General information

In the country

In Central Asia, they believe that quail "brings" wealth and well-being to the owner of the house, and if the quail has a long and beautiful song, then its owner always has many dear guests: neighbors, friends, gray-bearded old men, who appreciate knowledge, come to listen quail singing qualities. Of all the types of quail, the most famous are the common quail (Coturnix coturnix), which is among the two subspecies - European (cc coturnix.) And silent, or Japanese, quail (cc japonica) lives almost throughout the former USSR, including in Kazakhstan .

Domesticated quail in Japan in the XI century, where they were long bred as a decorative bird, and only after the XVI century they began to be used for the production of eggs and meat. Millions of quails are produced every year around the world.

Breeds and domestic quails have been bred, for example, Japanese egg-laying, pharaohs (meat), black English, Moscow marble, etc.

There are 34 lines of quail in the world.

At present, quails are increasingly attracting the attention of amateur poultry farmers like poultry, which gives meat, eggs and is highly productive.

They are unpretentious to the conditions of detention, very mobile, energetic and easily divorced.

Homemade Japanese Quail

Home quail matures quickly: at 60 days of age reaches sexual maturity. Wild quails begin to rush in the second year of life, and the Japanese - from 35 to 40 days! The wild ones lay 9-12 eggs per year, homemade - 250-300 pieces at a cost of about 5-7 kg of dry feed per 1 kg of egg mass. Japanese domestic quails rush for 10-12 months, after which they are fattened and slaughtered for meat. As noted above, the biological value of quail eggs is much higher than chicken. They contain more vitamins A, B1, B2, cobalt, copper, iron, etc. At the beginning of egg production, eggs weigh 5-6 grams, but by the age of two months - 10-13 grams.

In Japan, the science-established conclusion has been confirmed: poultry uses feed more successfully than cattle, pigs or, say, sheep. They also turned to the fact that quails are especially responsive from the numerous bird kingdom to human care. Per kilogram of weight gain, they only need about 3 kilograms of feed. This is two times less than what broilers need!

The small size of these birds allows them to be kept on the same area 10 times larger than chickens. At the same time, the mass of eggs laid by the female during the year is 24 times greater than her own live weight, whereas in chickens only 8 times. Quails can be kept both in industrial conditions with a large population, and in domestic in small cages. In terms of nutritional value, quail eggs are not inferior to chicken eggs, and exceed them in the content of vitamins and microelements.

At home, Japanese quails are kept in cages that take up little space, and birds produce more products per unit area than domestic chickens. The room in which you will contain quails can be either with or without windows, the main thing is that it satisfies some basic requirements:

The room should be well ventilated - fresh air is a must! And keep in mind that quails do not like drafts and bright light. For this reason, do not place the cage near the window. Bright light and flying birds cause stress in quails, which in turn is one of the reasons why they can stop rushing or peck at each other.

It is important that the temperature in the room is not lower than + 16 ° C - the optimum is about 18-20 ° C.

Lighting should be moderate for 16-17 hours a day. Duration of daylight less than 12 hours leads to the termination of egg-laying.

Still it is necessary to exclude access of other animals: birds, cats, dogs and other animals. There is nothing to worry about quails. This reduces egg production and can still cause biting.

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Growing quails at home is a very worthwhile matter, but it takes a lot of time and money. It is worth noting that, depending on the period of development, the diet will be different. However, in breeding them, you need to know what to feed quails so that they fly well.

Do not underestimate the role of feed. Take care of their maintenance, it is important to take into account that quails always have access to water. As part of the feed itself for these birds, grain waste, vitamins, minerals and, of course, additives of animal origin must be present. The latter include worms, maggots, bloodworms.

In order to diversify the diet of quails, it will not be superfluous to take care of adding chictonic and vitamin and protein supplements to it. Often used carefully crushed eggshell, chalk, small gravel. As for protein feeds, minced meat and fish waste, cottage cheese can be used.

The main diet quail

In order for these fast-growing birds to fly well, they need a balanced diet. Experts recommend not to buy food, and cook them with your own hands at home. The main components of the diet quail should include the following ingredients. These include:

  • fresh greens
  • vitamin supplements,
  • corn,
  • wheat and legumes,
  • yeast,
  • barley,
  • milk products,
  • cake, fish and meat and bone meal.

Being engaged in the manufacture of food with their own hands, it is necessary to take into account the need for quail protein inherent in this age. In order for the birds to fly well, you must also adhere to the feeding schedule.

Experienced quails recommend enriching the diet of birds, adding to it a variety of herbs, cereals and vegetables. What can come here? As a rule, they make the so-called mixers, which include sorrel, clover, carrots, green onions, cabbage, boiled potatoes, zucchini and other "usefulness". Of course, all of these or other ingredients must be crushed and soaked in water.

We recommend to read the article: How to make an incubator from the refrigerator yourself

It is worth noting that the process of feeding a new mixture should be gradual. Quails often respond to an upset stomach. In these cases, you should immediately add starch or chloramphenicol to the drinker.

We offer to watch the training video:

It is important to remember the fact that an insufficient amount of protein or grain crops will not give the desired results. Therefore, the farmer must correctly calculate the diet of birds.

What to feed quails so that they are well carried at home? Adhering to simple recommendations and understanding the basics of the poultry industry, you will certainly be able to achieve the desired results. More information can be found on our website fermeru.pro

Proper quail feeding

Growing quails at home is a very worthwhile matter, but it takes a lot of time and money. It is worth noting that, depending on the period of development, the diet will be different. However, in breeding them, you need to know what to feed quails so that they fly well.

Do not underestimate the role of feed. Take care of their maintenance, it is important to take into account that quails always have access to water. As part of the feed itself for these birds, grain waste, vitamins, minerals and, of course, additives of animal origin must be present. The latter include worms, maggots, bloodworms.

In order to diversify the diet of quails, it will not be superfluous to take care of adding chictonic and vitamin and protein supplements to it.

Features breeding quail at home

Of course, the first question arising from breeders is which breed of quail is better to choose? Wen there are both egg and meat breeds of birds. Caring for them is almost identical, but feeding is somewhat different. Decorative and mixed breeds of quail are also considered to be common.

The following breeds of these unpretentious birds are considered quite popular, namely: Pharaoh, Tuxedo, Marble, British, and also Japanese breed of quail.

