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Spring primroses in the garden: the types and names of the first flowers

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  • How to plant primroses
  • How to protect primroses from extinction
  • How to grow primula from seed

For all gardeners and flower lovers, spring is a long-awaited time to visit their plots and flower beds to admire the first shoots and flowers. And also in the spring it's time to think about planting new plants.

Galantus, or snowdrop. If you still do not grow these wonderful flowers, which first wake up after the winter cold, then it's time to plan a place where they can be planted. To do this, mark in your garden those areas where the snow comes first. And in July on these places you can plant bulbs of snowdrops. Bulbs are planted in loose soil to a depth of 5-7 cm. Plant them better in groups of 5-6 pieces. Already next spring, snowdrops will grow and occupy the whole glade.

Helpful advice:plant primroses and bulbs of later flowers side by side or even in one hole. Firstly, it will save space, and secondly, it will provide constant flowering.

Erantis, or spring spring. Even the name itself makes it clear that this flower is able to bloom as soon as it snows. Erantis reproduces by self-sowing, therefore in a year one or two plants will grow into a small glade. It is possible to plant erantiis with seeds, but in this case it will blossom only on the 2-3rd year.

Helpful advice:For planting, choose proven seeds that suit your climate. It is best to take seeds from neighboring areas, so there will be more chances that they will sprout and take root.

Crocuses. Crocuses are considered the most beautiful of all primroses, but, unfortunately, their flowering is transient. If you want to enjoy the crocuses glade for as long as possible, then plant plants from different varietal groups. Blooming in turn, they can bloom continuously for 20-30 days. Crocuses are quite unpretentious and hardy. But the soil for them should be neutral and loose.

Helpful advice:When buying primrose bulbs on the market, be sure to ask the seller about the growing conditions for this particular variety.

Pushkin, or "pygmy hyacinth". Pushkinia from the lily family, reaches a height of 10-13 cm. Pushkinia is planted in early autumn in the prepared and fertilized soil. After 1.5-2 months, it should be supplemented with potassium and nitrogen.

Helpful advice:Choose medium sized bulbs that are firm and strong.

Primrose Varieties

The first spring flowers are so diverse that it becomes difficult for a gardener to choose which primroses to plant in their garden or on the backyard lawn. They differ in size, number of buds, type of inflorescences. Such a variety allows you to create unusual flower arrangements or plant several varieties that will alternately bloom and delight with their beauty for a long time.

Landscape designers planted primroses for landscaping urban park areas, refining areas in public gardens and other urban areas. These types of flowers can be planted immediately after the winter:

  • crocus,
  • lily of the valley,
  • perennial violets
  • forest anemone,
  • muscari
  • lumbago,
  • spring blooming iris,
  • lungwort,
  • snowdrop, which is also known as galantus,
  • kaluznitsa,
  • hionodoksa, nicknamed "snow beauty",
  • periwinkle
  • scilla (scilla),
  • hyacinth,
  • primrose,
  • hellebore (gelleborus),
  • early yellow daffodil,
  • liverworm.

This list is endless. It also includes the favorite of all women - the tulip, as well as bright hyacinth, colorful anemone, proud and naughty hazel grouse, gentle forget-me-nots and other first flowers that bloom after winter.

No matter how many flowers are planted in the garden, you always want to decorate it even more, to try something new to change the composition. Each gardener should get acquainted in advance with the types of primroses, their characteristics, flowering time, rules of cultivation.

Sensitive Anemone (Anemone)

This amazing flower got its name for a reason. Anemone is very sensitive even to the slightest gust of wind. Because of this, she constantly nods as if with her flowers swaying on tall stems.

If you want to plant primroses in the garden, which delight early flowering, then anemone will be an excellent option for planting. The most popular among gardeners enjoys lyutichna, oakwood, castellated, tender anemone. During the flowering period, they delight white, yellow, scarlet, blue flowers. Anemone tender is the smallest representative of this species and reaches a height of only 10 cm.

Garden plants are often planted in trees, shrubs, near the buildings in the garden. Such places will help protect the sensitive flower from strong gusts of wind. Anemones bloom in mid-April. The flowering period lasts only 2−3 weeks. Experienced growers plant anemone next to plants that bloom in early May. This is due to the fact that the above-ground part of the anemone dies immediately after flowering, and later flowers will be able to cover up the unsightly look of wilted primroses.

