Types of digging
How to care for garden beds
Digging - mechanical way to improve soil fertility.
During digging, the soil becomes more loose, including at a considerable depth.
The land where garden or garden crops will grow should be dug up once a year.
When is it better to dig a kidney?
Digging the land is best in the fall. Earth clods with no break. Precipitation has a beneficial effect on the structure of heavy soils, which contain significant impurities of clay. Digging up very damp or frozen ground should not be, firstly, it is difficult, and secondly, it will damage its structure.
Light soil lumps are exposed to less frost than heavy lumps. They crumble well, so light soil can be dug up in autumn and early spring. At the same time it is important to know that over the course of 2 or 3 weeks the treated land will settle.
In autumn, the ground should be dug up or plowed deeply, but not breaking lumps (in winter lumps trap snow).
Heavy clay soils dig up to great depths and often enough.
If construction work is planned on the summer cottage, then on the place where they will be carried out, it is necessary to remove the fertile layer of earth with a bulldozer. Then rake the earth in a pile and sow lupine. You can also plant white clover. Planted plants should be mowed regularly, not removed, but left as an organic fertilizer.
Sandy and sandy soils dig less often. Frequent digging contributes to the loss of the surface fertile layer rich in humus. In addition, if on light soils, before digging, nothing grew, after processing the mineral substances in them go deeper into the ground and become inaccessible to plants.
A simple digging is used to treat virtually all types of soil, in which the fertile layer has a relatively large thickness. At the same time, they dig up the earth to the depth of a spade bayonet.
During digging, the soil from the new furrow is poured into the previous one. Ground from the first furrow fall asleep last. In the process of digging up the soil, you can lay manure and mix it with the ground. When the ground with a shovel shed into the furrow, it is turned over with a top layer down. In this case, the roots of perennial weeds are removed from the ground.
Bunk digging is used in preparing the site for planting perennials, with a strong compaction of the soil, as well as to improve the drainage of the soil. They dig up the earth to the depth of two bayonets of a shovel. Bunk digging is carried out when the subsoil on the site is very hard. As a rule, a similar method of digging is used on virgin soil.
Digging is as follows: on one side of the plot they dig a furrow 60 cm wide and one bayonet depth of a shovel. The excavated earth is piled up in a heap, after which the last furrow is dropped on to it.
Then the bottom of the first furrow is loosened as much as possible, and then the manure is buried there with a pitchfork or they are thrown over it.
Then proceed to digging the second furrow. From her land poured into the first. Clods turn vegetation down. After digging the second furrow, its bottom is loosened with forks and manure is introduced. In a similar way, the whole area is treated.
Two-tier digging contributes to the achievement of high-quality soil preparation.
The most difficult method of tillage is called plantazh. It is used in the event that the soil layer is too deep. Under the plantation, the ground is dug to a depth of 75 cm. After that, manure is introduced into the soil layer.
Before digging the plot is divided into two equal parts and first treated one and then in the other direction the second.
Dig a furrow 90 cm wide and depth on one bayonet of a shovel. The excavated land is placed where the future last furrow is planned. After the first furrow is dug, its bottom is divided into 2 parts. The first part is dug up to the depth of the bayonet, the ground is folded, but not mixed with the already dug out. At this stage, the first furrow looks stepwise. Then the bottom of the bottom furrow is loosened to the maximum depth using a fork. Then proceed to digging the higher part. The soil from it is shifted to the loosened part. Then the bottom of the copied part of the furrow is loosened with forks.
After take the rope and schedule the second furrow. Its width is 45 cm. When digging into the second furrow, the soil is transferred from the upper layer to the first furrow, to the lower level. When you do the same thing again. Then proceed to loosening the bottom of the second furrow.
For cultivation of land there are various systems. Some suggest a decrease in soil fertility during digging. In this case, there is an alternative method of tillage. The following fertilizers are recommended: manure, peat, compost without digging. Then various insects and microorganisms begin to multiply in the ground, contributing to the improvement of its structure.
➣ Soil is called, the surface fertile layer of the lithosphere, of our planet. It is a structure consisting of four phases: solid - rocks (mineral particles), gaseous - air, liquid - water and living organisms - plants, representatives of the animal world, microorganisms. Soil science is engaged in soil science.
With this approach, the seeds are planted in organic fertilizers, and mulched on top.