In order for the results to justify the hopes of breeders, certain requirements must be complied with that relate to the breeding and maintenance of quails directly at home. Here are the main ones:

  • compliance with the required temperature,
  • spacious cage for quail from quality materials
  • good illumination
  • natural level of ventilation,
  • the presence of a tray for eggs in the cage
  • availability of appropriate feeders and drinkers in the equipped cage,
  • installation of an additional source of heating.

Observing these important conditions, everyone, even a novice farmer, will certainly be able to grow more than a dozen of healthy and healthy quails.

Home quail feeding rules

For example, feeders should be with low edges. Well, if the drinkers will be vacuum. Initially, they need to give boiled and chopped eggs.

It should be noted that quails really need minerals and proteins, so necessary for their growing body. As they grow up and gradually breeders replenish the diet of birds, adding special food, cottage cheese, as well as corn grits.

In the second week, their diet did not differ from feeding the chickens. However, in the first days of life, quails recommend that chicks of chloramphenicol solutions should be watered for prevention. Already at about 9 weeks, individuals reach puberty and carry eggs. As feed, you can also use waste, greens, roots, vegetables, seeds.

Undoubtedly quails, breeding and feeding at home - simple and worthwhile occupation. Understand the "basics" of growing these birds can every breeder, if you apply simple principles, and is guaranteed to achieve a positive result in the future. Continue reading on the website fermeru.pro.

Under household conditions, the best feeds are cereals: millet, sorghum and all types of crushed grain (except rye), canary seed. The composition of the crushed grain and feed must be appropriate to the age of the bird.

The composition of grain mixes includes crushed grain: wheat, corn, barley, oats and chumiz. Painted quails in the grain ration is recommended to introduce more and poppy, and already from an early age. 5-7 g of grain feed per day is enough for males of painted quails. All quail useful various cereal bran.

From leguminous feeds to birds it is useful to give crushed and steamed peas, lentils, lupins, beans and soybeans. Vic is given in crushed form mixed with crushed oats, as it has a bitter taste that is unpleasant for birds.

From root vegetables can be given boiled potatoes and peeling, grated carrots. Grated carrots can be temporarily replaced with grated turnips and beets. Quails eat beets of any varieties, which should be pre-cooked and grated. In winter, in the absence of green quail eating grated carrots in fairly large quantities, so it is advisable to stock up on it in advance.

Further, quails must be given daily cut greens in unlimited quantities, which can temporarily be replaced with grated carrots or various vitamin supplements. From the green quail prefer cabbage leaves, beets, dandelion, carrots, clover, nettle, alfalfa and green onions.

Greens must be chopped, chopped up with a knife or scrolling in a meat grinder. In extreme cases, you can temporarily feed whole leaves. Quails do well on their own from hanging turnip tops, carrots, beets. It is especially useful to feed freshly chopped cabbage to quails in winter. To do this, cabbage with leaves can be frozen in the freezer, and with the onset of resistant frosts stored indoors or under snow at minus temperatures. Repeatedly thawing cabbage should not be.

Quails can be fed grated and pickled apples, pumpkin, sauerkraut and lightly salted cabbage, chopped pine needles and pine flour.

Herb flour is very useful for birds.

Quails also need protein feeds from which they are well suited: waste or minced meat from fresh or boiled fish of any kind, cottage cheese, ground beef, milk powder, fish and meat and bone meal, earthy and flour worms, slaughtered poultry blood, ant pupae, various premixes and other protein supplements. Also useful for the enrichment of feed protein meal and meal, crushed beans, boiled peas, flax seeds, hemp and sunflower.

If someone in the family is engaged in fishing, then there will definitely be no problems with protein feeds. Provide quail protein feed as follows. For example, Japanese quails peck well on even the smallest and lowest grade fish (of course, fresh fish should not be infected with worms). Fish of unknown quality ^ more scald.

Boiled or fresh fish can be put in the trough as a whole, but it is better to skip through a meat grinder and put the minced meat in the freezer. The pieces of minced meat are cut off with a knife and given to thawed, given to birds - such food contributes to the production of large eggs.

Quails love food containing animal protein. However, it is believed that when fed to quails of soybeans, alfalfa flour and maize, this type of poultry can do without animal protein. Feed enriched with animal protein, fed 2 times a day. In the summer heat, quails spend less energy on maintaining body temperature, so the protein content in the feed can be reduced. Bony fish waste should be given to the bird with care.

How can quail be fed at home and what kind of food you can do with your own hands

Bony food should not be given to very hungry quails.

No less important and minerals. Mineral feeds provide calcium and other trace elements essential for the bird. Calcium is necessary for the formation of egg shells. Birds should always have a sea or river ground shell; fine gravel is very desirable.

Quails quickly peck out the small shell, leaving large, unground particles, so you should constantly monitor the presence of finely ground shells in birds, otherwise quails will lay eggs “in the bag”, without shell. Chalk and eggshell are suitable for temporary replacement of shells. With a lack of gravel, quails peck at sand, in which they bathe, which in itself is not dangerous, unless, of course, the sand has harmful impurities. Gravel and sand grind food in the muscle stomach, so quails better absorb nutrients in the feed. Before feeding, gravel should be thoroughly washed and folded into separate feeders.

Water should be kept in birds constantly. Quails love to rinse their beaks in the water, thus polluting it, so the water bottle needs to be washed 1-2 times a day. Periodically, for the prevention of gastrointestinal diseases, it is necessary to dissolve the crystals of potassium permanganate in water to obtain a barely noticeable pink color. However, it should be noted that, despite the obvious benefits, the birds do not like to drink such water.

Feed additives include various vitamin supplements, premixes, hydrocarbon and feed yeast. Feed additives feed quails in strictly limited quantities. It is necessary to monitor the quality of premix and other feeds that have a short shelf life.

Toxic substance, as for all birds, is salt (in large quantities). Salty foods (for example, cabbage) should be given in small portions, pre-rinsing them with salt, with caution and only in extreme cases. Feeding quail feed for cattle and pigs is dangerous, as there are large particles of salt in it that can lead to poisoning of the bird. Sour and sweet food quail is not harmful.

If it is not possible to purchase compound feed for quails, then commercially available feed for parrots may be suitable. When feeding each female with grain mixtures, it is necessary to eat daily 12 g of protein feed, greens and shells without restrictions. Protein feed is recommended to be given in a mixture with cereals.

Shells can be bought on the market, in pet stores, and you can collect yourself near the reservoirs. The shells brought from the shore should be poured with boiling water and crushed.