Unpretentious snowdrop

Despite the fact that the snowdrop is listed in the red book because of its rarity in the natural environment, each gardener can grow this amazing plant in his garden. The peculiarity of the snowdrop lies in its unpretentiousness, it does not need to be transplanted for a long time, it is undemanding to the type of soil. If you decide to transplant galantus, then you need to do it in the following way:

  • dig a flower so as not to damage the root system along with a piece of soil or sod,
  • prepare a hole for planting up to 40 cm deep,
  • transplant the plant, gently dig, compact and pour.

The best place for planting garden primroses will be shady lowlands, where the sunlight periodically penetrates. Snowdrops love well-moistened soil and cool weather. The colder the spring, the longer and fuller the galantus will bloom. This type of primrose belongs to bulbous flowers, so after the end of flowering, the leaves of the snowdrop are not cut off, but leave to wither on their own, so that the bulb is stocked with nutrients.

Inflorescences have the form of a drooping bell. The following types of galantus are suitable for planting on the garden plot: ordinary, Elvis, Volkov.

Blue scaly carpet

This beautiful perennial bulbous plant is notable for its small height. Thanks to the thick sowing of seeds, in the spring you can see an amazing sight - the blue carpet of woods, carpeting garden lawns. Among gardeners most in demand Siberian forests, characterized by frost resistance, unpretentiousness and long life (up to 5 years).

Growing sprouts from small bulbs-kids. Often the reproduction of a flower occurs by self-sowing. In order for the floral carpet to delight with its beauty every year, it is necessary to feed the plant with fertilizers containing phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen.

Early tulips

Primroses also include simple or terry tulipdelighting with a variety of colors. These flowers are grown by gardeners to create variegated spring flower beds or flower beds. In addition, they are grown under the cut. Plant height varies from 25–40 cm. They begin to bloom in late April or early May, depending on weather conditions.

The moisture-loving flower constantly needs watering, especially if there is a dry spring outside. Water for irrigation must be mixed with nitrogen, potash or phosphate fertilizers. After withering, it is necessary to cut off the calyx, and leave the peduncle, leaves and stem to supply the bulb with nutrients.

Magnificent hyacinth

Early-flowering hyacinths often delight with blue or blue buds, ten days later, later members of the pink, red, white family bloom. A perennial plant begins to bloom in late April, looks great in both large and small flower garden.

The cooler the weather, the longer the hyacinth will delight gardeners with its flowering, which lasts about 2–3 weeks. This primrose is pretty capricious and whimsicaltherefore requires special care:

  • Early processing of autumn soil before planting with fertilizers with a high content of organic matter and minerals.
  • Plant the bulbs in fertile soil with a neutral pH. The best place will be a hill with deep groundwater.
  • The soil should be well drained.
  • Hyacinth bulbs are planted at the end of September to a depth of 8–20 cm, depending on the size of the onion.
  • During the first frost, the landing holes are mulched with ash or sawdust.

Primroses need care and in the spring. First you need to get rid of the mulch and the frozen crust, to facilitate the process of punching sprouts through the soil.

After the first sprouts appeared from the ground, they should be fertilized with nitrogenous bait. The formation of buds is accompanied by fertilizer from mineral fertilizers.

Bright primrose

This unpretentious herbaceous perennial will please every gardener with the first spring flowers of yellow, orange, burgundy, purple hues. The variety of paints precisely will recover any garden site. The best places for planting primrose will be areas near trees and shrubs. The plant blooms at the beginning of May and prefers shady places for growing with a small amount of sunlight.

When planting primrose should stick to a few rules:

  • The soil should be fertilized, fertile and loose.
  • Planting holes should be on high ground.
  • The plant requires periodic transplantation (once every 3-4 years).

Replant primroses after flowering. For this, the flower is carefully dug, the root system is washed to facilitate division. As a result, shrubs with a growth point, a few leaves and a thick tuft of roots should be formed. Place for a transplant is to choose a shady.

