Guinea fowl - birds are beautiful and intelligent. In guinea fowls, boys are prettier than girls, and girls are smarter than boys.
For a long time, almost a year, I did not know how to determine the sex of a guinea fowl, but I had to learn. I share experience.
I can quite easily determine the gender of the hens, whose age has exceeded five months. At an earlier age, you can make a mistake, especially if you do not observe these birds regularly.
How to distinguish guinea fowls by gender?
The constitution in males and females is about the same, the differences are concentrated on the head.
In this photo, the head of the male guinea fowl.
On this - the head of a female.
It can be clearly seen that the earrings of the males are larger, the bone ridge is larger in height, and the cinnamon (leathery growth over the nostrils) is well developed. In females, earrings are usually pressed to the head, but sometimes they can be turned inside out, like in males.
Let's just say, the profile of the male is more prominent.
With a yellow arrow, I indicated a cep. In females it is pale, almost undeveloped. The males are large, usually brightly colored, similar in shape to a pea.
The following method for determining the sex of guinea fowls is more intimate.
Males Guinea fowls have penises.
The penis is in the cesspool. The cloaca is the organ through which the bird defecates and carries eggs.
From stroking the back of the male, blood rushes to the penis, and it becomes well distinguishable.
In order to see the penis in the male guinea fowl or not to see it in the female, it is necessary to stroke the bird intensively on the back several times, then turn the cloaca up and open with your fingers.
Here is a controversial bird. The right earring is adjacent to the head, the left one is bulging. Cement is well defined. I think it is a boy.
We stroke him on the back and look into the cloaca.
The penis of the Caesars is flat, forked, of decent size. In females of Guinea fowls inside the cloaca, if desired, you can also see some kind of tubercles, therefore, this method of determining the floor will suit you when you check at least a dozen birds.
If the above method of determining the sex of chickens does not suit you, then there is another method that is 100% effective. About him below.
Guinea fowl - talking birds.
I do not like geese because of the scream. The geese scream shrillly, utter extremely nasty dissonant screams. Another thing guinea fowl. They also scream when danger arises, but at least they hit the notes.
Frightened chatter emit equally and females, and males guinea fowls.
But they have different songs.
The male guinea fowl whistles always on one note, and the female's song consists of two notes. If you see a chicken-goose, stretching its head upward and pulling a monotonous melody of two notes, such “y, y, y”, then this is absolutely a girl.
The shape of the beak
Despite the fact that guinea fowls look almost the same, the shape of the beak and the position of the head will help determine the sex.
At the base of the upper mandible, these birds have a thickened skin area, the so-called. cemetery. In females, it is less pronounced, pink in color, in males it is overgrown, uneven and bright red.
Ceres in females of the second and third year of life grows and becomes coarse. Therefore, this method of determining sex is suitable only for young individuals.
In shape and color of earrings
As in the case with ceramics, the earrings of the male are more fleshy and have a bright bloody color. In females, earrings are small in size, adjacent to the head.
With age, the earrings of the females become coarse and darken.
Determine by the voice of what gender a bird in front of you can only an experienced poultry breeder. To do this, you should spend a lot of time with guinea fowls and listen to their singing, because they are noisy birds. Noise loud and often.
Female singing consists of two syllables, the second of them is more prolonged. The czars are singing intermittently, consisting of one syllable. The difficulty lies in the fact that females imitate males, and in this case, it is difficult to determine the sex by voice.
You should look at guinea fowls to determine gender by behavioral characteristics.
Caesar walk, fluff the tail, for females it is not typical. After watching some time for the birds, you can learn to clearly see these differences between birds of different sexes.
Another way to distinguish the sex of birds is to track the female when she lays an egg, but having many bird heads makes it difficult. Therefore, this method is suitable for farms that contain no more than 5-6 heads.
Difference in the external genitals - a reliable way to determine gender. For a novice poultry farmer such a method may seem difficult, but after examining a dozen birds, one can easily see the differences.
Guinea fowl are shy, so when viewed, measures should be taken to subject the bird to the least stress.
For inspection, you must pick up the bird, stroke it on the back. He will swell the penis of such a cousin, and it will be easier to see. Turn the guinea fishes upside down and look under the tail, open the cloaca with your fingers. At the male you will see a pink protruding tubercle - penis. Very rarely, the similarity of bumps can be seen in females. If in doubt, additional methods must be applied.
