General information

Leningrad golden gray breed of chickens - a productive bird of domestic breeding

The experimental population was bred in the 1970s – 1980s. when crossing brown and striped leggorn. At the age of one day, the chickens are autosex: the chickens have longitudinal stripes on the back, and the cocks are light - without stripes.

The bird is quite large and is popular with amateur poultry farmers.

The live weight of adult roosters is 2.8 - 3.2 kg, chickens 2.3 - 2.5 kg. Chickens carry up to 200 white eggs weighing 60 - 62 g per year.

Characteristics:

  • The bird is calm, tall, large with a deep and wide body.
  • Rose-shaped and leaf-shaped comb. White-pink ear lobes, skin color and feet light and yellow.
  • Breeding with Leningrad golden-gray chickens is aimed at increasing autosexuality to 90 -95%.

Our farm contains the Leningrad golden-gray. We like these chickens a lot.

The main advantages of Leningrad golden-gray:

  • At day old chicks can be distinguished by sex
  • Chickens very quickly dig out and have a decent weight of the carcass
  • Chickens for meat-breeding breeds have very enviable indicators for egg production. Even in the cold, these chickens are well carried.

The origin of the breed

The Leningrad breed is golden-gray bred artificially in 1970-1980. The ancestors of these chickens were brown leggorny and striped hens. In the course of selection experiments, two additional varieties of the Leningrad breed were also obtained: the Leningrad calico and the Leningrad white. The calico breed has a flawless exterior, and the white breed attracts poultry farmers with its large size.

In contrast to these subspecies, the Leningrad golden-gray is a universal bird. It is unpretentious in content, has a decorative color and good productivity. Due to the combination of these qualities, the breed has gained popularity and is willingly bred by farmers in private farms.

Description and characteristics of the breed with photos

The Leningrad golden-gray breed of chickens is a calm bird with a large body and attractive coloring. The name itself indicates the presence of gray and golden colors in the color of this bird. Gold feathers are arranged on a gray background in the neck and on the wings. The body is evenly painted in ash-gray color. The chicken additionally has long stripes along the back.

External breed characteristics of the subspecies are as follows:

  • The body of large size, wide, regular shape. Rooster weight - 3.2-3.5 kilograms, chicken - 2.5 kilograms.
  • The head is medium in size, with a pink-colored leaf crest.
  • Earrings of pale pink color, medium length.
  • Legs are of medium length, light yellow.
  • The tail is medium in size, well developed.
  • The wings fit snugly to the body.

Productivity characteristic

Golden gray breed has good egg production. On average, the chicken gives 180-200 eggs per year. Egg weight 60-62 grams. Eggs are white, hard-shelled. Distinctive properties of the egg - large yolk. Puber sexuality occurs at six months.

The breed does not have exceptional weights. The weight of the rooster's carcass is 2.5 -2.8 kilograms, the chicken is about 2 kilograms. At the same time, the meat of these chickens is tender, juicy, and has excellent nutritional properties.

Features of care and maintenance in private households

The Leningrad golden rock is contained in a standard chicken coop, the area of ​​which is calculated at the rate of one 0.5 square meter for each head. The room should be warm, dry, protected from drafts.

It is imperative to provide for the possibility of airing and to provide access to the inside of daylight. To increase daylight in the autumn-winter period, additional lighting is provided in the hen house.

Leningrad golden rock contained in a standard chicken coop.

Inside the hen house equip nests. For their manufacture fit boxes measuring 40x40 centimeters. Nests are located at a height of 60-70 centimeters above the floor, perches set at an altitude of 70-80 centimeters. The number of nests - 1 piece for 4-5 layers.

Council If chickens do not lay eggs in any nests, they must be moved to another place.

As an alternative to floor keeping, it is possible to organize the cultivation of golden-gray Leningrad chickens in cages. However, with a lack of motor activity, the egg production of the rock may sharply decline.

For free range in the open air for chickens construct a spacious open-air cage. Leningrad golden-gray chickens do not tend to high flight, so the fence can be made no more than 1.5 meters high. If individual individuals are seen flying over the fence, they can cut their wings.