Favorite quail delicacies are cottage cheese, rice, hemp seed, boiled crushed peas, grated carrots. Quail, never seen hemp seed, at the first feeding willingly eat it. However, young quails should not be given hemp seed because of the presence of narcotic substances in it. Adult birds cannabis seeds can be given only in small quantities, as this food contributes to obesity, is quite expensive and scarce. It is believed that when feeding a large number of hemp seed birds can become blind. Quail flax seeds are almost indifferent.

In winter, Japanese and other quail egg breeds desirable green dressing - salad, spinach. It is also good to feed the birds with green onions, germinated millet. The germination of grain allows you to increase the content of certain vitamins, the starch of the grain is sugared, its taste is improved.

Для проращивания используют зерно, сохранившее хоро­шую всхожесть. Зерно из расчета дневного расхода замачи­вают в водонепроницаемой емкости и оставляют на одни сут­ки, после чего его рассыпают в ящики. Температура в слое зерна поддерживается в пределах 22—25. °С. Прорастание зер­на происходит на 2-е сутки.

При появлении ростков длиной 2—5 мм зерно скармливает­ся. Также рекомендуется влаготепловая обработка и дрожжева­ние зерна. It is very useful to feed quails with green grass. In the spring, as soon as the first greens appear (usually young nettle and dandelions), narvite and chop it with quails, they really need it. However, grass should not be collected near roads, airfields, or in other polluted places. On the grass should not be droppings from flying birds. During stress and in some diseases, quail demand for vitamin feeds increases dramatically.

It is not necessary to drastically change the composition of feed and the time of feeding birds. To the quails to feed new feeds gradually, adding them in small doses. Quails can be worse carried on with some poorly crafted rations. In the absence of feed, feed the quail various grain mixtures with the addition of protein and vitamin feed.

Diet. As you know, Japanese quails are ■ excellent layers, their eggs are unique in their composition. These birds are kept in complete captivity, they do not have the opportunity to independently find additional food, and therefore they should receive full feeding.

Adult quail females need to get 21—

25% crude protein in feed. Monitor the amount of protein should be almost daily. The lack or excess of protein immediately affects the number and weight of eggs laid by females. With a lack of protein, females rarely rush, small eggs are laid, and there is a pecking time. With an excess of protein in the diet, these birds often take down unsuitable for incubation two yolk eggs.

Long-term violation of the protein metabolism is harmful to the health of quails. Conventional feed for poultry, as a rule, contain an insufficient amount of protein. Therefore, to the full - livestock poultry feed, such as PC-1,

> Gradually changing the set of components of the feed, it is necessary to select the most successful diet, based on the availability of local feed, which allows to improve the egg production of females.

> Minimum daily set for Japanese quails:

In the morning: millet, boiled fish, chopped greens, at lunch: wheat bran, crushed grain mixture, grated carrots,

In the evening: millet, wheat, corn, boiled fish, chopped greens.

Add 2 g of protein source (cottage cheese, fish, minced meat, etc.) per bird per day. If there is no compound feed, add 12 g of protein feed per day to each adult female (Japanese breed) to the crushed grain mixture. To females that have ceased egg-laying due to age, the amount of protein in the diet is reduced. The need for protein in domestic, egg-laying quails is higher than in captivity of ordinary wild quails.

The largest portion of feed (about 40%), especially grain, give quail in the evening. Grain feed is digested more slowly than others by a bird, therefore quails do not get very hungry overnight. It is not recommended to overfeed the hens, for better egg production birds should experience light hunger and peck feed with appetite. It should be noted that excessive care for the bird can lead to the fact that it will become lethargic and, possibly, will fatten. Egg production with this method of feeding is somewhat reduced, the feed consumption, respectively, is overestimated. However, in large quail farms, with proper maintenance and care, often

> Be careful with medicines, chemicals and cement, do not allow them and salt lumps to feed! Quails, like many birds, do not sufficiently distinguish the taste of feed and may be poisoned by unfamiliar poisonous substances. Bitter feeds are not recommended. Do not give the bird frozen or grief - 1 ^ - what feed. The temperature of the feed should be close to 4? * ^ To the temperature of the room where the birds are kept.

They are fed from bunker feeders in which feed is poured, based on the daily consumption rate.

The best feed is a special complete feed for quail, which can be replaced with feed for laying hens. The main difference of feed for Japanese quail from PC-1 feed is the increased content of raw protein. The compound feed for ne * repel contains 21–23% of crude protein. Therefore, in the feed should be added 2 g of the protein source (cottage cheese, fish, minced meat, etc.) per bird per day. When feeding wet mash quails can do without drinking water.

When feeding feed, each female should eat 22-27 g of feed per day. Feeding birds with feeds is the most economical. To obtain 1 kg of egg mass is required to spend 5-7 kg of dry feed. For the year, 1 female eats about 9 kg of feed. Feed consumption increases with increasing length of daylight, lowering the temperature in the room, incorrect diet, and for some other reasons. If you are poorly oriented in the amount of food, then you must submit the size of the bird's goiter, which it needs to fill 2-3 times a day.

Under natural conditions, quails feed on seeds of weeds and grasses, and during feeding of young stock they eat insects and their larvae. Young birds of these birds prefer feeds of animal origin - various insects, larvae and invertebrates. By the way, in Japan, quails are fed with a mixture consisting of 50% of rice and 50% of fish waste. Such quail feeds peck with great appetite. However, due to the high cost of rice and fish in our environment, feeding birds is unprofitable.

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Feeding and maintenance of quail

Perepelovodstvo develops in two directions: the production of eggs and meat. The peculiarity of this type of bird is high egg productivity and early maturity. B farms use both the floor and its cellular content.

It is advisable to grow quail from the 1st day in multi-tiered or single-tier cellular batteries. This increases, compared with the floor content, the yield from the poultry house area, labor productivity and reduces the cost of production.

In the first week, the indoor temperature should be 25-27 ° C, and by 30 days of age it is reduced to 20 ° C. In the first 3 weeks of the young’s life, the room in which they are kept is lit around the clock, then the length of the day is reduced by 2 hours weekly - up to 1 7 hours.

Illuminate cages with 40 W incandescent lamps, bright light can lead to rasklevu livestock.

Among the important factors affecting the viability and productive qualities of quail, include light, temperature, humidity, diets, feeding and drinking conditions.

Among the biological characteristics of quails should be allocated a high level of metabolism, resistance to many infectious diseases. For example, there are no causative agents of leukemia in their blood, which makes it possible to use eggs for the manufacture of antiviral drugs.

