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Goji berries: description, beneficial properties and contraindications

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Goji berries offered on the market may look different: some are larger, others are smaller and seemingly drier. In this regard, buyers have reasonable questions: are some of the proposed berries not fake? Are all fruits equally beneficial? What is better to buy?

In fact, at home goji berry in China for sale you can find berries that are completely different in appearance. This is due to the fact that they belong to different varieties: premium or first. Both are equally useful and differ only in appearance.

Premium Goji Berry Differences

  • larger size
  • more pulp - even dried fruits look fatter,
  • saturated color.

Such fruits are convenient to use for culinary purposes: add to soups, cereals, main dishes. Eating them instead of dried fruit is very nice due to the large amount of pulp.

Differences goji berry first grade

  • less pulp
  • fruits are drier and due to this they have a less saturated color,
  • smaller size.

This variety is more suitable for the preparation of decoctions, teas, beverages, tinctures. By its useful qualities, it does not differ from the premium variety!

Important: in China, first-class berries are cheaper. Sometimes unscrupulous Russian sellers overestimate the price of goji berry and sell the first grade at a premium price. Therefore, when buying, contact only trusted stores - this will help to save your money and will guarantee the purchase of high-quality goods.

In online stores you can find goji berries at different prices (from 400 to 550 rubles per pack). Many buyers are interested in what causes such a spread. We explain in this article.

Changes in the economic situation are reflected in various aspects of our life. A drop in sales is noticeable, including in shops selling goji berries. However, at the same time, there are some positive trends.

Despite the active development of various areas of traditional medicine, attention to the natural methods of supporting the body not only does not fade, but grows every year. "Phenicia Unabi" - such a phrase is increasingly slipping into the conversations of people who care about their health. So what is it?

Beauty and health - two eternal values, the value of which is often you begin to understand when they are either lost irretrievably, or greatly underestimated by our own indifference.

The Internet is full of ads for the sale of goji berries. But most of these sellers are cheaters. So how to be confident in the quality of the product sold? It should learn to distinguish the real goji berry from a fake!

Where and how does goji berry grow

They are known in China for several thousand years. The plant belongs to the family "Solanova" and is a creeping shrub with red berries. Also known as "Dereza ordinary." Goji fruits are grown in the Himalayas and Tibet. Very common fruits are grown in the Chinese province of Ningxia. Cultivated Goji plant in many countries. In Russia, they grow mostly wild species. But they are as useful as those grown in China. The best known fruits are goji red. But there are also shrubs with Goji berries black, or rather dark - purple. This is a wild variety of a plant. It grows in Tibet. The flowers on the Goji plant appear from April to June, and the formed fruits can be collected from June to November.

What are Goji berries

This fruit is red or black. Outwardly, they look like barberries. This is used by careless merchants, giving out a cheap barberry for more expensive Goji. You can distinguish them by color. Goji fruits are dark red. And the barberry has five seeds, and Goji has a lot. Fresh fruits of the plant are poisonous. They are not even recommended to take barehanded. Skin may turn black. But in dry form, they are no longer dangerous. They taste sweet - salty, slightly sour.

Their composition affects a set of useful substances. A handful of berries can replace both fruits and vegetables. Caloric content - 305 calories per 100 grams. Twenty-one mineral is included in their composition. Among them: iron, zinc, calcium, iodine, potassium, manganese, copper, sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron.

They contain 18 amino acids that slow down aging. There are proteins, polysaccharides. Lots of fiber. It makes up 10 percent of the total composition. Fats, proteins and a high percentage of complex carbohydrates. Goji fruits contain many vitamins of group B. These are B 6, B 1 and B 12. Vitamin C, vitamin E and beta - carotene are also included in their composition.

