Universal perennial plants Volzanka is very popular in landscape design. The decorative look of the garden planting is preserved even after its flowering, decorating with itself even the most inconspicuous parts of the landscape. Culture is completely unpretentious: it successfully grows both in the sun and in the shade. Resistant to excess or lack of moisture. This is a real find for landscape design! In height the plant reaches from 150 to 200 cm. It is decorated with small flowers with numerous stamens, their color is pastel tones. The shrub emits a delicate elegant aroma. Color of species that are grown in open ground, close to the yellow shade.
Use in landscape design
Volzhanka, as a maintenance-free plant, is often used in landscape design to create beautiful brushwood. They perfectly mask unsightly fences, buildings, traces of communications, etc. If the gardener has planned to form a rocker and ceremonial planting, it is best not to find plants of Volzhanka. The soft gentle shade of a bush will give to a landscape notes of romanticism, will smooth strict architectural forms.
Planting a plant near the water, you can admire the incredibly beautiful reflection of flowering shrubs in the water. A pleasant delicate aroma emanating from Volzhanka, turn the garden into a paradise. Due to its unpretentiousness, gardening can be planted at the very edge of the water or on the coastal zone. Culture is perfectly adjacent to other plants, which allows you to create an original mixborder at the elements of water.
Volzhanka is a very good honey plant. Thanks to what attracts numerous pollinators to the site. Using this property, gardeners plant fruit trees nearby and enjoy a good harvest at the end of summer.
Species and varietal diversity
All varieties of Volzhanka are decorative and unpretentious. Their differences are in height and in the appearance of inflorescences. The most popular and frequently used representatives of culture:
- Volzhanka ordinary. Its ornamental leaves are large, and the plant itself reaches 200 cm in height. Flowering continues from early to mid-summer (40 days). The plant has a sexual separation. The flowers are feminine white, with a loose structure. The masculine gender is distinguished by a denser structure and a creamy tint.
- Kamchatka. The plant with small inflorescences (up to 15 cm) in height reaches up to 150 cm.
- the american. Growth of this miniature variety does not exceed 100 cm. Modest flowering continues from late spring to early summer (20 days).
- korkischelistnaya. This dwarf representative in height only 25 cm. Inflorescences represent a dense arrangement of tiny flowers, and look very magnificent. In combination with bright leaves, the plant adorns the landscape design throughout the warm season.
Garden plantings are propagated in several ways.
The first is the most difficult way seminal. For this purpose, representatives of both sexes should grow on the site. Seeds are harvested in early autumn. Store them in paper bundles that allow air to pass through. This method is chosen by gardeners who breed Volzhanka for sale. There is a lot of material.
To use Volzhanka as a decorative element of the landscape landscape is best suited second method of reproduction - vegetative. Immediately after the descent of snow, the plant is removed from the ground and part of the root system is separated from it. To do this, use an ax or a non-sharp knife. After the procedure, the sections on the adult plant are treated with sulfur or coal dust. The separated part is immediately thrown into place.
The place is worth choosing carefully. The plant is perennial and does not need frequent transplantation. At one place it can grow up to 15 years. If at the selected location the soil is domesticated, then the fertilizer is added only to the well. This may be humus (2-2.5 kg) or nitrophospace (20 grams). The most favorable soil will be fertile, loose, moist soil. So that the plant does not lose its ornamental leaves, it is planted on a site where the direct rays of the sun are only in the afternoon. The landing hole must necessarily correspond to the size of the separated rhizome. Before planting, the roots are spread, and the well is watered abundantly. During planting, the roots are covered with fertile soil and once again abundantly moistened.
Seeds are planted at the very end of autumn. And in the spring the plant will please the gardener with the first shoots. After 4 years, Volzhanka bloom. A seedling can be transplanted to its permanent habitat in a year. It is important to observe the distance between the holes not less than 100 cm, as the garden planting grows quickly.
Further care of the culture is simple. The transplanted part of the rhizome is important to ensure adequate moisture. And to keep moisture well mulch. Young plants can be disturbed by weeds. They need to get rid of in a timely manner. As soon as the Volzhanka faded, the gardeners cut off the inflorescences. This allows you to maintain decorative shrub.
Before the beginning of winter, the stems of the representative of the flora are cut off completely, part of the stems no more than 8-10 cm high remains. This eliminates the need to cover Volzhanka for the winter. Only young plants are insulated. Peat is well suited for this, they are powdered with short stems.
