Gardenia (Gardenia) - a member of the family parenovyh, which consists of more than 250 species. Plant habitat - subtropical forests of Japan and China. The genus got its name from the gardener A. Gardena, who lived in the expanses of America in the XVIII century.
Description of gardenia
The gardenia family is represented by small trees and evergreen shrubs. It has strong, pubescent or bare shoots. The leaves grow oppositely, have a glossy surface and stipules. Flowers can, as gather in the shields, and grow one by one, as well as different axillary or apical place of germination. They smell good. The color of the petals is yellow and white.
For indoor cultivation only suitable Gardenia Jasmine. This sample of flora tolerates pruning and does not require additional efforts in the formation of the crown. But, in spite of all its advantages, the plant is quite whimsical and requires special attention, since temperature differences and excessive moisture can cause irreparable harm to Gardenia.
Growing a flower at home, you need to provide him with bright lighting. It is best to place the stand near the western or eastern windows. On the south windows the plant will be exposed to direct sunlight, and on the north windows it will need additional lighting in the form of fluorescent light bulbs. In the summer, it is advisable to take Gardenia to fresh air, just choose a place where there are no drafts, precipitation and direct sun.
If the plant is grown outdoors, you will need to spray it twice a day.
In winter, fluorescent lighting is additionally used. For this lamp put half a meter to Gardenia. If the light is not enough, then it is likely that the buds will dry out. It is forbidden to rearrange or rotate the plant, as the buds fall off.
The air temperature in both spring and summer should be close to 22 degrees. In the autumn - to 18 degrees, in winter the daily figure should be in the region of 18 degrees, and at night - 16. It is worth avoiding drafts or hypothermia of the roots, as this will necessarily cause problems. A drop in temperature to 16 ° C has a good effect on the development of buds, but wintering a flower at temperatures above 21 ° C has an adverse effect. It is also important to consider that the temperature regime must be the same, both in the air and in the soil.
During the growing season Gardenia must be provided with abundant watering. By autumn and winter watering is reduced. But at the end of March, the watering procedure should be carried out with particular trepidation and care, so as not to harm the formation of the bud. Overdrying of the soil and excessive amount of water have an equally bad effect on the state of health of the plant.
For irrigation, separated liquid is used with a temperature slightly higher than room temperature. It is best to use subacidic water. To this end, it is recommended to add 2-3 drops of lemon juice to it (per 1 liter). Due to the improper moistening of Gardenia, the leaves turn yellow and grow small.
Top dressing and cutting of a plant
Mineral and organic fertilizers are suitable for feeding, which are added to the soil every 14 days. If the leaves began to turn yellow, they can be saved by spraying with iron sulfate. As for pruning Gardenia, it is carried out after completion of flowering and during the growing season. Cut the shoots will be useful during plant reproduction by cuttings.
Replace Gardenia need only when necessary. This is done only in two cases: after flowering and in early spring. Connoisseurs recommend replanting adult flowers every 2-3 years, and young flowers every year. At the same time it is necessary to remember pruning the roots. The soil should be loose and acidic. For this purpose, a mixture of coniferous and sod land, sand and peat in the ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1 is used.
That's all the important points, subject to which gardenia will grow and delight you.
The jasmine-shaped gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) is a representative of the numerous Marenov family. This species is suitable for breeding at home. In nature, shrubs grow on the African continent, in Asia:
- Ryukyu Islands.
It grows where it is warm and humid, but also prefers partial shade, sour, well-drained soil. In the wild, it grows from 1.5-3 meters tall. On the windowsill is no more than half a meter. The leaves are large, smooth, bright green and glossy shine.
The flower bush differs in decorative leaves, all year round it is green and lush. Leaf size 10 cm in length. Flowers are single or gathered in inflorescences of 4-6 pieces. Basically they have white color, however there are yellow, pink, vanilla hues.
The appearance of the inflorescence in form resembles a peony or a full-blown rose. Petals are smooth, but there are varieties that have a terry or semi-double texture. Flower size 6-8 cm in diameter.
No less passionate about the extraordinary plant and breeders, through the efforts of which various varieties were bred. Among the most popular such types of gardenia:
- Chuck Heyes.
- Radikan Variyegata.
- Golden Magic.
Watch the video about gardenia jasmine-shaped:
Jasmine-shaped gardenia: a brief description
A beautiful plant of the Mirenov family, when living in room conditions, is a low bush 45-50 cm in height, and wild species living in the forests of Japan, India and China reach approximately 180 centimeters.
Particular attention gardenia jasmine deserves during flowering. The flowers of this beauty grow to 5-7 cm, have a dense structure and a delicate white color. Their magic and gentle smell can easily compete with the scent of roses.
Optimal conditions for growing
Jasmine-shaped gardenia is a capricious and demanding plant, it needs special care at home. If you do everything right, to fulfill all the recommendations for its content, then it will continuously bloom fluently throughout the year.
Usually a picky flower is presented to someone as a gift, and most often the person who received the gift does not even know how to find the right approach to the evergreen beauty so that she does not die.
