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The difference between cake and meal

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Products processing oilseeds after extraction of oils, are solid cake and crumbly meal. The type of residual product depends on the method of oil extraction. They have both common and distinctive features.

Seed processing products are characterized by a high protein content, the percentage of which varies from 15 to 40. The quality of protein in these feeds is much higher than that of grains of cereals. The amount of starch in them is lower than in the grain, and the energy value is quite high.

  1. With the help of pressing the seeds obtained cake. This method of processing allows you to leave a sufficiently large amount of fat (7-10%), which give the feed high energy and nutritional value. This product is usually stored in the form of pressed plates of various sizes. Before feeding the plates are crushed and macerated. Proper storage and maintenance in the diet of an animal of such feed has a positive effect on its productivity, appearance, and can improve appetite.
  2. If oil extraction was performed by extraction using gasoline or other organic solvent, then the residual product is meal. Organic solvents are removed during the manufacturing process with steam. Meal is characterized by the minimum amount of fat, the percentage of which does not exceed 3%. For this reason, the nutritional value, the content of vitamins and microelements in the meal are inferior to the meal, but it is superior in terms of the concentration of proteins and microelements. When storing this product, it is necessary to take into account the crumbly structure of the product and its hygroscopicity.

The Agrosfera company suggests to buy quality cake for reasonable price. An individual approach is applied to each customer. The goods are supplied with the necessary documentation and monitored throughout the journey. The company began its work in the agro-industrial industry since 2010, but during this time has managed to establish itself as a serious and reliable partner.

Definition

Cake - plant mass remaining after pressing oilseeds.

Cake

Meal - waste resulting from the extraction of oil.

Meal to content ↑

So, in the process of seed treatment can be applied by pressing with the help of special equipment. What in this case remains after the release of oil is a cake. It breaks up into dense plates, unequal in size. Before adding to livestock feed, they are brought to the desired state: they are crushed or softened in hot water. Already crushed into powder or granulated cake can be marketed. In this form, it is permissible to include it in nutritional mixtures without preparation.

The difference of meal from the meal is in the composition. In the first product is much more residual fat. This is explained just by the press technology of oil extraction. Meanwhile, protein content wins meal. This product is a by-product during extraction. We are talking about the selection of oil from seed materials through the introduction of any solvent. The last at the end of the process is completely evaporated from the mass.

Meal is crumbly, resembles flakes. Often, at the final stage of production, it is converted into pellets using appropriate devices. It facilitates packing and transportation of the meal. In general, the feed quality of the products in question is determined by the variety of seeds being processed and the associated subtleties of oil production.

What is the difference between cake and meal relative to the shelf life? Comparing feed products from this position, one should, on the contrary, emphasize their similarities. Both products are hygroscopic. At high humidity, they may become rancid and become unsuitable for consumption by animals. If the conditions for dryness and airing are ensured, the feed of these species may not lose their valuable qualities for up to three months.

What is sunflower cake

Waste from the main production of sunflower processing has proven to be excellent feed productresulting from simple secondary processing. It is such a feed additive is cake. But what is sunflower cake, and what kind of dressing is this, still need to understand. It is obtained by crushing sunflower seeds at the stage of their pressing and this residual product is considered to be one of the most important and valuable components of almost any compound feed for farm animals and birds.

Sunflower oilcake, which is possible to feed cattle, poultry, rabbits, sheep and many other domestic animals, is characterized by a high concentration of protein, crude fat, fiber and other components.

It is due to its composition and nutritional value of the product, the metabolism in the body of farm animals is improved, and the set of fat mass and growth of animals is also significantly accelerated. Compound feed with the addition of products of processing of sunflower has greater energy value than cereal feed formulations.However, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the cake passes technological processing, in view of which the quality of the final product directly depends on the initial quality of the processed sunflower seeds.

Description of sunflower meal

Recently, the popularity of plant food has been noted, among which sunflower meal takes one of the main places. But many people still wonder: "Sunflower meal: what is it?". Sunflower meal - a product that is one of the most valuable feeds widely used in a particular area of ​​agriculture. Its use makes it possible to a large extent. increase the speed of raising pets and birds.

Often, this feed can be given livelihoods, not only in its pure form, but also as part of multicomponent feed.

But what is meal? In the most common definition, it is product of main industrial production sunflower oil. Differs between ordinary and toasted, that is, thermally processed feed.

Externally, this feed product is presented in the form of granules and / or placer with a distinctive, characteristic aroma.

The composition of sunflower meal - multicomponent and includes fiber, natural proteins, phosphorus, potassium, vitamins and all sorts of minerals and additives. It is noteworthy that it is a particularly valuable food, containing more than 35% crude protein, less than 15% husk, and not more than 1.5% fat. Along with this, there is a deficiency of lysine, although this is easily compensated by high concentrations of vitamin B and E. Among other things, this feed product is extremely rich in niacin, choline, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine.

Let's sum up: differences of products

Now that everyone has an idea of ​​what sunflower meal is, it should still be noted that these two products have certain differences, determined mainly by the way they are produced.

Most of the inconsistencies between the above products lie in their composition and method of secondary processing waste production.

In modern realities, the technology of the main production of sunflower processing reaches its apogee, as a result of which the quality of secondary raw materials differs slightly, and, as a result, cake and meal differences have insignificant.

First of all, you need to understand that the meal is obtained by extraction method, that is, by dissolving the remnants of the main production in gasoline compositions, and the cake, in turn, by pressing. In view of this, the appearance of the feed is different.

