Vallot, flower belonging to the family amaryllic, and as it happened among the representatives of this family, novice flower growers, without going into the subtleties and nuances of the botanical classification, call it amaryllis. Yes that flower growers. In some flower shops (he saw himself) vallota is sometimes sold as amaryllis, then as hippeastrum. For someone who buys a houseplant for a gift or just because the “flower is beautiful” and does not think about its future fate, there is no case before its name.
When a plant is in the stage of active growth (vegetation), the most acceptable temperature for it is within + 20-25 degrees. Higher temperature is highly undesirable, it acts on the plant depressingly. Also protect the shading from sudden changes in temperature and drafts.
In order for the plant to develop normally, its wintering should be sufficiently cool. It is believed that vallota can tolerate +5 degrees in winter. As a short-term phenomenon, this is allowed, but I do not advise keeping it in such conditions all winter. The most preferable temperature is + 10-12 degrees.
Light vallota requires a lot. Even harming many indoor plants, direct sunlight will benefit her. But within reasonable limits. At midday hours, when the sun is the most “aggressive”, protection against it is required. Therefore, it is possible to place a flower not only at the windows of east and west orientation, but also south-west, south-east and even south, but with shading. With proper protection from external influences (drafts, wind, significant daily temperature fluctuations, etc.), the wallot can be taken to fresh air.
Watering and humidity
Watering the wallot should be moderate! It is impossible to allow a strong drying out of the soil during the growing season, but it is necessary to water only the next day after the top layer of the soil has dried. In some cases, when the temperature is close to the lower summer limit (+ 18-20 degrees), in combination with high humidity, you need to water less often. After watering, it is necessary to drain the water drained into the pan. After the end of flowering, it is necessary to water even more rarely, gradually reducing watering to a minimum, but not bringing the earthy clod to full drying. During this period, the probability of dropping leaves is high. This should not be allowed. With rare but regular watering, the leaves of the wallot will be slightly privyadshie, this is normal, it should be so. There are recommendations that in the period from February to April for the Wallota a “dry period” is arranged. I do not advise novice flower growers to arrange such an extreme, especially in the first year of cultivation.
Under normal conditions, the vallota flower does not impose any special requirements on air humidity. But if the summer is very hot and the air is dry (especially indoors), then spraying is not just desirable, but even mandatory. Together with regular spraying, it is advisable to wipe the leaves of the plant with a damp sponge. During spraying try to avoid water on the flowers of the plant.
For the normal development of the plant, during the growing season, fertilize the wallotta twice a month with fertilizers for flowering houseplants, or with specialized fertilizers for amaryllis plants.
She doesn’t need frequent transplants. Moreover, they are, in a sense, even harmful to her. One of the reasons why vallota does not bloom is a too spacious pot. Under such conditions, instead of flowering, she actively “bears” the children. For flowering, the wallot needs a cramped pot! But absolutely no transfers can be. The potted soil is depleted over time and requires replacement. Usually, this happens every three years. And although the technology itself is not much different from the transplantation of other bulbous plants, with the transplant of this plant one must be extremely careful and carry it out extremely carefully. The slightest damage to the bulb can lead to its rotting and death.
The peculiarities of transplantation include the mandatory separation of the children from the mother bulb. Of course, the onion is not fully buried in the ground, about a third of the height, up to its widest part.
It is better to buy ready-made land for grafting wallots, especially for beginner flower growers who have not yet become skilled in compiling ground mixes. But if you have the desire, and most importantly - the necessary components, you can try to lay the groundwork for it yourself. The recipe is:
Three pieces of turf land,
Two parts of leafy land and peat,
On one part well rotted mullein and sand.
Before planting a plant, be sure to ensure good drainage: the pot should have drainage holes, and pour a layer of any drainage material (clay shards, expanded clay, vermiculite) at its bottom.
The easiest and hassle-free way to reproduce this plant is kids, the lack of which will not. Reproduction of vallots is usually combined with its transplant. The children separated from the mother plant will serve as the planting material. But, alas, not all of these kids are suitable for independent living. Only those who already have their own roots are suitable. Planted them in small pots with a diameter of 7, a maximum of 10 centimeters. Young plants develop quite quickly and often within two years, young vallota begins to bloom.
Flower growers with experience, for breeding vallota used division of the bulb. But for this you need to really have a lot of experience and an urgent need to get a new plant. Novice florist is better not to hurry and wait for the appearance of children.
Even less often in amateur floriculture, vallota propagation by seeds is used. Although this method is not particularly difficult, it is more risky in the absence of its own (tested) seeds.
Pests and diseases
If you take care of the wallet at home correctly, and follow all the rules of its maintenance, then you are unlikely to encounter diseases or pests. But anything can happen ... Of the pests, a spider mite and a scythe can most likely attack the shafts. Of the diseases most often occurs fusarium and gray rot.
It belongs to the Amaryllis genus. The habitat is a subtropical climate of the South American continent. The name of the flower was in honor of the French researcher Pierre Vallo, so it is correctly written “vallota”, and not “valotta”.
Bulbous plant. Bulb oval, scaly, brown, small size. The leaves are long, ensiform, dark, purple at the base. Peduncles without sepal, umbrella inflorescence of 3-9 flowers. The flower of the wallota resembles a lily.
It differs from other members of the family in light crimson bulbous scales and green-purple leaves. Another feature is the child bulb rising to the surface. In other members of the genus, they are formed in the lower part of the bulb, not shown on the surface.
In apartments, most often grown two types of wallota. Both of them are attributed to the cirtesus subspecies.