Gardenia is very light-loving, and it needs a full-fledged source of light throughout the day. However, protect the evergreen from direct sunlight at noon, at which time it is better if the lighting is scattered.
Therefore, western or eastern windows will be an excellent option for placing the pot.
How to care at home
Not every lover can do all the whims of gardenia jasmine-like, so grow it as a usual unpretentious houseplant experienced flower growers do not recommend.
But as mentioned above, the main thing is a great desire, perseverance and effort to do everything right, following the suggested recommendations.
Watering and humidity
I propose to consider in detail the issue of how to water the gardenia jasminoid, because almost every flower needs moisture to grow properly in order to remain beautiful and maintain a decorative appearance.
The soil of the plant should always be slightly wettherefore, abundant watering is welcomed in spring and summer, and in winter - moderate. The idea of the harmonious existence of a gardenia in a pot is to absolutely not allow the earthen clod to dry out, while there should not be watery stagnation in the roots either.
At any time of the year, water for irrigation should be used soft and not cold (to soften it, add 2 drops of lemon juice to a liter of liquid). It is better not to experiment with tap water, but to give preference to filtered rainwater.
It should be watered through the top of the pot, and the water formed in the pan should be drained 20 minutes after the procedure. High humidity of this flower is especially necessary when budding, otherwise inflorescences can simply stop their development and fall off.
It is recommended to place the pot in a container with wet sphagnum or expanded clay, which will provide drainage - so that the bottom does not touch the water. Be sure to daily moisten the leaves, in the summer should be sprayed several times a day, in the winter - it will be enough once. The procedure should be carried out mainly in the morning and in the afternoon so that the krone can dry before the onset of twilight.
Soil and dressing
This beautiful flower is also very fastidious to the composition of the earth. Since he has a slightly sour soil in priority, and he does not tolerate lime, the land for Azaleas can be used for planting.
But to prepare their own soil for gardenia jasminoid is also quite realistic. For this, it is necessary to combine sand, parts of sod, coniferous peat and leafy land in equal quantities. For feeding plants it is better to use liquid types of fertilizers.
The use of mineral fertilizers will help to improve it and keep it always in shape, but when choosing a fertilizer for gardenia jasminoid, preference should be given to preparations without the addition of calcium, otherwise the effect may be reversed.
Experienced growers also advise some “folk” methods of feeding the soil. For example, in order to keep the flower healthy, add half a teaspoon of Aktiferrin (the drug is sold at the pharmacy) in half a glass of water and water the growing gardenia once every two weeks. But for an adult flower it is better to give such liquid weekly.
A large role in the successful cultivation and care of sanitary pruning plays a jasmine-shaped gardenia after each flowering. This procedure perfectly stimulates the growth of the flower and maintains its decorative state.
Sick and weak leaf cuttings, as well as cuttings with fading flowers, should be removed immediately. The remaining shoots after pruning can be used to propagate the plant.
Features care in the winter
The main enemy of gardenia in the winter time is drafts. It is also necessary to adhere to the minimum allowable temperature regime of not less than +16 ° C, as the plant, suffering from an excess of moisture, may begin to fade, the leaves will begin to lose its unique tone, and the buds will fall off without opening. In winter, the window sills facing the south side will be good for plant placement.
How to transplant gardenia at home
It is advisable to perform transplantation of jasmine-shaped gardenia every couple of years, but in no case during flowering, otherwise buds may fall off. A transplant of a plant occurs this way:
- First you need to remove the gardenia from the pot and, gently brushing off the roots of the old soil, place it in the solution (room temperature) of the biostimulator for the time specified on the package.
- At the bottom of the pot should be placed steamed drainage, then add sand, then a layer of charcoal, and then add soil above.
- During the preparation of the soil for transplanting, gardenia was well fed, being in solution. Now it should be carefully, trying not to damage the root system, divided into several shoots, distribute the roots and place in a pot, slightly sprinkling the soil.
- After the flower has successfully “migrated” back to the pot, the rest of the biostimulator should be poured into it and placed in a warm place where the direct rays of the sun and drafts will not disturb it.
- After planting should not be watered very often, but rather give the plant a "drink" only when the earth dries out a little, about 2 centimeters deep.
Why leaves turn yellow and fall
There are many other troubles that amateur gardeners may encounter, such as yellowing leaves. I propose to analyze the possible reasons why the gardenia jasminoid.
The fact is that the yellowing symptoms of the leaves are caused by various factors, the first of which is improper transplantation. Small roots, which are responsible for the nutrition of the whole plant, are damaged when replacing the soil. As a result, frightening yellowness appears in gardenia jasminoid and leaves quickly fall down (several per day).
Otherwise, the flower may be sick with a shield. This is an unpleasant infection, which also causes yellowing of the leaf plate. On its reverse side are brown spots, which are easily removed without damaging the sheet.
Another reason for the poor condition of the plant is its irrigation with too hard water, as a result of which the acidity of the soil is disturbed and the plant ceases to absorb iron correctly.
You will not regret for a second about your decision to bring this wonderful plant with intoxicating aroma into the house. The main thing is to adhere to all the advice and satisfy all the whims of the naughty gardenia and then the care for her and her originality will bring you the most positive emotions.