In the hen house and aviary you must maintain cleanliness. The litter in the room changes at least once every 1.5-2 months. 2 times a year in the coop is carried out general cleaning, combined with antiseptic treatment of all surfaces. To destroy the parasites, the walls can be washed with boiling water or steam treated.

Chickens of this breed are happy to walk in a fenced range.

For the "bathing" of the bird inside the chicken coop install tanks with sand and wood ash. Chickens will clean the feathers themselves with this parasite insect mix.

Feeding organization

Leningrad golden-gray breed of chickens is suitable for standard nutrition with grain mixtures, mixed fodder, food waste and vegetables. The main condition is the purity and freshness of food. Drinkers must also be always clean with fresh water.

It is recommended to give the food in a dry form, as wet mash can sour too quickly and cause food poisoning. In winter, feed should contain more protein. To do this, add fish oil to food.

In the summertime, the chickens supplement their diet independently while walking in the aviary. Protein food is especially useful for birds: worms, insects, slugs. Also, chickens must be given fresh greens, herbs, young nettles. In the feed periodically include vitamin-mineral complexes and premixes.

Leningrad golden-gray breed of chickens is suitable for standard nutrition with grain mixtures or compound feed.

Important. To grind food, hens need shell rock and small gravel. They are poured into separate containers, which are installed inside the hen house and in the aviaries.

Features breeding breed

It is recommended to breed the breed by laying eggs into the incubator. The hatchability of chickens varies in the region of 75-80%. Chickens are autosex breeds, so they can be sorted at day old. The males are evenly colored, the hens have longitudinal stripes on their backs.

In the first 10 days of chickens kept in a box at a temperature of 30-32%. It is recommended to feed the brood with chopped egg mixed with corn grits. From the third day you can add chopped green onions, cottage cheese, yogurt to the diet.

Chickens must always have access to clean water. To prevent infection by infection, every 4-5 days a little potassium permanganate is mixed into the water.

Growth of chickens and plumage is fast enough, with chickens fled faster than males. The survival rate of young Leningrad golden-gray 90-93%.

In the photo, the Leningradskaya chickens are golden gray.

Diseases of the breed and their prevention

The Leningrad golden-gray chicken is a hardy and healthy breed. There are no specific diseases in this breed, but in case of violation of sanitary standards and improper feeding, the bird can become infected with infectious diseases, worms, and parasites.

To prevent the spread of infection, you must monitor the condition of the bird. If an individual has lost its appetite, ruffled feathers, is constantly sitting, it must be isolated from the rest of the herd and find out the cause of the indisposition.

It is possible to protect livestock from characteristic bird diseases by timely preventive vaccination. It is especially important to vaccinate against incurable diseases: coccidiosis, Marek's disease, Newcastle disease.

Farmers Reviews

Anna. Leningrad golden-gray - the best domestic breed. It rushes well, the bird is beautiful, heavy, with good health. It is adapted to the Russian conditions, and perfectly lives in cold chicken coops. Very large egg.

Farmers celebrate high egg production.

Ivan I got a LZS egg last year. Of the 30 pieces in the incubator, 25 chickens were bred. All survived and grew to a year! Grow quickly, in 65 days already weigh almost a kilo. Kurks since 5 months in all rush. Somewhere a month the egg was small, now quite large. The bird is calm, it lives in my common henhouse with ordinary village hens.

Kseniya. Breed golden-gray Leningrad in my breeding for 5 years. It rushes well, the meat is tasty, carcasses of a pleasant color and size just suitable. I grow them in an unheated chicken coop. In the warm season, feed on the day alone, so I feed in the morning and evening. Eat compound feed and ordinary grain. In winter, I give once a day mash of boiled vegetables and steamed mixed feed, so my LZS rush without interruption. Breed happy and advise everyone.

Breed species

Breeding Leningrad breed of chickens was the achievement of domestic breeding. Representatives of the Research Institute at the crossing of Leggornov achieved the birth of the Golden-gray variety. Later, crossing them with Australian broilers led to the birth of a highly productive White variety.

The youngest is the Leningrad Calico Chicken. They are small, have a docile nature and are easily kept in common poultry houses.

