General information

How to plant a beautiful linden and what care she needs?

Lipa (Latin version - Tilia) belongs to the category of ornamental trees and shrubs, as well as plants for the formation of shady areas, if we consider it from the point of view of growing in our own garden plot. Lipa belongs to the family malvaceous or lime (from the Latin Tiliaceae).

Homeland lindens are traditionally considered temperate and subtropical zones of the Northern Hemisphere, in which these trees are widespread. A special variety of limes are deciduous and mixed forests located in North America, Asia and Europe. The linden genus includes about forty species of plants in the form of deciduous trees. And lindens are quite large deciduous trees. Their height ranges from twenty to 40 meters. The use of linden is particularly significant within the modern green building. For all types of limes, without exception, beautiful thick and fairly easily shaped crowns are characteristic, the diameter of which can vary from two to five meters. The branches of these trees are covered with simple, heart-shaped alternate leaves, having a pointed shape and sharp-toothed edges.

However lime is appreciated not only for pronounced decorative qualities: their corymbose inflorescences are covered with abundant fragrant flowers, with a fragrant pleasant aroma, bloom, as a rule, with the onset of July and are characterized by excellent healing properties. Lindens have a particularly strong and deep root system, thanks to which trees become so durable and stable. The melliferous qualities of linden are also widely known, and in this respect limes occupy leading positions. Well, and one of the indisputable advantages of limes are, of course, their soil-improving properties, due to the high content of calcium in their foliage, which, after falling off, saturates the soil with nutrients.

Conditions for growing linden

Let's talk more about the optimal conditions for growing limes. They belong to shade-tolerant plants, and in this plan they cannot be found equal in the daytime with fire. Therefore, the place allotted to them by you on the site is absolutely not important. But the soil will have to be a little confused: the fact is that lindens are ideally suited only for fertile and well-drained soil. Salinization of soil for these trees is simply unacceptable, but lime impurities in the ground greatly stimulate the growth and development of lime. In this case, the reaction of the soil should be either neutral or alkaline. Seals extremely negatively affect the linden root system. For the rest, growing linden is easy and not too troublesome, which, of course, is a direct consequence of its cold resistance, shade tolerance and high speed of adaptation to new conditions.

Lipa is a very beautiful tree, and your site will always look impressive because of it. Soliternaya, mixed, alley or group planting of limes - it is always a trump card for decorating the garden. In addition, fine-leafed and heart-shaped lindens make excellent hedges, the creation of which has become particularly popular in recent times. Linden is also good in combination with oak, rowan, skumpiya, beech, ash, maple and many other tree species.

Some special care for the linden tree is absolutely not needed.. The only thing. What is really worth the emphasis - watering, which is necessary for the limes throughout the dry summer. If your linden has not yet reached the age of two, feed it with nitrogen-containing fertilizer.

Do not cut lime until it is at least one year old. The first pruning is done on a third of the length of the branches to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots.
Fortunately, to date, the literature on the cultivation and cultivation of linden is not a deficiency, so if you have any questions, it will be easy to find worthy detailed explanations on them.

For breeding linden seed can be used, although cuttings, undergrowth, inoculation or cuttings are also suitable. Moreover, the layering is good in the case of the formation of a hedge. The landing of which is best done line, wave, or in the usual chess order. You can find quality linden saplings in specialized garden centers and online stores.

In the case of a lime tree, diseases and pests can absolutely not worry, because they are not at all afraid of it. Lipa can get sick only if there is a complete lack of favorable growing conditions.

Characteristic

Small-leaved linden - unpretentious, winter-hardy, shade-tolerant and drought-resistant tree. Delivers 40-degree frost. Loves to grow in spacious sunny areas, the crown in such a landing becomes especially luxurious. Large trees grow on fertile, moderately moist soils with good natural drainage. In the area of ​​its distribution, small-leaved linden is found on different types of soil. The best soil for it is sandy, enriched with humus. The tree will not grow in areas where groundwater is close to it.

