The strawberry raspberry bush reaches a height of 30 to 70 cm and is very thick. The whole plant is covered with thorns, so you should handle it carefully.
The homeland of the prickly beauty is Japan, but it is most valued and eaten in China and Western Europe. According to some sources, her winter hardiness is low, but there is absolutely accurate information that this plant with winter shelter feels perfect in Estonia and St. Petersburg, while it is actively propagating.
Strawberry raspberry itself breeds, so in advance (this is important!) Make sure that its roots do not occupy the space you need. Subsequently, it is very difficult to fight overgrowth, and on a large scale it is almost impossible. Therefore, you should dig in slate (to a depth of 50 cm) or plant where you have enough space for the whole plantation.
Planting strawberry raspberries. Photo by peterissupe
It is very simple to multiply strawberry raspberries: in early spring or late autumn, you should dig up bushes and plant at a new place. The landing pattern is as follows: in a row - 15 cm, and between rows - 30 cm.
This plant can also be grafted in the summer or sown directly with seeds. But the last way is better through seedlings, so safer.
During the season, the bushes do not need to be cut, but before winter, dry branches should be cut, and from the spring to wait for fresh green shoots. If you do not have particularly aggressive weeds in the area, then weeding can be neglected. In the turf, such a raspberry grows well with only one initial digging for planting.
In case of severe frosts, bushes should be covered for the winter, so you will increase the harvest of the next year.
Strawberry raspberry fructifies from mid-summer to frost. Every year the bushes grow stronger, and the harvest only increases in volume. In the first year, the fruits appear in July or August, and the crop ripens on the shoots of the first year. Berries can be dark cherry, bright red or even amber.
Ripening strawberry raspberry
It is best to collect the berry in a plastic container, shallow, so that it is not crumpled. Perfectly strawberry raspberry jam. And by all means try this simple recipe: cover the berry with peach or vanilla yogurt and eat with a spoon. Yummy!
Strawberry raspberries are used both in strengthening the slopes and in creating hedges - because of the powerful root system and thorns, respectively. As we have said, strawberry raspberry multiplies rapidly, and soon the landing resembles a real impenetrable wall.
Raspberry strawberry, or seductive 'Duo'. Photos from the siterusskiy-ogorod.livejournal.com
The photo above shows berries of perfect ripeness - it is at this point that the harvest should start.
What is Tibetan raspberry?
Semi-shrub plant, which occupies an intermediate position between raspberries and blackberries on the characteristics and close to the strawberries in taste berries.
The biological name is raspberry seductive. There are other names - strawberry raspberry, rosemary raspberry, rosalin, Tibetan raspberry, strawberry-raspberry.
Origin - Japan. At least, it was from there that the plant arrived across the Baltic to our continent. Belongs to the genus Rubus and grows in India, Australia and Asia in the wild. There rozolistnaya raspberry even considered a weed. In the Baltics, whence this plant came to us, it is grown mainly as an ornamental plant. Although berries raspberry raspberry is not only edible, but also useful.
This shrub is really quite decorative. Small, only about one and a half meters, with pale green leaves, jagged along the edge. Flowers are large, beautiful. Berries, like a small walnut, bright red. The taste of berries - thin, with a subtle taste of strawberries. Raspberries and strawberries here don't even “smell”. The strawberry smell is more pronounced in the jam, which has a neutral taste. Berries have a reputation for vitamin, medical, tonic and non-allergenic.
The ground part of the plant annually dies off completely in the autumn. With the onset of spring, new shoots appear, by summer they grow into a dense flowering shrub, on which berries begin to ripen in the middle of summer.
Rosaline care is uncomplicated - it consists in clearing the soil from weeds, watering and trimming the crown, if you want to form it.
This plant is prickly, so pruning should be done with heavy gloves. Propagate the Tibetan raspberries can be cuttings or layering. It is better to do this in the fall, in the spring survival rate is lower. The first harvest with cuttings or cuttings can be obtained within three years after rooting.
A shrub grows no more than one and a half meters high. The trunk is covered with prickles, and the leaves are slightly similar to rowan, only to the touch they are rough. Single large flowers with a diameter of 3 cm. Berries of dense raspberry-blackberry structure, taste of wild strawberry and practically not sweet. The color can be amber yellow and all yellow-orange-red shades to dark cherry.
Fruiting begins in the summer and lasts almost until frost.
The berries are very juicy, tender and easily crushed, so it is better to collect them immediately in containers or baskets. It is better not to rip Tibetan raspberries in the stage of technical ripeness. Let it reach the consumer ripeness, so that the berries acquire the full taste and aroma.
Use in garden design
Not only as a supplier of berries using Tibetan raspberries. Modern landscape designers are widely used shrubs to decorate gardens and parks.