With proper and sufficient care, the plant reaches its maximum decoration. This requires sufficient and regular watering, timely fertilizing with organic fertilizers. They are made every 20 days, alternating with mineral. It happens before the end of flowering. Further the need disappears because of depriving the plant of its above-ground part.
Volzhanka is unpretentious and grows well in both shaded areas and in the sun. Prefers fertile loose soil enriched with humus. Volzhanka calmly transfers waterlogging and waterlogging of the soil, it is also quite drought-resistant. All data quality, no doubt, makes the Volzhanka a valuable plant for the garden.
Volzhanka needs to be fed, weeded and watered in dry weather. In the initial stage of the growing season, Volzanka can be fed with complex mineral fertilizers.
Young plants of Volzhanka, planted in fresh, humus-rich earth, in the first year do not need additional feeding. After completion of flowering, the adult Volzanka bush can be fed with phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. Volzhanka is also very responsive to organic matter.
Volzanka bloom begins in June and lasts about a month. After flowering, the inflorescences are cut, and the plant also remains well-dressed until late autumn, thanks to its refined hard-pinnate leaves. In the fall, the Volzhanka stems are cut off, leaving only hemp about 5 cm high.
Volzhanka disease resistant, from garden pests for its leaves, danger can only be represented by caterpillars of sawflies.
Volzhanka in the garden
Volzhanka looks great in group compositions. Due to the size of the plant, Volzhanka can be used as a tapeworm, planted among trees as well as ornamental shrubs, in rockeries, in a natural garden. Beautiful Volzanka looks on the shore of the reservoir, because Volzhanka prekpasno carries marshy ground.
Popular species and varieties of Volzhanka
Another name Volzhanka - arunkus. This plant belongs to garden crops, lives for several years and is a real decoration of any site. This is the flower that does not require special care, but it develops well and blooms profusely.
As a houseplant, it is better to grow the Noble variety Spirit.
This plant grows not too high - up to 65 cm. It differs by the original original stems, which have a red tint. Therefore, the flower is widely used for decorating flower beds and winter gardens.
At one place to grow this variety is recommended no more than 5-7 years. If you carry out the right care, then the flower will live over 10 years and all this time will delight with its original flowering. Proper care is systematic watering, especially if the bush is constantly exposed to direct sunlight. It is also recommended to periodically feed the culture.
Under natural conditions, this plant species lives in Kamchatka, Alaska, Sakhalin, the Far East, Japan, Korea, and Okhotia. This flower is quite tall. With proper care, it reaches more than one and a half meters. Oval leaves, lush inflorescences, a strong root system - these are the main signs of Kamchatka arunkus. Flowering occurs in mid-summer, the seeds ripen in September. The best place for shrub is penumbra. Because of this, it is often used to decorate flower beds near which trees are planted.
This species is one of the smallest. Grows a bush up to 27 cm tall. Flowers of white or beige color are collected in long inflorescences. The leaves of the plant are oval bright.
The most famous variety is the Noble Spirit. The bush reaches a height of 35 cm. Flowering occurs at the beginning of summer. In loose form, the buds get a white shade. After the flowers wither, the inflorescences remain and delight the eye with their decorative appearance for a long time. They turn brown and seeds appear inside. In order for Noble Spirit to be pleased with abundant flowering, it should provide him with good drainage, as well as periodically fertilize and loosen the soil.
Volzhanka Dioicus (dioecious, common): plant characteristics
This variety Volzhanka hails from the Caucasus. Despite the external similarity with astilba, the plant is different in size and color of buds. They are completely different, it all depends on the sex of the flower. In the Volzhanka dioecious female flowers are often painted only white, but the men get a beige tint. As for the size, the buds are quite large, in addition, they are much more powerful than that of astilbe.
Volzhanka lives more than 9 years on one site. In autumn, its leaves become saturated red and do not fall for a long time.
The dioecious Volzhanka grows to 1.9 m tall. Differs plant long, even stems. With proper care, the bush grows in diameter up to 1.1 m. Leaves emerge from the thick petioles, which outwardly resemble fern plates.
There are the following types of Volzhanka ordinary:
Flowering Volzhanka occurs in mid-summer. Flowers exude a tart, but pleasant smell. Due to this, around the plant is always circling a lot of insects. Seeds from Volzhanka collected in September - then they are fully ripe. Grains are sown at the end of November, however, it is worth considering that the bush will begin to bloom only in a few years.