- Vallota is beautiful. Bulb oblong, brown, scaly. Leaves are leathery, xiphoid, dark. The hollow peduncle develops from the middle of the bulb. Inflorescence - an umbrella of 3-6 flowers. Each flower consists of 6 petals. In the literature there are such names as citrus, purple amaryllis. The colors are mostly orange or burgundy. Less common species with white flowers.
- Vallota purpurea. Differs in smaller leaves and flowers. Foliage is bright green, leathery. Inflorescence bell-shaped, includes from 2 to 8 flowers with a diameter up to 6 cm. The petals are pointed, the coloring is purple.
Why does not bloom vallota at home and how to fix it? The lack of flowering usually indicates the following cultivation errors:
- Too spacious pot.
- Inferior rest period - in winter the flower was kept warm.
- From the maternal onion for a long time did not separate the children.
If you eliminate these factors, adjust the mode of care, soon vallota bloom.
The flower propagates very simply, both vegetatively and seeds. The main method of reproduction is the separation of daughter onions. The plant forms them every year - there is no shortage of planting material.
- Children. Small onions are separated during the next transplant. Prepare small containers filled with nutrient primer. Substrate moisturize. Onions buried in the ground by two thirds - the very top left above ground level. Watered infrequently, moderately. The abundance of moisture causes rot. Onions quickly take root and begin to grow. The first bloom occurs when they grow up - after about 2 years.
- Seeds. The optimal time for sowing is mid-autumn. The container is closed with glass or transparent plastic film that transmits light. Keep at a moderate temperature of 16-18 ° C, every day the glass is removed for 15-20 minutes for ventilation. Instead of watering sprayed the surface of the soil spray. Seeds germinate slowly, but together. Mass shoots appear in a month. It is not recommended to rush with a pick. By the time of the picking, small onions should be formed - in about six months. Next transplant in 2 years. They are transplanted, as are the kids - recessing by 2 thirds. Flowering occurs in the third year after germination.
Pests, growing problems, diseases
Vallota - a plant not capricious, rather steady against pathogenic microorganisms and insects. Rarely, but sick. Suffering from heat above 25 ° C - the leaves begin to turn yellow, wither, dry. Sharp temperature drops, drafts have a bad effect.
Of the diseases found gray rot and fusarium. The provoking factors are cold below the norm during the winter period, abundant irrigation at low temperature in the room, lack of drainage. Adult bulbs resist disease - it is possible to reanimate them. Young die immediately. When gray rot and fusarium, it is recommended to remove the bulb from the pot, treat it with any fungicide. The treated onion is transplanted into a sterile primer, in a new pot. Old pot together with the soil is thrown away.
Among the pests are red spider mites and scutes. From insects get rid of spraying plants with insecticides of systemic action. In case of severe injury, repeated treatment is carried out.
Look at the photos of vallots, and you will certainly want to replenish her own collection of indoor plants. Unpretentious, beautiful, elegant flower will be a worthy decoration for your interior.
The plant grows from a bulb, which has an elongated ovoid shape with a diameter of up to 4 cm. A distinctive feature of the flower is the reddish shade of the base of the leaves and the overall dark green color. They have an oblong belt-like shape, up to 50 cm long and up to 3 cm wide. Leaves do not fall off, but only gradually dry out, starting from the lower ones.
By itself, vallota is not a very attractive plant. It is grown only because of the beautiful flowers that appear in the middle of summer. On a thick peduncle, up to 30 cm high, there are red flowers in an umbrella.
Indoor Walloth Types
The most common types for growing a house are:
Vallota beautiful (vallota speciosa) is a perennial bulbous plant. The most common home view. It has an elongated egg-shaped bulb. The leaves are dark green, belt-like, up to 50 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, are fan-shaped. Peduncle is thick, up to 30 cm long. From above it contains from 3 to 9 flowers in an umbrella that blooms in summer. They are symmetrical, have pointed petals. Painted in orange or red. The fruit is a box with black seeds.
Vallota purpurea - deciduous perennial bulbous plant. A distinctive feature of the flower is a purple shade of the base of the leaves and a massive bulb. The leaves are small, up to 30 cm long, dark green color. Flowering occurs from summer to autumn, rarely several times per season. On the inflorescence there are 2-8 small flowers, gathered in umbrellas, with a diameter of 6-7 cm. The petals of red are slightly pointed at the end.
Conditions of detention
Best of all vallota feels on the eastern and western windows. During warm periods, the plant can be left on the balcony or garden. Only you need to take care of protection from direct sunlight and drafts.
Lighting the plant needs to be set bright but diffused. Active flowering provides natural light throughout the day.
During the period of active growth, it is necessary to provide a temperature range of 21 to 24 ° C. In winter, during dormancy, the temperature is reduced to 14 ° C. Air below 10 ° C is detrimental for vallota.
Warm air flower tolerates well. But on particularly hot days, you can spray it or wipe the leaves with a damp sponge. At the same time it is necessary to ensure that water does not fall on the inflorescences.
Planting and transplanting wallots
Transplant the plant is quite rare - once every 4 years. The pot must be taken small and narrow - more likely that the vallota blooms.
Soil for planting a flower, you can buy a special or cook yourself. For this we need to mix three parts of leafy ground, two parts of peat, and one part of coarse sand and coal.
The best period for grafting wallots is the beginning of spring. It needs to be done step by step:
- At the bottom of the tank for transplanting put a layer of drainage, with a thickness of 1.5 cm. Then we fall asleep the prepared soil, not reaching the top a few cm. And moisten it.
- Carefully remove the bulb from the old container and shake off the ground.
- Cut the unhealthy roots with a pair of shears or a knife.
- To enhance the immunity of the plant, soak the roots of any fungicide for 15 minutes.
- Next, we plant a wallot in the ground, half filled the onion with earth.