The period of development in linden is very extended. Young seedlings slowly rise. Only after 7–10 years of age trees grow more intensively and exceed 2–3 m. A tall, sprawling small-leaved tree forms only by the age of 40. Mature trees thanks to a strong root do not need watering. Young plants are watered during a long period of drought. In the care of seedlings include regular watering.

Lipa is widely used and continues to be used in landscaping. But the durable tree does not tolerate the concentration of pollutants - in the conditions of the streets of industrial cities lives only up to 60-80 years. In urban parks, linden plantings are maintained twice as long.

Beekeepers try to plant large groups of limes, if possible, on the site. Thanks to linden nectar, the productivity of bee colonies increases and the quality of honey improves.

Application in landscape design

Lindens are often planted in parks, as well as in spacious private plots. Thanks to the silky, spreading, but neatly formed crown, the tree is very decorative. The crown is formed independently, but the tree easily transfers the haircuts and keeps the silhouette created by the garden designer for a long time. Powerful plant looks spectacular in different versions of garden design.

  • Lipa is a bright soloist, located no closer than 8-10 m from a residential building.
  • It creates a dense hedge, almost a green wall, which can be cut at will. Saplings for a fence have in 2 m.
  • Romantic alleys that will be more and more charming as they mature. The distance between seedlings is at least 4 m.
  • Picturesque groves of several trees.

When planting a linden tree, you need to remember that in 10-15 years it will spread its branches widely and occupy a large area. Dense foliage does not allow picking up a wide range of ground covers.

Breeding

Lipu spread, growing seedlings from seed, digging root cuttings, as well as cuttings created from low-lying branches. It may take 10 years to get a young flowering tree.

In early spring, they drop in a part of the lower branch, strengthening it on the ground. The place is tagged and watered, especially during summer rainless periods. Rooting continues for more than one season. The seedling will be ready for planting in 2-3 years.

It is easier to reproduce a linden tree because it provides abundant root shoots. Choose a seedling with a thick lobe and move to a new site.

Growing lime by seeds is a long and rather complicated process. But as a result, you can get more than a dozen seedlings. Under natural conditions, linden seeds do not germinate next spring, but one year later. Therefore, in order to germinate them, it is necessary to stratify for a long time - up to six months. To do this, prepare a container with wet sawdust, sand or sand-peat mixture (in a ratio of 1: 1). Seeds deepen by 2-3 cm, put the capacity in a cold and dark place, preferably with a temperature that keeps at zero. The mixture is watered moderately all the time so that the seeds do not dry out.

In the spring, the seeds are taken out and sown on a plot in the garden. With threats of return frost shoots need to cover up, otherwise they may die. Young sticky sensitive to moisture. They are regularly watered, the soil is free from weeds. In good conditions, by the fall, seedlings grow to 15-50 cm. A full seedling is obtained after 2 years. Different types of growth power is different. Small seedlings are transplanted only in the spring, they do not tolerate the autumn transshipment.

If the seedlings are grown in containers, the substrate is prepared from 1 part of sod or garden soil, and 2 parts of humus and sand are also taken. Humus is sometimes replaced with compost.

Saplings that grew 2-3 years old and reached a height of 1-1.5 m, transplanted in the fall, choosing wet cool weather.

  1. For the soil mixture, turf soil, compost or humus and sand are prepared, enriching it with 50 g of superphosphate.
  2. A pit is dug up to 0.7-0.8 m deep, 0.5 m in diameter.
  3. Below lay drainage, and then the finished soil.
  4. A sapling is placed on the humus, sprinkled with soil mixture and filled with water.
  5. A peg is placed next to which the sapling is attached.
  6. Along the perimeter of the fossa after planting the trees, bumpers are arranged to retain water after watering.
  7. Pristvolny circle mulch.

When planting, the root collar of a linden sapling is left above the soil.

Lipa does not require special care, but at first, some manipulations are still necessary.

