General information

Breeds of laying hens in Ukraine


The choice of the breed of laying hens should be taken responsibly to the owner of the farmstead in order to get a good result, and accordingly a decent profit from the sale of products. It is necessary to take into account the costs of laying hens, their egg production, breed immunity, how much feed they need, and many other factors.

A variety of breeds, and basically, crosses, which are also sometimes called that, can confuse even a poultry farmer with experience, where can a novice figure it out. Generally speaking, if we speak correctly, then the laying hens should be called “egg hens,” but this is not so important. It is important to understand for yourself - chickens, what breed you want to purchase and determine the number of livestock.

The best egg breeds:

  • Leggorn
  • Hisex,
  • Russian white,
  • Oryol,
  • Kuchinskaya Anniversary,
  • Loman Brown,
  • Minorca and their crosses.

To make a choice, let's consider the description of the most popular breeds of laying hens in Ukraine and abroad.

Laygorn breed

Leggorn of the Leggorn breed was brought to the Soviet Union from the USA in 1925, nowadays they are distributed in Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and other countries of the world. They have strong immunity and easily adapt to any conditions.

Their description should be begun with the fact that chickens have a classic triangular, elevated body shape, characteristic of laying hens. Red earrings and a comb, a powerful beak, a rounded chest - all this makes the bird majestic and impassable. Legs are not thick, short, not covered with feathers, in chickens - yellow, in adult chickens - white, with blueness.

You can see in the photo that the tail of the roosters is raised, the chickens are hanging slightly. Snow - white chickens are popular, but there are also brown, black and even blue leggorny, the color palette has about 20 colors.

The bird is active, mobile, does not sit still, pecks on food, pebbles, searches for and finds insects and worms. Early, the chickens quickly gain weight and are covered with a feather, the immunity is high. Bird with high egg production, but more popular in the private sector, and when grown in farms, preference is given to crosses, rather than representatives of the pure breed, their egg production rates are higher, eggs are larger. The best crosses of the Leggorn breed: Cross Tetra, Belarus - 9, Izraun and others.

Russian white chickens

After leggorny were brought to the Russian farms, they began to use layers for breeding work with the local bird in order to increase the productivity and quality of eggs.

The description of Russian white chickens and the description of leggorn do not differ significantly. Subtle differences can be set by photo:

  • the backbone is rougher than that of the leggorn,
  • the body is slightly longer
  • the belly is more voluminous.

From this we can conclude that the description of Russian white chickens resembles the description of representatives of meat - egg breed.

Today, the best crosses of this breed are successfully grown in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and other countries. What explains such popularity? First of all, the resistant immunity of the bird at any age, and, of course, the fact that it has the best indicators of meat and eggs than leggorny. The bird tolerates cold winters, so it is successfully grown in areas with a cold climate.

Description of orlovskih layers

Look at the photo, what other egg-laying chickens can boast such an original appearance? Black, calico, fawn, they are equally beautiful. The short beak does not look frightening, and the feathers hanging along the neck fawn remind a gentle beard of a gentleman.

Strong legs are not covered with feathers, and only the roosters can have a small comb, in hens it is not sufficiently developed. Egg production is about 160 eggs per year. Chickens are well adapted to any conditions, therefore they are grown in many countries. Pavlovsky chickens, created on the basis of them, were not widely distributed, they are grown mainly in households.

What is unique Minorca

Lungs of these chickens can not be called, but they do not belong to moderate ones, therefore they occupy an intermediate position between them. Their main advantage is good egg production, and the eggs are rather large.

The bird comes from Spain, more precisely from the Mediterranean island of Minorca, which is why it received such a melodic name. Color - black, white and yellow, comb in the form of a leaf or rozovidny. The more the chicken meets the standards, the higher its productivity and endurance.

The body is slightly elongated, the bird is slender, graceful, the hens have high legs and deep chest. Paws and beak slightly brown.

Their content can not be called simple. Egg production depends on weather, feed and care. For terrain with a harsh climate Minorca with a leaf ridge is not suitable. It is better to grow chickens with a pinkish crest, it does not freeze in severe frosts. Roosters are large, their weight is more than three kilograms, chickens are a little more than two and a half.

In conclusion, I would like to say that although the description of the breeds has minor differences, but all the hens of the egg breed are fast, they have light bones, their plumage is strong, with a bright crest, in which there are about seven teeth and earrings. As a rule, the chicken weighs more than two kilograms, it loves free-range walking, and it begins to rush at four months, before the onset of physiological maturity.

Information for beginners

You probably met the word cross, and you thought - and how does the cross differ from the breed? When buying a cross, you should know that you will be satisfied with its productivity, but you will not be able to grow good hens out of its eggs, so be prepared to renew the bird next year. Despite this, crosses of hens of the egg breed are always popular and in demand.

Do not rush to buy, ask the poultry farmers with experience - whether to give preference to the breed you like, at the same time collect information on the reputation of suppliers. So you can protect yourself from the rash choice is not in your favor.

Caring for the bird must be organized as recommended, otherwise you risk not to wait for the eggs or remain disappointed with their number. Remember, overfeeding, as well as an insufficient amount of feed, non-compliance with the temperature regime and room lighting are important factors affecting egg production. Feeding chickens should be complete, balanced and varied.

Grow a bird, and let care for it brings you not only pleasure, but also tangible financial gain.