- Water the plant a little and transfer the pot to a warm dark place for a week.
- When vallota gets stronger, we transfer it to its usual place.
Vallota tolerates drought better than excess water. Therefore, the plant is watered when the top layer of soil dries well. Excess water from the pan is constantly poured.
Water the plant a maximum of 2 times a week under normal conditions of detention.
Water should be soft and warm - 26-30 ° C. Rainwater is best suited. But in its absence it is possible to use distilled tap water.
Use of feedings
Flowering takes a lot of energy from vallota. Therefore, it is necessary to fertilize it every 2-3 weeks. The plant is fed in the period of active growth - from mid-spring to mid-autumn. Fertilizer is better to use special, for bulbous plants.
The flowering time of vallots is in summer and early autumn. Sometimes, with proper care, the plant may be pleased with the presence of flowers twice a year. After the vallota has faded, the leaves begin to turn yellow and dry. They must be carefully cut off.
It happens that vallota does not bloom. Some care rules may not be followed:
- too large pot and a large presence of daughter sprouts on the bulb,
- does not match the temperature,
- keeping the plant in a dark place.
If you correct these small errors, vallot will surely please you with a bright bloom.
Care in the dormant period
After the end of flowering, the plant needs rest. It lasts 2 months and is distinguished by special care for the wallot.
In September, reduce watering and gradually completely stop it until the beginning of November. A pot with a wallet is placed in a dark ventilated place with a temperature of 12 ° C. If the air is much warmer, the soil is slightly moistened.
When growing vallotes, some problems are possible, despite its unpretentiousness:
- As stated above, in the absence of flowering, the plant can be transplanted into a smaller pot. You also need to adjust the temperature and lighting mode.
- At low humidity possible yellowing of the tips of the leaves. Spraying returns everything back to normal.
- Waterlogging of the soil leads to a rotting of the base of the bulb.
- Fertilization can correct the problem of sagging and blanching of the leaves.
- Yellowing and falling leaves may indicate a recent transplant or non-compliance with watering measures.
How to care for a wallota at home
To make Vallota the most beautiful woman in your apartment, you just need to follow the basic rules in the care of an exotic beauty. Like all Amaryllic plants, the plant needs a dormant period and proper watering.
The most important condition for growth and flowering is good lighting. It should be bright, but not burning, in the daytime.
Choosing a place for a flower, give preference to what comes to the east side. If the windows of the house are oriented to the north and south, then place the plant on the south side with the condition that in the midday time the leaves will be protected from the scorching rays of the sun.
Heat the plant can not stand. The most optimal air temperature for it is + 24 ° C. Зимой переносят в прохладное место с хорошим освещением, где температура не опускается ниже +9 °C.
Валлота после цветения как ухаживать фото
Сигналом к тому, что валлота хочет отдохнуть, является окончание цветения. Обычно этот период начинается в сентябре. Отцветшие бутоны срезают, сокращают поливы и отказываются от подкормок. Температура содержания в период покоя предпочтительна в районе 12-16°С.
Watering should be gradually, only slightly moistening the soil, only after the top layer has dried out. It should be remembered that the bulb can rot from excess moisture, so it is better less often than often laid.
Throughout the winter, the plant is kept awake, only occasionally watering. Remember, vallota does not shed its leaves in a dormant period, because it still needs minimal care.
Preparing to bloom
When vallota flowers bloom
In April, vallota will begin to wake up, it can be understood by the growth of new leaves. In this case, it is possible to slightly increase the temperature of the content, but not to allow heat, which the vallot does not tolerate. 20-24 ° С is quite enough.
Resume feeding, which must be done every 14 days. The simplest and practical option is to use ready-made complex liquid fertilizers for flowering plants.
When the plant releases the flower, and it will be at the end of spring or summer, feeding is not stopped, you can replace the main drug phosphorus-containing, stimulating flowering.
Watering is carried out moderately, but do not allow drying of the upper layer. The ideal condition of the soil is always slightly moist, the excess water in the pan must be drained.
Vallota houseplants How to make the wallot bloom at home
Vallota blooms with luxurious flowers that stick to the flower stalk for a very long time. It is important to prevent water from entering the flowers, water only under the root and in moderate quantities. Feed all the same, once in two weeks, liquid fertilizer for flowering.
In the summertime, adhere to moderate soil moisture. There should be enough time between waterings to allow the top layer of the soil to dry slightly. This mode of irrigation is more easily tolerated by the plant than stagnant moisture during overflow, causing putrid root damage. If, in the summer, for some reason, watering is stopped altogether, the biological clock of the plant fails. It not only falls into a state of rest, but also begins to shed leaves and buds if it is prepared for flowering. Therefore, do not forget about our beauty!
If you wish, you can spray the wallot, but do it lightly, infrequently and only in the summer, when the temperature rises inexorably higher and higher, going over the indicator + 25 ° C. It is desirable that the drops do not touch the flower petals. In general, simply wipe the dust from the leaves with a damp cloth.
For fertilizing use special fertilizers for bulbous crops, such as "Good power for bulbous", "Effecton DC". Carry it out twice a month strictly according to the instructions in the spring, summer, autumn. In winter, the plant is resting and does not need additional feeding.
Flowering is observed 1-2 times (more often one) in the period from mid-spring to mid-autumn. 3-5 inflorescences are revealed on the peduncle in the form of a funnel. Color depends on the variety. When pollination is fastened fruit-box, cracking after ripening seeds.
How to plant a wallot
How to plant a photo of the transplanted kids
When selecting a pot, an important feature of the flower is taken into account: the more space is left for the root system, the more onions are formed near the mother's body. Vallota, instead of blooming, switches to the formation of children. For this reason, the flower pot is purchased with the expectation that it will be a little cramped. For planting young onions take a pot no more than 9-10 cm in diameter, given that the adult bulb will grow to 7-8 cm in diameter.
