Carnation Turkish or bearded - a beautiful flower with a rich, pleasant aroma. The Greek word Dianthus, from which the carnation genus got its name, means “divine flower”. It has about 300 species of annual and perennial herbaceous plants and, in addition, an infinite number of varieties and hybrids of valuable decorative flowers, distributed both for the bright beauty of fragrant inflorescences and for the ease of breeding.
Since ancient times, carnation has been associated with a victory in the bloody battles. In America, it is considered a symbol of maternal love. According to a Christian legend during the execution of Jesus Christ, where the tears of the Virgin Mary fell, these extraordinary little flowers appeared.
Turkish carnation is still extremely valued among gardeners for its lush, long-lasting, abundant flowering, a diverse palette of colors, unpretentiousness, a subtle, charming smell.
Description of Turkish Carnation
The Turkish carnation (Dianthus barbatus) is a perennial plant, but is used as a biennial due to the fact that many specimens disappear in the third year of growth. Another name for this carnation is bearded - each flower has floral leaves. The British call her Sweet William, they eat flowers. Growing along the foothills of the south of Europe and Asia, the Turkish carnation was cultivated by man many centuries ago and spread in many countries as a garden flower. Herbaceous plant consists of knotted stem, hay-green linear leaves and a variety of flowers, collected with corymbose inflorescences.
In the first year of life, a rosette of leaves is formed, on the second plant it blooms and forms seeds. The flower consists of 5 petals and a long marigold. The petals have a horizontal plate of white, pink or lavender hue. On one plant, several inflorescences with 30 flowers each can bloom at the same time - the flower itself looks like a fluffy bouquet. The fruit of the carnation is an oblong box with one nest with black seeds.
Cultural and garden forms are superior to their wild relatives in decorative and diversity. A variety of colors and different shape of flowers - terry and simple - is amazing. There are single-colored flowers, variegated, two-colored, with a border, with strokes, causing association with Turkish ornaments. Coloring varies from white to raspberry and dark cherry, every year new varieties appear with new colors.
There are tall varieties up to 90 cm and undersized - below 35 cm.
Growing conditions garden perennial cloves
Turkish carnation - landing
Planting of Turkish carnation is carried out when the soil is well warmed up and frost is not expected. They are planted in spring, but it is acceptable in autumn, in October, but only in dry soil, with insulation in the form of peat or sawdust. Plot choose sunny. For 2 weeks you need to dig up the ground by 20 cm and fertilize.
- Add the mixture: 7 kg of compost and 250 g of wood ash.
- You can add mineral dressing for flowering plants: 1 tbsp. l on 1 m 2.
- Cover with polyethylene for 2 weeks.
- Landing procedure:
- Make in the ground grooves, with a distance of 15 cm, pour.
- Lay the seeds, with a breakdown of 2-3 cm.
- Powder with fertilizer, compact, cover.
- Remove the cover when shoots appear.
Turkish carnation - care
Caring for the Turkish carnation requires constant weeding, the bushes strongly suppress weeds. We still need to loosen the soil at the roots, so that the plants “breathe”. Water twice a week if it is hot, better in the morning and in the evening. Water consumption: 12 liters per 1 square meter, only at the root, the plant does not like excess water.
Care after flowering:
- Bushes pruned almost flush with the ground.
- After that weed, loosen the ground and water.
- In the winter they cover with peat and spruce branches.
- Land must be loosened after rain or watering.
- In the spring, the veil is removed, creating more shade for young shoots.
How to feed Turkish carnation?
Some gardeners believe that this flower does not need fertilizers, it is not. If they are not added, the plant will not bloom well. The best dressing of the Turkish carnation is organic or complex mineral fertilizers, many use superphosphate or potassium sulfate, fertilizers for flowering plants.
It is important to know that:
- The first feeding is done when the bushes grow to 12 cm.
- The second time fertilized during the formation of buds.
- For the third time, garden perennial Turkish carnations are “fed up” in the fall.
Turkish carnation - reproduction
To get beautiful flowers, experienced gardeners use several methods, the reproduction of Turkish carnation is carried out by layering, seed and cuttings. Seeds are sown in protected ground in greenhouses. Gardeners note that this plant breeds and is self-sown, but then the flowers will be less bright and lush.
- Stalk at the top of the head pressed to the ground with a pin.
- Remove peduncle.
- Sprinkle with wet earth.
- After a month, then transplant to a permanent place.
- Cuttings are cut from the stem of a flower that has already turned 2 years old.
- Planted in a loose, moist soil, creating a light shade.
- Seedlings transplanted in August.