In order to grow a healthy and luxuriantly flowering pachistachis, home care for this plant must comply with certain rules. It is important to correctly pick up the soil and dishes for growing, maintain the necessary temperature and humidity, regularly water and feed the flower. Then he can show himself in all its glory.
Creating a favorable environment
The forests of the tropical belt of Central and South America are home to pachistachis. In order for a plant to develop successfully in a room, it is necessary to create conditions for it as close to natural as possible:
- Maintain air temperature. In spring and summer, it should not fall below 18–20 ° C. If the thermometer rises above this mark, it is important to increase the humidity in the room to prevent leaves from drying out. In autumn and winter, the optimum temperature for pachistachis is 15–19 ° C. With cooler air, the leaves of this heat-loving plant begin to fall off, and in the spring, with the beginning of the vegetative period, it will need a long recovery period for the bush to regain volume.
- Cool drafts are a big threat to pachistachis. This should be taken into account when choosing a place for a plant. In the cold season it is better to remove it from the window sill and put it at some distance from the window.
- Illumination for pachistachis should be moderate. An exotic flower should get enough sun, but its direct rays leave ugly burns on the leaves. The ideal choice would be a window on the east or west side of the house. If pahistahis is grown on a southern window, then he needs to create artificial shading.
- This tropical plant is accustomed to high humidity - from 60%. When growing indoors with dry air, it is necessary to take special measures: put a container with water next to the pot, hang a wet towel on the battery, or use a special device, an air humidifier. In winter, it is better to move pakhistahis away from heating devices.
The creation of favorable conditions is the basis for the active development and flowering of the pachistachis. His requirements for the environment are not much different from the requirements of most houseplants, "migrated" on the sill of tropical forests.
Planting pakhistahisa and fertilizers
The size of the pot for a plant should depend on the dimensions of the root system: it is better that the volume exceeds them by 3-4 cm, because pahistahis loves free space. It is recommended to give preference to wide crockery. At the bottom of the pot a layer of drainage is required for less than 2 cm. This will ensure sufficient air flow to the roots and prevent water stagnation at the bottom, which leads to the appearance of rot.
For drainage, you can use small stones, necessarily decontaminated, or expanded clay purchased at the store.
Top dressing and soil selection for pachistachis also play an important role in plant development. It prefers fertile soil with low acidity and good aeration, therefore the ground should be loose. The easiest way to buy a universal mix for flowering houseplants, adding to it coarse sand or vermiculite in a ratio of 4: 1.
You can prepare the soil yourself by mixing:
All components are taken in equal parts.
From April until the beginning of autumn, the pachistachis is actively developing and blooming, so it needs regular feeding. They are done 1-2 times a month. For the plant to get all the necessary substances, you can alternate the introduction of organic matter (for example, infusion of mullein) and complex mineral fertilizers for flowering species. In the autumn and winter in the dressing is not necessary.
In the care of pachistachis at home, the key role is assigned to regular watering. This plant loves moisture, so the soil should not be allowed to dry in spring and summer. It needs to be watered as soon as the top layer of the earth dries out. In winter, watering is reduced to 2 times a week, but you should always focus on the condition of the soil and the flower itself. The lack of moisture greatly harms the pachistachis, and can lead to its death.
On hot days and with dry air in the room, the plant responds well to regular spraying from a spray bottle. It is better to produce them in the morning and in the evening, while the sun's rays do not fall on the pachistachis.
In order for the plant to grow in a bushy bush with numerous bright inflorescences, caring for pahistachis at home must necessarily include regular pruning and nipping of young shoots. If you do not do this, you will get an almost bare, unbranched stem with rare leaves, and such an instance will not look decorative.
The best time to form a crown is in early spring, when the intensive growth of the stems begins. Young shoots pinch at the top of the axils of the leaves, from which new shoots will appear later, and old ones will be cut with sharp clippers. This procedure should be started when the height of the pachistachis reaches 20 cm.
During the growing season it is possible to produce crown formation up to three times. Extrusion of stems in height will slow down, but at the same time the number of shoots will increase.
Adult copies are enough to trim once a year, in March.
Cut off parts of the shoots are used for plant reproduction. To do this, they are rooted in water or soil, after having been treated with a growth stimulator. The roots will appear in about 10–14 days, and then the cuttings can be transplanted into a small pot or plastic cup.
If you properly care for pahistah, then flowering occurs from early spring to mid-autumn. Sometimes under favorable conditions, it continues throughout the year. To do this, you need to create favorable conditions for the plant in the room and do not forget about regular care.
The leaves of the plant have a dark olive shade. Leaf shape oblong oval. The inflorescences of pachistachis are like bright sunny spikelets, which still resemble a candle. All deceptively take them for the very flowering, but this is just the bracts.
Flowering in plants occurs unsightly light flowers that appear perpendicular to the spikelets. It occurs suddenly and quickly showered. And the remaining golden spikelets for a long time give the plant an elegant look. Pachistachis can reach a height of almost a meter. The stems of the plant are flat and erect.
