Lychnis, or dawn, is a plant from the family of cloves, which has family connections with the genus smolyovka.
The name Lychnis comes from the Greek word "lychnos" - a lamp, because the flowers of this plant are like small bright lanterns.
Dawn is a perennial that has a height of 40 to 100 cm, the height depends on the species. The plant has erect stems and leaves lanceolate-ovate.
Dwarf flowers are mainly collected in corymbose or capitate inflorescences, at least - single. Petals of the plant are divided into different depths and dicotyledons. The fruit is a box with seeds of dark brown color.
Types of juniper
According to various sources, there are from 25 to 50 species of this plant. Here are some of them:
- Kukushkin color, or kukushkin Adonis, this species came from Europe, where it grows just along the roads, on pastures and meadows. Kukushkin color is a rosette of oval-shaped leaves. The upper and middle leaves have a linear-lanceolate form and a pointed tip. The plant has many stems, the height of which can reach 90 cm. Flowers of this species have five petals, which are divided into four lobes, because of this the flower has a messy appearance.
- Dawn ordinary, or Chalcedony look. The birthplace of Cholcedonian Lichnis is the middle zone of Russia, Mongolia and Kazakhstan. This perennial plant has a height of 35 to 100 cm. Its stems are lowered and unbranched. Spatula leaves, located opposite, have a length of 2 to 12 cm, and the width reaches 5 cm. Flowers are collected in inflorescences of 10 or 50 pieces. It has bright red flowers. The shape of the flower resembles the Maltese cross. Campion Chalcedony is also called maiden or cuckoo soap. It begins to bloom in June, the color can be red, pink and white. Caring for him is quite simple.
- Koronchaty. This is a perennial, which has a height of 45 to 80 cm, it is completely unpretentious. Lychnis koronchaty has felted leaves of a grayish shade and very bright purple flowers that bloom one after another, that is, in turn. Lychnis koronchaty very self-sowing.
- View Haage. The plants of this species are stunted garden hybrids, they adorn the gardens both during and after flowering. Blooms bright red flowers. Flowering begins in late June and lasts a little more than a month. This type of unpretentious and dry.
- Alchnius alpine is a short-growing species, its height very rarely reaches 40 cm. It has reddish stems, they are erect and unbranched, their surface is glossy. The leaves are opposite, rather narrow, lanceolate, form a ground rosette. This plant blooms from late June to August. The species is found in northern Europe and America, Greenland. Alpine hills can be decorated with its landing.
- Viskaria, or tar tar. This name appeared because the stalks of this species are sticky, different insects stick to them very often. Plant height reaches meter. It blooms crimson, pink and white flowers, inflorescences are often collected in a whisk. Flowering begins in late May and lasts more than a month.
- Lichnis Arkwright is an ornamental low-growing plant whose bushes have orange-red flowers. His landing will not take you much time and effort.
- Sparkling. It blooms very beautiful red flowers, they have deeply divided petals in two. The height of this plant is 60 cm. Flowering begins in late June or early August.
- View of Jupiter, its alpine slopes are considered its birthplace. This species is decorative and has a lot of garden forms. Begins to bloom in mid-summer.
Growing a flower and caring for it
It is best to grow litnis in places that are very well lit. Species such as Chalcedony and Haage can be grown in partial shade, it will not cause them any harm.
When caring for this plant, one should not forget about groundwater - they should not stagnate in the places where Lichnis is planted, because this can lead to the decay of the plant roots. But such a kind as Kukushkin color can grow on wetlands and on the banks of reservoirs.
Dawn should be planted in light and not necessarily acidic soil, for better drainage it is necessary to mix sand into the soil.
- Watering in very dry periods.
- Weed removal and periodic soil loosening.
- Top dressing of a plant is very important. This should be done in the spring.
- The flowering period will prolong the periodic removal of the inflorescences that have faded.
- For winter, you need to completely cut off the aerial part of the plant.
Propagation of lichen
Campion can be propagated by seed and vegetatively.
- Reproduction by seeds. When cultivating Lychnisa in this way, it can be planted in open ground in early spring, late autumn, or immediately after harvest. Whenever seeds are planted, the plant will bloom next year. But with the autumn planting, the campion may bloom next summer.
If you want it to bloom in the same year, then the seed should be planted in March for seedlings. To increase the germination of the plant, the seeds must be stratified for four weeks, this is done in the refrigerator. Containers with seedlings should be placed in a well-lit place where the temperature reaches 18 degrees. After a few weeks should appear sprouts.
- Vegetative reproduction. The cultivation of Lychnis in a vegetative way begins in the fall. To do this, you need to divide the four-year bushes into parts, then the delenki are planted in open ground at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
This method is mainly used for growing terry forms, because it is almost impossible to grow such forms from seeds.
Diseases and pests
With improper care and excessive wetting of the soil there is a danger that the roots of the plant will rot, and rust and blotchiness will appear on the leaves. To avoid this, care should be correct, watering - regular, there should be no stagnant moisture. If you find fungal lesions on the plant, then use fungicides.
Against the grassworm, aphid, or spider mite, the plant should be treated with a decoction of tobacco or tomato tops, and if numerous larvae have appeared, you should use insecticides.
The use of limestone in landscape design
This plant can be used for the design of flowerbeds and borders. Campion will bring bright spots into the interior of the gardens.
It combines very well with bluebells, gaillardes or yellow daylily flowers. Will harmoniously look with red flowers. Lychnis alpine is well suited for decorative slides, it will look great among the stones.
The adolescent cuckoo can be planted near the edges of decorative ponds. For bouquets, these flowers are not suitable, because after cutting they do not last long.
Campion can decorate any area and flower garden, as the plant is very beautiful and has flowers of many shades. This plant is very easy care, and it does not require much attention.
Propagation of spawn
Perennials breed easily cuttings, dividing the bush and seeds:
- Shrubs are divided in spring or autumn into separate delenki, which immediately land on a new permanent place.
- Cuttings harvested from young shoots in early summer. Each stalk should have a length of 20-25 cm. The segments are planted on a seedling bed under the film, and after rooting and the beginning of the growth of new shoots, they are seated in permanent places.
- Seeds in open ground are sown in spring. Before sowing, river sand and humus are introduced into the soil. Planted in moist soil seeds covered with foil. At a temperature of + 18- + 20C, seedlings will sprout approximately three weeks after planting. After the appearance of 3-4 leaves, seedlings are seated on their permanent place. Blossom grown from the seeds of lihnisa will only next year.
All the beauty of Lichnis disclosed in group plantings. They can be planted separately or combined with chrysanthemums, asters or perennial carnations. With proper planting and care, perennials will look spectacular and will decorate every corner of the garden with their long flowering.