Useful properties of Goji berries

Medicinal properties of the plant are very diverse. Due to the beta-carotene they contain, eating berries can improve eyesight and skin condition.
They contain more vitamin C than lemon in 500 times. It helps to strengthen the immune system and resist colds and viruses in the autumn - winter period.
Due to the high iron content, taking goji berries will be useful for people with anemia. Accepting Chinese Goji berries lowers blood sugar levels, and they are used to treat diabetes.
Eating berries leads:

  • improve the elasticity of blood vessels and muscles
  • lower cholesterol
  • restoration of normal activity of the cardiovascular system
  • normalization of blood pressure
  • blood sugar stabilization
  • prevention of all types of tumors
  • improve brain activity
  • reduce the risk of atherosclerosis
  • increase memory and attention
  • increase stress resistance
  • lymph composition improvement
  • normalization of the level of sex hormones. Treat fertility.
  • improvement of the stomach, liver, intestines
  • promote weight loss

In addition to natural fruits, you can use the extract of Goji berries. It is liquid or in powder form. It should be taken daily, better in the morning. It contains the same elements as the berries.

Benefits for women

The benefits of Goji fruit for women are beyond doubt. The high content of vitamins and minerals stabilizes the activity of the kidneys, nourishes the uterus, reduces the symptoms of menopause. In addition, as studies have shown, their use supports the body during menopause, removes pain during menstruation, rejuvenates the female body, reduces the risk of developing cervical and ovarian cancer.
Berries are used to treat female infertility. Useful substances that are contained in them, contribute to the restoration of reproductive function in women, improve the functioning of the ovaries and normalize hormones.
They say and write a lot about the fact that Chinese berries help women lose weight. Just a handful of berries a day, and the appetite will be under control, the fats will burn and the body will be cleansed of harmful substances.

Black berries are also beneficial for women. They contain anthocyanins. This is an antioxidant that fights aging. Its properties: improves the complexion, reduces wrinkles, retains collagen inside the cells, which is responsible for the skin's elasticity, fights against loose skin, reduces pigmentation.
That is, it helps women look young and beautiful.

Benefits for men

Goji berries are useful for men's health. Their use increases the potency, treats sexual dysfunction, increases sperm motility, which helps to cope with male infertility. Berries help produce testosterone. Its shortage adversely affects the health of men.
Lowers blood cholesterol. It improves the functioning of the liver, which removes cholesterol, and thus prevents the formation of cholesterol plaques on the vessels. Also, instead of dried fruit, Goji extract will be useful for men.

Goji berries during pregnancy

The benefits of pregnancy are not fully understood. The unequivocal answer to the question whether or not the berries can be during pregnancy is not.
On the one hand, during pregnancy, the woman's body needs vitamins, trace elements and amino acids, which are necessary for the intrauterine development of the baby. Berries help fill nutrient deficiencies. Iron contained in the fruits of the plant will be useful for pregnant woman with anemia. Calcium from the berries is better absorbed by the body and is also useful for pregnant women. It will be enough for pregnant women to take ten Goji berries per day. This amount is sufficient to compensate for the lack of nutrients. You can brew tea from them and drink with dizziness, nausea and back pain. Abuse them is not worth it. Excess dosages can cause heart palpitations and increased uterine tone.

In the fruit of Goji a lot of selenium. This is a known means to strengthen the immune system. Selenium includes an antioxidant defense of the body, a positive effect on the thyroid gland. However, in large doses, it can harm the unborn child. Black Goji berries are also beneficial for pregnant women in acceptable quantities.

Before taking them should consult a doctor.

How to take goji berries

In our country, the fruits are, most often, in dried form. You can use them:

  • dry
  • add to yogurt, pastries
  • brewing tea

In dry form, the berries eat 15 - 45 grams once a day. Better in the morning. To make tea, take Art. spoonful of berries, brewed half a liter of boiling water and sat on for 30 minutes. Drink take half a glass two to three times a day.

The use of Goji berries for weight loss

Goji berries known means that promotes weight loss. But only the use of berries will not help reduce weight. Combine their intake should be with diet and sports. The fruits of the plant are recommended for weight loss, as they are:

  • help control appetite, because they contain large amounts of protein and fiber, which helps to saturate
  • keep normal blood sugar levels
  • increase physical stamina in sports
  • cheer up

For weight loss use the following recipe. A tablespoon of berries should be filled with boiling water in the amount of 400 ml and let it brew for 30 minutes. Half drink in the morning on an empty stomach, the second half in the evening before bedtime. Just for weight loss, you can use ready-made extract of Goji.