Golden gray

The first breed of breeding in NIIP Leningrad. The most productive bird with high egg production with its average weight. This chicken is tall, has a big muscular breast and a large head. The plumage is gray, ashen. The color of the neck often has golden hues. Earrings and comb pink. Layers in the back area have 2 lines of brown or black.

This kind of egg direction. The weight of the carcass is average. Roosters grow to 3.5 kg, and chickens to 2.7 kg.

But the Golden Gray Bird has other advantages:

  • unpretentious content,
  • high egg production - up to 200 eggs per year
  • Egg size The average weight of one is 60-70 g.

It is also important that they are popular not only because of the high egg production, but also because of their appearance. They can often be found on domestic farms.

Have a monophonic color. The color of the plumage is white-white. Scarlet comb and earrings. The view of this bird is impressive. Chickens are massive, have a developed loin and large wings.

White Leningrad variety

This hybrid is characterized by medium egg production. For a year, the hen gives 150-170 eggs. White chickens have a good survival rate - more than 80%.

The most important characteristics of this variety are:

  1. Quick weight gain. Already by 2 months chickens weigh 1.5-2 kg. Adult broilers gain weight up to 4.5 kg.
  2. Good survival rate, calm nature.
  3. Early puberty. Bird rushes from 6 months.

White Hens are less common in markets than Golden Gray.

Calico birds

Leningrad Calico Chicken is the youngest variety. Breeders during its creation paid attention to external features.

Leningrad Calico Chicken

According to the description, the hens of this species are slender, have a variegated white and black plumage, a rounded breast and a thin, curved neck. The head is white or gray, the color of the border at the beak is pink. In its appearance there is something aristocratic, refined. This bird will decorate any farm.

Leningrad Calico breed of hens weighs no more than 3 kg. And male individuals weigh even less. Average egg production - up to 180 pcs. in year.

Farmers appreciate the Calico variety of winged pets and their tender, tasty meat. Get it with one carcass is not much. But if it is grown at home, and they are engaged in farming for themselves, and not for sale, the person will remain satisfied with this.

Content Features

For the Leningrad breed of chickens, the conditions of detention are the same as for other varieties.

Need a chicken coop with a soft, moisture-absorbing bedding, lighting and ventilation. Spend most of the time she will be there in the winter. In the warm season, the chicken is more likely to be walking, so you will have to install a pen in the barn, where there will be enough plant food.

These unpretentious and nutrition. They willingly eat:

  • feed,
  • mineral compounds
  • worms, beetles,
  • wet mash,
  • greens and vegetables.

Special attention should be paid to feeding the chickens. Leningrad broiler from the first days of his life in need of feed with a high content of calcium. This trace element is needed to increase the intensity of weight gain. The lack of calcium in the diet will lead to slow weight gain. Get the right amount of it can be from the chalk, shell rock and eggshell.

Immunity is strong. Sick bird rarely. The danger is fraught with only errors in the maintenance of livestock due to which the manifestation of infectious and parasitic diseases is possible.

Inference history

This breed is the result of long-term experiments of breeders. Golden gray Leningrad first appeared in the 1970s. The ancestors of the birds - Striped and Brown Leghorn. It took 4 generations to manage to bring a universal chicken.

A relatively calm animal with an interesting color - you will not confuse it with anyone. A big plus is the rapid growth and weight gain, which allows you to get products much faster than from other breeds.

Appearance and physique

The body of the Leningrad breed volumetric, regular shape. It has a gray color interspersed with golden feathers, which are getting closer to the head. The wings are closely pressed to the body, may also have a few golden feathers.

The skin under the feathers is light, has a yellowish tint.

The head is medium in size with a pink leafy comb and white and pink earrings. The legs are of medium size, the color is golden yellow. The tail is medium, well developed and has a dense plumage.

Representatives of this breed are calm and non-conflict. These qualities allow you to release for walking individuals of different ages and breeds.

Productivity

The bred breed in its productivity surpasses many others. The average egg production for all breeds is 150, and for the golden-gray Leningrad, with a good diet, this figure is much higher. At the same time they begin to rush from 5 months. Initially, the eggs are not large, then they become larger and stronger.

Chicken egg weight

What to feed

For this breed, the same nutrition is suitable as for other chickens - high-quality compound feed, cereal, food waste and vegetables.