As for the soil, preference is given to a loose, nutrient substrate for flowering. It is advisable to purchase soil in the specialized department of the store. If this is not possible, then it is prepared independently. To do this, mix equal shares of humus, turf, sand.
To avoid rotting of the bulb, which is provoked by excessive moisture, fill the bottom of the pot with a small layer of drainage, consisting of crushed bricks or pebbles. With a long stay of the plant in the pot, the soil surface sometimes covers a white (reddish) salt bloom, this is sediment due to the high hardness of water. Get rid of salinization by replacing the top layer of earth.
- The onion is planted by digging into the ground no more than one third in height.
- To close the pot, which stimulates flowering, the distance from the bulb to the sides of the pot should not exceed 3-4 cm.
- Remember, the plant does not tolerate transplants, so do not be afraid that after planting the bulb for a long time will not show signs of growth. First, vallota builds up fragile roots, and only then - aboveground part.
Seated, pritenite beauty, protecting from direct rays. However, even rooted plants prefer diffused light, reacting to an excess of light by sunburn.
Growing vallota from seeds
Seeds of wallota sprouts photo
Seeds are harvested in September, after full ripening, and immediately try to sow, so as not to lose germination. The composition of the soil must contain the following components: peat, rotted earth, sand.
- Seeds before planting can be soaked for a day in a growth promoter.
- Given that the vallota seeds are quite large, they can be planted at once, one at a time into individual cups. The plant does not like transplantation, and you thank yourself for the lack of need to replace them later. However, many are not afraid of picks, so decide for yourself what is more convenient.
- After sowing the seeds, the container is covered with plastic wrap. They monitor the air temperature (optimal + 18 ° C), do not forget to air, remove condensate.
- A month later, the first shoots appear.
- They start diving only six months later, planting each sprout in a separate container.
- Easy, not causing stagnation, watering will provide seedlings with the necessary amount of moisture. In winter, they need the most light. The indoor temperature, maintained at 16 ° C, will be a great addition to the light mode. Watered extremely rare.
Vallota seed photo of young plants
After 2 years, grown strong, grown seedlings are moved to a little cramped pots. This is done in order to ensure flowering at an earlier date. When planting the neck of the bulb should rise above the ground by two thirds in height.
After 4 years, expect the first flower stalk.
Diseases and pests of wallota
Among the pests there are no particularly dangerous for vallota, but sometimes it becomes a “victim” of the spider mite or scale insect. To get rid of them, the plant is treated several times with a solution of laundry soap at regular intervals.
The most common disease is head rot. The reason for it lies in the wrong, too frequent watering. To avoid the appearance of rot will help change the mode of watering. The rotted scales must be removed, give the bulb to dry, stopping watering. And only when the disease is defeated, watering is resumed.
The plant can catch fusarium due to poor soil treatment before planting the bulb. To avoid contamination, the soil before planting is calcined in the oven or sprinkled with boiling water. In the cold season, it is desirable to sharply reduce watering in order to avoid damage to the bulb with gray mold.
Why does not vallota bloom and what to do
A beauty can refuse to bloom for several reasons:
- The selected container for the flower (pot) is too large and the plant switches to the reproduction of children.
- The plant has not been transplanted for a long time. A lot of kids have accumulated, which distract all nutrients.
- The rest period is not maintained. The plant is not rested to accumulate strength for flowering.
Only strict adherence to all recommendations for transplanting, watering, feeding will bring results. Then vallota is capable of attracting attention with its flowering more than once a year.
Description of vallota
Walnut leaves are narrow, long, rounded at the end and reach 65 cm in length, 3.5 cm in width. Matte or glossy in color (depending on the variety), but always purple at the base.
Vallota belongs to the amaryllis onion crops. Its bulb is covered with scales outside, has a pear shape. If you remove the scales, it will seem its pink top. Since the percentage of toxic substances in its cells is very high, handle the root with care.
For reproduction using seeds or babies. The flowering period begins with the appearance of a peduncle, on which there are 4 - 8 inflorescences. Hollow inside, but very strong peduncle grows to 0.4 m tall. Umbrella inflorescence rarely exceeds 8 cm in diameter. The color of the petals depends on the variety. It is bright red, delicate pink or pale orange. Yellow stamens harmoniously look against the background of petals, emphasizing their natural beauty.
Beautiful Vallota Cyrtanthus elatus, Vallota speciosa
Vallota wonderful indoor plants photos of flowers
A distinctive feature are the leaves with a dark olive tint, up to 45 cm long with a 3 centimeter width. With age, the bulb size increases, reaching 4 cm in diameter by the beginning of flowering. The separate petals of the inflorescence resemble the shape of an oval with a pointed end. Their number reaches 7 pieces. All inflorescences are directed upwards, have the form of an open umbrella. The hollow stem of the inflorescence rises to a height of 0.6 m. It opens up at the end of summer (an extreme case is the beginning of autumn), and is extremely similar in flowering to a lily.
Purple Vallota purpurea
Purple Wallota Vallota purpurea photo
It does not have a large leaf blade, its length is barely up to 30 cm, the color is olive. In the period of early autumn begins flowering, which, sometimes, is repeated several times. Usually on the arrow is located up to 8 inflorescences with a diameter of 6 cm. Pointed petals immediately attract attention with their form, bright red color. As withering forms a box with black seeds.
White vallota Cyrtanthus elatus Cream Beauty
White vallota Cyrtanthus elatus Cream Beauty photo
The combination of bright green leaves and delicate, with a beige tint, flowers looks just enchanting. Due to the fact that flowering occurs in the autumn period, the people called this species autumn lily. On the peduncle, 0.4 m tall, 6 inflorescences fit tightly.