This approach assumes minimal processing, but digging is cheaper, although more laborious. With deep tillage, crop yields increase.
When is it better to plow a garden, in spring or autumn
According to experts in the field of gardening, deep digging of the soil in the autumn time is much more effective compared to spring procedures. The procedure helps to eliminate most problems, especially for regions with poor soil. This method is called “autumn plowing”, when, after digging, the weeds, turned upside down, are chilly and freeze. It is recommended to make such processing annually, then the result will be noticeable.
What does the treatment of land in the fall?
If you dig up the soil regularly in the autumn, after the entire crop has been harvested, the quality of the soil will improve. Gardeners with many years of experience are advised to perform the procedure at this time because:
- decontamination of the surface layer, getting rid of harmful larvae and microorganisms,
- the earth is becoming more friable,
- ventilation of the lower layers occurs,
- easy fertilization is ensured,
- weed roots are frozen, their number in the garden plots decreases,
- the deepening of the fertile layer occurs by placing the compost from weeds removed from the beds on the lower soil layer,
- land is being prepared for spring planting.
After the snow melts, the soil dries out, the beds will be ready for planting seeds. You only need to loosen the clods. Such processing, carried out in the autumn period, has ancient roots, because it greatly facilitated the work of the farmer when there were no modern devices that helped to carry out the digging mechanically.
Digging the land for the winter
During digging the soil is prepared for winter. This period is well suited to spread dung, humus, or compost on a plot. In farms where plants suffer from wireworm, Medvedka, Colorado potato beetle, and other pests, digging up the ground for the winter will help get rid of the larvae and adult insects that lie in the lower layers of the soil. In this case, you need to turn in the ground to a depth of 20-25 cm.
Dependence on soil type
In order to understand whether to dig up a garden in the fall or spring, you need to find out what kind of soil in the garden. At the dacha, located in the region of heavy clay soils, you can increase the fertility by mechanical means. However, you need to dig the ground without breaking lumps. After the snow falls, the pieces of soil will begin to be saturated with oxygen. In the spring the earth will be more loose, supplied with nutrients. For wet soil fertilizers are not so important, so with this type of soil it is better to dig up the beds in the spring months, so that the remaining moisture is evaporated.
When to dig a garden in the fall
It is important to take into account the time in which the garden will be processed in the autumn. In different regions, the time when gardeners dig up a vegetable garden may vary slightly. After all the beds have been removed, the tops should be crushed, evenly distributed over the surface of the earth and plowed by hand or mechanically. It is advisable to plan all work in the middle and end of autumn to severe frosts. Therefore, experienced gardeners positively answer the question: is it possible to dig the ground after the cover.
How best to dig
The method of autumn processing depends on what area you need to dig. If we are talking about a small area, you can loosen the ground in autumn with a plow or shovel. This method is called "manual", as it is performed without the use of mechanized equipment. The advantage of this treatment is that the fertile layer does not receive serious damage, but plowing may not be effective enough to take a lot of time and effort of the gardener.
If you choose a mechanical method for digging, then you can dig up the ground in the fall in the garden with a walk-behind tractor with adjustable plowing depth. It is not recommended to turn the soil more than 25 cm. In this case, the beneficial microorganisms can be damaged. Now there are small tractors with rotary plows, which allow treating the soil without destroying the lower layers.
Trees with trees
Answering the question whether it is necessary to dig up a vegetable garden in the fall near trees, experts advise to tillage the soil carefully, so as not to damage the small roots, from which seedlings will continue to flow. This procedure is performed no later than the end of September. It is not recommended to dig the ground near shrubs and trees to a depth of more than 15 cm, and after processing, it is necessary to cover the space with mulch or dry foliage so that the roots of the plants do not freeze in winter.
If you process the neighboring areas on the motoblock or lease it, then the purchase price will be repaid in just one season.
A similar system is easier to call a tractor from a motoblock than to refer it to a certain category.
After reading the video in this article, you can get detailed information about the technique that is used for working the land. At the same time, taking into account the article cited above, it should be concluded that there are many ways to plow a vegetable garden, which differ from each other in value and physical effort.
