The late flowering is demonstrated by the neighboring tulips in the spring, and mine are almost ready to jump out of the snow. She always simply knew that it was necessary to dig them out every year, well, at least varieties and hybrids.
I don’t gloat, maybe they don’t have enough time for flowers, maybe they’re satisfied with everything, but I’d rather enjoy seeing the early arrows and lush buds. The riot of colors of the tulip meadow elevates the mood and confirms that these flowers are grateful for the care.
I often hear the question of what to do with tulips after they have bloomed. Many gardeners, after the petals fall off, quickly hurry to trim the leaves under zero. Let us see why this is a bad idea - to intervene in the natural course of things.
Tip! For masking fading tulips between the rows, you can place annual flowers or bring flowerpots on the stem in which ampelous plants grow: petunia, lobelia, nasturtium.
What happens after flowering
When almost all the petals are dropped, you can trim the head, but not the peduncle itself. The fact is that after flowering in the bud seed ripening occurs, and all the food will be rushed to these needs, but we do not need it. More important for us is that certain processes start in the bulbs.
There is an accumulation of nutrients for the next year and the laying of kidneys for future children. Therefore, the aboveground part of the plant is simply vital for the one that is underground. And in general, tulips need more care after flowering, while they are sitting in the open field.
Watering and fertilizing the faded tulips
Within 10-14 days, after flowering, we water the garden intensively, we help the bulbs to intensify work on the accumulation of useful ingredients from the soil. If it is depleted, it is necessary to feed.
Tulips like fertile friable soils; therefore, do not refuse the annual introduction of humus and wood ash. But when, after flowering, a period of peace comes, plantings will not be hindered by mineral fertilizers.
In their composition should be phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen, manganese, iron, boron, zinc - all the elements necessary for respiration, growth, nutrition. Make sure that the nitrogen in the list is in small doses, increased its indicators are needed only before and during flowering.
Dig up to plant again in the fall
According to science, it is recommended to dig out bulbous tulip plants: varietal plants every year, and “simple women” in 2-3 years. What happens if you don't do this? Very scary - nothing, the flowers will not disappear, except that hybrids will begin to shrink and degenerate in a short time.
But we do not need this. So we dig up tulips to maintain the varieties (in vain, we diluted, bought), and also in order to avoid the consequences of the following plan:
- The bulbs multiply, take up space and food from each other, shrink from this,
- Every year they are dug into the ground by a few centimeters, you will not notice, just as the shovel bayonet is not enough to dig them out - and this slows down the forcing of the flower,
- Sick, rotting onions infect neighboring, and generally can one day not go out in the spring,
- And finally, the main thing: for the formation of buds in the rest period, tulip bulbs need at least 20-25 degrees. In the land of such conditions, of course, no.
We begin digging with early varieties, and then proceed to the late tulips.
What to do with the bulbs during storage
Dug onions in a brown-yellow peel laid out under a canopy for ventilation, where there is heat and there is no access to direct sunlight. After a few days, you can gently clean off the ground and the fallen pelts (it is not necessary to tear off specially). We leave it another 20 days.
Then the storage temperature decreases a little, well, this is the case, because August is outside. During this time, and before landing is still far away, you need to sort the planting material. Large, medium and small onions are laid out in different containers. The varieties are already divided, I guess. What is it for?
The fact is that when planting, plant bulbs of different caliber will be at different depths: coarse below, and shallow ones - superficially.
Tip! Planting bulbs of different sizes in separate rows will improve the beds, give them an aesthetic look, because the flowering of one-caliber material will occur simultaneously.
Mixing large and small tulips, you will push back the last bloom, if it happens at all due to lack of lighting.
On the summer storage and drying are bulbs until planting, which is produced in September-October.
Planting tulips in the fall
A bed for tulips can be prepared in advance by adding humus, a little ash or fertilizer (superphosphate, potash salt) for digging. It is better to choose another place, but if it is permanent, then it's okay, we dig and fertilize the land every year.
The day is chosen dry, the weather is so cool, and the temperature of the soil should be 8-10 degrees.
Mark up the rows, for bulbs of different sizes, they are different. The distance between the rows of large onions is 20 centimeters, small ones - 10-12 cm. The depth of planting is chosen from the calculation of three bulb sizes. So we make trenches according to the size of the calibrated material.
