Chickens Pomfret is difficult to confuse with any other breed. They have a bright appearance. Brahma kuhopatchataya and other species were obtained by artificial means, as a result of the painstaking work of breeders. The bird is famous for its aristocratic exterior, calm disposition, high productivity.
Brahma appeared in the middle of the XIX century in America. She brought the farmers, crossing several breeds. The breeding included Cochinquin, blue-legged hens from India, Chittagong and fighting breed.
New breed called gray chittigong. In the middle of the XIX century it was shown at the agricultural exhibition in Boston. However, this name did not stick. Two years after the exhibition, farmer Barnham presented Queen Victoria with a bird from his farmstead. From that moment on, the merida brahma spread throughout Europe, including in Russia.
In the past century, a survey was conducted on the hen breeds contained, during which scientists found out that Cochin quinces, brahmins, faerolis, plymouthrocks, orpingtons are most prevalent in Russian farmsteads.
Brama was originally bred as a meat breed, but because of its unique exterior, it became a decorative meat.
Mixing different breeds during selection has led to the fact that the weight of the chicken has decreased. Despite this, brahm is valued for very tender, tasty meat that cannot be compared with any breed. However, improper feeding leads to a decrease in taste.
Beautiful chickens are bred in private farms in small farms. She is appreciated by lovers of collecting various breeds. For large farms, the breed is of no interest, since chickens grow slowly, and the laying layer lays few eggs per year.
In the standards of the breed there is a description of all subspecies, including a description of partridge brahma. The breed is characterized by the following external features:
- Ash fuzz, feather soft, not loose, well adjacent to the body.
- Roosters have a contrast collar.
- Tail fan type, very lush.
- The skin is yellow.
- The forehead is wide, the head is not large.
- Comb three-row, without the allocation of teeth.
- Chest, back wide. High landing body.
- The wing is developed.
- The legs are very powerful, fully fledged.
- Fingers are strong, of a yellow shade, in dark varieties - with a grayish tint.
- The neck is of medium length, with a bend.
- Bill is yellow.
- The eyes are orange, set deep.
- The earlobes are red.
Marriage is considered if a partridge bramah or other subspecies have a yellowish hue of plumage or a white color of the tail. According to the standard, chickens should not have black stripes on the belt, if the color of the bird is dominated by a gray tint. Also unacceptable pea-shaped ridge, the lack of plumage in the tarsus, on the fingers.
The hue of the pen can be very different. The most common is the brambles of partridge-colored, brown, silvery-white, black. Less often you can see gray color.
By standards there are colored varieties. It is yellow, striped, fawn, white and blue, Colombian red.
Brama has several subspecies. It:
Each subspecies has its own special characteristics.
Breeds of Pomfret are valued for their endurance, unpretentiousness in keeping and feeding, as well as high resilience. They do not need a lot of space - a small chicken coop and a small walker are enough.
The character of the bird is calm, somewhat phlegmatic. She perfectly gets on with other breeds, is not aggressive.
The name of the sub-breed speaks for itself. Partridge chickens Brahma have plumage, similar to the color of a partridge. They are characterized by the outline of the pen on the field background.
Representatives of subspecies carry special eggs. They are more pronounced blotches.
Males are painted brightly. On the neck, back, head there is a bright red feather, in other places it is black.
The grouse breed Pomfret weighs an average of 3.5 kg of hens, and roosters weigh about 4 kilograms. During the year the bird is able to carry about 110 eggs weighing 50 grams.
When laying hens it is necessary to consider their great weight Breed chickens kopatchatoy Brahma needs strong perches, whose height must be at least forty centimeters from the floor level. There must be a distance of at least 30 cm between the crossbeams. The bird easily climbs this height and feels comfortable.
Large poultry sizes should be considered when building perches. Layers may not fit in small nests.
In the chicken coop, where the maintenance of birds is planned, there should be no drafts. The room should not be dark - it is advisable to visit it at least 14 hours a day. In winter, the day increases artificially.