  • Pristvolny circle regularly loosen, removing weeds.
  • A young tree should be constantly watered at 20 liters of water per 1 square. m projection of the crown, then mulch the soil near the trunk.
  • The first few years young linden feed up with a solution of mullein with water in the ratio of 1:10. Top dressings are carried out in April or May, at the beginning and in the middle of summer. 25 grams of ammonium nitrate and 20 grams of urea are also added to the mullein.
  • In the fall, a seedling is fertilized with 20 g of nitroammofoski per 10 liters of water.
  • Spring conduct sanitary pruning shoots.
  • The next year after planting, the seedling can be cut, shortening the branches by no more than one third.

Diseases and pests

The leaves of the linden can suffer from gleosporia, or cream spot caused by fungus. Trees sprayed with fungi "Strobe", "Abiga-Peak", "Vectra". The treatment should be carried out, otherwise, if the disease persists for the next year, the tree may not bloom.

Old trees are affected by white rot, which is caused by tinder fungi growing on the trunks.

The traditional tree of Slavic settlements will decorate the site for many years - and will become a family tree as a keepsake for descendants.

Choosing a place for planting linden on the site

Although linden and refers to unpretentious plants, but it must be borne in mind that she loves sunny places. The soil may not be too fertile, but well drained. Perfectly the linden feels on the sandstones fertilized by humus.

When to plant

Although it is an unpretentious tree, the lifespan of a linden depends on how well the tree was planted. It is easiest to transplant linden saplings into cool, wet weather. The best time to plant a linden is autumn..

You can plant seedlings in the spring, but young shoots are very sensitive to frost.

Planting young linden seedlings

The linden reproduces well with seeds, stem branches and root shoots. However, this tree is often propagated by seedlings.

Before planting linden, prepare pits. For standard seedlings with a height of 50-70 cm, the hole should be 50 cm in diameter and 50 cm in depth.

Drainage is poured at the bottom of the pit (10-15 cm) - pebbles, rubble, broken bricks. This layer is covered with humus diluted with superphosphate (50-60 g).

A sapling is placed in a prepared pit and covered with soil mixture (1 part of sod land, 2 parts of humus and sand). The optimum pH level is 6.5-7.5.

If several saplings are planted, the distance between the pits should be 3-4 meters, if a linden hedge is formed, the distance is reduced to two meters.

Although linden and tolerates transplant normally, but when planting seedlings should be careful about the rhizome. The root neck of the seedling should remain at ground level. If the neck is a little lower, it is not critical for lime. After planting and the first 7-8 days, the seedlings are watered abundantly.

In order for water to accumulate at the location of the linden root system, it is necessary to form a near-stem hole.

Watering and feeding

The linden is very demanding for watering, especially at the seedling stage.

In adulthood, the tree tolerates a short drought well. However, in dry time, additional watering is required at the rate of 1 bucket per 1 square meter. m. the projection of the crown of lime.

In order for the tree to be pleased with its beauty and lush flowering, it is necessary to know how and how to feed the linden in the spring. In early spring, fertilizer is applied from mullein (1 kg), urea (15 g), ammonium nitrate (25 g), diluted in ten liters of water.

In the fall, it is enough to fertilize linden with 15-20 grams of nitroammofoski.

Haircut and Trim

The first pruning of seedlings can be done the next year after planting. Pruning is carried out not only for the formation of linden crown, but also for sanitary purposes. In winter and early spring, dry branches are pruned. Growing in the form of hedge linden trimmed in the first year in early spring and late summer. Subsequently, such a haircut is carried out 4-5 times per season.

Fight against diseases and pests

Most often linden is affected by such diseases as:

  • perforated and black spot (control methods: destruction of fallen fruits and leaves as sources of infection, treatment of shoots with 1% Bordeaux liquid),
  • white rot (for the fight used copper-containing drugs, such as copper sulfate).