We water the holes, we put in them the bulbs of tulips and sprinkle on top of the ground. Additional watering will have to be done in 4-5 days, after all, intensive rooting begins. And before frost, you can mulch planting humus, peat or compost.
Tulips do not need shelter, the bulbs of a frost-resistant culture will undergo stratification (hardening) during the winter in order to wake up and grow into the first rays of the spring sun.
What forms give landings
Tulips can be seated in rows, where small bulbs will grow in front, and in the background - large ones. Landings also have peculiar nests: several large onions are placed in the middle, and small ones are planted around the perimeter.
Beautiful beds look in the spring, if the tulips are planted according to the varieties and timing of flowering, because there are both early and late plants, and the color and hybrid variety does not count.
What to do after flowering tulips
Caring for tulips after flowering is quite simple. The main rule is that the flowers can not be immediately cut or scoop. For several weeks it is recommended to water and feed the plant well. This feature is due to the fact that when the flower fades, the onion of tulips for about three weeks continue to accumulate nutrients. Premature digging deprives them of such a possibility, so next year the flowering of tulips may be less abundant.
After the final withering, the peduncle is carefully removed. This will allow the plant not to waste energy on the need for seed ripening. Do not cut the leaves immediately, because when they are removed immediately after flowering, then there is a lag development of the bulbs. It is necessary to ensure sufficient watering of tulips and fertilize them with fertilizing.
Many gardeners at this time there is a desire to remove the yellow leaves, but this should not be done. Experienced gardeners recommend simply pressing them to the ground or planting together with tulips perennial plants to give an aesthetic look to the flowerbed during this period. It is possible to decorate a flower garden during this period, having previously planted daffodils or phloxes with tulips.
Within a few weeks, tulip leaves will wither naturally and can be cut. In order not to lose the site of planting flowers after the leaves have dried, it is recommended to preliminarily make guide marks, which can be easily found.
Tulips: care after flowering
Tulips are onion species and do not require particularly careful care, but they have special requirements for watering. The irrigation rate is 10-40 liters per square meter, but it is directly dependent on the weather. The more arid the weather, the more abundant the watering should be..
Top dressing of tulips after flowering should be mandatory. This procedure will allow the onion flower to gain the maximum amount of nutrients. It is necessary to approach the choice of fertilizers with care, as top dressing of tulips with fertilizer complexes with nitrogen and chlorine is unacceptable.
Beneficial for storing bulbs affected by the use as a top dressing potassium and phosphorus. Such a complex is introduced in the amount of 30-40 grams per square meter of soil. It is enough to fertilize a plant once.
A good top dressing is considered to be crystalline and aquarin. The feed contains phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. On the market of garden products today you can buy different brands, the composition of which may vary slightly. These products do not contain chlorine, so they are considered completely safe for tulips. Their use allows you to: provide onions with sufficient nutrients. As a result of the introduction of complex composition into the soil, a significant increase in quality planting material can be obtained.
Why do I need to dig
It is necessary to dig up tulips without fail. You can not leave the bulbs in the ground, because when this rule is not respected, then there is a degeneration of the plant and flower stalks become shallow. Many beginning flower growers face such a situation, when several years after planting expensive varieties of tulips instead of double, fringed, multi-colored flowers, you can see faint flowers with small inflorescences. In exceptional cases, the flowers simply do not sprout, and an empty space appears on the site of the once blooming flower bed.
To explain this situation, it is enough to know about the features of bulbous plants. Over time, around the parent head formed a lot of small onion-kids. Over time, they grow, which leads to the drowning of the mother head down. Weak onions are not able to give a full-fledged magnificently flowering plant.
The most persistent are the red varieties of tulips, which can maintain abundant flowering for several years.
Pay special attention to the children, because the adult bulbs will degenerate with time, and new ones will be needed for further reproduction.
Periodically review the material and remove rotten plants. If there are rodents in the storage, it is better to store the bulbs in nets, hanging them from the ceiling.
By following these simple recommendations, you can enjoy the beauty of tulips every spring, annually increasing the number of these beautiful flowers.
June: what to do with tulips
After flowering handsome tulips, wilted and look untidy. But at this time the replacement bulbs and babies are forming in the ground. If during this period, the wrong care for plantings, you can lose many varieties.
