New Guinea balsam is an unpretentious flower, but if you provide him with the wrong care, he can stop blooming or die. With proper care, the plant will delight with its flowers all year round.. The main requirements include humidity and watering. Watering should be regular and abundant.
The optimal humidity is 50%. In hot weather, you need to water daily.to prevent the soil from drying out. In winter, watering should be reduced to 2 times a week.. Do not allow too dry air, flowers may fall. To increase the humidity, it is recommended to spray the plant with warm water, especially in winter. You can also increase the humidity by placing the pot on a tray with expanded clay, where water is poured.
Temperature and lighting
Balsam considered light-loving flower. He needs to find a place, avoiding direct sunlight. In winter, the plant must provide artificial additional lighting. Due to lack of light, shoots can stretch, the shape of the bush is deformed. Indoor flower is thermophilic, so it is necessary to provide it with an optimal temperature of 18 to 25 degrees. Since the flower does not tolerate changes and temperature fluctuations, you need to make sure that it is the same in summer and winter. You can make a flower on the balcony or the street for airing, but you should avoid drafts.
Soil and fertilizers
Indoor balsam prefers fertile, loose soil that is easily breathable. At the bottom of the pot it is necessary to make a drain so that the water does not stagnate in it. For the drainage may be suitable as expanded clay, and gravel. The soil can be purchased at the store, as well as independently prepare the soil composition of:
- leaf earth
- fertile soil
It is necessary to feed potash fertilizers every 2 weeks in the summer season. In the period of winter dormancy, the plant feeding is not needed.. Nitrogen fertilizers should be consumed as little as possible, up to 1 time per year. Since because of them there is a copious appearance and growth of foliage, which will lead to inhibition of flowering.
The balsam does not need a permanent pruning, it is allowed to pinch the young heads of the shoots, otherwise after trimming bare hemp will remain. Basically, the plant independently forms the decorative and lush shape of the bush.
Diseases and pests
Like all indoor flowers, balsam may be subject to diseases and pests. The most common are:
- fungal rot,
- spider mite,
When stem and root rot, white patina appears on shootsand they become soft. Cure the disease does not work, you can only stop it. To do this, the plant pruned all the affected parts, shoots and leaves. The flower is then treated with various fungicides. Pests can also cause great harm to the flower. The spider mite entangles the whole plant with its web, after which the leaves and flowers wither. The whitefly and aphids also cause great harm. When recognizing these pests, the flower should be placed in a separate room so that insects do not spread to other plants. Next, it is necessary to spray the drugs: Aktellik, Akarin.
What to do if the flower fades
If the flower begins to wither, there are possible reasons for this. They may be caused by improper and untimely care.:
- High temperature, low moisture. To do this, you can plant a shower, spray it and place the pot in a bowl of water for a few minutes.
- Insufficient lighting. You must choose a well-lit place.
- Lack or excess of fertilizers. It should be fed 2 times a month.
- Inappropriate pot size. Balsam loves a small pot to fill it with root.
With proper care and compliance with all rules of cultivation, indoor flower will delight its bloom all year round.
Features care in summer and winter
Winter and summer care is as follows.:
- In the summer as often as possible water, and in the winter watering is reduced.
- Temperature should be no more than 25 degrees in summer, and should not fall below 10 degrees in winter, otherwise the leaves will simply wilt.
- In winter, the flower is necessary additional lighting.
- Should reduce feeding balsamine in winter.
- Replanting and breeding best produced in spring or summer. In winter, this is not allowed.
In winter, the New Guinean balsam calmly endures all conditions, if it is provided:
- moderate watering,
- additional lighting,
- optimal humidity air,
- suitable the temperature,
- draft protection and cold.
Possible difficulties in the care
As for any indoor plant, and for balsamine, there may be some problems and difficulties when grown at home. The main and common problems are:
- Wilting and leaf fall. May occur at low temperatures below 10 degrees, or sparse watering.
- Stems are being pulled. Occurs at high temperature and lack of light. In this case, pruning will help.
- The appearance of insect pests. Most often occur with low humidity and lack of ventilation.
- Fall buds on the plant. Insufficient lighting, possible drying of the soil and high temperature in the room. Do not allow temperature drops.