Perennial plants that begin to grow in late spring will be good neighbors for primroses. The neighborhood of climbing and creeping perennials will affect the development of the first spring flowers safely.

Choosing a place to plant in the garden

Special winter hardiness can boast first spring flowers. Primroses prefer to grow in shady or semi-shady areas. Being under sunshine can destroy a beautiful plant, the leaves will begin to shrink, the flower itself will weaken, stop blooming and may die.

Tuberous and bulbous perennials perfectly take root in loose soil. Before planting, the land is fertilized with compost or multi-component feed, all weeds nearby are removed. Primroses are able to please their owner with lush bloom for 5-6 years without the need for transplanting. After that, the plant should be transplanted to a new place, which will become a source of nutrients.

Almost all species of early-flowering plants are self-seeding. You can propagate them with the help of seeds, then waiting for the first shoots can take up to 4 years, depending on the species. A more convenient way of breeding will be branch of turf.

Ideas for landscape design

The colorful first spring flowers are especially good when they make their way out of the ground, which is still covered with snow. Unpretentious flowers allow you to create unusual, bright compositions on the plot. With their help, you can decorate not only the dacha garden, but also reservoirs, rock gardens, special garden containers.

Here are a few design ideas for the dacha:

  1. Colorful lawn. To decorate the garden lawn, it can be planted miniature bulbous plants. In a single composition, the glades, crocuses, muscari, planted close to each other will look harmonious. This will allow to achieve the effect of thick, colorful, floral carpet.
  2. Pond in the flower garden. Often in the gardens you can see natural springs or artificially created waterfalls. Such reservoirs look particularly good in the environment of colorful primroses. When choosing flowers for planting at a waterfall or spring, you should give preference to moisture-loving plants. For example, lysihiton or white flowers. They blend harmoniously with summer bulbous flowers and perennials.
  3. Alpine composition. Early flowering plants are perfect for creating picturesque rock gardens and mixborders. Crocus, hyacinths, snowdrops planted in small groups will help to complement the alpine composition. Bright flower lawns, making their way into rock gardens, will be a real decoration of the flower garden. In mixborders it is better to use undersized primroses. They should be planted in the foreground with decorative perennials, which have dense foliage.
  4. Growing in pots or containers. All early-flowering flowers perfectly take root indoors, for example, beautiful pots or flowerpots. In this case, the main task facing the gardener, is to create the most natural conditions of growth. It is necessary to plant seeds or bulbs thickly so that the pot is completely covered with flowers. Hanging pots will be a great home decoration.

With the help of spring primroses, you can create original flower drawings on the lawns. The main thing, plant them nearby with perennial, broadleaf plants. This will hide from prying eyes wilted flowers after their flowering.

Nothing pleases the grower so much as the first spring flowers blooming on the winter lawn. Some places are still covered with snow, through which pierces the lush green primroses, topped with bright inflorescences.

Primula garden perennial: features of growing

Each gardener or gardener has a plot unsuitable for further cultivation of crops, in their opinion. However, unpretentious primrose can fully develop in such areas, delighting the owner with spring paints. And let the beauty of the primrose is not able to overshadow the surrounding flowers, but he is able to give his flowers for a long period - from mid-spring to mid-summer, and sometimes twice during the growing season.

Site preparation and soil

Different types of primroses have their own preferences: some like sunny areas, others - areas shaded by other plants, and others - the raw shores of water bodies. The best solution would be to plant a crop in a shaded area or on the east side of the house, which will protect it from drying by the midday scorching sun. If planting flowers planned for registration of rock garden, you should avoid the south side.

Primrose prefers light, fertile soils with high humidity and good drainage system, which prevents the stagnation of water, in which the flower most of all needs a phase of intensive development and flowering. In the case of a strong depletion of soil, additional enrichment with nutrients is carried out by applying organic matter with a norm of 20 kg of a mixture of compost, humus and peat in a ratio of 2: 1: 1 per 1 m2 and mineral fertilizers - 20 g of nitroammophos on a similar area.

How and when to plant?

The landing of a perennial primrose in the garden is carried out in spring or autumn in the second year of development. Compact varieties are seated with a distance of 15 cm between specimens, and large species are located 20 cm apart.

