General information

Sausage for stony gardens

The decorative properties of saxifrage amaze with their originality, beauty and simplicity. The highlight of the plant is in its long hanging whiskers, at the ends of which young rosettes are formed, which, in turn, also produce shoots with smaller rosettes.

Thus, it turns out a spectacular ampelous composition consisting of several tiers of leaves and flowers. Sockets are used for procreation, which greatly facilitates the process of reproduction. And if you add to these advantages and unpretentiousness in the care, saxifrage becomes an ideal indoor plant.

Kamnelomka is a perennial, rarely one or two year old, herbaceous plant of the family Kamnelomkovye. Under natural conditions, it grows in areas with a temperate and cold climate in the Northern Hemisphere. It prefers stony river banks and mountains.

From Latin, the name of the flower translates as "breaking stones", which indicates its ability to adapt to the harsh mountain conditions. Paving the way to life, the stone-sawing stone penetrates into the cracks of the stones, eventually destroying them. The people of saxophone are called "spider", "hair of Venus" or "beard."

Types and varieties

About 400 species of saxifrage are known, however in the room conditions only camouflage weaving is grown, or Saxifraga stolonifera. Another name is the scabbard, or Saxifraga sarmetosa. Under natural conditions it grows in the mountains of China and Japan. The species, reaching a height of 20-50 cm, is predominantly grown as an ampelous plant.

Long leaf, covered with soft hairs leaves collected in a dense rosette. In shape, they are round, have a heart-shaped base. The dark green upper surface of the leaf plate is decorated with light streaks, and the back side has a red-green tint. On the reddish peduncles bloom white or red small flowers collected in racemes. The flowering period is several months from May to August.

Botanical description

Almost all members of the genus are herbaceous perennials, whose height varies from 5 to 70 cm. They have rhizomes and basal rosettes of leaves, expand to the sides, forming derninki: sometimes very dense, like hemispheres, sometimes loose.

Depending on the species, leaves of various shapes (oval, heart-shaped, feathery, diamond-shaped) are found; they are smooth leathery, hairy, painted in dark green or bluish, bluish, silvery shades. On the surface of the plant, it is often possible to see the greyish limescale that they excrete.


Yellow-flowered saxifrage

Small flowers, pyatilepestkovye, have the correct stellate shape. There are single, but often collected in small inflorescences in the form of a panicle, the color depends on the variety (white, pink, yellow). Flowering is usually long lasting.

Growing of stonefrag

It is impossible to give the same recommendations for the cultivation of all saxifrage. A variety of species require a wide variety of conditions. The saxifrage, which can now be found in the gardens of flower growers, is usually undemanding to the conditions of growth, winter-hardy species. The main thing that they need is a bright place and light, moderately fertile and moist drained soil. More demanding types of saxifrage may prefer shady places to protect delicate leaves from sunburn.

Soil on the degree of fertility can also be different. For some, dry and rich in humus is preferable, for others - moderately fertile with an alkaline reaction. Kamnelomku obtolistnaya prefers an acidic soil, for k. Long-leaf area need to lime, and to. Paniculate will grow well on neutral soil, rich in calcium, and on slightly acidic.


Sausage with pink flowers

It is important to ensure that the soil around the plant is always moderately wet, but without stagnant water. Spraying of plants is also useful, as they like the increased air humidity. It is enough to feed kamnelomki twice a season with complex mineral fertilizers.

You should know that these plants are very sensitive to various plant residues falling on their pads. For example, if the leaves of the trees fall on stonework, they will begin to vypryvanie.


Delicate saxifrages

To retain moisture is useful mulching light gravel. Also, it protects the plants from overheating, and the root cervix of the saber-hemlock - from damming. Species requiring special conditions are grown by amateur collectors.

Vegetative reproduction

The saxifrage easily reproduce by dividing the bush in August. They dig up a bush and break it up into several delicacies, which are placed on new places.

In June-July, some types of saber-shreds, which form long lateral shoots, can be propagated by cutting. Cut branches up to 10 cm in length and plant them in loose, peaty-sandy, moist soil, shading from above. During the summer, the cuttings take root and form small independent rosettes, which are covered for the winter with a layer of leaves.


Planting of saxifrage

You can transplant plants into pots and put them in a wintering room. The following year they are planted in the garden, and they will already bloom.

The saxiformes themselves breed by rooting cuttings. In contact with the ground, their creeping shoots give roots and form new plants.

Seed propagation

For reproduction using fresh (maximum three years) seeds. Since most species require stratification, they can be sown in the open ground before winter or kept in the cold at home.