Goji berries Contraindications

Like all medicinal substances, Goji berries have contraindications. They are not so many, but they are. Do not take:

  • with individual intolerance
  • at high temperature
  • with allergies
  • children up to three years
  • with intestinal problems
  • while taking diabetes medications

Some doctors categorically prohibit their use during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Goji fruits have a unique composition that includes vitamins, trace elements and amino acids. Their use has a positive effect on the human body. They strengthen the immune system, help with weight loss, are indispensable helpers in the fight against many diseases, increase vitality.

Features goji and main varieties

Goji - deciduous shrub with small leaves and hanging shoots. Some varieties of this plant reach a height of three meters. Krona goji is quite thick, expands in width, and the root system is powerful, having a large number of offspring.

Also, this shrub attracts the fact that it blooms almost the entire warm season - from the end of May to mid-October. Goji flowers are small, purple, have a pleasant aroma.

Fruits will begin to appear in the third year of bush life, and the entire warm season will also appear, which will allow you to collect about 10 harvests per year. The amount of the crop depends on the age of the plant and varies from a kilogram to ten from one bush. The berries are either red. Or orange color up to 2 cm.

There is a huge variety of varieties of this shrub, but only the fruit of wolfberry and Chinese have useful properties.

Proper preparation for planting shrubs

There are the following options for the cultivation of shrubs on your site:

  • With the help of seeds.
  • Tops of shoots.
  • Cuttings.
  • Root scions.

It is best to use the option with goji kernels or cuttings. Let's look at them in more detail.

Goji seeds

Due to the thin seed coat, they do not need to be subjected to pre-sowing treatment, scarification, and goji grains are distinguished by good germination.

To obtain seeds, remove them from the ripe fruit and soak for a couple of hours in the epine. It is better to germinate material in loose and well-drained soil, for example, a soil mix from loam and crushed peat in a ratio of 1: 2 is perfect.

To germinate seeds is simple: they are “superficially” sown in slightly moistened soil, be sure to keep the soil moist at all stages of germination. At the same time, the air temperature in the room where you grow goji berries should not fluctuate much.

The container with the future shrub needs to be put in a warm place, be sure to cover the landing with glass or film. At the same time try to protect the grains from severe overheating or hypothermia.

Seeds germinate on average in two weeks, and after the first sprouts appear, tara with seedlings should be transferred to partial shade. As soon as 4-6 true leaves appear on each seedling, the seedlings are transplanted into separate containers with a depth of about 7-8 cm. Do not forget to pinch the top of the seedlings at the stage of active growth, which will ensure the density of bushes in the future.

And just before planting goji in the ground, the bushes should be helped to better adapt to the new place, dropping the roots of the plant into the nutrient solution for almost half an hour.

Planting cuttings

You can get new shrubs by dropping the lower branches or tops of the shoots. The main thing is to cut off the rooted part of the bush from the mother plant before the onset of frost.

Best of all, if the length of the cutting is about 10 cm. To speed up rooting, be sure to place the cutting for a couple of minutes in the root or any other growth stimulator. Around July, you need to plant cuttings in the greenhouse, but many gardeners are advised for rooting to plant bushes in open ground, but under the film.

There is another option - to grow goji bushes using semi-lumbering cuttings, although this method is ideal only for hybrid varieties. In the wild, goji breeds are self-sown.

Pests and diseases

For this culture, pests such as: Colorado beetles, aphids and caterpillars of the winter moth are dangerous. To destroy them, the plant must be sprayed with wormwood extract.

Dereza vulgaris can be ill with late blight and powdery mildew. Most often this occurs when the plant is not fed with wood ash. It must be introduced into the soil during the planting of the seedling, and if the first symptoms of any of the diseases are noticed, the bush will need to be powdered on the foliage with tree ash. If this procedure does not give the desired effect, then the plant will need treatment with a fungicide.

Such a culture is characterized by moderate winter hardiness, it can withstand a decrease in air temperature to minus 15-25 degrees. But if the winter has little snow, the bush may freeze. In this regard, in the deep autumn it should be carefully covered, for this they use lapnik.

When cultivating varieties with low frost resistance, it is recommended to dig up a bush along with a large earthy clod and plant it in a container. The plant will winter in a non-freezing basement at low positive temperatures.

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