Vallota variety Pink Diamond Cyrtanthus elatus Pink Diamond
Vallota variety Pink Diamond Cyrtanthus elatus Pink Diamond photo
Its name was due to the color shade of the petals. It is soft pink, ideally combined with the green of leaves of a linear form. The height of the arrow with 6 inflorescences barely reaches 30 cm.
Vallota is an obsolete species name, and since 2011, the term Cyrtanthus has been used in reference books, and the name Crinum Perfect is also found. It belongs to the Amaryllis family, so you can hear consonant names of varieties, such as Amaryllis Purple or Exalted. By way of life and the ability to survive in bad climatic conditions, the flower is referred to as geophytes.
A geofit is a plant that can tolerate long-term bad weather conditions, at the expense of underground buds, tubers, bulbs, etc., getting rid of the aerial part during bad weather.
The perennial plant of Vallota (erroneously Valotta) migrated to Europe in the 1700s from the South African Republic, its Western Cape Province (the capital Cape Town). It was discovered and named Pierre Vallo, a botanist from France.
According to the English directory Vallota has 2 types, previously there were 3:
- Cyrtanthus elatus (Cyrthanthus Exalted), with a bright representative of Vallota, beautiful (previously there were two types of Vallota Speciosa and Purpurea),
- Clivia (Klivia) - with Wallota Kinovarny, as the main representative (previously there was a view of Vallota Miniata).
Vallota is distributed in the form of several varieties:
- Beautiful (eng. "Speciosa") - leaves are dark green narrow, about three centimeters and long to 45. The bulbs are small, four centimeters, flowers up to 8 cm in diameter, six-pointed, in the form of a bell, stamens are directed upwards. On one leg of the inflorescence, about 50 cm long, usually there are up to 7 flowers of dark cream color. Vallota pleases hosts with buds for 2-3 months from late summer to early autumn.
- Purple (eng. Purpurea) - the size of the leaves, flowers, bulbs is relatively smaller than the previous grade: 30 cm, 6 cm in diameter, 3-4 cm, respectively. The life cycle throughout the year is also similar, only flowering with first-class care happens twice per season. The color of the buds is rich red, formed on a hollow leg in a group of up to 8 pieces.
- White (born “Cream Beauty”) - as the name implies, white flowers with a beige-cream shade are very similar to a lily. 40 centimeter peduncle in the fall forms up to 6 buds and, for external similarity, such a Wallot is popularly called the “autumn lily”.
- Pink (eng. "Pink Diamond") - bright pink flowers deservedly attract more and more attention from growers lovers. Neat light green leaves up to 25 centimeters, thirty centimeters peduncle and 6 "bells" on it and you will not leave indifferent.
In addition to Vallota, the Amaryllis family includes about 60 plant species.
Vallota Speciosa (Beautiful) bulbs can be found on store shelves in early spring, just in time for the transplant season. Most often the following varieties are offered for sale:
- Alba - six-fingered white flowers with a yellow or cream core,
- Magnifica - six-fingered bright red flowers with yellow pistils,
- Major - large flowers (up to 10-13 cm) in dark cream or pink with a white stripe color,
- Minor - differs in a set of small flowers of bright pink color and dense greens from narrow leaves.
On the structure of the flower
The root system of Vallota is represented by a light brown, pink-tinged bulb of an elongated oval shape in the form of a pear with small roots. Under flakes, the body of the bulb has a gradation from white at the roots to pink to the leaves.
Greens are formed densely in the central outlet. The color of glossy or matte leaf-like leaves depends on the species and varieties and varies from light to dark green, and their bases are mostly purple or burgundy. The color of the base of the sheet usually distinguishes Vallota from other Amaryllis. The leaflets are similar in shape to the feathers of onions, but flat, 3-4 cm wide and long, up to 35-45 cm.
Often Vallota is confused with Hippeastrum, Amaryllis and even Lily.
During vegetative propagation, babies are formed in the upper part of the bulb - miniature balls breaking through the husks of the mother plant. Over time, the roots are formed, with their help, young plants "grow" (deepened) into the soil, and only after that their own leaves begin to form. For a full year, one adult plant can form up to 10 "babies." The formation of babies in the upper part of the bulb is a distinctive feature of Vallota in the Amaryllis family.
May bloom 1-2 times a year from spring to autumn since the age of two. Most often flowers are formed on 4-5 year. Peduncle is thrown up to 50 centimeters in length, on which up to 9 buds are formed without sepals, each of which is up to 12-13 cm in diameter. The period of life of each flower is not more than 5-6 days, at the same time not more than 3 buds can open. Artificial pollination is necessary for setting seeds in boxes.
Cultivation and care
Prefers plentiful, up to an arrangement under direct sunshine. Caution should be taken when lighting is at a temperature above 26 degrees Celsius, and at this time to provide a shading of Vallota. For example, such conditions occur at midday in the summer on the south window. It depends on how well organized the lighting at which stage of the life cycle your beauty blooms. In winter, whenever possible, a light day of at least 10 hours is provided, and a low temperature.
Maintain at the level of 65-75% by spraying, the location next to the tank with water or special humidifiers. This is due to the natural habitats of Vallota in a tropical climate. When spraying avoid getting water in the flowers. It is useful to periodically wipe the leaves, to remove dust from them, and further moisturize.
Neutral acidity, easy. The composition can be purchased in a store for bulbous plants or prepared independently, here are a few to choose from:
- For adult plants: leaf soil, peat, sand, crushed coal in proportions of 3: 2: 1: 1 or similarly the soil, peat and sand of a large fraction, but with rotted manure in the ratios of 3: 2: 1: 1. You can increase the amount of leafy land up to 4 parts, add 2 parts of humus and 1 part of sod land, bone meal and sand.