Seeds (very small) are placed superficially on the soil and lightly sprinkled with sand. The box is covered with film and put in the refrigerator for 3 weeks. By the way, some rare species require a longer period of cold.

After stratification, crops are removed and placed in a bright place. After 1-2 weeks, germination begins. When 2-4 true leaves appear, the seedlings swoop into separate cups.


Sausage seedlings in pots

In May, the seedlings are quenched by opening a window or carrying it outside. In early summer, grown plants can be planted in the ground. In the first year, the saxworm will gain vegetative mass, and bloom for the next season. Some species can germinate only after a year, so the pots with non-clumped seeds should be kept wet during this period before germination.

Seeds of hymene hybrids of Arendsa are usually commercially available. They do not require special preparatory activities. Sow the seeds in March for seedlings or at the beginning of May immediately to open ground. You can take a look at our market, where the seeds of saber-worm from different manufacturers are presented.

general description

The saxifrage, in Latin called Saxifraga, - It is a perennial, most often herbaceous, belonging to the large family of Kamenelomkovy. Also in the genus there are one or two year old herbs.

The Latin name of the plant means "breaking stones" and indicates that we are a resident of the harsh mountains.

The roots of this representative of the flora can surprisingly grow through the stone. First, the plant fills the roots with cracks in the stone, and then eventually breaks it, freeing itself a place in the sun in this way. Kamnelomka grass can easily climb the mountain slopes, growing widely and forming picturesque tiers of lush greenery and bright colors.

In the genus Kamnelomok there are, according to various sources, from 350 to 450 species of ground-covering and creeping plants. The distribution area of ​​them is extensive. The saxifrage grow in mountainous areas with a temperate climate, in the middle belt, and in the polar tundra. But the most typical places of their habitat are mountains and rocky river banks, located in China and Japan.

As a rule, the saxifrage plant is a short, overgrown bush. no more than 50-70 cm, completely covered with flowers. Collegiate leaves are often rounded in shape, but there are also varieties with pinnate or palmate leaves. They are colored green, which may be lighter or darker depending on the species. There are very spectacular species and varieties with leaves, decorated with silver patterns.

The special decoration of saxifrage - It is a scattering of bright five-petal flowers of white, pink, red or crimson color. They reach a diameter of no more than 2 cm, but the plant can boast a very abundant flowering. Flowers bloom on long peduncles, singly or collected in paniculate inflorescences, proudly towering above the green mass of the bush.

In the period of flowering, the Camfishes represents the florist a gorgeous sight - a colorful carpet consisting of lush greenery, completely covered with bright colors.

The blooming of saxifrage starts in May-June and lasts about a month, after which a large number of small black seeds form in the fruit boxes. The seeds of saxifrage are notable for their excellent germination, which makes it easy to propagate a beloved plant.

The Kamenelomka flower is most often grown in parks, squares, in garden plots. It is used to fill the space in the flower beds, as a floral curb. But the stone-sawing stone is especially good in rock gardens, rockeries, retaining walls and other landscape design details. Some types of plants can be successfully grown at home.

See further photos of saxifrage:

The following types of saxifrage are most common:

    • Burdenitz - a perennial variety with spectacular feathery leaves and an umbrella inflorescence consisting of small white flowers. Grown not only for the sake of beauty, but also as a medicinal plant.

    • Arendsa - a popular undersized hybrid that grows well in the middle lane and even in northern latitudes. At the time of flowering in the garden forms a thick colorful carpet of pink or bright red flowers. Suitable for indoor growing.

      Weave or scrub - An interesting perennial plant from 20 to 50 cm in height. Differs in the presence of long filament rooting lashes. The leaves of Kamnelom are collected in a rosette and are woven in shape, rounded, having a heart-shaped base and crenobodal blade edges.

    The plant also has an unusual form of flowers with petals of different lengths of white and reddish color. This type of saxifrage is often grown in room culture. Thanks to the air hanging stalks-stolons, the plant is popularly called “hair of Venus”, “beard” or “spider”.

    • Paniculata or forever - a miniature plant, reaching a height of no more than 8 cm. It differs from its congeners by small fleshy leaves with jagged edges of blue-green color, growing from a dense rosette and forming dense thickets. On the edges of the leaves, protruding lime is observed. Paniculate inflorescences are formed from yellow, red or white flowers with red dots. Paniculata kamnelomku usually planted in rock crevices between the rocks on the slopes of the rock garden, necessarily providing the plant with humus soil.