This method is also good in that it allows experienced poultry farmers to determine the sex from the first day of the life of the fowl. Up to 3 months for the rest of the signs determine the floor is almost impossible.
Guinea fowls are not frequent guests on farms. Despite the value of eggs and meat, farmers are frightened by the difficulties associated with the strong noisy and sex determination in guinea fowls. The first problem can be solved by placing the house in the far corner of the farm.
Signs to determine the sex of guinea fowl enough. Therefore, after studying the behavioral and biological peculiarities of the Guinea fowl, problems can be avoided. If, after applying one method, the floor could not be established, use the following. Comparing, it will be possible to correctly find out who is who.
In different periods of their development, these or other signs will be expressed differently.
Only by experience will you find a way that you can trust.
What you need to know the sex of geslings
The sex of guinea fowl will help you to correctly form the tribe of birds that you have. One male has five times more females. It turns out that for a herd of 20 individuals, only four males are needed.
It is important to determine the sex of the guinea fowl before buying them.
Of course, in the poultry business, guinea fowls are considered the most valuable because they produce eggs, from which a new generation is born. So the process of breeding birds goes in a circle, bringing a steady profit.
Do not worry, such a small number of males is not difficult to fertilize five times more females. Polygamy is laid in flocks of agricultural birds by nature and selection, therefore males are ready for feats.
Consequently, if you take the word to the seller offering chickens for sale, and he turns out to be a cheat and sell you males for the price of females, you will not only lose money at the purchase stage, but also ruin the whole further breeding process.
How to distinguish male from female
In order not to be trapped and not to trust their well-being to potentially malicious people, each farmer himself must learn to distinguish between the guinea fowls and the czars according to different physiological and behavioral signs that manifest themselves in each sex of birds. So, consider each of them in detail.
Differences in the amount of skin growth on the head of the female and male guinea fowl
Determine the sex of birds by size
When the males and females reach about three months of age, they begin to show one obvious difference - body weight. Usually males weigh many times more females, this feature is characteristic of most species of poultry raised on the territory of our country, but not for guinea fowls. In their pairs, the female is much larger than the male. This will be noticeable if you put two opposite-sex individuals nearby. The body of the female is larger than the body of the male.
It is possible to determine the gender by this characteristic using weighting. The weight of the guinea fowl sometimes exceeds the mass of the Caesar by 15-20 percent.
A special difference between guinea fowls and other productive birds is that the weight of the females seriously exceeds this indicator in males.
However, up to a certain age, this method of determining sex may be useless to you, since females and male guinea fowls often retain approximately the same weight for a long time, and the significant difference between them becomes noticeable only by 5 months from the day the birds hatch. Consider the following method for determining the sex of a chicken.
Find out who is in front of you, Caesar or Guinea fowl can be in the form of a beak. It's all like in humans: girls are much more elegant than boys. The first beaks are small and neat. The nostrils do not wrinkle, the color of the skin covering the base of the beak is reddish-orange, of a muted shade. The tuberosity on the front of the skull is almost absent, the beak smoothly passes into the head.
Differences in the shape of the beak of the female and male
The males are not so unacceptable. Their beaks, compared with the beaks of guinea fowls, at a certain age begin to increase in size and stand out strongly on the bird's head. The base of the beak is covered with bright red, almost bloody skin, the nostrils are large, prominent. Skin build-ups around the beak are more noticeable than in females, but it is not always possible to notice them immediately.
Schematic differences in the structure of the head of females and males
So, we present to your attention a comparative table of the appearance of the beak and part of the head of the czars and cesar.
- large, prominent beak,
- protruding nostrils
- blood-red skin on the nostrils and parts of the beak,
- specific growths at the beak.
- neat beak
- small size beak,
- small, unobtrusive nostrils
- muted red skin color on the beak and nostrils,
- absence of tubercles and pronounced skin folds.
These differences in the appearance of the beak and its adjacent areas in males and females become noticeable around the age of four to five months, so if you do not have experience in determining sex before the birds reach the specified age, it is better to postpone the purchase before adult birds or go to another seller.
Only an experienced poultry breeder or just a very attentive person will be able to determine the sex of this elegant bird along the ridge. The fact is that the male's crest differs from the female's crest in the following parameters.
- The crest of male individuals is always larger than that of the female feathered female.
- In males, this adorning element of the head is not located directly, but in a slightly curved back position.
- Compared with females, the cesar's crest is slightly raised from the base of the head.