- For planting seeds, the base will be from sand and peat, 2 parts each, with the addition of sod and leaf earth, 1 part.
In all compositions of soil mixtures it will be useful to add vermiculite - white granules that maintain a constant soil moisture, storing and giving up water.
- For young plants grown from seeds or rooted children in equal parts mixed humus, leaf and sod land, sand.
- For planting onion slices, a simple composition of peat and sand in equal parts is useful.
Do not forget about drainage, read more about it below.
During the growth of leaves and flowering watered twice a week. The signal for watering is a centimeter-dry potted soil that has dried to a depth. Such a depth of drying comes the day after you find that the surface of the earth in the pot is dry. Сократить частоту полива можно создав прослойку из керамзита мелкой фракции на поверхности почвы, она не даст ей уплотняться и сдержит испаряющуюся влагу.
Полив стоит сократить при температуре в комнате 18-20 градусов по Цельсию, так как темпы испарения в этом случае снижаются.
Для эффективного и быстрого вызревания деток полив увеличивают примерно на 15-20%. Approximately in September, Wallota goes into rest mode, this is evidenced by dropping flowers and stopping the formation of new leaves. At this time, they switch to watering once a week or 10 days (depending on the humidity of the room), but they do not stop, because the plant stays green all year round, without shedding leaves.
The water formed in the pan after watering must be drained.
Watering is always an important point in the care of the Wallota and other indoor plants, with excess water at the roots, rot forms, fungal spores begin to germinate, and with a lack of growth stops, flowers are dropped from the peduncles and the leaves die.
Experienced growers organize a “dry season” for Vallota at the age of 3-4 years from the end of winter to mid-spring, to stimulate flowering. For beginners, such experiments are not recommended.
Depends on the humidity and temperature of the room with Vallota. South, southeast and southwest windows without shading are suitable. When the temperature rises and / or lowers the humidity, it can be transferred to the depth of the room. In the hottest months, you can use the eastern windows, there will be enough light, coupled with the lack of burning sun during the sun at the zenith. From June to August, it is useful to land without breaking ground with the root system into the garden or to prikopat without taking it out of the pot. Preferred will be a place sheltered from the midday sun and well lit at sunrise and sunset. When transplanting back into the pot, be careful with the root system, dig a hole much larger than the borders of the land planted in Vallota spring. If the roots have grown, release them by soaking a clod of earth in the water, and then plant the plant in a suitable pot by folding the “sticking” roots.
There are no special requirements for size, as well as for other bulbous plants. It all depends on the purpose of cultivation: to stimulate flowering, the pot is picked up to be small in size, for vegetative reproduction and development of babies it should be free. A high drainage layer of expanded clay, brick or pebbles 2-3 centimeters high is necessary to prevent stagnation of water and rotting of the root system of Vallota. Approximate sizes of pots by year of cultivation are as follows:
- the first year for planting seeds is chosen a large capacity for several plants,
- in the second year, when diving, it is enough to have 9-10 centimeter diameter pots,
- for the third year - individual plates up to 15-16 centimeters in diameter,
- for 4 and subsequent years of life the size of the pot is determined by the size of the bulbs and it must be at least 4-6 cm larger than the diameter of the bulb.
From the beginning of spring to the beginning of autumn they make every 2 weeks. Suitable universal complex mineral and organic fertilizers for flowers. There are even special ones for sale, for Amaryllis. In winter, fertilizer is prohibited. Consumers of nutrients during dormancy in a pot with a plant will not, and increasing the concentration of fertilizers in the soil is fraught with the development of parasites, pathogenic bacteria and fungi.
- Vallota roots rot when excessive watering and / or poor drainage occurs. In this case, the leaves turn yellow, become watery and die off. Bulb husks turn black and die off. If this happens, watering is drastically reduced, dead tissues (leaves and onion scales) are removed, the soil in the pot is loosened and treated with fungicides to prevent the formation of rot. Irrigation mode is generally not observed when lowering the average daily temperature in the autumn-winter period, at this time you need to be especially careful.
- Slightly faded leaves do not indicate a plant disease, it is their normal condition.
- The yellowed tips of the leaves of the Vallota say that the temperature is too high, coolness is necessary, for example in the depth of the room, for a time when the temperature exceeds 25 degrees Celsius.
- If Vallota has not bloomed after 5 years, try to transplant it into a cramped pot with a distance of less than two centimeters from the walls to the bulb, or in the winter period to arrange a rest period with a temperature of about 15 degrees. This will stimulate the formation of flower buds.
- Falling colors may indicate a sharp change in temperature, the influence of drafts or inappropriate location in the room when you rearrange Vallota.
- Fusarium affects plants with initially weak immunity, or young. The control method is chemical preparations, fungicides, and prevention is the maintenance of Vallota conditions. Practice warming the soil in the oven for an hour at a temperature of 120 degrees for disinfection.
Fusarium is a fungal disease, the spores of which are almost always in the soil in a dormant state, and at high humidity and temperature, diseased plants can attack.
In the interior and compositions
It can be grown as a single plant in individual pots, planted several onions in one container. It is used in compositions with succulents (plants with massive leaves that store moisture), grown in pots with decorative stones and wood, in flowerbeds, flowerpots, even pots.
Attention, Vallota poisonous plant
Hazardous substances are contained in all parts of the plant: leaves, roots and flowers. The maximum concentration of poison is in the bulb. The active ingredient of the poison is Likorin alkaloid, which in large doses has a negative effect on the digestive system, causing irritation, vomiting, diarrhea. Contact with skin may cause redness, itching. When working with a flower, we strongly recommend using rubber gloves, and upon completion wash your hands and the used tool with soap and water. It is better to keep pets and children away from Vallote without the presence of adults.