In addition to these diseases, such linden pests are also dangerous:

  • bed bugs
  • scythes,
  • scoop pyramid,
  • silkworms,
  • gall mite,
  • bark beetles
  • pipe-beetle,
  • lilac hawk moth
  • leafworm,
  • goldtails,
  • peppered moth

To combat these pests, young trees are sprayed with insecticides. In addition to insects harm linden birds and rodents.

Selection of partners and the use of lime in the design

Linden is widely used in landscape design. Due to the compactness of leafy crown, good shade tolerance and undemanding of irrigation and soil, various types of linden are planted in city squares, parks, on boulevards, in forest plantations and in summer cottages. A linden tree also survives well in an aggressive urban environment - it is well tolerated by dust, smoke, gas and dirt.

They like to use linden during gardening due to its decorative effect at any time of the year. In spring, tender greenish leaves bloom on linden, and in summer a dense crown gives a reliable shade. Especially good flowering linden, when it is covered with fragrant flowers. In the fall, the foliage acquires a bright yellow shade, which warms in cloudy weather. Against the backdrop of snow linden strikes with a bizarre outline of the branches. They grow lime as a hedge, bosquets, berso and green walls. Such forms are used today to design parks. Linden looks good in single plantings and in groups of trees of various sizes and species. In the preparation of herbal compositions, it is necessary to take into account how fast the linden grows and what role it will play in this process: to become the main focus or shade the virtues of other plants.

Most often in landscape design they use such varieties of linden as:

  1. American (black). The homeland of this linden tree is North America. It grows up to 40 meters, has a wide ovate crown.
  2. Fine-grained. Motherland - Europe and Western Siberia. Differs in small compact leaves and medium-sized ovoid crown.
  3. Silvery. Wild-growing with original silver foliage.
  4. Rubra. Tall tree with a conical crown. Differs bright coral color of young shoots.
  5. Linden ordinary. Beautiful view with a large crown for a single landing and group.
The question “what to plant next to the linden tree” can be answered unequivocally: almost all shrubs, trees, grass crops. Linden looks most harmonious with:
  • oak,
  • beech,
  • maple,
  • rowan.

Since the linden is a durable tree, its plantations can be used without renewal for up to two hundred years.

Lipa - medicine and valuable honey plant

Lipa, due to the presence of biologically active substances has useful properties.

For therapeutic purposes, use:

  • Linden blossom. It has a strong diaphoretic and diuretic effect. Effectively reduces the temperature, fights various inflammations. A decoction of linden flowers is indispensable for colds.
  • Bark. Excellent tool to enhance bile formation. Young bark is used to treat gout, hemorrhoids, burns.
  • Wood From it get the tar, which effectively treat eczema.
  • Foliage and buds. Used as an emollient for boils.
  • Fruit. Used to treat bleeding.
  • Charcoal. It has the unique ability to bind harmful substances in a volume 90 times greater than its own. It is used for poisoning, tuberculosis, diarrhea, diseases of the stomach and intestines, as well as in the treatment of open wounds.
Therefore, before pruning linden, consider all the useful qualities of this plant-healer.

Заготовку лекарственного сырья для промышленного производства осуществляют из деревьев, возраст которых достигает 90 лет. Именно в это время с липы можно получить максимальное количество сырья.

Linden is also used in cosmetology as an important component in the manufacture of skin and hair care products.

Besides, linden - the perfect honey tree. Lime honey is not only distinguished by its excellent taste and aroma, but also by its healing properties. All lindens are recommended to be grown on the site. Thus, it is possible to increase the productivity of bees and the quality of honey several times.

At first glance, it seems that growing lindens is a laborious task. But, having counted all the advantages of this tree, it can be concluded that all the labor costs are worth it. If you know how to choose the linden sapling, how to plant and care for it in the future, you will always have a natural healer and a beautiful, rather unpretentious tree that will delight you for a long time and remind you to your grandchildren.