The average live weight of egg quails is 140-150 g (for females), and 120 g for males, for quails raised for meat - 160-200 grams.

Quail eggs - the most valuable dietary product, the effectiveness of which even 300 years ago in a medical treatise was mentioned by Chinese pharmacologist Li Shi Chen. He claimed that they cure diseases of the heart, lungs, liver, gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular and nervous systems. This is a storehouse of vitamins, trace elements, essential amino acids. In comparison with chicken eggs, they contain 2.5 times more vitamin A, 2.8 times - B1, 2.2 times - In2, 5 times higher levels of phosphorus and potassium, 4.5 times higher than iron, significantly more copper and cobalt. There is fluoride in the yolk, which, as A.P. Knizhnik (Institute of Biophysics of Russia) proved, reduces the content of radioactive strontium in the human body. Lecithin and cholesterol in the yolks of quail eggs are in the ratio of 5: 1, which improves the exchange of cholesterol in the human body, restraining atherosclerosis.

The increased content of lysozyme in quail eggs prevents the development of undesirable microflora. The protein is absorbed by the human body more slowly due to the presence of antitriptase, which lowers the activity of the enzyme trypsin. This property is used to reduce the secretion of pancreatic enzymes in gastric and duodenal ulcers. The presence of sulfur-containing amino acids and lecithin in quail eggs has a beneficial effect on the nervous system. Quail eggs are absorbed in the human body by 97 percent.

What to feed quail when breeding at home?

Their positive effect on the potency in men has also been proven.

The use of quail eggs reduces the risk of infarction and thrombosis, promotes the elimination of heavy metals and radionuclides from the body. In Japan, quail eggs are mandatory food for children of preschool and school age.

Balancing diets for quail exercise on the exchange energy, raw protein, essential amino acids, vitamins A, D3, E, K, C, group B, the main mineral substances (calcium, phosphorus and sodium), trace elements (manganese, iron, copper, zinc and iodine).

Quail demand for raw protein varies depending on age, bird productivity and is expressed as a percentage of the weight of the feed. An increase in protein feed in the diet does not lead to an increase in the vital activity of the organism, but, on the contrary, reduces its resistance and disrupts metabolic processes in the body. On raw protein, rations of quails are balanced with meal, cake, leguminous, animal feed (fish, meat and bone meal, dry milk). The approximate quails need for metabolic energy and nutrients (g per 1 goal. Per day) are presented in table 1.

An important indicator of balanced feeding is the ratio of metabolizable energy to crude protein (EPO).

The physiological relationship between energy levels and protein also extends to amino acid levels.

Quail feed mixtures are made up of various raw materials of plant and animal origin so that the total number and the number of available amino acids as close as possible to the norms (Table 2).

That is, with proper balancing of the amino acid composition of animal feed, the level of exchange energy, mineral substances and vitamins, significant savings in expensive and scarce animal feed can be made.

The use of amino acids in the body depends on the content in the diet of biologically active substances. So, with an increase in the level of protein and amino acids, the bird's need for vitamins increases.

The energy-protein ratio (EPO) in compound feeds for balanced for available (digestible) amino acids is presented in Table 3. However, in practice, it is often not maintained (or the level of protein or exchange energy). To reduce the load on the metabolism of poultry and reduce the consumption of amino acids for unproductive targets and feed per unit of production, it is recommended to withstand not so much EPO as the standard of available (digestible) amino acids per unit of exchange energy.

Therefore, it is important in the preparation of the feed mixture to carefully ration vitamins (Table 4), which is carried out on the principle of their guarantee input, that is, without taking into account the content in the feed. During storage, vitamins and their derivatives in natural foods lose their activity by 50-80 percent. Given this circumstance, it is not recommended to store full-feed feed for more than one month.

Both deficiency and excess of vitamins cause metabolic disorders, growth inhibition, reduced productivity and even poultry diseases.

Shell - also a good mineral food for quails, in its pure form contains 34-37% of calcium, and polluted only 25-28 percent. For proper preparation, it is washed from sludge and dirt, then dried and crushed to 1-1.5 millimeters. Grinding the shell to a pulverized state is undesirable. With limited use of animal feed in diets, the amount of available (inorganic) phosphorus decreases and the content of phytin increases, which is absorbed by an adult bird by 50%, and by young animals only by 30 percent.

The lack of available phosphorus in the diets is compensated by the addition of monodies and tricalcium phosphate. In normal diets available phosphorus contains at least 0.4% by weight of the feed.

When rationing calcium and phosphorus in the feed mixture take into account not only the quantity, but also their ratio. For an adult livestock, it should be about 3.1: 1, for young stock - 1.2: 1.

The enrichment of the feed mixture with microelements is carried out according to the principle of a guarantee input without considering their content in the components of the mixture (Table 5).

It is also necessary to observe a certain ratio of different types of feed, that is, to have a certain structure (Table 6, in%).

For adult quails, the main ration is corn, soybean, alfalfa (chopped), juicy - chopped carrots, cabbage, beetroot, greens, boiled potatoes, waste. Animal feed is also given.

Young animals are fed no later than 1-2 hours after hatching, otherwise feeding adversely affects the intensity of growth and life of the young. In the feed of quails intended for meat at the age of 4-6 weeks, the level of crude protein should be at least 21%, the exchange energy of 276-300 kcal (1 I 60-1 260 kJ). Due to the rapid growth of the young, even a short-term mismatch of the diet with the actual needs of the body can lead to irreversible disturbances in development and mass death.

For quails, the following composition is used: corn - 45, soybean meal - 20, raw skimmed milk - 14, meat and bone meal - 14.5, herbal - 3, feed fat - 2.5, vitamins - 0.6, mineral - 0 , 4 percent.

Once a week, quails older than 4 weeks give small gravel. It is poured over the feed at the rate of 0.5% by weight of the feed. Gravel is necessary for the mechanical grinding of feed in the muscular stomach and increasing the use of nutrients. Gravel size for 4-6 weeks of age is 1-1.5 mm, older - no more than 2-2.5 millimeters.

To prevent loss of the oviduct (taking into account early egg-laying), from 5 weeks and during the productive period, an increased (by 50% of the normal) dose of vitamins A and E should be introduced into the diet.

Quail consume 50-55 ml of water per day. Once every two weeks, potassium permanganate should be added to the water (at the rate of 1 g per 10 l of water, to a light pink color).

The feed intake of egg and meat quails is 15-20 percent higher than for eggs.