Pay attention to the male comb (left) and female (right)
Considered the comb carefully, but still did not understand? Go to the next item.
Another almost imperceptible difference, to which, nevertheless, can become decisive during the procedure of determining the sex of your birds. The fact is that while walking, females keep their head and neck in an even position, strictly vertically, and the males noticeably move forward, slightly bending down.
By the position in which the bird holds its head while walking, one can understand what gender it has
So that you do not constantly have to look at the birds, imagine the following, easier way to determine the sex of guinea fowls.
Determining the sex of the shape and color of earrings
To tell you the truth, the unusual arrangement of guinea fowl earrings on the head makes them look more like a mustache than a piece of jewelry. They are right under the bird's beak, and the differences in the shape and color of these elements in different individuals can draw conclusions about their gender. So, first of all you should know that the pattern in this matter is the same as in the case with the bird's beak. Earrings samochek neat, they can even be called beautiful, since they are not given to the side. The color of this amazing natural accessory in female individuals is the same as on the beak and nostrils: muted red, orange or pale pink, which is nice to see.
Earrings in the queens of both sexes are pronounced, they can be seen from afar
The males are exactly the opposite. Earrings are an element of aggression, an indicator of the Caesar’s statism. Their sizes considerably exceed the size of female ornaments, their consistence is fleshy. The color of the skin with which they are covered also repeats the color of the beak - it is a bright, blood-red color.
Male and female earrings differ not only in shape, but also in color intensity
This feature is relevant only in the young age of birds, which is good for you, because when they grow up, their earrings grow coarser and less beautiful, due to which they are easily confused with men and draw wrong conclusions about the gender of the individual being examined.
We distinguish the floor of guinea fowls by voice
Unlike ugly screaming geese and clucking chickens, guinea fowl "sing" in a melodious voice, loud, but pleasant to the ear. It must be said that the power of shouting is not compensated by their beauty, therefore, if you sharply react to disturbing sounds, it is not your bird.
By sound components of the songs of birds, you can determine who is in front of you, the female or male. Go out to the yard, to the pen and the house and listen to the "conversations" of the birds. Males express their emotions by long trills, with periodic popping sounds. The voice of the females is completely different, their crackling is not characteristic. By this interesting difference, you can easily understand who is in front of you.
Determination of guinea fowl by habits
Sex differences between individuals are not only external, but also indirect, behavioral. Caesars are always drawn in front of guinea fowls, hold their heads high and fan their tails. Females behave much more modestly, they often lower their heads, their tails do not fluff.
The sex of guinea fowls can be determined by the degree of modesty in the behavior of individuals.
We find out the floor of guinea fowl on primary sexual characteristics
The only difference that gives one hundred percent guarantee of the correct determination of sex is the structure of the genitals in females and males. With the help of their consideration, you can learn to determine the sex of chicks at the age of just one day! As you know, during the growth period of chicks from 1 day to several months, the external and behavioral differences of birds of both sexes are indistinguishable or barely distinguishable, so learn to understand when the male's penis is in front of you, and when the loop of the female is very important.
So, we present you the step-by-step instructions for examining the genitalia of guinea fowls.
First of all, it is necessary to pick up the hen and calm it down. Due to the natural fearfulness of these birds, contact with humans is a great stress for them. A frightened individual can squeeze and the process of stretching the cloaca will bring her pain, and possibly injury. Carefully stroke the back of the bird with measured movements, tightly but gently squeezing it.
Regardless of the floor, guinea fowl are shy. Calm ward strokes before you start the inspection
Stroking on the back is of practical importance not only in terms of calming the guinea fowl. If the male is in front of you, these touches stimulate the flow of blood to his cloaca and penis, from which he will become much more noticeable. So you make it easier for yourself to work on the sex of the guinea fowl.
After the bird is calm, gently turn it backwards so that the cesspool is right in front of you. With one hand hold the guinea fowl, with the other gently stretch its cloaca.
Remember, the procedure must be gentle and sterile so as not to infect the genital system of birds and not damage the cloaca. Arrange inspection with gloves and, if possible, invite assistants.
We start the review. The penis of the male is pronounced, compared with other types of productive birds. It resembles a pink tubercle protruding from the unfolded cloaca.
What is the penis of Caesar
The female has no external differences inside the cloaca. Her loop is painted in the same pale pink color as the male. In general, the external differences between the genitals of these birds can also be seen by a person without experience, however, it will be easier to understand the differences if you arrange an inspection of two birds at the same time.