Mulching

Mulching, like cutting linden, is an important point when growing a tree. Mulch near-stem circle with peat, fallen leaves, wood chips, sawdust or peat compost. The height of the layer should be 8-12 cm.

Did you know?Lipa is popularly called lutoshka, lutokha, lubnyak, urinal.

Lipa - medicine and valuable honey plant

Lipa, due to the presence of biologically active substances has useful properties.

For therapeutic purposes, use:

  • Linden blossom. It has a strong diaphoretic and diuretic effect. Effectively reduces the temperature, fights various inflammations. A decoction of linden flowers is indispensable for colds.
  • Bark. Excellent tool to enhance bile formation. Young bark is used to treat gout, hemorrhoids, burns.
  • Wood From it get the tar, which effectively treat eczema.
  • Foliage and buds. Used as an emollient for boils.
  • Fruit. Used to treat bleeding.
  • Charcoal. It has the unique ability to bind harmful substances in a volume 90 times greater than its own. It is used for poisoning, tuberculosis, diarrhea, diseases of the stomach and intestines, as well as in the treatment of open wounds.

Therefore, before pruning linden, consider all the useful qualities of this plant-healer.

Preparation of medicinal raw materials for industrial production is carried out from trees whose age reaches 90 years. It is at this time with the linden you can get the maximum amount of raw materials.

Linden is also used in cosmetology as an important component in the manufacture of skin and hair care products.

Besides, linden - the perfect honey tree. Lime honey is not only distinguished by its excellent taste and aroma, but also by its healing properties. All lindens are recommended to be grown on the site. Thus, it is possible to increase the productivity of bees and the quality of honey several times.

Important!Despite the fact that linden has a lot of useful qualities, it is categorically impossible to take people with chronic heart disease.

At first glance, it seems that growing lindens is a laborious task. But, having counted all the advantages of this tree, it can be concluded that all the labor costs are worth it. If you know how to choose the linden sapling, how to plant and care for it in the future, you will always have a natural healer and a beautiful, rather unpretentious tree that will delight you for a long time and remind you to your grandchildren.

Linden plant description

First, let's look at what linden looks like. This is usually a tall tree with a lush wide crown. Sometimes linden can be a shrub. The leaves have a heart-shaped and serrated edges. Linden blossoms in small umbellate inflorescences, which later turn into small fruits with 1-2 seeds.

Blossoming linden not only looks beautiful, but also smells very nice. When linden blossoms, all the air around the tree is filled with a sweetish honey aroma. Its flowers have healing properties, many are collected and dried for the subsequent preparation of teas and decoctions.

In nature, linden trees bloom not so fast, by about the age of 20. Planted in parks, they generally can please with their fragrant flowers only 30 years after planting. If we talk about when linden blossoms, in what month, then this period falls at the beginning of summer - June-July.

Common types of linden

The genus of linden plants includes about 45 species. Here are the most popular ones:

  1. Heart-shaped linden - grows in Western Siberia and the European part of Russia. A tree in height reaches about 30 m, it lives for a long time, at least 120 years. Some specimens live to 1000 years. The culture has a smooth glossy foliage, dark green on the upper side, and bluish on the lower side. In the inflorescences there are from 5 to 11 buds, their growth is directed upwards. In Siberia, you can also find such types of plants as Siberian Lipa and Lipa Nashchokina.
  2. Large-leaved linden, it is flat-leaf or summer - common in Europe. In contrast to the above-described Lipa of the heart-shaped, large-leaved blooms earlier, and its sap flow begins in earlier time. It has a large foliage, slightly pubescent, without a gray shade from the seamy side. The inflorescences are directed downwards, and the fruits are distinguished by a dense shell with 5 expressive ribs.
  3. Felt linden. Its habitat is the Caucasus and southwest Russia. In Europe, culture can be found in the eastern part of the continent. The tree reaches a height of 25-30 m, has a spreading crown. Young foliage and shoots are covered with small villi. Growing up, the upper part of the leaves becomes smooth, dark green, the bottom remains fleecy, has a silvery shade. It is a thermophilic, shade-tolerant and drought-resistant species.
  4. Manchu Lipa - common in the Amur region and Primorye, as well as in Korea and China. It is slightly lower than the previously described species, its tree grows to a height of 15-20 m. It has drooping inflorescences of 5-12 flowers. It is considered a good honey plant. It blooms in July for about 3 weeks.