Basic feeding tips:

  • do not soak the food, so that there is no food poisoning - it is better to give them dry,
  • in winter, add protein to your diet, such as fish oil,
  • periodically supplement the diet with mineral supplements,
  • in the summer, provide access to fresh grass, nettle will be especially useful,
  • chickens should have free water.

At first, prepare for brood a mixture of corn grits and ground eggs. Sour yogurt, cottage cheese, green onions are added on the third day of life.

For the cultivation of individuals older than 10 days, special, shredded mixed feed will be suitable. For growing chickens need vitamin complexes and supplements. If possible, provide access to live protein foods - worms, bugs, slugs.

It is important to add a little potassium permanganate to the drinking water of chickens every 5 days. This will help avoid infection.

Coop Requirements

The coop must be spacious enough for the birds to move in it. The most important thing is to make it warm, without drafts, but with the possibility of airing. Also ensure daylight intake. Immediately you should think about artificial lighting - in the winter it will help to increase the daylight hours.

For every 4 individuals, you need to make a nest of no more than 50 by 50 cm. To do this, you can take a box for products.

Place them at a height of 70 cm from the ground, and even higher by 20 cm organize roosts. If the birds ignore the nests, try moving them to another location.

It is better not to keep Leningrad chickens constantly in cages, this will adversely affect the number of eggs laid. Inside there should be containers with sand and wood ash, so that birds can clean their feathers from insects.

For this breed are suitable ordinary chicken coops with earth mound on the floor. Also on top of the floor sprinkled with hay to make it easier to clean the area. Clean the litter every 2 months. Also, a general cleaning is done once a year with the territory treated with antiseptics. Practicing the treatment of the chicken coop with boiling water or steam - it helps to kill more germs.

Walking yard

In the warm season, chickens must have a walking cage. There are no special requirements for its size, but the more the better. Take care that the birds are not able to fly the fence. To do this, make it at least 1.5 m tall. The courtyard must also be cleaned every 2 months.

Feeders and drinkers

Feeding equipment can be purchased or made by yourself. Например, поилки делают из вёдер, пластиковых бутылей. Главное, чтобы у птиц был постоянный доступ к чистой и свежей воде.

Кормушки должны быть:

  • большими, чтобы вмещать в себе двойную порцию сухих кормов,
  • для сухих продуктов только деревянные, а влажных — пластиковые или металлические,
  • к ним куры должны иметь постоянный и легкий доступ, накрывать кормушки нельзя,
  • You can weight plastic feeders made of plastic with wooden beams so that the birds do not turn them over.

Breed overview

The Leningrad breed belongs to the meat-and-egg direction and includes three varieties: Golden-gray, Calico and White. Each of them has its own strengths: Golden-gray is distinguished by its versatility, Calico print attracts with its appearance and egg production, and White will surprise you with its impressive weight and growth rate. All of them are characterized by friendliness and good viability: the survival rate of young stock is 93-95%, adults are 80%.

Origin

The Leningrad breed is an artificially bred species. The first variety, Golden Gray, was developed through lengthy experiments during the 1970s and 1980s. last century. For this, scientists crossed the Striped and Brown Leggorn.

Leningrad Whites were obtained in the 70s through multiple hybridizations. Researchers contributed Australlorp blood to White Leggorn. Thus, only in the fourth generation the desired breed was obtained. These chickens outnumber their ancestors in survival, weight gain, growth rate and overall development.

Leningrad Calico breed was registered in 1985. At that time, poultry farming and gardening were actively developing, so birds with beautiful appearance and good productivity were required. This variety is bred by crossing three species: New Hampshire, Black-and-White and Poltava clay Australasp.

Advantages and disadvantages

The breed has such advantages:

  • high productivity
  • rapid growth and weight gain
  • calm character
  • high survival rate
  • adaptability to any conditions
  • unpretentious care,
  • disease resistance.
It is worth paying attention to some disadvantages:
  • a weakly expressed instinct of incubation in some individuals (for those who plan to receive eggs for food and sale, this will be a plus).