What does a guinea fowl loop look like?
Let's sum up
Breeding guinea fowls is not only profitable, but also pleasant, because the advantages of these birds are obvious. They are beautiful, have high body mass and melodic voice, besides, this species of birds is not characterized by aggression towards humans. On the contrary, guinea fowls are shy, but when they get used to the owner, they even show some friendliness and appreciation, especially while eating sweets.
You can earn trust guinea fowls with the help of goodies for birds.
To be able to determine the sex of these graceful birds is necessary in order to correctly form a healthy tribe of young individuals, observing approximate proportions of five females per male. If you make a mistake during the determination of sex and buy up the czars, the business will not go well, because you will not only have a small number of layers, but the males may begin to argue and fight with each other because of the attention of the females, which will not be enough for each of them.
Цесарки — красивые и величественные птицы, разведение которых даёт вкуснейшее мясо и яйца. Даже перья цесарок идут в дело — их окрас вдохновляет рукодельниц по всему миру. Read в нашей статье, how to properly contain guinea fowls: characteristics of breeds of guinea fowls, trimming wings, growing chickens.
There are many ways to determine gender by primary and secondary sex characteristics, as well as by the behavioral characteristics of each bird. These include:
- the structure of the genitals,
- beak shape
- features of the location and appearance of the scallop,
- head position when walking,
- color and shape of bird earrings,
- the sound of the voice
- characteristic habits of birds.
Using all the methods of determining sex in a comprehensive way, you will be able to achieve one hundred percent probability of the correct determination of a caesar or guinea fowl among birds.
How to distinguish male guinea fowl from female?
Of course, there are many differences regarding the appearance of guinea fowls. And novice poultry farmers know nothing about them. Many differences can be traced even if you carefully examine the photo. Unlike other birds, females are always heavier than males. But there are other important features:
- The structure of the male head is larger and more powerful.
- The beak of the Caesar is somewhat wider and thicker.
- Males have more red and long earrings in comparison with guinea fowls.
- The czars have a shrill and stronger voice, which cannot be said about females.
- The representatives of these birds have a different position of the head (in females it is vertical, the males feed it slightly forward).
These are the main features that will allow the owner of the guinea farm to distinguish the male from the female accurately. Experienced breeders are advised to observe their behavior, walking and sounds, making it possible to determine the floor much faster.
Males have more red and long earrings in comparison with guinea fowls. In the photo - male
Farmers, savvy in this matter, distinguish the sex even in chicks. After all, they have well studied the habits of the bird, its exterior features, so they cope with the task even when the birds are just a day old.
How to distinguish male guinea fowl from female, photo
For a novice breeder, sex determination can be a serious problem. Those who encountered it confess that they were often mistaken. Experienced breeders argue that you should carefully study the description of guinea fowls, consider the photo.
The guinea fowl has a smaller head and no red long earrings. In the photo - the female
It does not hurt to learn about the sexual differences of guinea fowls. It is by external sexual characteristics that the sex can be determined unmistakably and from the first time. And this applies not only to guinea fowls, but also other poultry. The sexual organ of the males is well developed, though it will be possible to distinguish it from the female only if caught. As you know, all the representatives of the royal bird are quite shy. The presence of a small tubercle is a clear proof that you are a Caesar.
To distinguish a male from a female directly by gender, the poultry farmer will need time and experience. After all, to raise the tail and open the cloaca you need to acquire skills. Breeders with experience share that it should be done very carefully. Otherwise, you can only scare the birds.
How to distinguish male guinea fowl from female video:
Such an operation can only seem, at first glance, difficult, in fact, it is easy to learn at once. The main thing is not to scare the bird, because guinea fowls are very shy. Wanting to find out what the floor, catch a bird and act carefully.
Beak and scallop position
Determining the floor of guinea fowls is not always an important necessity for the farmer. All that a poultry farmer needs to know is the fact that females can lay eggs, while males do not. However, these birds do not always start up in the compound exclusively for the purpose of obtaining eggs. That is why it is necessary to know about the floor of guinea fowl, and for this there are a couple of reliable methods of determination. For example, you can pay attention to the beak and the position of the scallop. The female beak is small and looks neat. As for the male, his beak will be large, wide, and in some cases with characteristic growths.
The male guinea fowl stands out due to the peculiar position of the scallop. Firstly, it is characterized by larger size than the female. Secondly, the comb moves back somewhat and even visually seems larger. By these characteristics, you can identify male and female guinea fowls.