Signs and superstitions
According to folk signs, Vallota brings peace and well-being to the house. By superstition, fewer quarrels and misunderstandings occur through the absorption of negative energy in the family. Due to the red color, the plant creates comfort and warmth in the house. Since it does not require frequent maintenance, it’s almost impossible to ruin Vallota by letting 1-2 watering, you will never be upset because of a faded plant, and your nerves will be fine.
Vallota purple and flower photo
Perhaps the most important feature by which the flower of a shaft can be distinguished is the saturated purple color of the base of its leaves. The bulbs of the plant are also quite remarkable, as they have a massive neck, which sometimes has no border with the body of the bulb itself. When removing the top scales, an interesting game of color opens - the color of the bulb changes from white in the base of the bottom to dark pink at the top of the neck.
The leaves of vallota purpurea are flat, reaching a length of 25 to 40 cm. The width of the leaves is 4-5 cm. They are collected in fan-like bunches and therefore give the plant a very interesting appearance.
Bully-flower babies of the vallota flower, the photos of which can be viewed below, are formed above the ground surface, and not at the bottom of the bulb:
They “make their way” to the surface with the help of special “legs” that pierce the upper scales of the mother bulb. First appeared baby has no leaves. They appear only after the onion-babe acquires its own roots, which are back “pulled” into the ground.
Vallota plant blooms, the photo of which is given below once a year, but under favorable conditions it can bloom again:
During the flowering period, a long stem-peduncle grows directly from the bulb. It forms an inflorescence of stellate, tubular or funnel-shaped six petal flowers with attractive long filamentary stamens and yellow oval anthers. On one stalk can be located from 2 to 9 flowers-bells, which, after pollination, are transformed into a fruit-box, cracking after maturation.
Types of vallota flower and why the plant does not bloom
Depending on the annual cycle of the plant, all the varieties of this flower can be divided into two types:
It is clear from the name of the first group of plants that they remain green all year round, therefore they can grow in our latitudes only under greenhouse conditions or constantly migrate from the beds to the pots for wintering. Growing vallota plants at home is possible both in the garden and in pots on the windowsill.
Amarilis of the second type, geophytes, lose their leaves in an unfavorable period. They are further subdivided into groups depending on the growing season: in some plants this period falls on the summer months, and in others - in the winter. Care for a lot of different types is somewhat different and has its own characteristics.
In addition, in the genus of these plants there are real "informals" that bloom only after surviving a forest fire and heavy smoke. If the fire did not happen during the year, the vallotte does not bloom, being in the same condition for a long time. Because of this, their features, they got their second name - the fire lily.
Vallota is beautiful and other types of plants
There are many species and varieties of this plant, but the most popular and often grown in the home is Vallota speciosa.
Vallota is beautiful, as this plant variety is also called, has long (30-45 cm) and narrow (2-3 cm) dark green leaves and oval pointed flowers. Only the bulbs that reach 3.5 cm in diameter bloom. The peduncle is strong and strong, most often not more than 60 cm high.
The original flower species have a red-scarlet color of the petals, however, the varieties “Delicata” and “Alba” with their pale pink, white and salmon flowers are no less popular.
Among the deciduous perennials, the variety Vallota falcatus or wallota is sickle-shaped. Plants of this variety completely discard foliage in the arid winter period. With the advent of spring heat, the bulb produces a flower stalk with buds, most often simultaneously with leaves of medium length (up to 20 cm) and syrin (up to 3 cm). Peduncle growing vertically at the top has a bend, due to which it becomes like a shepherd's staff. It forms up to ten flowers, directed toward the ground.
One of the most compact varieties is Vallota brachyscyphus or small-flowered vallota, which is successfully grown in pots and pots. The leaves of the plant reach a maximum length of 15 cm and a width of 0.5 cm. The flowers are red, odorless, the length of the peduncle is only 2.5-3.0 cm.
Which pot would be better for vallota
In which pot it will be better for vallota - this question concerns many flower growers. If the flower is planted for growing children and further reproduction, then it will be best to feel in spacious flowerpots with good drainage. If you want to see its unusual beauty flowers as soon as possible, then the pot should be chosen slightly cramped.
Also worth mentioning such varieties as:
Which are also very popular among gardeners.
How to care for a lot and why the leaves turn yellow in a flower
How to care for the wallot flower and what should be the conditions of its growth? Like all other onion crops, this plant needs care and certain environmental conditions. So, one of the main conditions for a good existence and abundant flowering of this plant is bright light.
It is highly desirable for wallota direct sunlight in the first half of the day, but after lunch, partial shade is acceptable. When placed on the window sills at home, preferably the eastern windows or in extreme cases, the western. But the plants located on the southern window-sills can burn, on the north - additional lighting will be required.
Features of the care of the wallot also suggest compliance with the temperature regime. In summer, the optimum temperature is a thermometer reading of 22-24 ° C. Wallots leaves turn yellow and even begin to fall, if the air temperature exceeds this figure. In winter, however, evergreen species growing at home, it is desirable to place in a bright but cool room with an air temperature of 7 - 10 ° C. This may be, for example, insulated loggia. Bulbs of deciduous plants of this species should be removed any non-freezing room with a temperature not lower than 5 ° C.
