Yucca belongs to the tree evergreen plants from the subfamily Agave - monocotyledonous plants of the asparagus family. The stem of the plant is woody, branched in some species. The leaves are formed at the ends of the trunk or branches, are linear-lanceolate with sharp ends. Large flowers, bell-shaped, white, hanging, gathered in a panicle. The fruit of yucca - in the form of a box or fleshy berries.
Sometimes the stem is almost absent, and the plant is a bundle of large xiphoid leaves. There are a large number of species of plants, the birthplace of which is the southern regions of the United States and Mexico. Many species are found in Central America, cultivated in the southern regions of Europe.
Useful properties of yucca
Yucca is used as a technical plant for the production of durable fiber. The leaves contain steroid sapogenins, which allows the use of the plant in the manufacture of corticosteroid drugs. Antiallergic and anti-inflammatory properties of the plant are known. Enzymes, chlorophyll, antioxidants and many other beneficial substances are found in it.
Application of yucca
The plant is able to activate the functions of the body, increase blood pressure, cleanse the body, favorably affect the organs of the respiratory system. Yucca is used for problems with metabolism, helps get rid of Qatar, polyps in the intestines. Experience shows that it can relieve inflammation and eliminate pain in arthritis and gout. Natural substances saponins show steroid properties without causing any side effects.
Reception of plant-based products increases endurance, lowers blood cholesterol. Yukka is also used externally in dermatology, preparing decoctions from it for the treatment of various dermatological manifestations. Yucca is treated with eczema, neurodermatitis, lichen planus, psoriasis. The sap of the plant is excellent at treating skin rashes caused by viruses. As part of a special collection of yucca has a therapeutic effect on prostatitis.
Decoction of yucca: for its preparation will need to grind and mix 1 part of the yucca root, hydrangea, burdock, aralia, add elm leaves, parsley, vegetable garden, alfalfa, black cohosh smelly, lobelia sidyachetsvetkovuyu, cayenne pepper bitter, red clay. Then, to make a decoction of 2 teaspoons of this mixture, pour 500 ml of water and cook for 15 minutes on low heat, then infuse for 1 hour, strain and drink 0.5 cups 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 1 month.
Yucca fibers as a dietary supplement are included in shampoos and creams. This southern plant soothes the nervous system, cleans the air well, absorbs sound, helps to create an aesthetic environment.
Yucca fleshy leaves contain vegetable mucus, anthraquinones, steroid saponin tigogenin. Due to this, the leaves of the plant are used to produce steroid saponins used for the synthesis of hormonal corticosteroid drugs that have anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects. In dermatology, juice is prescribed for external use, and part of the plant is prescribed as a decoction for baths for skin diseases that cause dryness and itching.
This heat-loving plant blooms at night with beautiful white or cream, bell-like flowers, quite fragrant, reminiscent of the smell of good soap. Fruits appear only in species growing in the wild, since pollination is performed by a butterfly - inhabitant of the yucca's native places. Due to its healing properties, flowers are used to obtain extracts.
The product extracted from yucca has a bactericidal, healing effect. Extract of yucca flowers contains zinc, selenium, sugars, steroid sapogenins. It is used as a useful ingredient in the preparation of certain cosmetics for hair and skin care. This is a unique natural component that contributes to the normalization of the gastrointestinal tract by eliminating or reducing flatulence.
Also, the plant extract helps to maintain immunity, cell renewal, slow down the aging process, eliminates disorders, due to saponins (high molecular weight complex organic compounds of a glycoside nature) reduces fecal odor.
Care for yucca at home
The plant, as some sources say, does not require special care, the most important thing when growing is to place it in a sunny place and produce moderate watering. On sale you can find entrenched truncated trunks of yucca with side shoots and with a still weak root system. In order for the plant to develop properly, you need to endure the period of acclimatization.
Watering - the main process in the care of yucca. Excessive watering is excluded, it can lead to root rotting, plants like spraying. Yucca prefers not very strong sunlight, feeding should be done once every two months.
In winter, it is desirable to shelter a tree, especially growing in northern areas. Yucca is popular all over the world. It is successfully grown in the areas of gardeners of the Caucasus and the Crimea, it grows and decorates the interior of the plant and in homes. The most common among the species are cultivated garden yucca, aloe leaf, ivory and filamentous.
How to transplant yucca? Yucca is transplanted every two years and only in spring. For this you need to apply a soil mixture consisting of clay-sod land and humus (2 parts each), it is possible from peat with river sand (1 part each). Be sure to use good drainage and a large pot. Yucca can be propagated by rooting the tops of the stem, parts of the trunk, seeds or daughter rosettes.
Why do yucca leaves turn yellow? Improper care can cause a lot of problems. Dry indoor air can cause darkening of the leaves, low temperature - their twisting. Brown spots appear on the surface of the sheet with insufficient watering. Since yucca is distinguished by its ability to accumulate water in the trunk, waterlogging of the soil is fraught with the appearance of yellow leaves.
Yucca room. Yucca room grown as an ornamental plant, it can also be used for therapeutic purposes. The plant is like a palm tree, its height can reach 4 m, so it is suitable for placement in large halls. For planting this type of yucca requires a deep pot with good drainage. In the summer, the yucca is carried out to the open air, in the winter they are kept in a room with a cool temperature of the air with a fairly bright light. Yucca will bloom in many years white flowers. It has green, slightly bluish, sword-shaped, linear leaves, collected in a bun at the top of the trunk.
Incredibly beautiful ornamental yucca adorns the flowerbed with its sharp evergreen leaves in the shape of a sword, and at the time of flowering it attracts with a high peduncle with large bells of white color. Without any difficulties, it is grown in pots, where it looks very impressive. Young copies of three years of age are placed in three-liter pots, a ten-liter container is suitable for a more adult representative of the genus of agave.