Knowing how to distinguish females from males, you can clarify what ratio of female and male individuals your breeding herd includes.
One of the effective ways to determine gender is voice signs. Like all poultry, guinea fowls make characteristic sounds that differ depending on whether you are a boy or a girl.
As a rule, in males, these sounds resemble trills with a peculiar crack. As for females, they do not crack, but make other sounds. Observe how the guinea fowl scream, and you will immediately figure out which of them are females and who are males. Nevertheless, the voice, weight signs and the position of the scallop are not all the nuances by which the sex of the poultry can be determined.
Experienced farmers will immediately pay attention to the earrings, which are located near the guinea fowls under the beak. According to him a lot can be said about the sexual characteristics of the royal chicken. What is interesting, namely earrings are considered a highlight, the main decoration of this poultry. But for farmers, this is generally a find, since it is almost the easiest way to determine the sex of a guinea fowl.
When it comes to queens, their earrings look fleshy. They are fat and immediately catch the eye. At the same time, in the Guinea fowl, earrings are much less noticeable: small, neat, and to the touch somewhat softer. However, remember: females differ from males in this trait only at a young age. In the future, it will not make sense to pay attention to such nuances, as over time the earrings grow coarse in the hens.
It is also possible to grow domestic birds such as guinea fowls, but how to correctly distinguish between boys and girls — this question is often asked by farmers who first encountered a similar need. However, this is not so difficult if you know which points to consider. If you have the opportunity to observe the behavior of domestic birds, you can also tell a lot about their sexual characteristics. For example, males behave regally, majestically walking around the yard, their tail and head raised. In contrast, females walk much more modestly, head down. For those who have only recently acquired a couple of dozen chicks of the guinea fowl breed, there is a lot of information about how to determine the sex of a bird without any extra effort. Watch the video to see the key differences in the behavior of guinea fowls and cesars, and you will be able to apply practical knowledge in a short time.
Determination of sex in chicks
When a farmer is just starting to grow guinea fowls, how to correctly distinguish the female from the male is one of the key problems that he needs to learn to solve. Many experts believe that it is almost impossible to find out exactly how many chyarows and cesaries you acquired in the first months of their lives. All the differences are conditional and with the development of young stock you can at one point realize that you have done something wrong. A common opinion is that the chick's sex can be known only when he is at least three months old.
However, an experienced poultry farmer who has been growing guinea fowls for many years will easily cope with this task, even if he deals with day-old chicks. Here, the main thing is to pay attention to the external genitals. Appearance and coloring are not helpers for you, since it will definitely fail to distinguish between females and males. Find out how the females differ from the males, and you yourself will be able to learn how to set the floor of guinea fowls when the need arises.
Why is it worth checking the floor at the hens
It is not always clear to beginner farmers why they are advised to by experienced colleagues to learn how to determine the sex of a chicken meat as early as possible. After all, you can also determine the sex of the bird when it matures.
But up to this point it is necessary to create certain living conditions for it, so that the birds are healthy and the business is profitable, consider the following:
- feeding ration should be built depending on the sex of guinea fowl. Layers need more vitamins and minerals for laying eggs,
- during the period of egg laying, males should be removed from females, as the czars become aggressive,
- if you keep guinea fowls just for the sake of eggs, then one male will be enough for several females. And if you are not chasing after offspring, then the number of czars can be minimized.
Typically, most animals have a pronounced sexual dimorphism: the male is more than the female. In guinea fowls, the opposite is true - females are larger than males, so if in the flock you notice a bird that is larger than the others, then most likely it is a female. Of course, this is not the most effective way to distinguish guinea fowls, since all individuals of approximately the same size can be in a herd.
It is possible to distinguish individuals in the shape and appearance of the beak.
By comb locationComb on the head is present in both sexes. But if you take a closer look, then it looks bigger and more massive in males. Its shape is also slightly different: in females it stands straight, and in males it deviates and bends backwards. This allows the queens to stand out from the herd. Determine the sex of the Caesars on the ridge
The shape of the earrings
Earrings are also one of the signs by which you can recognize the sex of birds.
Guinea fowl are very noisy birds. They can continuously talk about something among themselves. If you listen to the sounds made by the bird, then a crackling, loud, broken sound will emanate from the czars. In females, the voice is more delicate, and the sound they give out is similar to “uaa”.