The next distinctive parameter between the cake and meal is fat contentthat also should be considered when determining what is the difference between them. In essence, this difference is a consequence of the method of production, since the pressed cake almost completely retains the fat residues of plant-based waste products and can contain it up to 15%. The meal, dissolved in gasoline compositions, in the process of processing loses part of the fat component and contains it only up to 2-3%.

Moreover, in search of an answer to the question: "What is the difference between meal and oil cake?", it is possible to note the percentage of fiber and protein. So, it is noteworthy that the cake always contains an order of magnitude more of these components than the less nutritious and useful first product.

Regardless of the difference between sunflower cake and sunflower meal, their introduction into the diet of domestic animals and poultry almost equally effective (manifested by an increase in egg production and an increase in the growth rate of young stock).

The symbiosis of the low cost of these feed products and the high content of components and minerals in them makes sunflower meal and oil cake not only the most affordable, but also extremely effective in feeding livestock and poultry.

Which to choose?

Sunflower is the most common and most popular of all types of cakes and meal. At observance of norms of introduction and storage conditions sunflower cake and meal it will become an excellent addition to the diet of any horse. They have a pleasant taste and smell (similar to halvah), which the horse will appreciate even with poor appetite. The composition and nutritional value of sunflower meal and meal is largely dependent on the content of husk in them. The more of it, the lower the nutritional value. If the content of the husk is more than 14%, then such cake or meal should not be fed to foals.

In one kilogram of sunflower cake contains 1.08 feed unit and 12.25 MJ of exchangeable energy, in the same amount of meal - 1.03 k.ed. and 12.54 MJ. Digestible protein in the cake 32 - 33%, in the meal 38 - 39%. Crushed cake and meal can be fed dry, mixing it with the main feed. The optimal daily rate for an adult horse is 0.5 - 1 kg of cake or meal. In general, up to 20% of the mass of the concentrates can be added to the horse’s diet, but not more than 3.5 kg.

When buying cake and meal, pay attention to the content of raw protein. The price of the product largely depends on this indicator (the higher the protein content, the more expensive). Recently, more often it is possible to meet the meal, and not the cake. Therefore, when buying, specify what you are buying, because Often, sellers do not go into details, and all waste from the crushing industry is called cake.

Flaxseed meal and meal are not so often used in the rations of horses, although they have high dietary properties. In steamed form, linseed cake and meal form mucus, the same as when cooking flax seed and with the same properties. In addition, these types of food have a high energy value: 1 kg of oil cake contains 1.27 k.un., 13.73 MJ and 287 g of digestible protein, as well as a rich composition of microelements and vitamins. The low popularity of these products is associated with a higher price than sunflower cake and meal, as well as the possibility of poisoning with hydrocyanic acid because of the glycinide linamarin contained in flax seed.

Flaxseed meal can indeed contain this glycoside, if the oil is obtained from undigested seed or in a cold way (without heating). When extracting oil from flax seed, it is subjected to moisture-heat treatment and, subject to the technology, there is practically no hydrocyanic acid left in the meal. In order to protect yourself and your horse from undesirable consequences, do not use flaxseed meal or meal in 1 kg of which produces more than 200 mg of hydrocyanic acid in the feed, do not give the horse more than 10% of meal or meal from the mass of concentrates, do not feed a large amount of flaxseed soaked in warm water. Without these limitations, extruded flax cake can be used.

The pulp is a waste of sugar beet production, in fact, it is dried beet chips, from which sugar was extracted. Beet pulp is carbohydrate food, with a high content of nitrogen-free extractive substances (BAS) and easily digestible fiber (up to 19%), which provide it with high energy value. It is precisely because of this quality that pulp is often used to replace grain concentrates, especially in cases where it is necessary to minimize the starch and protein content in the diet, while maintaining energy. One kilogram of pulp can be replaced with 0.8 - 1 kg of oats. However, with all its high energy value, beet pulp cannot boast the presence of many vitamins (they are practically absent, except for B4) and many macronutrients (little phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, sodium, etc.).

Along with this, pulp is sufficiently rich in calcium (in the process of extracting sugar, calcareous crumb is added), copper (3 times more than in oats) and iodine (17 times more than in oats) - the content of the last two is an important quality of pulp, because . Traditionally, these trace elements in the diet of our horses are not enough.

Dried pulp can often be found in a granular form, less often in the form of loose chips. Not granulated pulp contains almost no sugar (up to 2g / kg), but molasses is often added to granulated (up to 6%) in this case, the sugar will be slightly more (up to 27 g / kg), and the granules will be sweeter and more eager to eat horses. Beet pulp is very hygroscopic and is able to increase its volume 2–3 times when soaking, which in turn can cause colic when it is consumed in dry form.

This fact makes many horse owners very cautious about the pulp, and often even refuse to use it when it is impossible to organize a preliminary soaking. I will not dissuade anyone of the need to soak dried pulp, but practice shows that when introduced into the horse's diet, no more than 5% of dried pulp (by weight of concentrates) in the unmixed form does not lead to any problems with the gastrointestinal tract. So for an adult horse with no teeth problems, a handful of other dry pulp (up to 500 g) will not be dangerous.

If you are still soaking the pulp, then it is better to use warm (not hot) water, so it will swell faster, in an amount 2 to 3 times the portion of the pulp. It is not necessary to leave the soaked pulp for a long time (for the whole day or for the night), especially in the warm season. he can sour.

To accustom the horse to the pulp, as well as to any other feed, it is necessary gradually. On average, the ration of horses includes from 0.3 to 1.5 kg of beet pulp. Maximum limits for feeding dried beet pulp: for horses without work - 0.5 - 2 kg., For working horses up to 4 kg.

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