According to the description, chickens grouse brahma are not afraid of the cold. This feature allows you to keep them in unheated chicken coops.
At any time of the year sand and ash are necessary for the bird. In winter, for this, a tank is installed right in the hen house, which is filled with sand and ash. It should be large enough so that the bird can swim in the contents. In the summer, the tank is placed in the cupboard.
Brama is one of those breeds that do not need large aviaries. For its content is quite enough limited space.
You can keep a bird without a rooster. His absence will in no way affect the egg production. However, with the leader the hens feel safer.
For the rapid development of chickens, increasing egg production, the diet should be balanced and complete. It is important to observe the norms of feeding, otherwise the bird quickly grows fat, which will adversely affect productivity. Underfeeding on young stock also affects negatively. Chickens begin to slow down in development, their average daily weight gain decreases. To avoid all this, it is necessary to correctly calculate the diet.
Chickens of gadflies grow slowly. Therefore, their diet should be particularly balanced. In the feed they add protein food.
Brahm is useful to feed the meat and bone, fish meal, give boiled eggs, meat broth, cottage cheese. All these products will allow the bird to develop normally. In the diet of chickens and adult chickens must be green fodder, vegetables. They are useful to give carrots, cabbage, pumpkin. These vegetables are a rich source of vitamins.
Chickens can be fed ready-made feeds, and you can make the mixture yourself. It is useful for them to give the following products:
- cake or meal,
- barley, wheat (crushed),
- baker's yeast,
- mineral supplements, vitamins,
- fresh grass
In the diet should be wet mash. For their enrichment, add fish oil, fish meal. In a separate bowl should always be mineral supplements. This is chalk, a shell. It is useful to put a gravel feeder.
In the cold season, the rate of feeding increases by about 10%, i.e., if in the summer, 150-170 grams of feed is enough for a chicken, in winter the number increases to 200.
In winter, vitamins are included in the diet. They can be purchased at any specialty store.
From five months the amount of protein foods decreases. This is explained by the fact that by this age the bones have not yet formed and can not withstand a sharp increase in muscle mass.
In the breeder for birds organize drinking bowls. They must always be water. If you feed the chickens from the tank, the water in it is changed twice a day, the tank is washed. Once a week it is useful to solder the bird with a weak pink manganese solution. This will help prevent the development of pathologies, including coccidiosis.
According to the description, chickens Kuropatchataya chickens and other subspecies are easily divorced. For this, families are formed - 10-12 hens are left for one rooster. The bird itself patiently incubates the eggs and copes well with the maternal duties.
When breeding should not be left on a tribe of chickens younger than two years. This is due to the fact that the pomfret carries large eggs only from the second year of life, and the larger the egg, the better and stronger the chicken.
Juveniles should be kept separately from other breeds. This is due to their feature of growth, feeding. Chickens develop more slowly than in other breeds.
The rest of the breeding of the frame is not particularly difficult.
According to the description, the breed chickens kuropatataya Brahma often suffers from diseases of the joints. This is due to low motor activity and high weight. Chickens can also suffer from avitaminosis, bacterial infections.
With an unbalanced diet, avitaminosis often occurs in layers. Most often, the body of the hens lacks vitamin A. Because of its lack of metabolism is disturbed, the digestive system suffers. Signs of the disease are: lethargy, lack of appetite, plaque appears on the mucous membrane of the eyes. In advanced cases, ulcers appear, the skin is affected, and a feather falls out. Treat the disease start with the addition of fish oil in the feeder. The duration of treatment is two weeks. Be sure to change the diet. It should be included in large quantities of pumpkin, onions, carrots and other vegetables rich in vitamin A.
Often chickens suffer from parasites, including fleas. They settle in the litter, so it must be burned. In order for the bird to get rid of the fleas, it is necessary to put sand and ash in which the grouse will bathe. This procedure helps to get rid of parasites, and also serves as prevention of infection.
In order to avoid pathologies, the bird must be kept clean: clean the chicken coop in time, monitor the freshness of the water, the condition of the feeders and drinkers.