So, the Leningrad golden-gray breed has many more advantages than disadvantages. This is due to the universality of the bird. In addition, for those who aim to make a profit from the sale of products from these chickens, it will be easier to get more earnings. With a good diet, these chickens can quickly gain weight and produce more eggs.

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The Leningrad breed belongs to the meat-and-egg direction and includes three varieties: Golden-gray, Calico and White. Each of them has its own strengths: Golden-gray is distinguished by its versatility, Calico print attracts with its appearance and egg production, and White will surprise you with its impressive weight and growth rate. All of them are characterized by friendliness and good viability: the survival rate of young stock is 93-95%, adults are 80%.
Origin

The Leningrad breed is an artificially bred species. The first variety, Golden Gray, was developed through lengthy experiments during the 1970s and 1980s. last century. For this, scientists crossed the Striped and Brown Leggorn.

Leningrad Whites were obtained in the 70s through multiple hybridizations. Researchers contributed Australlorp blood to White Leggorn. Thus, only in the fourth generation the desired breed was obtained. These chickens outnumber their ancestors in survival, weight gain, growth rate and overall development.


Leningrad Calico breed was registered in 1985. At that time, poultry farming and gardening were actively developing, so birds with beautiful appearance and good productivity were required. This variety is bred by crossing three species: New Hampshire, Black-and-White and Poltava clay Australasp.

Golden-gray chickens are distinguished by their large build, tall stature and wide body. In the area of ​​the head and neck, as well as partly on the wings, the plumage is golden in color, the body is gray with an ashy tone. Comb - leaf-shaped, pink color, earrings - white and pink. The skin is light with a yellowish tinge. At the daily age of chickens, their sex can be determined: oblong dark stripes on chickens on the back, and monkey-colored, light-colored, without stripes on the back. Particularly of the Leningradskaya White variety, they are distinguished by their uniform white color. The body is massive, the chest is wide, the muscles are well developed. The neck is tightly covered with feather. Comb - leaf-shaped, red, earrings - red-white, medium-sized, beak and body - yellowish. The tail and wings are well developed, the latter are poorly fitted to the body.

Leningrad calico will embellish any household thanks to the unusual tricolor coloring of the pen, where white, black and brownish colors mixed. These are elegant birds, a constitution - compact, proportional. Comb - leaf-shaped, pink, earrings - scarlet or pink color. The skin of the paws and body is light with a yellowish tinge.

Golden-gray representatives reach weight indicators of 2.3-2.5 kg - chickens and up to 3.2 kg - cockerels. They have excellent egg production - up to 200 eggs per year. The average egg weight is 60-62 g, the shell is dense, white in color.

Calicoes do not differ in special weights: roosters - up to 2.7 kg, hens - 2.0–2.2 kg. However, their meat is very nutritious, contains many vitamins and minerals. Egg production - up to 180 eggs per year, which are notable for excellent taste, compared with the product of other chickens. The weight of one egg is 58-60 g, inside of which is a large bright yolk. The shell is a light brown color.

Leningrad Whites are grown mainly for the purpose of producing meat, since the weight of adult female individuals reaches 2.9 kg, and that of males, 4 kg. Egg production at the same time - 150-170 eggs. The shell is light brown, weight is 59-60 g. Young growth is growing rapidly, in 2 months the bird weighs 1.5 kg. Rush early, starting at six months.

Breeders do not like the Leningrad breed! Especially popular is Golden-Gray, which is distinguished by its versatility: both the weight is good, and the egg production is excellent, and the chickens are very attractive in appearance. Many Russian poultry farmers call this species the best option of the St. Petersburg Gene Pool. Breeders and their calm friendly nature are noted, so that individuals of different ages can be let out for walking. Some mark a record weight of eggs, for example, a photo of a product of this breed that weighs as much as 96 grams!

Sintsevs also speak well of them, although they do not differ in large size, they delight in egg production and very tasty nutritious eggs. In addition, they are pleasing to the eye with an unusual tricolor plumage. Also, this species is called by many as a “home incubator” and is used for breeding chickens.

Those who raise chickens for meat are delighted with Leningradsky Belykh because they achieve impressive weight indicators and grow quickly. However, in comparison with the Golden-Sulfur, the other two species are much less common, they are grown only in individual farms.