Care for the vallota flower
Caring for a vallot plant, the photo of which is given below, includes the proper watering:
Like all bulbous plants, vallota does not tolerate excessive moisture, since its bulb is prone to decay. Therefore, watering should be moderate, and be carried out as the top layer of the earth dries out. It is better that caring for a beautiful lot is carried out on the same day of the week, it will be easier to navigate the volume and frequency of watering. It is better to dry the flower than pour. However, it must be remembered that too long a dry period can be perceived by a deciduous plant as the onset of an unfavorable time of year (winter) and, after dropping the leaves, it will go into hibernation.
The soil for the flower should be nourishing, breathable and well absorbing water. It should contain peat, coarse river sand, turf, humus and hardwood in the ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1: 2. The bottom of the pot should be covered with a 2 cm drainage layer.
A transplant of a plant is made as needed, and taking into account that it only blooms in cramped pots, and in spacious ones it begins to raise children intensively. When disembarking children, it is necessary to deepen them into the ground no more than 2/3, the young plant begins to bloom only for 3-4 years.
What should be the proper care of the wallet at home, will show the photo below:
When implementing it, it is important to remember that the plant is poisonous, therefore, in the presence of wounds on the hands, it is better to work with it in gloves. Naturally, it should be placed in inaccessible small children and pets places.
Geophites lose their foliage under adverse conditions, and geophites also have different growing season. Some in the winter and others in the summer. For some representatives, flowering begins only after a fire with a lot of smoke. Because of this feature, the plant has received the name "Fire Lily".
In the vallota of the base of the leaves is purple, the length of the leaves is considerable, the plant species. The color of the leaves of saturated tones is both matte and glossy.
The vallota bulbs resemble a pear, scaly on the outside. Reproduction occurs with the help of kids and seeds. The flowering of vallota begins when a strong, hollow peduncle emerges from the apex about 40 cm in height and with six flowers, sometimes more or less. The shape of the inflorescence resemble umbrellas, about 8 cm in diameter.
In the inflorescence vallots inside, yellow-coated stamens stand out.
Varieties and types
Vallota is beautiful this species has a dark olive shade with a length of about 45 cm and a width of about three centimeters. The size of the bulb varies with age, in a flowering plant, the bulb is about 4 cm. Inflorescences with separate petals, slightly oval in shape, represent about 7 pcs. Each inflorescence looks up like an open umbrella. Inflorescences appear on a high hollow stem, almost 60 cm in length. Flowering begins at the end of summer at the beginning of autumn. Her inflorescences resemble the blooming of lilies.
Vallota purple This bulbous species has medium-sized leaves, belt-shaped, about 30 cm in length, of olive shade. Flowering occurs in early autumn, it happens flowering passes several times, throwing a hollow arrow with inflorescences, sometimes there are up to eight pieces. Inflorescences in diameter of about 6 cm, like umbrellas. The color of the petals is rich red slightly pointed to the end. After flowering, a seed box appears, in black.
Vallota white "Cream Beauty" this variety or more precisely a cultivator that blooms in a delicate beige shade. Flowering begins in the autumn period, so the people called the rally "autumn lily". Peduncle is an arrow about 40 cm in height, about 6 flowers appear on it. Leaves bright green tint.
Vallota Pink Diamond blooms in this type of light pink shade. Plant with green leaves, linear shape. Peduncle about 30 cm tall with 6 inflorescences.
Vallota care at home
How to care for the wallet to achieve abundant flowering and beautiful appearance? To do this, you must comply with the conditions of care for the wallot, and then the plant will please you. One of the important secrets for the maintenance of the wallot is sufficient bright lighting. The plant needs sunlight in the morning and in the evening. It is best to have a flower on the east side. If the plant is on the south window, you need to create a shadow so that the dining rays do not burn the foliage.
The temperature of the air plant prefers about about 24 degrees. В зимний период валлоту необходимо поместить в освещенное и достаточно прохладное место с температурой не выше 9 градусов.
в летнее время увлажнение должно быть умеренное, постоянное, давая возможность немного подсохнуть верхнему слою грунта. Не терпит валлота застоя влаги, тогда ее луковицы могут подвергаться гнилостным процессам. If the plant is too dry, not to be watered for a long time, then at an unnecessary time you can achieve a state of rest and loss of leaves from the wallota, and if the plant is going to bloom at that time, it will drop all its buds. In winter, watering is reduced, and the bulbs are stored separately, not moistening.
Spraying the plant is not necessary, sometimes you can wipe with a damp cloth, wiping dust.
Soil for vallota should be quite loose and light with a lot of nutrients. You can buy the soil in finished form or prepare it yourself. The soil should include humus soil, leaf, turf, peat and sand, mix all in equal parts. Do not forget to lay a good layer of drainage on the bottom, for the prevention of stagnant moisture and rotting bulbs.
For a plant, it is better to pick a tight capacity, then it will be harder for her to grow bulbous babies and she will begin to bloom faster.
Fertilize the plant should be a couple of times every 30 days feeding for bulbous plants. In winter, it is not necessary to fertilize.
Transplanting a plant needs to be done as needed when it becomes closely in the past tank.
Vallota seed growing
Seeds are sown in a prepared container with a soil consisting of peat, sand and leaf earth, stretch the film and maintain the air temperature of about 18 degrees. Do not forget to periodically air so as not to collect condensate.
Shoots begin to appear after 30 days. For the first time the plants dive in six months. Seated in separate containers and watered, avoiding stagnation. In winter, expose to a room with a temperature of about 16 degrees and good lighting.
In the second year of life, plants are planted in pots without burying the neck of the bulb, it should be above the ground. The capacity to choose close, so that the plant began to bloom earlier. With this method of reproduction, flowering begins about 4 years.
Bulb reproduction - children
Propagating the bulbs, vallota begins to bloom in the second year. When planting a plant, it is necessary to separate the bulbs and plant their capacity of not more than 9 cm in size, deepening them to half. Water should not be often.