Asphalt or loose earth
There is a belief that cultivated plants should grow on soft feather beds, and wild on the shoulder to break through the "head" asphalt. In fact, many have seen how gentle dandelions overcome obstacles in the form of pavements and pavements, the shoots of trees do not lag behind, even the grass easily destroys tile and concrete. But these are exceptional conditions that imply a struggle for existence.All plants prefer to live in comfort on soft, loose soil.
Under normal circumstances, all plants prefer to live in comfort on soft, loose soil. But this does not mean that any soil is suitable, including one that is not fertile. We need soil, not just plowed, but structured, rich in nutrients and elements.
The plant seeks to survive in any conditions, the seed gives a sprout, and its task is to gain strength and get offspring. But a healthy adult specimen, possessing all the necessary properties to the full, will be obtained only in the right conditions.
What soil plants need:
- filled with nutrients
- air permeable
- easily absorbing water and getting rid of its excess,
- the soil must be a solid foundation for the root system, otherwise any bad weather will uproot or wash the plant.
These are the main parameters, in many respects everything is individual. But the basic idea is clear - and absolutely wild samples, and absolutely home ones want comfortable conditions. Man has the ability to give his “protege” the desired, but how does nature cope with this task?
Does nature have soil loosening technology?
Immediately presented wild boars, digging the ground, mice and bears. But the actions of these organisms are an insignificant contribution to the process. Nature has more active and productive assistants - earthworms. It is these unpleasant-looking creatures that provide looseness no worse than a shovel or plow.If enough worms live in the garden, the soil is filled with nutrients
If enough worms live in the garden, the soil is filled with nutrients. For them to be enough, you need about five hundred individuals living in one square meter of land. But worms cannot with enviable persistence dig endlessly, rebuilding their home, which every autumn and spring is destroyed by a man with a shovel. Residents leave destroyed homes.
Where does the dense soil come from
Surprisingly, by his attempts to improve the soil, the person himself spoils it. Experts are familiar with such a phenomenon as a plow sole. This is a dense layer of soil that forms between tilled soil and subsoil. Depending on the method of processing the area, the depth of this gap is from a couple of tens of centimeters to a meter.It is impossible to avoid the appearance of arable soil.
What harm plow soles? In impermeability to the roots. Moisture and most nutrients accumulate below the sole, and the roots can not get through to them. Please note that the thickness of this barrier also varies. On the beds it is only 10-15 centimeters, while processing the field with heavy machinery - up to 40 centimeters.
It is impossible to avoid the appearance of arable soil. Even working with one shovel is still stress for the soil. The weight of a person is quite enough to form a seal. In addition, people quietly walk around the site when there are no beds on it or not. Do you make circles, dragging sacks of potatoes across the field, or are you cutting a path based on the rule that the shortest distance between two points is a straight line?
In the forest there are no plow soles. Thousands of worms plow the soil, and the probability that several living creatures will pass through the same area during the day is negligible.
How to dig the ground for the beds
Gardeners rarely think about the logic of their actions. From year to year, work is carried out according to a well-established plan. People dig one strip of land, trampling another. Then it is the turn of marking the beds and laying the tracks - again a thorough tamping of the soil.Try to create on the site a similarity to the natural environment.
My job option: do not dig, do not trample!
Try to create on the site a similarity of the natural environment. Ideally, it would be worthwhile to grow wings, but evolution has deprived people of these useful devices. Therefore, for the legs, leave a few tracks. All that is beyond the beaten paths is a nature reserve, it is strictly forbidden to intercede on it!
For planting seeds enough easy loosening of the surface layer. Literally 3 - 5 centimeters to make grooves and saturate the soil with oxygen. If the beds do not attack, the need for annual digging disappears by itself.
What it looks like: harvesting parsnip and planting winter garlic
The situation is the following: a parsnip dared on the garden, in its place we plan to plant garlic. Neighborhood rules are respected - this is an important point and cannot be missed.Autumn digging ridges
Pasternak has long roots. To get the harvest out of the ground, you need the help of a shovel. We act carefully. We drive the shovel into the ground near the parsnip and make an easy movement - there should be a sound of torn roots. We take out a shovel vertically, without disturbing the layers of soil, pull out the parsnips. We get the harvest and conditionally dug garden. Note that in the process the soil is practically not injured.
For the sake of interest, you can check the degree of softness of the soil after this method of growing and harvesting. Three years later, without digging, a thin twig easily enters the earth to a depth of 70 centimeters!