pancreatitis

The healing properties of cabbage are used in the treatment of pancreatitis. Soft fiber does not overload the stomach, but calms it.

When pancreatitis vegetables need to be properly prepared. Well-digested product is steamed, boiled, cream soup, as an additional ingredient in salads, casseroles.

Despite the benefits, exclude the product during a period of acute illness.

Broccoli gastritis

It is proved that the cause of gastritis and gastric ulcers is a bacterium-parasite. The disease is accompanied by abdominal pain and brings discomfort to the person. Doctors, in addition to medications, are advised to stick to a diet that includes broccoli.

  • Magnesium is involved in metabolic processes.
  • Vitamin C has anti-inflammatory effects.
  • Carotene restores the gastric mucosa, heals, and resists attacks of viruses.
  • Antioxidants heal wounds and scars.

Steam, simmer or boil the product. Heat treatment will retain the beneficial properties of the product.

Do not eat broccoli raw.

With high and low acidity

Acidity in the stomach is an indicator of health. Digestive problems occur when acidity is high or low.

With increased acidity of the stomach, it is undesirable to consume broccoli, since the patient's condition may deteriorate. There will be severe heartburn, stomach pain, in some cases, vomiting.

At risk are people with low acidity, provoking the vulnerability of the body and the attack of pathogenic microflora.

Reduced acidity is the indigestion of nutrients by the stomach.

Immunity is weakened, hence, various stomach disorders. Gastritis with low acidity often occurs in the elderly, but there are exceptions when young people are affected.

With cholecystitis

Inflammation of the gallbladder (blockage of the bile ducts, the formation of stones) provokes cholecystitis. The disease develops due to malnutrition, overeating, chronic constipation.

In the treatment of doctors advise to revise the usual diet, stick to a well-designed diet, which includes vegetables, dairy products, soups, cereals. Broccoli is indicated for cholecystitis, but after heat treatment.

With diabetes

The disease triggers a stroke or heart attack, so it’s impossible to ignore diabetes.

Broccoli is useful in diabetes first and second type. The cabbage contains proteins, vitamins and phytoncides that positively affect vessels.

It prevents the formation of atherosclerosis, infections that affect diabetics. Sulforapan (an anti-cancer component) prevents deterioration of the cardiovascular system.

How to choose and store broccoli

The product fresh and frozen is sold in stores all year round. Buy cabbage at the end of summer, at the beginning of autumn.

Choose broccoli for leaf color and stem thickness. Good vegetable with green leaves and inflorescences. Thick stalk, brown spots indicate overpowered product. Prefer a vegetable with a tight head and closed buds.

When selecting pay attention to the location of the inflorescences. Do not buy cabbage with yellow heads and open flowers. Such cabbage will not benefit and even spoil the taste of dishes.

After you bring the broccoli home, place it in an airtight container, put it in a jar in a bouquet, or wrap it in a moistened paper towel.

Put in the fridge, the faster you do it, the longer the cabbage will remain fresh and preserve its taste.

Keep broccoli in the fridge for no longer than 15 days, eat frozen food all year round.

How to freeze broccoli

Take broccoli in the high season, then you will not have to doubt the naturalness.

  • Wash under running water.
  • Remove all the leaves.
  • Divide into inflorescences about 2.5 cm in diameter. Do not use the hard end of the stem.
  • Boil the water, add broccoli to it for 1-2 minutes, then transfer the cabbage into ice water with the juice of half a lemon for 5 minutes.
  • Put the cabbage to dry on a kitchen towel. Arrange the inflorescences into portions, place in sealed sachets and send in the freezer.

Properly frozen cabbage retains all the beneficial properties.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send