The positive qualities of Tibetan raspberry include:
- cold resistance
- good survival rate
- no pruning for the second year.
There is a shrub and negative features, such as aggressive reproduction. If the bush is not limited in time, it will very quickly enter the ground and begin to actively propagate by processes.
You can use this shrub to fix the slopes, because the roots are very strong and grow widely. If you grow a “green wall” from a Tibetan raspberry, it will be dense, thick, and even with thorns - you can’t think of a better fence. Even small rodents do not risk overcoming such an obstacle in order to climb the plot.
In addition to its protective features, this is an excellent decorative fence, which landscape designers use in combination with coniferous plants. Such a hedge can be zoned area.
Benefits and uses of berries
Since this is a berry shrub, it is grown mainly for the harvest of berries. Malino-strawberry - large, bright, visible from afar. It does not need to look for among the leaves, you can easily collect and recycle. The shrub is from the Rosaceae family, therefore the fruit has a complex drupe.
The peculiarity of the fruit is that even when they turn red, but have not yet fully ripened, they have almost no taste. Sweet and sour taste is manifested only in absolutely ripe berries of Tibetan raspberry.
In cooking, Tibetan raspberry is used to make jams and fruit drinks, pies and jams. They will add an exquisite aroma to any fruit and berry platter. You can mix them with yogurt, ice cream, make milkshakes.
Highly beneficial properties of berries
- They positively work on the hematopoietic system, the digestive tract, maintain performance and make the walls of blood vessels elastic.
- If you use Tibetan raspberries in large quantities, you can prevent anemia and raise hemoglobin.
- With SARS and flu, berries serve as a source of vitamins and increase the body's resistance.
- Fresh berries, thanks to the pectins they contain, improve digestion.
- With the help of berries, you can relieve depressive states, normalize the work of the nervous system and lose weight.
The sour taste of ripened berries makes it possible to use them to add to vegetable dishes. Fresh berries of Tibetan raspberry in lecho, salads, tomato and sweet pepper dishes are appropriate.
To preserve all the healing properties, the berries are dried, and then added to tea. It turns fragrant and healing drink.
Planting and care
Agrotechnics does not cause any difficulties. Elementary care is needed, but in general the plant is unpretentious.
The main rules for successful care are as follows.
- ABOUTcanopy, before the onset of frost, the ground part is removed almost completely. It is necessary to cut off all branches, leaving only 2-3 cm from the ground.
- Shoots on which there was no fruit, cut off in the summer, in the middle of the growing season.
- It is necessary to constantly monitor the density of the branches and put the bush in order so that it does not form impassable thickets.
- Regularly you need to loosen in the near-circle wheel near the bush ground. Loosening is carried out carefully - despite strong roots, they are shallow and can be damaged.
- In the evenings, especially in dry summer, a couple of times a week, the plant must be watered.
- So that the soil does not dry out under the bush, it is desirable to carry out mulching.
Tibetan raspberry does not tolerate too wet soils and stagnant water at the roots. It should not be planted in the lowlands, where water can accumulate.
The reproduction of the shrub occurs independently and very successfully. If it is not stopped in time, the Tibetan raspberry will grow on the whole plot and capture the neighboring ones. In order to cultivate reproduction and keep it under control, all wild processes are removed, and for new planned plantings, seedlings are obtained by dividing the bush, processes and cuttings.
- When dividing the bush with a pruner in the fall, cut off part of the rhizome. Repot the bush in a new place. For the winter, cover with spruce leaves, spunbond or other shelter.
- For reproduction by shoots in spring, young shoots are dug, which gave the bush. They are transplanted to the planned location, watered and mulched.
- For cutting propagation, it is necessary to prepare cuttings about 10 cm long. In the spring they are planted at an angle into the grooves and sprinkled with soil. In reproduction by cuttings, it is important to water them regularly until they take root, so that the soil does not dry out.
Seed Tibetan raspberries usually do not propagate, although it is possible. Other breeding methods are faster and more efficient.
Pest and disease protection
The plant has personal pests that affect him. One of them - weevil. He likes to eat young leaves and lay eggs in buds of future flowers. As a result, the flower is damaged, dries and falls, no fruit is formed.
The second pest is raspberry beetle. It settles too in the spring in buds, makes egg-laying. The larvae that eat the moves in the ensuing berries are displayed.
Raspberry aphid. It is also called the shoot because it damages new shoots and young leaves, sucking the juices out of them.
In addition to parasites, Tibetan raspberries are threatened with diseases that can cause severe damage. All of them are also inherent common garden raspberries:
- apical and root cancer,
- gray rot
With raspberry aphids need to fight during the flight. This happens in early spring, at the time of cherry blossom, before she laid her eggs. As a radical method, you can spray the Tibetan raspberry karbofos. But since there is a possibility that with the onset of spring, not only harmful, but also useful insects that are needed by the garden woke up, it is better to use biological products such as “Fitoverm” and “Agravertin”.