Exemplary recipes for quail feeds are shown in Tables 7 and 8.

The front feeding and watering for adult birds is about 2.5 cm per head, with a nipple watering system, the load on 1 nipple is 8-10 heads.

Quails are put on fattening after 36 (40) weeks of life, as well as males and culled females at 4 weeks of age. Food is distributed three times a day, an average of 25-28 g per head. Growing continue 3-4 weeks. There may be special batches of young for fattening.

In conclusion, it should be noted that the monitoring of the quality of feeding should be carried out at all ages. One of these indicators is live weight. Periodically, the young and adult birds are weighed in a group method or by random sampling.

Monitoring the full feeding of adult livestock in the productive period is carried out on the level of poultry egg production and the quality of eggs.

I. Egorov. L. Belyakova, VNITIP
Poultry farming №4, 2009, pp.31-33

The conditions required quail

So, if the number of quails is small, they can easily be kept in an apartment setting. To do this, you need to have cells in which they will be located and hatch eggs, a balanced feed. In the case when it is not possible to make or buy a cage, quails are placed directly in the room, separating them with a partition.

A number of other requirements will also be required:

  • temperature control - 21 ° С,
  • providing lighting - about 17 hours a day,
  • maintaining the required level of humidity - 60-70%.

Cages with quails have on balconies, in storerooms, on loggias. Of course, for this balcony or loggia must be glazed and additionally insulated. This is especially important during the period of winter, when the air temperature should not fall below 16 ° C. Otherwise, the pets start to hurt, they drop a feather, they practically do not rush. That is why stock up the heater does not hurt.

The room in which the birds will live should be constantly aired and cleaned up. However, talk about drafts and dampness should not go, they will not benefit quails.

What quail is better to grow at home

The choice of breed quail is extremely important, because the bird must be taken most unpretentious to external factors and indistinct in food. Video, articles, specialized literature is rich in recommendations regarding what kind of quails to breed at home. Most often, pharaohs, Japanese, British and marble quails are distinguished from almost 50 breeds.

Pharaohs are a breed of meat direction. Among all the varieties of quails, they can be called heavyweights: the weight of the females is up to 240 g, and the males are up to 260 g. True, they lay not so many eggs, only 200-220 pieces a year.

Japanese quail

Japanese quails are called the most "convenient" for breeding at home, because they require simple care.

Wild and Japanese quail have the same color plumage. Каждая мужская особь весит около 130 г, масса самки доходит до отметки в 150 г. Уже на 40 день после своего появления на свет перепелочки готовы нести яйца. Всего в год они приносят около 300 яиц.

Покупать ли самца?

Кстати, нужно заранее определиться с полом птицы. Так, если заводить их ради получения диетического яйца, т.е. такого, которое не оплодотворено, покупать самца вовсе не обязательно. Кроме того, именно петушки будут больше всего шуметь. Those who contain some females do not feel any discomfort due to noise.

Quail cages

Care for home quails includes the arrangement of their personal space. As already mentioned, there are times when birds are seated right in the room, enclosing their territory. Also suitable for them are the most common cells designed for parrots, for example. However, if you buy or make a cage specifically for quails, it will be more convenient for both the birds and their owners.

Make or buy?

To acquire a ready-made cell or to make it yourself is the choice of each person personally. If you have all the necessary materials on hand (steel mesh, sheet metal, plywood), training video and hands are “golden”, then everything will work out.

You can use only one galvanized steel mesh and make it a rectangular structure. It is easy to calculate the number of required cells: 4-5 individuals, where one is a male, you can fit in a cage 20-25 cm tall, 30x30 cm in size.

If there are quite a lot of quails, it is not necessary to put each cage separately. You can apply the method of "shelving", i.e. put them on top of each other. In a different way, such a design is called a “cell battery”; it usually has up to five tiers and is available commercially.

Also, the “housing” of quails, with a significant number of them, are advised to be divided into sections using ordinary plywood partitions. These birds also fight, and in the presence of sections they can quickly be seated. In addition, partitions allow you to separate the young from adults.

Conveniently, when the bottom of the cage is located at a slight angle of 8-10 °. This helps the eggs to roll down immediately after the footnote, remain clean and unharmed, and also facilitates the process of their collection (birds do not worry).

Cell arrangement

The bottom of the cage must be lined with something soft. It can be dry hay, straw, sawdust, etc., although sometimes the bottom is carried out in the form of a lattice under which the pan is placed. This is done so that the quail feces fall down and the cell remains clean longer.

Sometimes (once in 7-10 days) clean sand or ashes are poured with feathery, in which they gladly clean their feathers.

Quails also need water troughs and feeders. Nipple drinkers are very popular because they allow the water to remain clean and safe for the health of birds (without harmful microorganisms and bacteria). But open ones will do: one bird is enough for 20 birds.

Avoid severe contamination of bird housing is impossible. The litter is changed as soon as it becomes dirty, cleaned and disinfected the feed and drink containers. If possible, cleaning is carried out daily, then about any smell do not have to worry.

Quail food

It is impossible to underestimate the value of feed in quail care. There are special feed for quails, and those that are sold to chickens are suitable. You can still give:

  • finely chopped root vegetables and vegetables,
  • boiled potatoes or even small ready-made pasta,
  • greenery,
  • germinated grain,
  • grain waste
  • sunflower seeds from the sunflower.

A couple of times a week, food is enriched with bone or fish meal, give eggshell, chalk or lime.

Experienced quail breeders at home recommend putting troughs not in the cage itself, but behind it. At such a distance that the bird could eat, sticking his head out. This technique will allow longer to maintain order in the cells, as well as birds will not be able to overeat.

Also often the mess creates dust, flying from the feed. If the owner wants to get rid of her, he can make wet mash for quails.

How often to feed?

Feeding is carried out twice a day, sometimes one time. You need to be careful not to overfeed the quail. From this they immediately stop carrying eggs. On average, one individual allocate 30 g of feed mixture.

If quails are preparing for slaughter (more often males and rejected quails), they are kept and fed separately for 50 days. Usually up to 4 times a day. Mostly it is grass and feed fat.

Quails are watered with plain water, damp from the tap, but necessarily settled. Only hatched chicks and until the third week, give boiled defended water.

Nursing care

Unfortunately, at home, some natural instincts in quails disappear, incl. and the instinct of breeding offspring, therefore, if the owners want to continue the quail genus, it will take an incubator, as well as time and energy to nurse the young. To this should be prepared in advance. After all, they are so fragile and defenseless, not only in the video: everything in life is exactly the same. The weight of daily chicks is 6 g, and they will have to be protected literally from everything: from cats and dogs in the house, drafts, etc.