In conclusion, it is worth noting that the pomfret is more considered a decorative bird. Its unusual plumage will become a real decoration of the bird's yard. With proper care, the hens will produce enough tasty nutritious eggs, and roosters are great meat. The bird will add brightness, will delight its decorative, as well as eggs and meat. With good content the bird does not get sick and can live to five years.
Breed description Kuropatchataya Brama
Rooster grows from 3.5 to 5 kg. In adults, small, round head. Brow arc protruding forward, red-brown eyes deeply set under them.
The nape line is clearly delineated and separates the long neck of the bird. The bill is strong, small in size, usually yellow, darker by the end, although it may be monochromatic.
Scallop underdeveloped, but firmly planted, pea-shaped, divided into three furrows, without a toe cap. The face of the rooster is red, covered with a weak down or smooth, the earrings are round, of small size, interconnected by a bridle.
The plumage on the neck forms a luxurious mane. The body of the cock is large, straight set. The back is densely pubescent, wide from shoulders to waist, smoothly rising to the tail.
Rooster Kuropatchatoy Brahma has a beautiful lyre silhouette. The tail is a bit short, but still longer than that of its ancestors, the Cochinquin breed. It is magnificent, the braids are well developed and diverge at the end. The chest and abdomen look very wide, the volume is given to them by a thick plumage with a cushion. The wings are short and powerful, they fit snugly to the body.
Fly feathers are black with a greenish tint; they are covered with thick plumage of the back. The shins are well pubescent, oblong. The paws are thick and strong, gray. Feathers on paws are long and tough.
The chicken seems to be denser and stronger due to its less tall, shortish neck and deep chest. However, an overly squat figure, as well as body proportions, like those of a cochin, are a disadvantage.
The head is round, with a prominent forehead. On it is located a small pod-shaped, scallop divided into three rows. The beak is yellow or dark yellow, bent and short. Her plumage is more loose than that of a rooster. Chicken Kuropatra Brahma grow to 3.5 - 4 kg.
Marriages in the Kuropatchataya Brahma breed include: a comb with a musik, light eyes, too short back, as well as a small chest, a “hawk knee”, a rare plumage on the paws;
On the first photo you see a rooster and a hen of Kurobaty Brahma breed. As you probably already noticed, they prefer the floor of sawdust.
Beautiful couple who can not look at each other at the window:
The most common habitat for this breed is:
Well, here the chickens are engaged in their favorite business - the search for worms:
But in this photo you can see how much larger a chicken can be:
The male is in the best shape, ready for fertilization:
Of course, there was a close-up of these handsome men:
Content and cultivation
Despite its rather large size, Kuropatchataya Brama does not require a lot of space for walking.unpretentious to feed. These chickens are calm in nature and prone to domestication.
They have good health and stamina. Can survive in cold and damp climates. Chickens exhibit pronounced instinct chicks, and can hatch not only their own, but also goose and duck eggs.
However, due to their large weight, they can crush some eggs. Therefore, the nest for them is recommended to arrange on the ground. The lardiness of the Kuropatra Brahma is 120-140 eggs per year, 53 to 60 g each.
The eggshell can range from yellow-brown to yellow-red, possibly speckled. Although the Kuropatra Brahms start late, but with good nutrition and care, they carry many eggs even in winter.
Also when breeding should be borne in mind that chickens of this breed do not grow very fast, and those who hatch in July, most likely will not survive the winter.
To improve the survival rate of poultry, young animals that have already turned four months old are recommended to be kept separately from adult individuals and young chickens of other breeds.
Where can I buy in Russia?
Due to its meat qualities, unpretentiousness and endurance, as well as a calm disposition and good egg production, Kuropatchataya Brama takes the second place among the breeds of chickens that are bred in Russia.
Many farms offer their products to customers: poultry, eggs, chickens, young animals and even breeding producers. Below is a brief overview of Russian farms that breed Kuropatchatye Bram.