- Leaves curl and fall. It is necessary for the plant to provide heat and reduce moisture. It is allowed to transplant the plant into loose and fertile soil.
- Leaves become pale. The reason for this is the lack of light, especially in winter.
Basic indoor views
Brought a fairly large number of varieties. Each of them has its own characteristic height, leaf color, shape of buds. Depending on the parameters, the following three groups are distinguished.
- Compact undersized bushes up to 20 cm high. They have small flowers. Perfectly are suitable for cultivation in pots on window sills, in greenhouses.
- Sprawling flowers of medium size. Have the shape of a pyramid. Look very nice in hanging pots.
- Powerful bushes up to 50 cm. Distinguished by erect shoots. In the interior, they are combined with other cultures, as in solitude they look poorly. Especially good in massive flowerpots.
There are several series that are recommended for home floriculture. They are described in the table.
Table - Indoor Species of the New Guinea Balsamine
You can also give preference to the Java variety, which boasts a wide palette of flower shades. Or you can pay attention to the Mini Jini with abundant blooms.
Light and the best place
The hybrid loves light, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. Therefore, it is recommended to place it on the west or east side. It can even stand in dark places, but in this case the quantity and quality of flowering will suffer.
If in autumn and winter the New Guinean balsam does not bloom, it means that it lacks daylight. Therefore, it should be extended to 14-16 hours. How to do it? Based on the reviews, an effective solution is the use of artificial light. There are special fitolamps that are absolutely safe for "impatiens".
The optimum temperature for a "Guinean friend" gardeners 18-24 ° C. In the summer, he is able to tolerate heat, but only under conditions of regular watering. The plant can be brought to the street with the onset of spring. The main thing is that the difference between the temperature during the day and at night should be 5-8 ° C. At 12 ° C the “touchy” dies.
Humidity and watering
The humidity level should be 40-60%. In summer, in extreme heat, you can put an open container with water next to the “touchy” one. It is recommended to use a spray bottle several times a week. The plant is watered two or three times a week.
In winter, the frequency of watering is reduced to once in 15-20 days. With working central heating and a dry microclimate, the plant needs additional spraying. Used filtered or boiled warm water. The procedure is performed in the morning and evening hours. It is possible to increase the level of humidity using a pallet in which pebbles or expanded clay are poured.
Although a balsam withstands all the hardships, it is not worthwhile to act according to the principle “It is better to pour than to pour. It is necessary to moisten the soil regularly in small portions, which will help to avoid stagnant water. The main sign of excessive watering is the formation of green moss on the surface of the soil. With an insufficient amount of "touchy" fade.
Soil and dressing
The soil should be moderately nutritious, loose and light. Acidity (pH) in the range of 5.8-6.2. You can use ready-made substrate for home cultures from the store. A drainage layer must be present. If you independently prepare the soil, then the following components will do:
They are taken in equal parts and mixed until a homogeneous mass. In the finished mixture you can add vermiculite, expanded clay crumb.
During the flowering period, “touchy” is fed with low concentration mineral complexes every two weeks. In winter, you can completely abandon the additional power. Convenient and easy to feed the plant, if you use liquid means, diluted in water for irrigation. It is recommended to give preference to complexes with a high content of potassium and phosphorus.
Pinching and transfer
Trimming is not worth it, as it will lead to the appearance of thick and ugly "stumps". Only young tops pinch in one and a half to two years. In principle, the hybrid itself perfectly forms a beautiful shape. The exception is the variety "Harmony", which needs pruning.
Having decided to transplant the "touchy", the gardener pays special attention to the choice of a pot. Capacity is selected in size slightly larger than the previous version. It should completely cover the roots and be cramped. This approach will provide the balsam with fluffy and abundant flowering. The plant does not have a rest period, so it is transplanted at any time every year. But it is recommended to choose an early spring. The procedure is carried out in six stages.
- A few hours before transplanting, we moisten the soil well.
- We are preparing a new soil for the New Guinean balsam.
- Remove the plant and shake the ground from the roots.
- In the new tank we are preparing a layer of drainage and soil, put a bush on top.
- Close the roots, lightly tamping.
- Pour a little water.
Features Balsam Novogvineisky propagation by cuttings is reproduced in spring or early summer. Young plants are best planted in vases of 9-12 cm. Two weeks after the procedure, the cuttings will take root. Flowering can be expected in 60-90 days.