Taking care of the chicks is necessary not only from the first day of their life, but even before they are born: to maintain the temperature in the incubator, to set the grid at the bottom of the incubator so that the "little ones" do not fall into the water.

Immediately after hatching, the youngsters are placed in a brooder or a tall box and covered with gauze (or net). The first two weeks the temperature around should be stable, not below 38 ° C, it is also important to constantly maintain the lighting. During the period from the third to the fourth week, the birds begin to “harden”, slowly reducing the temperature and switching to the usual light regime.

From day one, young animals need vitamins, minerals and protein. Chicks are given a chopped boiled egg (they can immediately eat on their own). After the first feeding, food is added, intended for newborns, quail, cottage cheese and corn grits (third day).

Exclusively on the purchase of feed for chicks young transferred from the eighth day. Already 28 chickens are equated to adult quails, and their diet becomes the same.

Those who are just starting to grow quail at home, it is better not to start with the young, and take adult birds. Then there will be an opportunity to gain experience on the matured individuals and determine for themselves the expediency of their further maintenance.

Breed description

Japanese breed quails are small birds that have an elongated body, short tail and wings, and their plumage is brown and white. The mass of males barely reaches 120 g, females - 140 g.

Farmers breed this breed of quail as an egg-bearing, and not for growing them for meat.

These birds are too shy and often subject to stress. Therefore, a person engaged in breeding Japanese quails should acquire them young, because then they are easier to carry the road, quickly get used to a new habitat, diet, etc.

Features of growth and incubation of eggs

Japanese quail rush right on the floor, and constantly at the same time of day. Therefore, the farmer must constantly monitor and not miss the moment when the eggs will be demolished. Otherwise, the birds will simply crush them.

These poultry begin to lay eggs already on the 30th-40th day of their life and they take down more than 250 pieces in a year.

Quails grow this breed very quickly. Literally 2 months after their birth, they reach the size of adult quail.

How to feed?

Feed these birds should be strictly on schedule, no more than 3 times a day. One bird of this breed eats only 30 g of feed per day. Over quailing is not worth it, otherwise they will simply cease to carry eggs normally.

The water in their tanks should be constantly clean and fresh. Otherwise, they simply will not drink it. Therefore, the liquid should be changed 3 or even 4 times a day.

The hatched chicks are fed by the farmers by steeply boiled eggs, powdered with bird feed. After three days old, it is already possible to supplement their diet with chopped boiled fish. It is better if it is pollock or hake.

Adult Japanese quail prefer the usual feed. They also love boiled liver, which must be rubbed on a grater or chopped very finely before serving.

Keeping and breeding birds

For the maintenance of this breed of quail, preference must be given to a multi-tiered cage, thanks to which space in the room will be saved. It is advisable to place nests, perches, put straw in the cage.

The temperature of the room where the birds of this breed will live should be above 16 degrees, otherwise the females will stop laying eggs. It is also very important to ventilate the room and avoid high humidity (normal humidity level is 50%).

It is forbidden to identify a cage with birds in the sun, as this will excite the males and they will start fighting with each other. These birds need to ensure optimal daylight hours, which should be at least 12 hours.

Living in captivity, the Japanese quail is absolutely unwilling to incubate the eggs laid. Some people contrive and lay eggs under the hens. But the hen can accidentally crush them, because the shell is still thin. Therefore, these birds are bred by incubation.

Distribution in Russia

In Russia, Japanese quails became widespread, largely due to the production of eggs. But to buy these birds for the production of meat is not worth it, because they have a small live weight.

In Russia, the Japanese quail of the Moscow population gained popularity, which they bred at an experimental factory.

You can buy these birds for breeding in Moscow and its nearby areas. Below are the companies where you can purchase these birds or their eggs:

  1. Ecofazenda company (tel. + 9647720079).
  2. The Orlovsky Yard enterprise (tel. + 79150092008).
  3. Pelkin House Company (tel. + 79037158505).

You can buy Japanese quail in one of these companies or in others. The cost of one bird ranges from 40-60 rubles per unit. Price depends on the age of the individual.

Description and Features

The period of domestication of the Japanese quails fell on the XI century - in the Land of the Rising Sun they were bred as a decorative ornament of wealthy farms. And only in the XVI century, farmers paid attention to the taste of meat and the nutritional value of eggs obtained from the maintenance of beautiful miniature birds. This breed is considered the oldest among the other bred varieties, but it still remains relevant and does not lose its leading position among breeders of all countries.

Did you know?In nature, quails can live up to 8 years, at homeonly 2-3 years. Over time, the meat of the female becomes tough, and after a year of life, it begins to produce less and less eggs, so it is more economical to grow the bird for only the first 2 years, and then feed it to meat.

Appearance and physique

Species features of the species are elongated, elongated torso, short wings and tail. The color of the feather as a whole is spotty, gray-black, the breast plumage is brown in the male, and light gray in the female. Also, the floor of quails can be distinguished by the color of the beak (in males it is darker) and the cloacal gland of bright pink color, which females do not have at all.

Productive characteristics

There are two subspecies of Japanese quail: egg-laying and broiler (meat).

Egg quails are highly valued for their productive characteristics:

  • the average bird weight is 150–180 g (the female is 138–150 g, the male is 115–130 g, the net weight of the carcass is 80 g),
  • active egg production starts at 45–50 days,
  • more than 300 eggs per year weighing 10–12 g.

The Japanese broiler of meat is significantly different in weight of the carcass, reaching a size of more than 250 g, as well as the ability to carry eggs - no more than 220 pieces per year (weight 8-10 g).

Necessary conditions of detention

Breeding and maintenance of this breed can be considered a simple task, but a beginner or an experienced farmer will still need some knowledge. First of all, the birds should organize a suitable room, based on the characteristics of their body, nature and diet.

Requirements for the room

The room (poultry house), in which quail cells will be located, must necessarily meet such requirements:

  1. Lighting. Japanese quails do not tolerate bright light, but they cannot be kept in complete darkness either. The best option would be one or two windows in a room with cells located a few meters away from them. The length of daylight during egg-laying is 15–17 hours, the intensity of light is not higher than 4 W per 1 square meter. m
  2. Temperature conditions. It is extremely important not to allow strong fluctuations in air temperature, the norm is 18–21 degrees.
  3. Air humidity in the house should not exceed 70%. If the rate is too high, mold and pathogenic bacteria that can infect quails and eggs can develop inside the cells.
  4. Ventilation. An important role in the proper maintenance of the “Japanese” is played by the organization of round-the-clock ventilation using windows or special openings in the roof. However, the cells should not be exposed to any drafts.