- Nursery pedigree poultry "Kurkurovo»: Moscow region, Lukhovitsky district, village Kurovo, d.33. Phone: +7 (985) 200-70-00. Website on the Internet: www.kurkurovo.ru
- Poultry farming "Orlovsky courtyard»: Moscow region, Mytishchi, Pogranichny deadlock, 4. Phone: +7 (915) 009-20-08, +7 (903) 533-08-22. Website on the Internet: www.orlovdvor.ru
- Company "Orenptitsa»: Orenburg region., Saraktashsky district, village Izyak-Nikitino. Phone: +7 (353) 220-46-33, +7 (903) 360-46-33. Website on the Internet: orenptitsa.ru
It should be noted that Kuropatchataya Brama is not the only representative of this breed of chickens.
There are other Brahms that differ from each other mainly in color. This is Brahma Light, Brahma Fawn, Dark Brama. All these breeds have common roots, they are similar in performance and conditions of detention.
Due to their qualities, hens of the Kuropatchataya Brama breed are of great interest in terms of their breeding and further breeding.
Despite the fact that the young growth does not grow very quickly and the period of egg-laying in the chickens comes late, these birds are very hardy in our weather conditions, they are able to gain a lot of weight, they rush well all year round and are not picky about food. And also, by virtue of its calm disposition and decorative appearance can be an excellent decoration of the courtyard.
Chicken of breed Master Gray very quickly gains weight in a relatively short period of time reaches large sizes.
But in order to find out everything about growing pumpkins in the open field, just click here.
You also have the opportunity to get acquainted with this breed by viewing the video clip:
Chickens breed Brahma
Brama is a beautiful, very large, hardy bird with a calm, friendly character. One gets the impression of strength due to outstanding growth and massive, very wide, but not too deep figure, magnificently feathered body with magnificently feathered legs. An important posture and fearless appearance reinforce this impression.
They are adapted to the damp cold climate. Despite the impressive size, satisfied with a small walking distance. Chickens have a well-developed incubation instinct. Scampering starts from 7 - 8 months. Average egg production under normal growing conditions is 120 - 140 eggs per year, weighing 55-65 g (50-55 g for young chickens, 65-70 g for old chickens).
Above this beautiful breed takes care of the Special Union, which consists of 15 members of the board. In 1992, at the German Young Birds Show, held in Hannover, brama deserved the “Golden Ring of the Winner”. In Russia, it is quite widespread among amateurs, but, unfortunately, there is a wide “diversity” due to insufficient breeding and uncontrolled mating with other breeds.
From the history of the breed
Presumably descend from Asia, are selected in the USA.
Initially, birds in the form in which they are now appeared in North America. They were bred from three breeds of Asian origin - Malay, Kokhinhin and Chittagong. Бруно Дюринген в своем произведении «Разведение домашней птицы» говорит, что куры породы Брама, также называемые брахмапутрой, обязаны своим именем чьей-то прихоти или совпадению, но никак не месту обитания.
Слово «брама» невольно наводит на мысль об Индии, о том, что родина этой породы берега индийской реки Брахмапутра. But there is no evidence in favor of this opinion, although B.L.Rayt suggested that the light-gray (ancestors) were brought aboard a ship en route from the city of Lukypur, located at the mouth of the Brahmaputra, to New York, in 1846 .
Wright’s speculation is based on the words of Mr. B. Cornish of Connecticut, the city of Hartford, who bought 8 broths of chickens in the late summer of 1847. The seller was Mr. Chamberlain, who raised the chickens from the ancestors he acquired in 1846 in New York City.
USA or India?
If this is indeed the case, then all Brahms divorced in Europe and America are offspring of that pair, since more than the import case of the pioneers was not observed. In addition, neither Cornish nor Chamberlain could not tell any details about the origin of the chickens, which puts under even greater doubt the version according to which the hens of the Brahma breed come from India.
The proposal to give the name of the new breed Brahma-Pootra was put forward by Mr. Cornish on the commission collected on the occasion of the Boston exhibition in 1850. There, this breed first appeared and was presented under the name "Gray Chittagong", as distinct from the Chittagong.
