General information

Crested bird

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The crested hen is a numerous genus of poppies. The main habitat of which is a temperate zone of Eurasia and North America. This plant does not require special care and has many advantages: it withstands high frosts, has a high decorative effect and early flowering. The downside is a high probability of disease and pest damage.

Crested birds are ephemeroids, that is, they live for a short period of time, when conditions are most favorable for development, and after that the upper part of the plant dies, and the tubers remain in the ground. But in a short period of life, they delight us with their white, yellow, blue or red flowers.

Varieties and types

Representatives of this kind can be divided into several groups, differing in the possibility of growing them as a flower crop and care.

Least of all problems when grown in central Russia are forest species, the most undemanding of all:

  • Haller or dense,

This type is the most common, its representatives can be easily grown among deciduous trees. Forest crested insects grow well on loose, clay-rich soil with humus or sandy loam. Do not tolerate excess moisture.

It is more difficult to grow in culture a crested bird growing in the mountains and deserts of Asia:

Tuberous plants are attributed to the two types listed above, but there are a small number of crested insects with rhizome:

And very rarely, in a domesticated form, you can find a evergreen crested hen and a touchy crested.

Well and last of all it is worth mentioning the species that have appeared quite recently and have not yet gained wide distribution:

In the wild, they grow only in Sichuan in China, so for a long time they were not known to a wide range of gardeners.

We should also mention the hybrid forms, which are obtained by crossing different species. They have various characteristics derived from their parents.

On packages with such seeds the hybrid will always be written, and then the species from which it was obtained may be indicated. Some species of crested insects have already become the material for obtaining new varieties.

For example, the narrow-leafed crested hen became the basis for the Blue (Blue) series:

  • Crested Blue Heron (Blue Heron),

  • Crested blue line (Blue line).

Crested hen landing and care in open ground

The rules for the care of the crested hen are not burdensome. This plant is an ephemeroid, just like a snowdrop, and prefers to avoid problems rather than live through them. They can grow in different places and for different reasons they can disappear.

The most common forest varieties bloom when the trees in the forest do not yet have foliage, and after that they begin a period of rest, since they cannot grow under the shade of dense foliage.

Cultures living in dry areas avoid summer heat, and growing in the mountains and tundra, respectively, synchronize with the weather of their area and try to bloom and give seeds as soon as possible, because the cold can descend even in the summer months.

As you can see, this plant has a fast rhythm of development, but the care requirements are different for different types. For example, during the growing season, plants of all types require quite a lot of water, but during dormancy the requirements for moisture are different. Forest, tundra and mountain species have a poor attitude towards dryness, while desert species, in turn, do not like high humidity.

Forest type does not require bright lighting and grows better in shady areas, and mountain views, on the contrary, require bright light. There are also preferences for soils: forest species need loose and organic soil, and Asian mountain species need clay substrates with drainage.

Eritronium also called the cordy is well suited for group plantings for growing and caring in open ground. It is not exacting in leaving and well breeds. Recommendations for growing and care can be found in this article.

Crested graft

Following the fruiting, the crested hen begins to turn yellow and dry, after which they have a period of rest. Tubers at this time remain in the ground, they are not afraid of virtually no external influences, and sometimes it is even difficult to determine where the plant is located while it is dormant.

At this time, you can easily transplant a flower to a new place, moving it along with an earthy ball. It is also possible to transplant during the growing season, but then there is a high probability that the green part will come off and the flower will fall prematurely into the rest period.

Planting in the autumn

In the summer and autumn in the markets and in shops, tubers are sold at rest. They must be stored in a perforated plastic bag filled with sawdust. Only hard and full of juice, nodules can be planted in the ground, dry and wrinkled can not be planted, if it is not only a desert species, the tubers of these crops can be slightly dried.

When planting, plant tubers are deepened depending on their size. Small specimens are buried about 6 cm, large ones 12-14 cm. The choice of a place to plant and the soil is chosen according to the type of plant.

Forest forms can be grown together with snowdrops, they are well compacted together.

If the summer is too humid, even the tubers of forest forms may suffer, it would be advisable to dig them out and dry them for 30 days at room temperature. You can also build a greenhouse that will protect the site with tubers from rain.

Crested seed-growing

Among the ways of reproduction is the main seed. The division of the rhizome is not available for almost all species, except for the crested bush and Bush and Kashmir, which still appear small new tubers. But in other species, the formation of young nodules occurs very rarely, so you should not hope for it.