Important!With the increased brightness of the light, the birds will begin to peck at each other and fight. Stressful situation will negatively affect the future egg production.

It is also desirable to exclude access to the poultry house of any domestic animal life - cats, dogs, etc. They can scare the birds and reduce their egg production.

What should be the cells

Multi-tiered cages made of wood or iron are very popular among Japanese quail farmers.

Learn more about making a cage for quail.

The requirements for their arrangement are:

  1. The height of the “dwelling” should vary from 20 to 25 cm, this will exclude trauma to the birds and allow them to feel free. The total area of ​​the bottom is 50x25 cm.
  2. Planting density should be 100-125 square meters. cm on one individual (in a cage with a length of 1 m and a width of 50 cm can be populated about 50 quails).
  3. It is advisable that the floor covering of the house should be covered with straw, large sawdust or hay, which should be changed every one or two days.
  4. On the outside of the cage, it is necessary to install nipple drinkers and feeders, so that the birds reach them with their heads between the rods.
  5. Inside is a spacious tank with dry sand (5-7 cm thick) in which Japanese quails like to bathe.
  6. A special egg-collector, as a rule, is a mesh bottom, installed at an angle of 10 degrees towards the front wall of the “dwelling”. The design itself should protrude 10 cm and have sides.
  7. Under the quail cage, it is imperative to place a galvanized iron tray to collect litter, which can be filled with regular cat litter to absorb odor.

What to feed adult quail

Feeding adults should be carried out at certain times three times a day. For the full development and productivity of the daily feed rate should not be less than 25-30 g per head. The diet of birds must necessarily consist of a large amount of protein, vitamins and minerals.

Balanced and nutritious food can be purchased in a special store or make yourself from crushed cereal mixtures: Barley, corn and wheat.

Periodically, the menu should include chopped boiled liver, sea fish and fresh chopped greens.

Important!Some foods are strictly forbidden to eat Japanese quails: sorrel, rye, buckwheat, tomato and potato tops, tansy.

Separately near the trough, the farmer must attach bowl with small pebbles or coarse sand to maintain the proper digestion of quail.

Quail Egg Incubation

In successful incubation and in obtaining healthy and viable offspring, the purchase of eggs in proven farms, as well as their thorough inspection and selection, play an important role.

Tips for poultry farmers: choosing an incubator, characterizing the best.

Required parameters for their selection:

  • correct shape
  • average pigmentation
  • large size (10–14 g),
  • purity,
  • ratio of smaller diameter to larger 70%.

After careful selection and immediately before laying the eggs should be disinfected with a light solution of potassium permanganate. The laying of products in the incubation trays should be made vertically, with a blunt end up. Optimum temperature and humidity installed a few hours before the start of the process, and in the future are constantly maintained at the level corresponding to the day:

  • From the 1st to the 7th day, the temperature is 37.5 ° С, the humidity is 52–57%. Lattice should be turned 4 times daily
  • From the 8th to the 14th day, the temperature is 37.5 ° С, the humidity is 42–44%. Egg flipping - daily, 5 times,
  • From the 15th to the 17th day, the temperature should be reduced to 35 ° С, the humidity should be increased to 75%. The embryos are almost completely formed and are about to be born. It is already impossible to turn the eggs.

We advise you to read about making an incubator for quails with your own hands.

Newborn quails, as a rule, hatch together within 5-6 hours, on the 18th day.

Video: newborn quail chicks

Feeding ration

AT first days Japanese chicks are gradually fed with minced quail egg, curd and chopped greens (nettle, carrot or onion feathers). WITH the third day Boiled lean fish and sour milk are introduced into the diet. The number of feedings in the first week should be at least 5 times, later the frequency is reduced to 3.

After 10 days of life, new products are gradually added to the diet of young stock:

  • yellow corn - 30% of the total diet,
  • dry milk - 6%,
  • ground shells - 2%,
  • fish meal - 12%,
  • meat and bone meal - 12%,
  • wheat - 30%,
  • salt - 0.2%.

Learn how to build a variety of quail feeders.

Advantages and disadvantages

The main advantages of growing and maintaining Japanese quail are:

  • easy growing process
  • minimum time spent on bird care,
  • a short incubation period compared to other poultry is only 18 days,
  • nutritional value, a complex of vitamins and minerals contained in diet quail eggs and meat,
  • rapid growth and maturation of birds (maturity already comes on the 40–50th day),
  • high resistance to various avian diseases.

Disadvantages:

  • Japanese quails are sensitive to temperature and stress,
  • after breeding, it may be difficult to establish distribution channels for products.

Did you know?Since ancient times, quail eggs have been successfully used in traditional medicine and cosmetology. The valuable product is indicated in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gallbladder, anemia, tuberculosis, cataracts and bronchial asthma. Egg-based masks improve skin color and make hair strong and shiny.

Characteristic of birds

This breed of birds is characterized by increased egg production. For the first time, quails were brought from Japan back in the last century. The breed was bred thanks to the work of breeders. Due to high productivity, birds began to breed farms on a large scale. Even after many years, the breed does not lose its popularity.

Japanese quail on walking

Japanese breeders had the task to increase the productivity of quails for meat and eggs. In the rest, the color of wild individuals may not differ from domestic ones - their feathers are both light and dark. As a result of crossbreeding, birds with multi-colored feathers were obtained.

Japanese quails are raised to produce eggs.

Japanese poultry farms bred individuals in equal quantities to obtain meat products, eggs. However, after a few years, other beef breeds that were distinguished by a large mass were bred. Therefore, the Japanese quail began to be used only for the purpose of obtaining eggs.

Later, in order to obtain large meat poultry, breeders from America bred breed "Pharaoh". They differ from Japanese quails by rapid mass gain. Adults reach a weight of more than 280 g. They have an identical appearance, therefore it is rather difficult to distinguish them.

Unscrupulous breeders sometimes sell Japanese quails under the guise of the breed "Pharaoh". Therefore, novice poultry farmers should be careful when buying birds.

Content of Japanese quail

Care for such birds does not require much effort. However, their content will require certain conditions. There are several options for the cultivation of birds. Each of them has positive and negative sides.