Read more in our other article: Raspberry treatment for diseases and pests
The raspberry beetle, like the weevil, lays the larvae in a flower bud somewhere around the beginning of May. Therefore, treatment against raspberry aphid will affect it. If not all beetles are destroyed by a biological product, the treatment can be repeated in early June.
If you do not want to process the garden with any means of protection, beetles, along with the larvae, you can simply shake out the flower buds from the flower bed in the morning and then destroy it.
For the prevention of diseases of the Tibetan raspberry well spraying "Fitosporin" or 3% Bordeaux liquid helps.
It is difficult to call the Tibetan raspberry a sensational discovery in horticulture, but the plant is certainly of interest and worth it, if there is free space on the plot, to grow it. The main thing - do not let her occupy the entire garden. The most reasonable thing is to limit the plot with the Tibetan raspberry plantation to any protective material about 50 cm high. In three years you will receive a thick array of raspberries that will provide you with a generous harvest of exotic berries.
We give a description for a more detailed acquaintance with this raspberry variety.
Tibetan raspberry is a spherical bush, the height of which varies from 30 to 70 cm, which consist of elastic, thin and thorny branches. The spikes are very large, which makes it necessary to exercise caution, since the wounds inflicted by them will heal for a long time.
The leaves are corrugated, with a serrated deep edge pattern, dark green in color and yellowish streaks. That leaves all the similarity of the Tibetan raspberry to the family of Pink. To the touch they are rough, stick to clothes.
On the very tops of the shoots are flowers that are of great decorative value. They are large in size - up to 5 cm in diameter, and consist of 5 petals. Color varies from white to cream.
Tibetan raspberry berries are large, crimson color. Large enough - from a distance they can remind strawberries, because of what they also call raspberries strawberry or strawberry. They taste juicy, with a slight sweet-sour tinge and strawberry aroma.
The main differences from the usual raspberry
- Flowering and fruiting individual fruits
- Shoots from the first year of the growing season begin to bear fruit,
- Externally, the berries are the same as those of strawberries, although the structure is no different from all types of raspberries,
- Fruits throughout the season until frost.
Advantages and disadvantages
Here we look at the advantages and weaknesses of such a variety as the Tibetan raspberry. This variety can be called – raspberry seductive.
The fruits of the plant itself are endowed with an extraordinary taste - notes of pineapple and blackberry are felt.
Tibetan raspberry also serves as an excellent element of landscape design. With it, you can build a hedge, or alpine slide.
This raspberry is unpretentious - the main thing for it is timely watering, and then there will be no problems.
This variety is extremely sensitive to transportation, which is the reason for the absence on the shelves.
Creeping root system is a minus. If time does not stop, then you have to dig the whole garden.
In this part of the article we will answer you the question: How to plant and care for Tibetan raspberries?
To keep under control the reproduction of this plant, it is necessary to make an underground framing of the area allocated for planting this raspberry. Grounding depth not less than 0.5 m. We are preparing a material capable of holding back the roots - rubberized tapes, slate, plastic tapes, iron sheets.
Sowing seedlings from each other should be at a distance of up to 1m. More often it is not recommended - raspberry quickly grows.
Spring dressing is obligatory, autumn dressing is desirable. The ideal mullein in a solution of 1:10 with the addition of complex fertilizer for fruit crops. You can immediately, after the snow melt, while the soil is still wet, make ammonium sulfate granules, and in the fall - potassium sulphide. Pellets without dilution with water are introduced into the root zone and powdered with mulched peat, compost or rotted manure.
Preparing for the winter
The culture is frost-resistant, and in addition, shoots for the winter are cut almost at the root. Therefore, no complex shelters are required. But in order to increase the yield, you can cover the area with spruce leaves and sprinkle with earth.
Despite the absence of a pronounced taste and aroma, as well as the presence of a certain acidity, strawberry (Tibetan) raspberry berries perfectly manifest themselves in some gastronomic combinations. For example, in Europe they are used in vegetable salads seasoned with olive oil, salt and pepper. And the combination really turns out fresh, unusual and unexpectedly bright.
Our gardeners traditionally use these berries - for cooking jam, mashed with sugar, adding fresh to yogurt, ice cream or cottage cheese. This berry belongs to it to few cultures, which in the processed form become better than the fresh ones, and fully reveal their taste palette. When ground with sugar, it suddenly begins to exude strawberry flavor with pineapple. Perfectly behaves in compotes in combination with various fruits. But one of the best forms of application of Tibetan garden berries is wine, which is very tasty and fragrant. Fruits can also be dried and added to tea in the winter.