Seeds lose their germination in a very short time, so they just need to be sown immediately after harvest. To do this, use the boxes that are installed in the open ground. In the case when you have high-quality seeds and you do not want to risk, they should be sown in the first days of February. To do this, the box must be filled with a mixture of turf and leaf earth, as well as sand (2: 1: 1). Seeds should be distributed over the surface and not buried in the soil, but only slightly pressed. Make sure that there is no more than 5 seeds per 1 square centimeter. After that, the box should be placed in a bag of polyethylene and put in a freezer, which will be no warmer than minus 10 degrees. There they should stay from 3 to 4 weeks. Then the boxes are placed directly in the packages on the windowsill, not forgetting to protect them from the direct rays of the sun. Keep the ground a little wet all the time. The fastest seeds will ascend at a temperature of 16 to 18 degrees. But it is worth considering that the freezing will not need all types of such plants. Thus, the fine-toothed and common primrose do not need this stratification. The first shoots usually do not appear soon. After this happens, it is necessary to begin gradually opening the bags, as a result, the seedlings will gradually get used to the air. After half a month the shelter can be removed for good.

Seedlings are slow-growing. When 2 or 3 true ones grow, it is necessary to pick a sheet in another drawer, using tweezers for this. For primroses you need to continue care, in a timely manner moisten the soil. Picks are done as the plants grow. As a rule, seedlings will be ready for transplanting into open soil only a couple of years after the emergence of shoots.

What time is better to plant

В открытую почву примулу многолетник следует высаживать в весеннее либо осеннее время и обязательно на второй год их жизни. В весеннее время лучше всего это сделать в последние майские дни. For such a plant, it is recommended to choose a site that will be shaded by shrubs or trees, while the direct rays of the sun should not be completely. Only for alpine species in the northern areas it is recommended to choose a sunny site. A suitable soil should be loose and light, moisture absorbing and well drained (water in the soil should not linger for a long time). Can be grown in clay soil. If the clay soil is very heavy, then this can be corrected by adding a few kilograms of manure, a bucket of sand, crushed sphagnum and vermiculite (proportion to 1 square meter of soil).

How to plant a primrose

Between bushes should be left from 20 to 30 centimeters (for large species) and about 10 to 15 centimeters (for compact species) of empty space. It should be noted that such plants do not like open spaces. In this regard, the landing must be done so that as they grow, they become closed. A plant grown from seeds begins to bloom only for 2 or 3 years after germination.

How to grow

Most often in the care of planted primroses do not have any difficulties. But how to take care of them during this period? The soil should always be slightly moist and loosened. As a rule, watering is necessary 1 time in 7 days, after which the soil is loosened and, if necessary, weeded. If the weather is dry and hot, then watering should be done 2 times a week. Approximately 1 square meter poured 3 liters of water. If you have a perennial flower growing, then it should be fed very often, or rather, once a week. At the same time you should start feeding, when the leaves appear, and finish - at the end of flowering. To do this, use a solution of complex mineral fertilizers, while applying a dosage of 2 times less than that indicated on the package. But it should be noted that if there is too much nitrogen in the soil, then the primrose will not bloom next year, but it will have dense foliage. In order to avoid this, it is necessary to apply potash and phosphate fertilizers in turn.

Primrose reproduction

Such a plant can be propagated by seeds, leaf cuttings and dividing the bush. Transplantation is performed on the 4–5 year of life at the end of the summer or in the first or second week of September. To do this, the overgrown bush must be carefully watered and dug. From the root system you need to remove all the soil, and then wash it in a container with water. The rootstock is cut into delenki with a very sharp knife, and each of them must have at least 1 point of renewal. After this place of cuts, it is necessary to process wood ashes and then immediately plant a divided bush on a new permanent place. Then the plant should be well watered. Thus you can rejuvenate the primrose, as well as get high-quality planting material.

In the case when the bush has a weakened root system or there is only 1 rosette, axillary shoots are used for reproduction. To do this, separate the leaf with the bud, stem, and part of the stem. The leaf is shortened to ½ part and planted in the soil mixture. After that, the stalk is rearranged to a well-lit place, drawing it from direct sunlight. The optimum temperature from 16 to 18 degrees while the soil should be constantly moderately moist. Transplantation is carried out only after the stems with 3-4 leaflets grow from the buds, while the capacity should have a diameter of from 7 to 9 centimeters. In the spring, it is transplanted into open soil.