Planting linden layering

Reproduction linden stem layers is done as follows:

  • the lower shoots of the tree are bent to the ground, before digging out small recesses under them,
  • the branches are fixed and sprinkled with a layer of earth,
  • after a couple of years of cutting, the roots are allowed,
  • rooted shoots are cut from the tree and transferred to a permanent place of growth.

Sometimes lindens are propagated by root layers, and this is done very easily. The undergrowth, which is found under the trees, is cut off with a part of the root from the common root system and immediately planted where the linden will subsequently grow.

Rules for planting linden seedlings

If you want to get hold of a beautiful healthy linden on your site, you can buy ready-made seedlings, preferably with a closed root system. Features of their landing are as follows:

  1. To plant a seedling with a height of 50-70 cm, for it it is necessary to prepare a pit with a depth and diameter of about 0.5 m.
  2. In the pit, drainage should be made of rubble or crushed bricks. The thickness of this layer is 15 cm.
  3. On top of the drainage should be laid 5-7 cm layer of humus mixed with superphosphate. Superphosphate take 50 g per plant.
  4. A linden sapling is immersed in a prepared pit and sprinkled with an earthen substrate prepared from 1 part of sod soil, 2 parts of sand and 2 parts of humus.
  5. The root neck of the tree should be placed at ground level, but you can deepen a few centimeters.
  6. Linden saplings moisturize well and fertilize with nitrogen compounds three times a season for 2 years. For dressing well manure, diluted in 10 liters of water.

Care for linden in open ground

Linden care guidelines include the following:

  1. Pruning linden helps to make it a beautiful ornamental tree. To form the crown can be a year after planting the seedling. Lipa cut before budding, cutting branches 1/3. In the fall, when new shoots grow, you can make another formative pruning.
  2. The tree also needs to be fed 2 times a year. In the spring, 1 kg of cow dung is taken as a fertilizer, diluted in 10 liters of water and mixed with 25 g of ammonium nitrate. For autumn feeding in 20 liters of water dissolve 20 g of nitroammofoski.
  3. Lipa in the first years of her life must be watered, the soil should always remain wet.
  4. It is important to remove weeds from under young trees. It is also necessary to periodically loosen the land, and in the fall the tree trunk circle is better covered with a 10-cm layer of peat, sawdust or dry foliage mulch.

Linden diseases

  1. White marble rot - caused by the mushroom tinder. It looks like white bloom on felled wood, causes a curvature of the trunk, the appearance of numerous cracks. Such a disease is often caused by an excess of moisture. Prevention of white rot is considered timely fertilizing linden fertilizers, and if the disease still appeared, then the damaged areas need to be treated with paste from chalk and potassium permanganate.
  2. Lodging seedlings - a problem arising from the propagation of linden. Lodging seedlings are considered a threat to healthy shoots, and they die due to the presence of fungi in the ground. To avoid damage to the planting material, seedlings should be planted in the last weeks of spring, and the soil before this should be disinfected.
  3. Spotting - a disease of linden leaves. Light spots with dark edging appear on the outer side of the foliage, the tree sheds its crown early due to this disease. This problem has a fungal origin, and parasitic organisms spread by the wind.
  4. Thyrostromosis is another fungal disease of linden, which often affects young trees. They are expressed in formation on the branches and the trunk of dark points. These places gradually die off, the disease spreads quickly throughout the whole plant. To save the tree, damaged branches must be cut and burned. For the prevention of early spring linden can be treated with phytosporin or copper sulfate.