Duration of flowering in the plant lasts the entire warm season until the beginning of autumn. But the inflorescences themselves crumble a couple of weeks after the start of flowering. Up to 20 such spikelets can be present on one plant.
Varieties and types
Pakhistakhis "Yellow" or "Lutea" can fluctuate around meter. The leaves are a large leaf shape oval and length in the region of 20 cm. The inflorescences have a yellow hot shade. Flowering lasts a long period.
Pakhistakhis "Yellow" the most popular in the cultivation of indoor plants.
Pakhistakhis "Red" The bracts have a dark olive shade, and of them, during the flowering period, flowers of a rich scarlet shade are seen. Its height can be up to 2 meters. This look is quite bright and its color gives it a motley attractive look.
Pachistachis home care
Illumination pakhistahis prefers scattered bright, but direct sunlight should be avoided, they burn leaves. The best location is the west or east side of the room.
The temperature regime of the plant is necessary within 17 - 22 degrees in the summer period, and in winter it is necessary to maintain the pachistachis at rest with a decrease in temperature to 15 degrees. The plant does not tolerate drafts and with the beginning of the heating season, it is preferable to move it away from the battery.
The flower prefers increased soil moisture, especially in summer. Do not allow the soil to dry out, otherwise the plant immediately lowers the leaves and begins to dry out.
Water for irrigation requires soft and settled. In hot weather, it is preferable to spray the flower. You can also further moisten the plant by pouring water into the pan, but so that the root system does not touch with water. In this case, it is better to put small stones in the tray.
The whole period until the plant blooms it needs to be fed with liquid mullein or complex fertilizer. This procedure is carried out once for 15 days. It is necessary to fertilize after careful watering.
Transplant and soil for pachistachis
The composition of the soil for the plant should include peat, sheet soil, turf soil, humus, coarse sand. All components are mixed in equal proportions.
To make a transplant is necessary as needed when the root system becomes crowded. Move the plant into a container more than the previous one by a couple of centimeters in width and height, but before it pruned shoots.
How to trim pachistachis
Once every few years the plant needs to be renewed and rejuvenated. It is necessary that the stems are not bare.
In order for the plant to have a luxurious lush crown, in the first year of planting it is necessary to cut the plant and pinch the tops so that the bush is lush. Pinching must be done after flowering. And pruning should be done before flowering, in early spring. All stems need to be cut and leave three pairs of leaves. Then the third pair of leaves, which is located on the side stems, must be pinched.
Pachistachis breeding cuttings
Pachistachis breeding by cuttings can be made all year round. To do this, take a cutting with several pairs of leaves. Rooting can be done both in the soil and in the water.
In the ground it is necessary to cover the container with a film or cut plastic bottle. The appearance of the roots occurs somewhere in 21 days. After rooting, the plant is transplanted into a container with a slightly larger size.
The reproduction of pachistachis by seeds
Seed multiplication occurs a bit more laboriously. Seeds are sown in a light, loose soil and cover with a film. Open the film, only for airing and spraying the soil.
After the emergence of seedlings, greenhouse remove and adapt the plants to external conditions. With the advent of several pairs of leaves, it is necessary to plant the plant in separate containers.
Diseases and pests
- Among the pests, the plant affects the spider mite and the scythe.. As a counter, the plant must be treated with insecticides. Or you can make a light garlic solution and spray the plant. And after the destruction of pests to arrange a warm shower plant.
- Pachistachis opal leaves - This is due to climate change in the room. Either the air is too dry and there is not enough spraying. Or drafts appeared, and the air temperature dropped.
- Pachistahis sheds leaves - The reason for the lack of moisture in the soil. Or cold conditions of detention.
- Pachistachis leaves turn yellow and dry - this happens because of too dry air in the room. It is necessary to provide adequate hydration and spraying of the plant.
- Pachistachis leaves curled - The reason for the lack of light, moisture and spraying leaves.
We root pahistahis in the soil:
Prepare small pots with a diameter of 12–15 cm.
Pots for planting cuttings pachistahisa
Fill with light soil consisting of peat and sand (2: 1), slightly moisten the soil.
Pot filled with soil for planting pakhistahisa
We take cuttings 10–15 cm long, remove the lower leaves.
Pachistachis cuttings for rooting
Omit the bottom of the shoot in the drug Kornevin (available in powder form).
Cuttings treated with Kornevin
We plant the plants in the ground, deepening the lower part by 1-1.5 cm.
Pachistachis planted in the ground
We cover small pakhistahis with a cap from a can or a cut-off plastic bottle.
Pachistachis cuttings covered with a plastic bottle cap
The formation of the root system will take about a month. Caps can be removed when new leaves appear on the cuttings. The young plant will need to get used to the reduced humidity, so do not remove protective tanks immediately. Start from 1 hour a day and gradually increase the time so that in 2 weeks you will completely refuse shelter.