Pests and diseases

In the open ground, such a flower can get jaundice, rust, powdery mildew, rot of shoots and root collar, bacterial blotch, anthracnose, and cucumber mosaic virus. After you have discovered that the leaf plates of the primrose began to change, they must be destroyed. Also on the bushes can live aphids, weevils, slugs, nematodes, spider mites, beetles and fleas. In the spring, for preventive purposes, it is necessary to treat the bushes with a solution of Topsin (2%) or Fundazole (2%), copper chloroxide (1%) or Bordeaux liquid (1%). In the autumn, it is necessary to carry out treatment with a solution of Nitrafen (1%). Slugs, as well as beetles will have to be removed by hand. Actellic will help to deal with ticks, and Ragor - with nematodes.

Autumn time

When flowering is over, you need to loosen the soil near the bushes, removing all the weeds and not disturbing the plant until the winter itself, since during this period leaf plates grow. Remember to save the rosette of leaves until late autumn, as it will become the root system of the natural shelter. In the case when cutting leaves will be carried out in the autumn, it will negatively affect the further growth of the plant. So, it will become smaller, flowering will not be so lush, and the bush will lose its former spectacular appearance. Remove last year's leaves in the spring.

If the winter period is frosty enough, then the bushes of primroses should be covered with straw, dried leaves or spruce branches. The layer of shelter should be no thinner than 7-10 centimeters. Some species do not need to cover, for example, the primula of Julia. If the winter time is quite snowy and relatively warm, then the cover of primroses can be avoided. In the springtime, when the snow begins to fall, watch that a crust of ice does not form over the bushes (it must be destroyed), because of this, the flower may start to sweep.

Stemless primrose, or common (Primula vulgaris)

Homeland Middle and Southern Europe. It prefers to grow on forest edges, on alpine meadows near the melting snow cover. The short rhizome has rather thick roots of the cord form. The length of the lanceolate leaflets is about 25 centimeters, and the width is 6 centimeters. They during the winter period can partially survive. The height of short stalks varies from 6 to 20 centimeters, they carry single flowers, painted in pale yellow or white with a pharynx of purple color. Petals have a large width and are divided into 2 shares. During the flowering period, the bush is very similar to an elegant holiday bouquet. The beginning of flowering in March. In some cases, flowering is repeated in September. Cultivated from the 16th century.

Sorta:

  • Virginia - white flowers have a light yellow mouth,
  • Giga White - white flowers,
  • Cerulea - the mouth of blue flowers is yellow.

Primula high (Primula elatior)

Homeland Carpathians, southern and northern regions of Western Europe. This perennial plant has oval leaf plates with a finely toothed edge. Their length is about 5–20 centimeters, and their width is 2–7 centimeters. They have a sharp narrowing to the stalk. On their front surface, the veins are indented, and on the purl - convex. The inflorescences in the form of umbrellas consist of 5-15 fragrant flowers with a diameter of two centimeters and painted in pale yellow color, while in the base of the petals there are specks of rich yellow color. The height of the slightly pubescent peduncle is about 10–35 centimeters. Flowering begins in April and lasts from 50 to 60 days. There are hybrids with large flowers, painted in white, red, lilac, cream, yellow. They can be either single-color or have a peephole or a border.

Grades:

  • Duplex - the diameter of cherry flowers is 25 millimeters, while the pharynx is dark yellow,
  • Rosea - dark pink flowers have a yellow eye,
  • Gelle Farben - diameter of pale purple flowers is 35 millimeters, throat - yellow,
  • Goldgrand - the diameter of brownish flowers is 25 millimeters, while there is a yellow throat and border of golden color.

There is a group of hybrid plants, created on the basis of high primrose. They have rather long flower stalks and large flowers. Perfect for growing on the cut. These include Curiosity brownish-yellow color, Golden Dream with rich yellow flowers and Olga Menden with pale red flowers.