- Sharp knife cut off the top of the shoot with three internodes.
- A cutting of 8-11 cm in length is placed in a pot with peat and sand, which are mixed in equal portions.
- In order to root the New Guinean balsam more quickly, the flowerpots are covered with polyethylene - a greenhouse effect is created.
Features Seeds are sown in February or March in peat land. Seedlings can be planted only when their height is 4 cm. Be sure to have two leaves. Flowering can be expected in 85-120 days.
- Pre-seeds are kept in a solution of potassium permanganate for ten minutes.
- After sowing, the soil is moistened, covered with film.
- Capacity with seeds put in a warm place with good lighting.
- Two weeks later, when shoots appear, the film is removed.
In most cases, plant diseases are the consequences of improper care. The main illnesses, problems and why they appear are described below.
- Drooping leaves. Most likely the temperature is elevated and not enough moisture in the soil. Water more often, “touchy”, carefully ventilate the room.
- Yellow, dry and fall leaves. Lots of moisture and low temperature. Put the pot in a warmer place and adjust the frequency of watering.
- Flowers and buds fall. Or do not appear at all. There is not enough light, dry and hot air. Avoid sudden changes in temperature, do not overfeed. Put the pot in a well-lit place.
- Leaves do not grow and turn pale. The size of the pot is not correct. The problem arises due to lack of makeup and light. Replant the "touchy" in a large capacity, providing good lighting and regular feeding.
- The leaves are curled. The plant is cold and damp. Transfer it to a warm and drier place.
- Weak flowering. Incorrect dressing. Reduce the dosage of fertilizers that contain nitrogen.
- Light spots on the leaves. The plant was sunburned or sprayed with hard water. Put the pot away from direct sunlight, use only filtered water for irrigation.
Often, pests appear only when the conditions of the plant are not respected. If the room is dry air, then there is a high probability of spider mites. He entangles the "touchy" web and sucks the juice from the plant. Often appear and thrips. With a weak lesion balsam is sprayed with alcohol or soapy water. If it is a lot of pests, then ready insecticidal composition will help.
One can observe how small white flies, whiteflies, appear on the "funky". Folk remedies will not help here. Treatment is best done with the help of drugs. The insect tape, which hangs near the flower, helps.
Botanical description and history
New Guinean hybrids first appeared on the flower market in 1972. They were bred by crossing the Indonesian Hoker variety with other types of balsam. Homeland New Guinea balsam are subtropics and tropics in Africa, Asia and America.
Depending on the place of growth and variety, the flower grows from 30 to 50 cm. The root system is strong and grows well. The plant has the appearance of a bush with many stems..
In oblong-oval pointed leaves:
- bright streaks,
- sawed edges,
- short scapes.
Flowers with figured petals can reach a size of 5-7 cm. Depending on the variety, they are single-color or two-color with patterns. At the top of the stems is one or more buds. Flowering lasts several months, this is influenced by climatic conditions and place of growth.
In place of the flower, a fruit is formed - an oblong box. Its outer part is divided by ribs. After the fruit ripens when touched, it opens, throwing out seeds. In nature, the flower multiplies that way.
Description of appearance and features
At home, New Guinean balsam can bloom for 10 months. Among flower growers, this property makes the plant very popular.
New Guinean hybrids are powerful and fleshy. They have strong shoots, bright asymmetrical flowers and very dense leaves. Of the many varieties of balsamine, these are distinguished by the beauty of flowering and the richness of greenery.
The peculiarities of varietal New Guinea balsam include the fact that the plant sheds leaves because of:
- lack of lighting,
- drying up the soil.
How the flower will bloom affects the choice of the pot, as well as the systematic introduction and composition of fertilizers.
New Guinean hybrids are valued for their coloring.. Flowers come in different shades:
- fuchsian etc.
Leaves in addition to bright dark green are bronze or with a yellowish enlightenment in the middle.
Next in the photo you can see the plant and admire the beauty of its flowering.
Can the plant be planted in the garden?
New Guinea Balsam - is one of the most simple plants in terms of care, both on the windowsill in the apartment, and in the garden. It is able to tolerate a small time drying and waterlogging of the soil.