    • Cesium, otherwise sizolistnaya - herbaceous perennial with branching shoots and a thin rhizome. Growing, it forms a thick turf. On erect peduncles bloom delicate white flowers. Flowering begins in July and early August. Cesium is the most capricious type of saxifrage that only an experienced florist is able to tame.

    • Hard - a variety with creeping stems, forming a loose cushion with a height from 2 to 20 cm on the stones. The rigid leaves with cloves at the edges have an oblong linear shape. The plant blooms in June or July yellow with red blotches of single flowers. For good development, it requires calcium-rich soil.

The saxifrage is a flower that can be called one of the most unpretentious plants. Being a native of the mountains, it is characterized by endurance, longevity and is not afraid of frost. Nevertheless, there are a number of conditions under which the plant develops best and shows itself in all its glory. These include moderate watering without waterlogging, the correct composition of the soil, sufficient lighting with light shading and regular fertilizing with the mineral complex.

In the conditions of an apartment the plant feels rather well. He is pleased with the low humidity and coolness. But the most important difficulty of keeping saxifrage in the pot - is the observance of the correct mode of irrigation. The fact is that this representative of flora is not able to cope with excessive amounts of moisture in the soil.

From overwetting the roots quickly rot, so that the green pet may die. Therefore, moderation in watering is extremely important for saxifrage.

Useful video

You can learn more about the features of saxifrage on the video below:

Such an unusual and charming plant, as Saxifrage, will not leave anyone indifferent. Having settled this unpretentious green pet on your plot or in the house, for many years you will be able to admire its lush greenery and thick carpet of delicate and bright flowers.

Arenda's Moss-shaped White Scenery: Purple carpet and other varieties

It is a garden mossy hybrid, an evergreen stem and perennial, forming a dense leaf pillow about 10-15 cm high. The flower looks very nice and looks like soft “pillows”.

The plant has three or five lobed light green leaves and beautiful small white flowers. They are collected in loose brushes of 5-9 flowers each. White stonefloss blooms especially abundantly in May – June, propagated by cuttings in June – July and seeds for seedlings.

The most popular varieties of this hybrid are saxifrage:

"Purple carpet".

"Purpurteppich".

"Schneeteppich".

"Dornroschen".

Peter Pan.

Paniculata (saxifraga) Bedrunner

This plant species is distinguished by a complex root system and creeping leaves that can grow from the root itself and form bulky rosettes.

The leaves of the saxifraest femur leathery, fleshy, rounded, with a pleasant to the touch velvety surface. On the leaves of this plant there is a grayish bloom, as it is able to excrete lime on the surface of the leaves.

Blossom bedrock kamnelomka, whose photo is presented below, begins in late spring:

The flowering period begins in the last days of May and lasts until the end of August. Flowers can be white, crimson, pink and yellow. The flower has five petals collected in paniculate or umbellate inflorescence. At the end of the period of flowering of the saxifrage paniculate pancreas (approximately in September), the plant has a fruit box, containing a lot of seeds.

Kamnelomka (saxifraga) It is cold-resistant, it is used for decorating stony hills and borders along with other perennial flowering crops. Great for planting in tight shade on well-drained wet soils. It is combined with black currant, elderberry, edible honeysuckle.

Stonewash kamnelomka: “Purple Mantel” and other varieties

Another very attractive view of this plant is Saxifraga caespitosa. Scenery saberfoot is a moss-like plant, preferring stony slopes for growth.

The bushes of this plant reach a height of only 5 cm, the height of peduncles reaches 20 cm. The leaves are small, collected in rosettes, the flowers are also not large and reach only 1 cm in diameter. They are collected in paniculate or thyroid inflorescences, blooming in late May or early June.

The most popular are the varieties of this flower, which are crossed with soddy and rose-shaped species of this flower:

Saverbird "Purplemantel" characterized by beautiful flowers of pink and purple.

"Rose-kenigen" - has beautiful pink inflorescences, very fluffy.

"Triumph" - saxifrage red and ruby ​​red.

The photos of the saxifrage species presented below clearly demonstrate the beauty of this beautiful and unpretentious plant:

Like other varieties of this flower, soddy varieties get along perfectly on alpine hills and rockeries. They tolerate shade and lack of moisture.

Flower carpet of shadow stoneframe

Saxifraga Umbrosa Flower refers to the shade-loving varieties of this plant. Shadow-saxifrage is a whole-leafed evergreen perennial that forms thickets reaching a height of 20 cm.