Zibold Primula (Primula sieboldii)

Flowering observed in June. Flowers can be painted in various shades of pink or lilac. They are part of loose inflorescences in the form of umbrellas. When the shrub velvet, then this ephemeroid dies off the foliage.

Spring primula (Primula veris)

It is also called medicinal. Homeland Europe. The length of the ovoid wrinkled leaf plates is 20 centimeters, and the width is 6 centimeters. On the obverse, the veins are pressed, and on the purl pubescent - convex. Yellow flowers have an orange spot at the base of the petals. Garden varieties can be painted in a variety of colors. Terry or simple flowers can be painted in 1 or 2 colors. Blooms profusely from April to June.

Also popular are such species as: Bisa, ear, snow, Voronova, Komarova, fine-toothed, Geller, small, Julia, Ruprecht, and others.

Primrose properties

In any part of the plant there is a large amount of highly concentrated manganese salts. The parts located above the soil contain many vitamins, and the rhizome contains essential oils, saponins and glycosides. With leaflets prepare various dishes (soups, salads, etc.). It is useful to eat them in the springtime, as the leaves contain ascorbic acid and carotene. Dried leaves and roots make powder. The plant has an expectorant effect in diseases of the respiratory tract. From the leaves make a decoction, and from the roots - infusion. Primula with rheumatism has an analgesic effect. In diseases of the kidneys and bladder, it is used as a diuretic. Infusion, made from leaves, is used for sore throat, neurosis, catarrhal diseases, pain in the head, sleep disorders. Infusion of the roots can dissolve external hemorrhages. You can not use these funds for individual intolerance to primroses, and you need to be very careful pregnant women in the first trimester.

Description of primrose: varieties and varieties

Primula is valued for its bright colors of various shades, some varieties have a pleasant smell, and even primrose leaves can be eaten. Although primrose varieties are numerous, not all of them are grown in gardens.

Garden species can be divided into:

  • capitate,
  • longline
  • candelabra,
  • bell-shaped

Any owner in the garden has a plot on which nothing is landed. There is nothing growing there. It is best to plant primroses on such plots, because among them there are so unpretentious varieties that grow absolutely anywhere, wherever you plant them. And, maybe, they will not be the brightest flowers on your flowerbed but will invariably delight you with fresh spring greens. For this, a spring primrose or a primrose is well suited. The same almost undemanding, but more vivid and spectacular are the finely toothed and ear primroses.

Primroses bloom early in April, and bloom until July. And some of the varieties bloom again in late summer.

Planting a plant

In order to start breeding primrose seeds, you must first decide what time of year to plant. Three periods are suitable for this.

  1. Spring landing. In late February or early March, primrose seeds are sown in greenhouse tanks with specially prepared soil. And directly into the open ground sow primula when snow melts. If the spring is cold, then it is better to plant it not directly into the ground, but into pots that need to be buried in the garden.
  2. Summer landing. As soon as the seeds ripen after the flowering of primroses in July-August, they are sown in open ground. This method is considered relevant, because the primrose seeds quickly lose their germination. One of the drawbacks of this period is the small amount of moisture in the soil at this time of year, so it is best to sow as many seeds as possible.

For sowing seeds of primrose, it is better to select protected from direct sunlight. The primrose, although an unpretentious plant, prefers light nutritious soil. Often the seeds are sown in special beds in which the flowers get more comfortable growing conditions before planting them in their permanent habitat.

Plant Care

A primrose, planting and caring for which do not cause much trouble, will be grateful to you for the simple loosening of the earth, the timely removal of weeds and, of course, regular watering. If you want to extend the period of primrose flowering, cut off the flowering peduncles so that they do not take the nutrients from the plant. If you plan to collect the seeds, then several flower stalks will be quite enough.

Growing primrose is better to produce in shaded areas, because the sun's rays reduce the flowering time of the plant. In hot periods primroses need active watering and shading. For the winter, primrose should be covered with a layer of dry leaves.

Fertilizer and primrose feeding

Despite all its unpretentiousness, primroses will react well to feeding with rotted organic matter. During flowering, just before opening the buds, you can use an aqueous 1% solution of complex fertilizer, but if you use it when the buds are not yet visible, all the power will go to the leaves.