Seed method is quite reliable, if you observe a couple of conditions.

The first is sowing immediately after harvest, because the seeds lose their germination in 6-8 days. It is also important to collect them in time: the seeds of the crested hen are very fond of ants and immediately pick them up as soon as they spill out of the boxes.

The second condition is a constant content in the wet state, since when drying, the seeds lose their germination immediately, so it is better to plant the crops in pots, where it will be easier to care for them.

In general, the chickens reproduce normally by self-sowing, unless there are ants near, in this case the seedlings will be much smaller.

Diseases and pests

The crested hen is affected by various pests and diseases.

Viruses can be identified by the appearance of spots and patterns on the foliage, still because of them she can start twist or hide in small growths. As soon as you notice these symptoms, immediately remove the infected individuals, since they cannot be cured, and in the future they will infect the entire flowerbed.

Fungi manifest themselves in dark spots on foliage, sometimes rust may appear in the form red spots. The affected parts are cut and burned, and the plants themselves are treated with fungicides, for example, Bordeaux mixture.

Dangerous pests are moles and mice. They gnaw tubers because of what appears rot. Rodents are destroyed by making traps on the site and filling their holes with water. Affected tubers are pruned, treated with wood ash and dried a little.

To chase away slugs, it is necessary to scatter the crushed eggshell or lime over the site.

Bulb NematodeProbably the most problematic pest of all. It infects the tubers of the plant, leaving behind it ring tracks. Foliage due to defeat starts to turn yellow.

The infected individuals are removed, and the rest are dug out and kept up to 30 minutes in water at a temperature of 55 ° C. Then the roots can be planted on another plot, but where the chick has grown before, it will not be possible to plant onion plants for a long time.

As we can see, a number of difficulties may arise during the cultivation of the hen, but, nevertheless, due to early flowering, high frost resistance, no need for fertilizers and, as a rule, rare watering, the hen is becoming an increasingly frequent guest on our beds.

What time to plant

As a rule, the planting material of the crested hen is sold at a time when its tubers are at rest, or rather, from the second half of June to September. It is during this period of time that it is recommended to plant this crop in open soil. Acquired planting material must be carefully examined. You should choose dense and juicy tubers. The tubers of the Central Asian species of this plant may be slightly dried, it does not harm them.

When choosing a site for planting, you should pay attention to which group the species of crested bird belongs to. So, for example, Chinese, mountain and alpine species experts advise to grow in an open, lighted area, with well-drained sandy loam soil, while it should be located on a hill or a hill. And forest species are recommended to be planted on a shaded area with loose humus soil. It must be neutral or slightly acidic.

Landing rules

There is nothing difficult in planting and growing the crested hen. Before planting the site must be prepared. If the soil is dense and excessively heavy, then when digging it is necessary to make small gravel or gravel. It should be remembered that with the stagnation of moisture in the soil on the roots rot forms very quickly. To avoid this, you should take care that the excess liquid quickly enough flowed from the site.

The depth to which the tubers should be planted depends directly on their size. Large tubers should be planted to a depth of 10 to 15 centimeters, and small ones should be buried by 5–7 centimeters. Planted tubers need abundant watering.

How to feed and water

In the first spring weeks, when the beginning of the growth of the crested hen is observed, as a rule, the ground is rather wet from melt water, so the plants will not need watering. After the earth dries, you will need to water the plants systematically. It should be noted that alpine and desert species should be moderately watered, as they react negatively to the stagnation of moisture in the root system, and a short drought does much less damage to the plant. It must be remembered that any of the species of the crested hen extremely negatively reacts to the stagnation of water in the ground, therefore the land in the area must be necessarily well drained. When the bushes are watered, you need to loosen the surface of the site, while removing weeds. To reduce the amount of weed, irrigation and loosening, the surface of the site must be covered with a layer of organic mulch.

Only forest species of the crested hen need to be fed, while compost or leaf humus should be introduced into the ground during digging before planting. Also in the springtime, the surface of the plot can be organic.

After the bushes ottsvetut, their parts, located above the ground, with time become yellow, and their dying out is observed. To remember where they grew, you need to mark each bush, sticking a peg next to it. This culture has a rather high resistance to frost, so it does not need shelter for the winter. However, it should be noted that the Chinese Crest can perish if the air temperature drops less than minus 23 degrees.

How to replant and propagate

Transplantation of this primrose is recommended during its rest period. But even during the flowering period, crested bushes tolerate this procedure quite well. However, when transplanting a part of a flowering bush located above the ground, it can easily come off, in this case, the tubers will begin a dormant period earlier than usual. Transfer the bushes to a new place with a lump of earth.