The leaves are distinguished by uneven edges and have an oval shape, they are spatulate, shiny, dark green, purple below, resistant to cold.

The flowering period occurs in mid-summer, the plant blooms with flower rosettes that rise on short peduncles up to 25 cm long. The flowers are small, white at the edges, and purple in the center.

In addition to the peduncles from the center of the outlet, short recumbent shoots also grow, which are called stolons. They reach a length of 5-10 cm and at their ends have the beginnings of future outlets. Shoots-stolons live only one year, because in the winter they just die off like a strawberry mustache.

Этот вид растения способен образовывать очень густые и плотные заросли, образованные из множества розеток. However, the growth of the thickets of the flower carpet of saxifrage is very slow, therefore, very often the cover formed by the rosettes of this flower consists of a curtain separated from each other.

This flower looks especially good and grows under trees and among tall bushes, for example, among geraniums. The flower tolerates shade, reproduction occurs vegetatively.

Arctic Fortress

The homeland of the plant Saxifraga fortunei is Sakhalin, Japan, the Peninsula of Korea and the Kuriles. This is a perennial plant with a height of 10-20 cm and has a short rhizomatous structure.

The leaves are large, round, lobed, basal, located on long petioles and having cloves.

The arctic Forchuna kasnelomka blooms with white openwork inflorescences-panicles, the diameter of one flower reaches 1 cm. The flowering period falls in August-September.

Forchuna nadrezolopastnaya or Saxifraga fortunei var. incisolobata. But in the middle band, its cultivation has not yet been tested.

Alpine snow stonework

The frost-resistant alpine snow cauliflower is very popular.

It is a ground cover perennial that looks perfect between other plants and on an alpine slide.

The plant reaches a height of 20 cm and forms a dense deciduous carpet, which is covered in spring with large star-shaped flowers of white color and creates a real “snow” carpet underfoot. Therefore, it is also often called alpine stone-feline, which develops well in a humid and cold climate.

This plant looks good in combination with other low-growing plants, for example with low irises and sedums. Loves penumbra, although it can grow in the sun.

Species of saxifrage: photo, name and description

The huge kingdom of saxworm is divided by botanists into sections, and those in turn into subsections. It is not necessary to know the exact classification of stone-saws, but if you consider the belonging of a particular variety or species to a particular group, it is easier to deal with agricultural technology.

The most common, very simple saxifrages, looking like pillows, are saxifraga of the Saxifraga section:

stoneworm turfy(S. caespitosa)

Aremus stoneworm(S. x arendsii)

These species and their varieties form mats that can be grown just in the foreground of a flower bed, along paths or between steps of stairs, as a ground cover. These plants are very unpretentious, winter-hardy, endure short-term flooding and dryness. All of their agrotechnology for the care of stonefragers will be reduced to periodic, once every five years, pereserenkovyu because old plants are laid bare in the middle and require renewal. Plants remain low even during the period when the seeds ripen.

As seen in the photo, this species of saxifrage blooms is abundant, luxuriant:

The members of the Gymnopera section are mostly bigger, with juicy, fleshy leaves. They grow quite slowly, blooming with whitish flowers on long peduncles. They prefer shady places, they can be used in forest areas both in crevices and simply in flower beds.

Then begins the Alpine aristocracy. Species of the Ligulatae section are also called silver saxifrag. They are really silver! Not at all similar to the previous groups, their leaves are hard, covered with numerous white outgrowths and specks. The section is numerous, the most popular can be called:

stoneworm paniculata(S. paniculata)

saxifrage long-leaved(S. longifolia)

kamnelomka stupid(5. cotyledon)

Other species are no less beautiful! The plants are decorative all year round (after all, their leaves are evergreen), they bloom in early summer.

Pay attention to the photo - these small stones are small, white or freckled, gathered in complex inflorescences on relatively long stems:

Silver saxifragam on the garden is not the place. There, they will be crushed by more nimble neighbors, and the winter or spring moisture will be destructive for them. These aristocrats should live on an alpine hill, running the roots between the limestone blocks. They need a lot of light and periodic moisture in dry periods.

The most exquisite, most impressive saxifrage belong to the Porphyrion section, or inlaid. These miniature species in nature are found in the most severe conditions. Abroad, these plants are very popular, breeders have long been engaged in their crossing and brought a lot of stunning varieties.

As shown in the photo, the cultivation and care of stonefriars are possible in pots:

This is due to the fact that, firstly, some species and varieties require strict adherence to moisture and soil conditions, therefore they are kept in special alpine greenhouses. Secondly, saxifrage is grown in pots to exhibit at exhibitions. And, thirdly, saxifrage perfectly grow in conditions when the space for the development of roots is limited.