Lighting and location
New Guinea Balsam prefers soft diffused light. It is impossible for it to fall into direct sunlight. The best location of the flower is the window sills of the windows facing west and east. In winter, when the daylight becomes shorter, the plant needs additional lighting. Otherwise, its shoots will stretch, and the leaves will begin to fall off.
The flower grows well in light fertile land. You can purchase ready-made substrate or prepare yourself by mixing:
- Fertile soil.
- Leafy ground.
Self-prepared mixture should be disinfected.
Care for the flower at home
How to care for a flower?
For normal growth in the home environment, a New Guinean room room balsam needs some care. The temperature should be 18 ° C ... 24 ° C. The flower has a negative effect:
- temperature below 10 ° C
- frosty air
Therefore, it should not be put on the windowsill in the kitchen, because there windows are often opened for ventilation.
The plant should be watered abundantly regularly, but only after the topsoil dries. It will not let rot appear. In winter, watering is reduced to two times a month., the water flowing into the pan should be poured.
These plants come from the tropics with high humidity, so when dry air they can throw buds and flowers.
Especially such a procedure is necessary in extreme heat and with the onset of the heating period. The leaves of the flower can be wiped with a damp sponge, thus they will be cleared of a layer of dust and will breathe freely.
Abundant flowering is impossible without top dressing. Twice a month, New Guinean balsam is fertilized with potassium mineral compounds. This element contributes to the formation of colors. No need to feed with pure nitrogen, through which the green mass will actively grow, and flowering will slow down.
New Guinea Balsam poorly tolerated pruning. If you want the bushes to look more dense and compact, you can pinch the tops of the shoots. Although the plant itself is able to form a lush form. To create the look and shape of a bush, it is allowed to trim only the Harmony view.
Once every 2-3 years the flower must be replanted. This is done in the spring. It is necessary to take a small pot, both in diameter and depth. In cramped conditions, the New Guinean balsam will grow lush. At the bottom to organize a drainage layer, for example, of expanded clay. The flower must be carefully transferred from pot to pot. Fill the resulting void with soil to such a level that the root neck rises 2 cm above it.
Common diseases and pests
In most cases, New Guinea Balsam falls ill from improper care. This is evidenced by the external state of its parts. When exposed to direct sunlight on the leaves appear yellow spots. This means that the flower got burned.
It so happens that when the heating is on, the balsam leaves start:
You need to install special trays with water and expanded clay or put a humidifier. If the colorful leaves always become pale, this indicates a lack of nutrients. Complex fertilizers will help them to become bright again.
To the decay of the root system and the stems of the New Guinean balsam, and subsequently to fungal diseases, results in:
- excessive watering
- waterlogging of the ground,
- too raw air.
What if it does not bloom?
The reasons that the New Guinea Balsam does not bloom may be:
- Lack of nutrients in the soil.
- Insufficient lighting.
- Excess fertilizer.
- Incorrect feeding, namely excess nitrogen.
At their elimination the flower will please with magnificent flowering.
Under natural conditions, balsam propagation occurs with the help of seeds. Houses to grow a flower in this way is difficult.
According to statistics from 10 seeds sown, only 5 germinate. Also, it must be borne in mind that young plants derived from seeds develop slowly, the slightest cause can lead to their death.
First you need to prepare a fertile soil, which gently spread the seeds. After that, sprinkle them with a small layer of earth. Then moisten, using a spray or a watering can with a spray.
All this to create a greenhouse effect should be covered with a transparent film or glass. It is necessary to open the container systematically for airing and moistening the soil, preventing the earth coma from drying out. The emergence of the first shoots can be expected in 1.5-2 weeks.
The most effective method of reproduction of New Guinean balsam is cutting. To do this, below the knot it is necessary to cut the cutting on which you want to remove the lower leaves. Plant it in prepared soil. It is necessary to put the cutting in a warm place where there is no draft and where direct sunlight does not penetrate. The stubs are formed after 14 days.
In the room conditions, the New Guinean balsam lives 4-5 years, then it needs to be updated. When grown in open ground, the plant becomes one-year.
A balsam is a flower that, although it does not smell, it stands out with magnificent flowering. It is widely used in landscaping personal sites. With the help of different in color flowers balsam Novogvineyskogo landscape designers create beautiful and unique compositions.