Yucca aloelista. This is the most popular yucca among plant growers. Its main difference from other species is that it has no side shoots. On its tree-trunk, planted with notches left over from fallen leaves, grow quite tough, green with a bluish tinge, collected in the form of two or three sparse sockets. They are very sharp, you can even cut yourself about them, so it’s better not to keep such plants in places where people move. Choosing this species, it is necessary to observe the correct irrigation regime, and then it will be possible to grow a healthy and beautiful tree.
Yucca filamentous. The inhabitant of the east of North America is well acclimatized at home, because it is resistant to pests, tolerates heat and drought. It is a stemless plant with a bluish-green leaf with a pointed tip, with edges trimmed with numerous white, thin, curled threads. Approximately 200 cm in height grows a flower panicle, which is made up of yellowish-white, drooping flowers. The fruit has a rounded shape. The plant grows quickly and loves to give shoots (stolons). In the conditions of a botanical garden breeders managed to get several varieties of this species.
Yucca is ivory. This is the most interesting species, its height reaches 10 m. An amazing plant, care for which consists in following some simple rules, is widely used in industry and medicine. Ropes are made of strong fibers, and the leaves of the plant are used as a basis for some hormonal preparations. The native places of growth of this indoor plant are Mexico and Guatemala. Imported stems are cut into fragments, planted in flower pots, you can buy them at any flower shop.
Contraindications to the use of yucca
Yucca has no contraindications, the funds from it do not cause any side effects.
Education: A diploma in medicine and treatment was obtained at the NI Pirogov University (2005 and 2006). Advanced training at the Department of Phytotherapy at the Moscow University of Peoples' Friendship (2008).
The root of this plant is considered a very good source of carbohydrates. It can be bitter and sweet. As for taste, most of all it can be compared with potatoes. For use, yucca root is ground to powder or flour, fried and boiled.
The benefits of using the underground part of yucca are as follows:
- It is a good antioxidant. Prevents oxidative processes in the human body.
- It contains a sufficient amount of vitamin C and manganese, which has a beneficial effect on health.
- Strengthens the immune system due to the content of necessary antioxidants and vitamin C.
- It gives strength and shine, caring for the skin. Yucca root is used to make cosmetics that help prevent aging processes. It has a peeling, soothing and moisturizing effect.
- Helps to get rid of puffiness, relieves pain in arthritis and arthrosis.
How to care for a plant
When leaving, it should be borne in mind that yucca comes from southern countries with a mild, humid climate. In the absence of a sufficient level of humidity, the leaves of the flower can dry and break. To avoid such a reaction, it is recommended to spray the plant with water at least twice a week in summer. In winter, when the air in the room becomes drier, you need to humidify once a day.
Yucca is undemanding to moisture, and therefore does not need frequent watering. It is important to prevent stagnation of water - the leaves of the flower become brown, the plant can rot. Watering the shrub is necessary as the drying ground. In summer, the top layer of the earth should dry out approximately 5 cm, only after that the plant is watered. In winter, moisture is reduced to a minimum.
Yucca should be fertilized with complex mineral mixtures once every 2-3 weeks during growth periods - in spring and summer. The best result can be achieved by spraying the leaves from the bottom. Fertilizing is necessary either immediately after plant transplantation, or during the period of illness.
Yucca transplantation is not less responsible occupation, which requires knowledge of nuances. For example, young plants are transplanted annually, but adult shrubs - only once every three to four years. The plant needs permeable soil that will be quickly wetted and also dry quickly. Also, the bottom of the pot must be well drained. For planting flowers up to three years, choose containers up to 3 liters, adult plants are planted in pots of at least 10 liters. It is possible to choose soil quality, which has universal application, as soil. Yucca grows well on a mixture of peat, perlite, sand, charcoal and humus.
Pruning shrubs produced in the case when it becomes too high. To do this, cut the trunk with a knife at a height of at least 50 cm. In this case, the tip of the yucca can be planted as a cutting. The cut is treated with charcoal or paraffin, holding a burning candle over it. Over time, shoots are formed at these places, which grow into new trunks. Pruning of trees produced in early spring until such time as the period of active awakening of the plant.
Interesting facts about the plant
Yucca has spread widely throughout the world, mainly due to its high medicinal value, which is determined by its unique beneficial properties. The use of plants in traditional medicine and cosmetology has increased interest in yucca. And, meanwhile, a shrub tree has long been known in its historic homeland, where many fascinating facts are known about yucca.
Firstly, Yucca, contrary to the common misconception, is not a palm tree and does not even belong to this type of plant. However, the great similarity led to the fact that yucca is often called the “false palm”. The analogy between the two types can be traced not only externally - they are also very similar to each other in terms of necessary care. Both types need good illumination, regular abundant watering and quivering care.
Secondly, another name for yucca is “denim tree”. Plant fibers have been used in light industry for the production of fabric material. The first jeans were made of yucca. Over time, the trousers began to be made of cotton fabric, although even now some manufacturers add yucca fiber to the denim for clothing, in order to increase its durability and resistance to wear and various kinds of damage.
Third, yucca fruits, resembling berries with a dense fleshy structure, are eaten in many countries along with potatoes. The fruits of the tree are distinguished by their high nutritional value, good taste and useful properties that many people like. The greatest recognition as an edible plant yucca found in the Dominican Republic.
Yucca is an amazingly beautiful exotic plant with truly unique beneficial properties that make it a valuable species for the pharmacological and cosmetic industry. Modern scientific studies confirm the effectiveness of yucca as a healing agent in the treatment of a number of ailments. The properties of the plant are used to produce valuable cosmetics that rejuvenate and protect the skin. Every day, yucca is becoming increasingly common around the world.