After the final withering of flowers, it is necessary to remove all flower stalks on the plants. Water the plants do not stop for another 10-15 days. The fastest top plants fade at high temperatures. At this time, do not stop watering, especially if the plants are with green leaves. It is impossible to carry out frequent abundant watering, it is enough to keep the soil in a slightly damp state.
At this time it is useful to carry out the last dressing, make phosphorus-potassium compounds at the rate of 30 g per 1 m2. It is strictly forbidden to use drugs with a high content of nitrogen and chlorine for feeding mature tulips.
How to increase the decorative flower beds
When the above-ground part of tulips withers, the process of growing bulbs continues underground, it is not recommended to carry out abundant watering of such flower beds. I want to quickly bring the flower in the proper form, increase the decorative flower beds, for which often use portable containers with planted pilots. It is not recommended to prune the yellow leaves, if they are not completely withered, otherwise the process of the formation of children may stop completely. It is best to bend the leaves to the ground and cover them with decorative materials.
The soil around the pots can be colored with colored bark or peat, which can be easily removed when digging out tulips in the middle of summer.
In the period from the end of spring to the digging of the flower bulbs, the finished decorative look will be found again. On the mulch, you can put decorative garden figures, which are easily removed if necessary.
Looks great in pots on the leg geranium, petunia, lobelia, nasturtium, tuberous begonia, arabis, ampelnye forms of snapdragon, left-handed.
When watering containers, the water from the drainage holes does not spread over the flowerbed, where tulips bulbs are formed, so you should not be afraid of rotting of young bulbs and children.
How not to lose the baby
If tulip bulbs are not dug out for several years, they go deep into the ground, are lost, deprived of the opportunity to grow through a huge layer of earth. In order for the varietal baby not to get lost, and the bulbs not to dig in, some measures need to be taken since autumn.
In the fall, when planting tulips in the ground, you can use special tanks with bottom holes that limit the growth of children. In the summer, one has only to dig up the container, not one bulb will be lost.
If many tulip bulbs are planted in the autumn months, a top layer of soil is selected on a bed, a excavation is dug out (ch. Up to 20 cm), and the bottom is covered with plastic mesh for windows, leading to the surface. A layer of fertile earth is poured over the netting and the tulip bulbs are laid out with an interval of 5 cm. After the flowering of the tulips and the rest period, the net is pulled out of the ground, lifting all four corners simultaneously. All tulips and babies will remain in the net bag, will not be lost and will not be injured by sharp instruments.
When to start digging bulbs
It is possible to start digging the bulbs only after a thorough withering of the above-ground part of the plants, but it is best to carry out a trial operation by digging out several bulbs from different places of the flowerbed.
Bulb scales should be covered with dark brown spots, baby should be fully formed. On adult bulbs visible formed roots.
The basic rules should be followed:
- They start work on a sunny day, if it started to rain at the time scheduled for work, the work can be completed, but the bulbs are immediately washed and laid out for ventilation.
- It is necessary to dig the earth carefully - remember that the nest with the baby can be at a considerable distance from the central stem.
- Particular attention should be paid to sick, rotten and mummified bulbs, such material is immediately disposed of and burned.
- Healthy bulbs are treated in a solution of potassium permanganate and dried. If there is a fear that the tulip bulbs are affected by rot, it is worth rejecting the diseased bulbs and treat the planting material with drugs from rot and fungal infections.
- To save varietal signs of tulips, it is worth digging them up annually.
How to store bulbs until autumn
After digging out the tulip bulbs are sorted by varieties and analyzes, after which they are dried in partial shade in air. So that the planting material of tulips is well preserved before the autumn planting, the bulbs are laid out in boxes with ventilation openings.
Approximately within a month, the bulbs are dried at a temperature of 23-25 ° С, humidity up to 70% in rooms with good ventilation. Gradually, the storage temperature of planting material is reduced:
- August - establish temperature condition to 20 ° C.
- September - the temperature is reduced to 15-17 ° C.
Compliance with the temperature regime is fundamental for the development of tulips for the next year, because flower buds and the formation of peduncles occurs in the last summer months.
Do not neglect the visual inspection of the bulbs, so you can immediately notice the rotten and diseased specimens, which must be immediately destroyed.
Already in September-October, tulips and a baby are planted in garden beds again in early spring to enjoy a bright carpet of charming spring flowers grown from their own bulbs.