After flowering, you can add mineral fertilizer in the form of an aqueous solution. So you will help the flowers gain strength next year and create new flower buds.

Plant propagation

In addition to seed sowing, it is possible to propagate these flowers by dividing the bush, cuttings and rooting the shoots.

The division of the bush. Primrose bushes are divided in the third year, and some varieties are not earlier than the fifth year of growth. In the spring before flowering or in the fall, already after it blooms, the plant is dug out and the roots are completely cleared from the ground.

Council In order not to damage the root system, you can simply wash the roots with water.

With a sharp knife, the root must be divided into several parts so that each section will have a renewal bud, a well-developed root system and a rosette of leaves. Slices should be immediately sprinkled with ashes, avoiding drying, and as soon as possible plant the plant back into open ground or a pot. Watering delenki need daily for two weeks, and if the division was made in the fall, it is better to cover the plants for the winter.

Reproduction by cuttings. For this breeding variant of primrose, it is necessary to select the largest bushes and separate from them a part of the already formed thick roots. On the separated cuttings make longitudinal cuts in the upper part. This will help the kidneys grow faster. The cuttings are planted 3-4 cm deep and take care of them in the usual way.

Rooting. This method is perfect if the roots of the plant are still weak and the sockets have not yet developed enough to divide. The leaf stalk with the kidney must be separated at the very base of the root. In this case, the sheet plate itself is recommended to be reduced by a third. Separated petiole with a part of the shoot must be planted in a specially prepared mixture of sand and earth. Pot with petiole placed in a bright, but protected from direct sunlight place and maintain the ambient temperature at 16-18 degrees. When shoots appear from the bud, they should be planted in different pots and planted in open ground immediately when the weather conditions become suitable.

Diseases and pests

Primula has a fairly strong immunity to all kinds of diseases. However, some of them still can hit your plant.

The most unpleasant for primrose is considered to be the fungus Ramularia cerkosporella. This disease can be identified by spots on the leaves of the plant. Most often they appear at the very end of spring. The spots that appear on the leaves have an angular or rounded shape and a pale color, but later they acquire a gray or brown color with a yellow border. In the event of defeat by this disease, it is urgent to remove the infected leaves, and treat the plants with Bordeaux liquid or specialized means from the store. For prevention, you can spray plants with a 1% nitrafen solution in the spring.

Pests such as slugs, nematodes, and spider mites can be found in too thick primrose thickets.

Primula: combination with other plants

As neighbors, primroses are almost perfect, because for the most part these are delicate plants that simply cannot crush a neighbor. They will grow where there is a place, without displacing other crops from the beds. To choose neighbors this flower is necessary from the same fans of wet shaded places.

Primula in landscape design

Since there are a lot of species and varieties of primrose, cultivation and care for them are simple, this flower is a great favorite of landscape designers. Many consider primroses warmer and more attractive than the same tulips or daffodils. For the garden, primroses are just a godsend, because combining different types of these plants can be achieved on a garden of continuous flowering from April to August.

Primrose looks very impressive when decorating artificial ponds against the background of purple lily pads. These flowers of various bright colors are placed along the borders and paths, giving them an unusual flavor. A frequent guest is the primrose and in the shaded corners of the garden, as well as on alpine hills and rock arias in the shade of coniferous trees.

Often, primroses are grown in pots and vases to decorate terraces and houses. Some varieties are grown for cutting.

Primula - the perfect flower for any garden. Простота выращивания, неприхотливость в уходе, огромное количество видов и сортов позволят любому, даже самому прихотливому садовнику выбрать цветок себе по душе. Яркая палитра всех цветов и оттенков не позволит вашему цветнику выглядеть скучно начиная с середины весны и до самой осени.

Сорта примулы: фото









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This is the most unpretentious flower that I know! I propagated by cutting method all the time, I have already made more than one flowerbed of them in my garden. Fertilizer also put a minimum, they still have enough. But how does he decorate the garden! love burgundy primroses.

But for me, primrose is quite capricious, although everywhere they write that it is unpretentious! I grow only capitates, of lilac color, and the others do not want ... But I, anyway, once again try to plant this primrose in my area, I love them, even though they haven’t answered me yet))

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