This is a small bush, whose height reaches only 27 cm. The plant is considered to be undersized, but at the same time original and sophisticated. Beautiful dark leaves shimmeringly shimmering in the sun. Creamy white flowers form on the plant. They are located above the leaves. Flowering occurs in June and July. This type is most often used to decorate flowerbeds and borders.
That the bush was beautiful and healthy feed it with organic fertilizers. It is also recommended to use universal granular products.
This type of Volzhanka is also not large. The height of the bush grows about the same as that of the kokoryshelist Volzhanka. Aruncus perfection has a compact form. Inflorescences in this species have the form of panicles. The buds are white and thick. Seeds are formed in boxes, which at the time of full maturation become red. This variety is often used in landscape design compositions.
Aruncus perfection looks beautiful in flower beds near ponds.
If the Volzhanka grows in an area with a warm climate, it is simply covered with a film for the winter. This will be enough to flower well endured low temperatures.
Many gardeners speak warmly of this variety of Volzhanka. This is due to its beautiful appearance and unpretentiousness.
Homeland of this variety is North America. The plant is quite tall - almost a meter. Flowering occurs in early summer. The rhizome of the bush is rather long, and about 7 cm is added to it every year. This variety is considered not as sprawling as the Volzhanka dioecious. The leaves are light green, have a carved shape. Inflorescences are collected in bright spikelets.
In American Volzhanka much less buds than normal.
The plant earned its popularity due to the neat appearance and small size (the site does not take up much space). Due to this, this variety is the most popular when creating landscape compositions.
This is a tall plant that naturally occurs on the territory of Siberia. One bush in height reaches two-three meters. Leaves are saturated green. All of them are pinnate and small in size.
Unlike others, this species has small roots. Flowers are collected in compact inflorescences. With proper care, they bloom in June. This variety is not as susceptible to frost as dioecious Volzhanka. After all, the natural habitat of the shrub is not only Siberia, but also the eastern regions of China.
The most favorable conditions for Asiatic Volzhanka is considered to be a plot in the penumbra and fertile moist soil. In decorative art, the Asian variety is used to decorate walls and other vertical surfaces.
In addition to the above species, there are numerous artificially bred varieties. Distinctive features of hybrids are various shades of buds, as well as a small compact bush, which is grown in winter gardens and in indoor conditions.
Popular hybrid varieties that are increasingly found on the windows of high-rise apartments:
- Johannisfest. It is a small bush, the height of which does not even reach 40 cm. It has fluffy sprawling shoots. The leaves are bright, large. Blooms pink and cream shade. The shape of the inflorescences resembles panicles with elegant curves. The variety tolerates drought and heat. Therefore, even slightly over-dried soil will not harm the bush.
- Waldemar Meyer. This variety is slightly higher than the previous one. Its height is within 55 cm. The plant looks favorably in sunlight: dark leaves shimmer beautifully and reflect light. Of dense red stems appear extraordinary inflorescence beauty. The buds of the Volzhanka are white-pink, bloom in the middle of summer and bloom for 30-40 days.
We hope that you have received the most complete information regarding this kind of plant as Volzhanka. Numerous varieties and types of Volzhanka allow you to choose the copy that will most suit the selected interior apartment or landscape design. These plants will perfectly decorate any site and will become a real highlight of your winter garden.
Volzhanka: varieties and varieties
Lush sprawling bush thick green with white arrows of flowers - this is a perennial Volzhanka (lat. Aruncus) or arunkus. This flower stands out in any flower garden or garden with its size and unusual shape of leaves and inflorescences. Volzhanka exudes a delicate honey aroma.
For cultivation in the open field is recommended dioecious Volzhanka (lat. A. dioicus) or, as it is also called, forest. The bush is striking in its size: it can reach up to 1.8-2 m in height, and in diameter up to 1.5 m. Flowering of the forest Volzhanka lasts about 2 months - from June to July. The leaves are openwork, torn form, inflorescences are collected in a panicle of white shade more than 50 cm long.
- Particularly beautiful and delicate in the photo is the sort of Volzhanka “Kneiffii”. Medium-sized bush (up to 55-65 cm) is characterized by an amazing shape of leaves - they seem to be cut into narrow sectors.