For reproduction of such plants use seeds, tubers, as well as the method of dividing rhizomes. On the rhizomes, tubers are formed only on the Kashmir and Bush crested hens. It is possible to divide the rhizome in the springtime, as well as from the middle to the end of the summer period, and this is done during the transplantation of the plant. When dividing the bush, it should be noted that each delenka should have a renewal bud and part of the rhizome. When planting delenok, they are buried in the soil for 5–15 centimeters (depending on the size of tubers), and at a distance of at least 10 centimeters between the holes. But it should also be noted that this method of reproduction is not very popular among gardeners.

It is necessary to sow the immature seeds of the crested hen. So, they should be painted black, but the boxes should still be green. Try to break the boxes in time, otherwise, when they are fully ripe and unfold, the seeds will pour out onto the surface of the plot where the ants take them pretty quickly. Seeds remain viable for 7 days; therefore, it is not necessary to delay their sowing. Seeding is done in containers that need to be filled with a moistened substrate. Then they are transferred to a shaded place and make sure that the soil mixture is always a little wet. Seedlings can be planted in the garden after spring comes. Crested hen seedlings bloom for the first time in 2–4 years (depending on the species).

Diseases and pests

Crested birds are highly resistant to diseases, therefore they are extremely rarely affected. If stagnation of water is observed in the root system, this can cause the development of a fungal disease. Any culture can be infected with a viral disease and it does not matter whether you care for it well or badly. Bushes affected by this disease should be removed from the soil and destroyed, and the area where they were grown should be shed with a solution of manganese potassium, which should be strong enough. To cure a plant affected by a fungal disease, it must be sprayed with a solution of a fungicide.

Among the pests, mice and moles pose a danger to the crested hen. To get rid of them, on the surface of the site in several places you need to place the bait with poison.

Gallery: crested bird (25 photos)

Plant species

In nature, there are more than 300 species of crested hen. Desert plants grow in Asian countries. Under the conditions of the middle zone, forest species are grown.

  1. Haller's chick (dense) is taking root in sunny areas. It can be met in Western Europe, Russia. This is a multi-year culture. It has tubers with a diameter of 15 mm. The stem of this bush is low, its average length is 16 cm. There are several petioled leaves below. Inflorescences are formed in early April. Haller's crested crest has a crimson-purple corolla, its length is 2 cm.
  2. Hollow grows in Asia Minor, as well as Europe. It can be found in deciduous and mixed forests. This is a perennial with a powerful tuber. The maximum length of the stem is 40 cm. At the bottom of the stem there is a pair of leaves according to the type of feathers. Peduncle in this culture is bare, long. Flowers have a rich purple color. The length of each - 2 cm. Bracts miniature, toothed petals. Shrub blooms in mid-April.
  3. Marshall has bright yellow leaves, grows in the south-eastern part of Europe. The bush has low shoots, they are covered with green bark with red shimmer. At the base there is a green trifoliate foliage. Marshall's chickens bloom in late spring. The length of its flower is 25 mm. On the upper petal there is a thickened syringe.
  4. Dubious grows in deciduous forests in the Kuril Islands, is also found on Sakhalin Island and Kamchatka. The plant has a small stem, its approximate length is 12 cm. On the surface of the stem, a slight grayish bloom is seen. Brushes in the bush are light blue.
  5. Noble - one of the highest varieties. At its base are green leaves with a purple-black border.
  6. Yellow grows in Western Europe. It has a creeping rhizome, no tubers. The stems of the plant are erect, 25-30 cm long. In the flower brush there are from 7 to 20 rich yellow buds. The plant blooms profusely.

Breeding methods

There are two breeding methods:

  • seed,
  • vegetative.

If you prefer to grow the seed of a crested hen, you need to use it after harvest, otherwise they will lose their germination. To the seeds quickly ascended, must be placed in the wet moss. The seed must not be allowed to dry out. Seeds are placed in fertile soil. If the seedling develops favorably, it forms several young leaves. Containers are kept in a cool, well-lit place.

The plant multiplies by self-sowing. If ants inhabit the garden, they spread the seed everywhere. The bush grows in 3-4 years. Some plants form side tubers. In the summer they should be set aside. The tubers are divided into parts, the cut is dipped in a solution of activated carbon. It is not recommended to over dry the tubers. Planted should be at a depth of 7 cm.

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