List the types and varieties of porphyrions meaningless. If you see a tiny bump of textured leaves, completely covered with flowers, almost not towering above the plant or, conversely, collected on a bizarrely curved peduncle - in front of you porphyrion.

The saxifrage of other sections is either rarely in culture or not decorative enough.

Look at the photos of stonefowl, described above:

Stonework in the garden: growing conditions and care

Do you want a tiny rug to be covered with breathtaking flowers in your garden every spring? For planting and caring for stonefriars it is best to build a rock garden. The most luxurious saxifrags can grow exclusively in the crevices between the stones, preferably limestone. Full sun or the lightest pritenka, watering, but without stagnant moisture, permeable, but rather nutritious soil and mandatory gravel mulch - this is a “gentleman's set” for saxifrage. The exceptions are the most unpretentious and rather large ones: Arends stone-shrub, shadow, round-leaved and some others. They can be used in ordinary flower beds.

Pay attention to the photo - planting and caring for saber-scrapers can be carried out not only in Alpinhaus:

Most porphyrions feel great between stones in an open rock garden. In order to grow saber-hemlock healthy, as practice shows, the main thing is to provide them with loose soil containing limestone gravel, drainage and gravel mulch. In particularly wet periods, it would be good to cover the saxifrage from rain.

In nature, there are pillows of saxifrage up to a meter in diameter, their age is even difficult to imagine. In the garden, these plants are less durable, because artificially created conditions are rarely perfect. The saxifrage require periodic renewal; young plants tolerate various cataclysms much better.

True aristocrats, saxifrage can not do without disease. True, they usually manifest themselves either from old age, or from the wrong agrotechnology. The main symptom of the disease - browning of individual outlets. They need to be removed, the plants sprayed with a fungicide and lime the soil.

Saberwalk reproduction: how to grow a flower from rosettes and seeds

The breeding of stonefishes is possible with rosettes and seed method. It is easy to get the “youth” - it is necessary to cut the individual sockets, tearing them away from the mother plant as deep as possible. As a rule, in saxifrage, all shoots go from the root collar, but they often have adventitious short roots, which, if necessary, quickly develop into a full-fledged root system.

Rooting cuttings better in coarse sand, under a layer which use loose soil mixture.

Spring cuttings rooted for a month, summer longer. In the process of rooting, it is necessary to monitor the moisture content of the substrate. The saxifrage can be transplanted, preferably in the spring after flowering.

In breeding, as well as in the reproduction of species, sowing of seeds is used. Here, for different types, the techniques will be different: for example, Arends’s stone-sawing blade rises very quickly when sown in heat, and almost all porphyrions and silver stone-cuttings will require stratification. Seedlings develop slowly, in compact species in the first year of life only one outlet grows.

These photos show how to grow stonework from seeds:

Plant description

Saxifrage (Saxifraga) - perennial (rarely found one- and two-year species) of the family of stone-heel (Saxifragaceae). The name of the plant comes from two Latin words: "saxum" - rock and "fragere" - to break. This is due to the ability of the plant to settle in the crevices of the rocks and its roots to destroy the rock. The common name of kamnelomki is “gap-grass”.

In the natural environment, there are about 400 different types of saxifrage. In the gardens cultivated no more than 80 species. The most widespread in temperate and northern latitudes, including the Arctic regions.

The saxifrage, the beauty of which you can appreciate even in the photo, is an undersized plant capable of forming a decorative rug. The leaves of different plant species are very diverse in shape and type of surface: they can be thick, leathery, dense, fleshy, rounded or slightly elongated. The color of the leaves varies from dark green to gray-green tones.

Flowers of saxifrage small, collected in racemes or paniculate inflorescences. The most common species with white inflorescences, at least - with pink or red flowers.

Photo Gallery

Featherbird

The saxiframe is a perennial herb. Belongs to the family of umbrella. Most common in the Caucasus, Siberia and the European part. It grows in light pine forests, in glades, forest edges, open grass slopes.

Kamenolomka femme is a rather tall species. Erect stems can reach 60 cm in height.

The flowers of this type of stone quarries are white, gathered in umbrella inflorescences, formed in May-June.

This type of stone quarries is rarely cultivated as an ornamental plant. Most often it is grown because of its medicinal properties. In folk medicine, use all parts of the plant: roots, stems, leaves, flowers and seeds.