- Also widespread is the Chinese Volzhanka variety (Latin: A. sinensis). It differs in inflorescences of soft cream tone, and the leaves of perennial are painted in reddish-bronze tones.
Grade grows up to 100 cm Volzhanka is Asian (lat. A. asiaticus), the leaf has less leaf splitting than the dioecious Volzhanka, the plant looks a bit monumental due to the inflorescences gathered in thickened panicles.
Among varietal varieties Volzhanka should highlight:
- Alpine Volzhanka (latin f. Alpine), the bush grows no more than 25-30 cm
- korkyrazhelistnuyu volzhanka (Latin A. A. aethusifolius), its leaves are slightly twisted, bright green, soft-cream inflorescences.
Breeders for cultivation in the open field created new varieties and varieties of Volzhanka, differing in color and shape of foliage, flowers and peduncles. So the variety “Johannisfest” pleases with cream inflorescences and lace (torn) foliage, “Waldemar Meyer” is a tall shrub with bright white flowers, “Misty Lace” is distinguished by fern emerald green leaves, reddish peduncles and soft cream inflorescences.
When planting Volzhanka should choose shaded places with wet soil. Therefore, perennial is great for planting on the banks of ponds, in the garden under the spreading crown of fruit trees. Она отлично переносит затенение и высокую влажность. Требования к грунту у волжанки минимальные – она любит легкие, хорошо дренируемые почвы.
Совет: не рекомендуется высаживать волжанку на яркое солнце, куст не будет разрастаться.
Для посадки волжанки выкапывают ямку размерами 50 х 50 х 50 см, заполняют смесью компоста либо перегноя (рекомендуется внести не менее ведра) и верхнего плодородного слоя грунта. New bushes should be planted at a distance of at least 80-100 cm to allow them normal growth.
Volzhanka needs minimal care. It should be organized regular watering. In dry periods, even adult plants need to be watered.
After flowering, it is necessary to remove the peduncles, and in the fall - to cut off the shoots on the bush, leaving only small penises up to 5-7 cm in height.
The perennial is frost-resistant, but in the run-up to the harsh winter, the cut bush should be covered with foliage, spruce forest or humus.
Fertilizer and fertilizing Volzhanka
The perennial shrub responds well to organic fertilizer in the soil. When planting Volzhanka in the hole should be made humus or compost. Twice during the season it is necessary to make complex mineral fertilizers (phosphorus-potassium) or humus (compost).
Volzhanka in combination with other plants
Tall Volzhanka looks great in combination with low-growing plants, creating for them a bright white and green background.
Warning: when planting Volzhanka should be remembered that the bush, growing, can shade other plants.
Perfectly combined with Volzhanka:
- sprawling fern,
Volzhanka in landscape design
In landscape design, arunkus is used as a plant for decoration and shelter from prying eyes of unsightly corners of the site, decorating an old garden, and ponds. Growing up, the bush reliably hides behind the walls of houses, fences, outbuildings. In a single planting it is planted in the middle of the lawn, in a group of plants - on the background.
Volzhanka is easy to maintain, undemanding to soil, watering, it is a real green miracle.
Description Arunkus, types and varieties
Arunkus (Aruncus) - a perennial grassy shrub with dense greens and luxurious buds. The people of this spectacular plant is often called Volzhanka, it is able to decorate any, even the most artsy garden, and fill the space with a pleasant honey aroma. This large flowering shrub deserves special attention, because its external qualities perfectly complement the particular unpretentiousness in cultivation.
A. dioecious or ordinary (A. dioicus)
The most common type. The maximum height of the spreading bush is 2 m, and the width is 1.2 m, the stems are straight. Long leaf leaves complex, pinnate up to 50 cm in length. Spread inflorescences of the panicle (female thinned, male thick) are covered with small, fluffy, light green flowers.
The flowering period lasts about 40 days, falls on June and July. Grades:
- Kneifi - just above half a meter, leaves drooping, cut into small sectors,
- Horatio - distinguished by unique reddish stems, height up to 60 cm,
- Perfection - compact bush no higher than 30 cm, white flowers,
- Fountains - stems up to 2 m in height with beautiful feathery leaves,
- Misty Lace - shoots up to 70 cm, beautiful leaves, fern, cream flowers. The variety endures heat and drought,
- Dzhineya Fov or Volzhanka forest - the height of the bush is 2 m, the flowers are pinkish-white.