In the early 50s of the last century, similar hens appeared in another place in the breeder, who did not have a single instance of Kornish hens, namely S.P. Burnham in Boston.
In 1852, he sent two roosters and 7 layers - at the age of 7-8 months, unusually large, whitish in color with a small amount of black on the throat, wings and tail - to the Queen of England, Victoria, and this shipment of the "gray Shanghai" was followed by others, intended for private lovers in England.
Among the last parcels, along with white and black Colombian hens were silver-ribbon ones, which came at an additional cost.
American and European chickens breed Brahma
As a result, there was a great deal of hype and ill-will on the part of American breeders, and when, in 1855, Burnham intervened in Boston with his treatise A History of the Hen Fever, a heated, bitter dispute broke out.
While some breeders claimed to have received their pets in the manner described, Burnham said that he had brought white-black Colombian “brahms” independently of some pure gray Cochintes, but the silver-colored color (which Cornish, Hatch did not have Benetta and others) he achieved thanks to the crossing of gray chittagongs with kokhinhin.
And in Germany, hen pokrama appeared in 1852 and exhibited at the Berlin Zoo as representatives of a rare breed. After this event, they very quickly spread.
The presence of Malayan chicken in the blood is indicated by the high seating position and the shape of their crest.
The stubborn look that characteristic eyebrows create is also inherited from Malays. In the first years after the importation into Europe, the brahms were divorced not only with the pea-shaped crest, which is considered today the only acceptable, but often with the usual leaf-like crest.
In the end, however, it was decided to leave only a pea-shaped one in order to more clearly mark the boundary line between the Cochin subgroups and their daughter breed, Brahma.
There are American and European type of brahm. The latter type of brahma is more close to the Cochinquin: it is smaller in size and has more fluffy plumage in comparison with the American type of brahm. Initially, there were only silver-ribbon (dark) and Colombian white and black (light) brahms.
The standard for the breed Brahma of the light variety and the dark one was approved in 1874, for the Brahma pale yellow (buffalo) variety in 1924. It was only in the 1960s that the Colombian yellow-black color was recognized, in the late seventies, and after 10 more years recognized and tape partridge blue color option.
Characteristics of the Brahma breed
Weight: rooster - 4.0-5.0 kg, chicken 3.0-4.5 kg.
Ring size: rooster - 0, chicken - I.
Productivity: average egg production is 140 eggs in the first year, 100 eggs in the second year of egg-laying, the color of the shell is yellow-brown, but preferably yellow-red, the weight of the incubation egg is 53 - 60 g.
Breed signs of the rooster
Head: small, wide, well rounded, with prominent brow ridges, in the occipital part of the head distinctly separated from the neck line.
Beak: short, strong, yellow, but most often yellow with a dark tip.
Crest: small, pea-shaped (pod-shaped), clearly divided into three furrows, without toe cap, firmly seated, as little developed as possible.
Eyes: orange-red, deep-set, with distinct eyebrows.
Face: red, smooth or slightly pubescent.
Mocha: oblong, tender, red.
Earrings: small, well rounded, tender, on the throat between them stands "bridle".
Neck: of medium length, the neckline in the occiput area is distinctly separated from the headline, followed by lush convex plumage, the mane is very luxuriant.
Body: large, wide and deep, horizontally set.
Back: It starts from very wide, well-rounded shoulders and has the same width all the way to the waist, the plumage of the loin is magnificent, rises smoothly towards the tail, the neck, the back, the tail forms a smooth curve, the top of the large tail braids forms a high point on a slightly convex line "Back-tail".
Tail: shorter, but longer than that of the Cochinquans, with a fluff top plumage; well developed braids gradually diverge in the upper part of the tail.
Chest: wide, full and round with lush feather plumage.
Stomach: wide, full due to fluffy feathers.
Wings: short, strong, closely adjacent to the body, primary feathers closed by the upper plumage of the waist.
Thighs: slightly above the average length, magnificently feathered, with soft down, feathers in the area of the calcaneus joint somewhat protrude backwards, but without the formation of a “hawk heel”.