Table 1. Quail content

Too close cage is not suitable for quail

It is advisable to provide removable drinkers and feeders in the room. Because they will have to be disinfected regularly. It is much more convenient to fasten such devices on the walls of the cell.

The nuances of keeping birds

For quails, the daylight should be at least 16 hours. However, the more often their light is turned on in the room, the more birds eat food. In females in such conditions, active egg production is noted, but this greatly depletes their body. If the productivity of females drops sharply, then most likely they lack food due to the lack of light. But, it is necessary to choose the optimal lighting mode for the birds, because they are aggressive when the lamps are too bright.

Natural light is good for quail

Indoors, it is important to maintain humidity, the optimal rate of about 60%. In the presence of dry air in the cage, the birds are very thirsty. If there is an urgent need to increase this percentage, you should take several containers with liquid and place them around the room with the birds.

The air temperature in the room should not be below 16 degrees. Otherwise, the egg production of birds is greatly reduced. And also it is impossible to contain birds with excessively high temperatures, the optimal indicator is up to 21 degrees.

In winter, the cells are warmed to maintain heat, and in summer, the room will need to be aired.

Learn all about how create a business of breeding quail. Writing the right business plan, commercial prospects of the enterprise, income and expenses. In a separate article "How to breed quail?" You will learn how to choose a breed, what to look for when buying, what conditions quails need and how to feed them.

Making your own bird cage: step-by-step instructions

Drawing manufactured according to the instructions of the cell

Step one: we prepare parts from a tree. The timber should be treated with antiseptic agents to prevent rotting.

Skeleton cage for quail from timber

Step two: you need to connect the parts, and assemble the cage frame.

Racks must be strong and thick to keep the structure and its occupants

Step Three: we fix the grid on the frame.

The option of mounting the grid to a wooden frame

Step Four: we set the floor under an inclination to ensure the eggs roll into the egg-collector.

Original quail cage

Step Five: we mount a cover for a cage and a door.

You can make the door inside the cage for quails in front or on the roof

Step Six: choose a pallet. For such purposes, even a tray bought in a store may be suitable.

Even an old baking tray fits well.

It is advisable to make the top of the cell from elastic nylon. Because the birds from fright often fly up and can hit the head. The height of the cage, on average, should be about 27-30 cm. The size will depend on the number of individuals. For each adult bird will require at least 100 square meters. see square.

Breeding Japanese quail

Females completely lack the instinct of hatching eggs - it was lost in the process of long-term selection of quails, therefore, they are bred only in an incubator. For several days, poultry farmers gather fertilized eggs. It is allowed to store them for about 10 days in a cool place, but not at strong sub-zero temperatures. The fresher the eggs, the greater the percentage of hatchability of chicks.

Some poultry farmers have to use additional methods in order to preserve the freshness of eggs:

  • take a container with multiple holes
  • then you need to find a dense package and pour purified water with the addition of manganese there,
  • put a container with eggs in the package and tie it on top, leaving openings for air circulation,
  • If the eggs are in a well-ventilated container with a high level of humidity, drying can be avoided.

Fresh eggs are sure to drown in water. Others are considered unsuitable for incubation.

Before laying the eggs in the incubator, their surface is treated with an antiseptic solution. As well as the eggs will need to enlighten to eliminate any defects. Then they are processed again and warmed.

Eggs are strictly forbidden to lay in the poorly heated equipment for incubation. And also it is not allowed to place them there immediately after the frost, they should warm up at room temperature. Non-observance of such a rule is fraught with the fact that condensate will accumulate on the surface of the eggs, violating the percentage ratio of humidity.

The incubator should maintain a temperature of about 37-38 degrees. The maximum mode is set only on the first days of incubation, then the temperature is gradually reduced.

Quail Egg Incubation

You should also maintain a certain level of humidity:

  • first 24 hours - 67-70%,
  • 2-10 days - 52%,
  • 11-15 days - 45-47%,
  • chick hatching day - about 80%.

Nestling hatching process

Every day throughout the incubation process, the eggs are inverted several times. This is done in order to prevent the sticking of the embryo. Eggs stop turning only 2 days before hatching. However, professional poultry farmers have questioned the benefits of constantly turning eggs.

The incubator begins to air for 3 days and continue to do so until the last day before hatching chicks. The duration of the airing is from 5 to 10 minutes. A week after the start of incubation, you should again make a scan through the ovoscope. All eggs with cracks and dead embryos are removed.

The total duration of incubation takes 17 days. During the last days, chicks gradually begin to appear.

Egg Incubator

Quail eggs require a lower heating temperature and a minimum duration of this process. For chicken eggs, the complete incubation cycle is 21 days.

Incubators perfectly cope with the task of laying hens, increasing productivity and reducing the cost of your labor several times. One of these helpers for farmers is Cinderella incubator.

Quail feeding

After hatching, the chicks are still in the incubator for a few more hours. Usually 8-10 hours is enough for them to get stronger and dry completely. Then they are taken out and placed in special boxes.

Daily quails feed with crushed feed. In stores you can buy special mixes for starter feeding. And they need a drinker with water. It is only important that it be shallow, otherwise the chicks will begin to choke.

At the age of 7 days, birds are given chopped greens. For such purposes suitable green onions and nettle. In addition to the usual feed, grown up individuals can be given lettuce leaves, grated carrots, and beets. They can also eat zucchini, pumpkin.

Feed mixture for quails

Each poultry farmer independently selects the correct mode for feeding birds. Quails should either be immediately poured into the feeder the entire portion of the meal, or do it 2 times a day. The first method is suitable for those people who do not have free time. However, such feeding is fraught with rapid weight gain in birds, which significantly reduces their egg production. This improves the taste of meat. But, Japanese quails are mainly bred for the purpose of obtaining eggs.

Read more about feeding quails in special article.

Disease prevention

Despite the fact that quails have strong immunity, newborn chicks are often susceptible to various infectious diseases. To prevent this, you must adhere to prevention:

  1. On the first day of life, chicks should be drunk with the addition of sugar and ascorbic acid.
  2. On the following day, chickens must be given anti-bacterial preparations based on enrofloxacin. The general course of therapy lasts about 4 days.
  3. A week later, the chicks begin to give a vitamin complex for 5 days.
  4. At the age of 1 month, the birds are given anthelmintic treatment.

Chicks should be carefully looked after.

Such measures are necessary only in the conditions of a large poultry farm, where other birds are kept. At home, you only need to drink daily quail water with glucose and ascorbic acid.