A. Kamchatka (A. kamtschaticus)
Shoots up to 150 cm in height, leaves are pinnate with ovate-rounded and narrowly oval leaflets. Panicle inflorescence up to 20 cm in length, rare, neat. The flowering period depends on the region in which the species is grown, most often in July and August. Known dwarf (up to 30 cm in height) form Alpina.
A. Chinese (A. sinensis)
Shrub not higher than 1, 5 m, leaves are pinnate, oval, embossed, bright green with a brownish tinge. Inflorescences (up to 30 cm in length) are branched, thinned, white and cream flowers. The species loves slightly shaded, humid places, the leaves turn yellow from direct sunlight.
A. Korotishelistny (A. aethusifolius)
The smallest species of all Volzhans is up to 25 cm. The panicle inflorescences on the towering pedicels consist of creamy white flowers. The leaves are dark green, shiny, feathery, in autumn they become reddish. View blooms from June to July.
Among the varieties Nobl Spirit deserves special attention, with chic lush tassels consisting of white and cream flowers. The bush is not higher than 25 cm, blooms in June.
In culture also known American Volzanka (A.americanus)however, it is rarely used for landscaping cultivated areas, more often for filling empty, unused spaces. It's all about the powerful root system, growing by 7 or 10 cm per year. The plant forms very dense thickets. Inflorescences can reach 1 m in length, the species blooms from late May to late June.
On the basis of species arunkusov, specialists have deduced many hybrids, we describe 2 of them:
- Waldemar Meyer - the stems are red, not more than half a meter, the leaves are dark green, shiny, pinnate. Pinkish white flowers
- Johannisfest is a shrub up to 40 cm tall, torn (openwork) fluffy leaves, inflorescences slightly curved, flowers pinkish cream.
Cultivation and care
Volzhanka is unpretentious, but some secrets of successful bush cultivation are worth considering. Aruncus develops poorly in open areas, the plant feels comfortable only in partial shade. The place should be wet, closed, without winds and drafts with light, drained soil. Judging by the preferences of perennial, it can be planted along ponds and under the canopy of garden trees.
Aruncus is extremely rarely ill, but caterpillars of sawflies may be interested in foliage. To protect against pests, you can choose the appropriate popular recipe, and in extreme cases, use biofungicide.
Volzhanka is most often diluted by dividing rhizomes (vegetatively), but it is also grown with seeds (more here)
Watering and feeding
Water-loving volzhanka should be watered often and abundantly (up to 30 liters of water under a bush), especially during dry periods, an adult plant is no exception. Arunkus builds up a large amount of foliage, very quickly loses moisture.
The plant responds well to organic fertilizers, when planting in the pit they bring an average amount of compost or humus. In the future, you need to monitor the condition of the bush and to prevent oppression. It is advisable to feed the volzanka no more than 1 or 2 times (in spring and autumn), suitable complex fertilizers and organic matter. However, it is worth remembering that oversaturation with nitrogen will lead to an increase in green mass and the absence of colors.
Trimming and preparation for winter
After flowering, the peduncles are removed, and in the autumn the bush is cut off completely, leaving penets 5 or 7 cm. There are varieties whose inflorescences remain decorative until late autumn, in which case the tassels can be left.
Asian arunkus does not need shelter, other species should be warmed with leaves, spruce leaves or humus, especially this applies only to planted plants. Volzhanka grown in containers, are placed in a cool room.
Arunkus in landscape design
Volzhanka, thanks to its openwork, lush foliage does not lose its decorative effect throughout the entire growing season. Types and varieties of various sizes, miniature bushes can be grown in containers. The combination of these factors greatly expands the scope of perennial in landscaping.
The perfect place for Volzhanka - shady garden! Aruncus is good both in solo plantings and in group ones, the plant can be placed in the center of various compositions, it can complement trees or shrubs, hide unsightly corners of the garden, and also plant as a background. Common Volzhanka often used to decorate the coastlines of reservoirs.
Arunkus combines perfectly with various plants in height. These can be astils, rogers, cotoneaster, hosts, delphiniums, hydrangeas, kupena, ferns, as well as barberries, spireas, and shields. The main thing in the combination of arunkus with flowers is the selection of specimens with different color of inflorescences.
Finally, we add that in the rocky gardens and against the background of conifers, Volzhanka also looks great. So, we are pleased to recommend growing a flower like Volzhanka - planting and caring for it are not burdensome, and it grows for a long time in one place without a transplant.