Hocks: long, thick, strong, feathered with four fingers, middle and outer fingers are supported by long, rigid feathers that form a large “cuff”, light and yellow Colombian brahms have metatarsus of rich yellow color, dark and partridge ones are grayish.
Plumage: soft, with abundant fluff with the formation of "pillows", but despite this - adjacent.
Breed Chicken Signs
Looks more stocky and rounded due to a lower figure, shorter neck and deep chest, plumage of the waist, lower legs, abdomen and leg is more loose, fluffy and convex, the tips of the upper steering feathers are the highest point in the back and tail lines, but not like Cochinquins .
Invalid deficiencies: insufficient growth, too low stasis (squat figure), short back, narrow chest, hen’s kohinquin body shape, hawk heel, weak toe of the middle toe, toe comb, fish eyes, white lobes, bushy loose rooster tail.
Light-colored Brahma bred in North America and separated into a separate subspecies in the 1870s. In breeding this subspecies, the most important role is played by roosters - the quality and precociousness of the offspring depend on them.
Reviews of experienced poultry farmers recommend carefully choosing a rooster, paying attention to his physique and size, as well as the purity of color.
Description of light chickens Pomfret: dense and highly set body, neat little head. A distinctive feature can be called triple scallop and white plumage with a noticeable silver tint. The upper half of the tail and wings must have black feathers.
Hens of breed Brahma of the dark subspecies received the greatest popularity in Russia. Description: plumage is dark gray with a silvery sheen, with a clear and well-pronounced pattern. A darker collar must be present on the neck. In roosters, the presence of a greenish tinge in the plumage is desirable.
It is not recommended to buy birds with yellow or other feathers in color - this indicates the “uncleanness” of the subspecies. Such birds are also not allowed to breed.
The fawn hens of Brahma are distinguished by the special color of their plumage. Description of chickens: males and females resemble each other in pale-yellow colors and differ only in a collar. The collar of the male is noticeably darker and brighter. The hens of this subspecies are distinguished by soft and silky plumage, the most magnificent in the area of the collar, on the legs, and on the neck.
Kuropatchataya Brahma - the most recognizable and unusual in the whole family. Description of chickens: the grouse plumage completely repeats both the color and the color pattern of the plumage of partridges. Feathers have a light fawn color with a gray and black outline.
The standards of the subspecies of the Kopatra's Brahma are very strict and any other shades of plumage are rejected. Massive and proudly set body, neat head. In breeding, chickens do not differ in complexity, and begin to rush already by 9 months.
The exterior of the breed suggests that chickens have the following characteristics:
- powerful bright yellow beak,
- small, slightly oblong ears,
- a massive but small scallop without clearly marked teeth,
- neat head
- tall post body, wide chest,
- lush thick tail,
- slightly rounded large wings
- long legs.
Color feathers of chickens is very similar to the color of partridges. The Kuropatchataya Brahma breed has very dense plumage on the body and legs, since the breed was bred very out of the box: at low temperatures. Visually, body weight from this seems more. Rooster Brama Kuropatchaty has a weight of up to 4.5 kg, and chicken - up to 3.5 kg.
Due to the solid weight and powerful majestic appearance of these birds used to be used for cockfighting. Rooster makes a terrible impression. Nevertheless, Kuropatchataya Brama is one of the most calm and assiduous chickens among congeners. The rooster does not clear up relations with other males and does not attack females. By the appearance of offspring that the hen that the rooster fit responsibly.
The age of puberty is the second year of life. Brahms live on average up to 10 years. This breed starts to race rather late, at about 9 months. For a year, the chicken is able to carry 100-120 eggs with a bright orange yolk. The egg is medium in size. Another undoubted advantage is that in the cold and warm seasons chickens rush equally well.
Such individuals have well-developed adaptive qualities, so they react to changes in the weather with an adequate adjustment, depending on the living conditions. If such individuals properly contain, feed and propagate, the Kuropatchataya Bramah breed will become indispensable. This kind of plant both on small farms or suburban areas, and on whole agro-complexes.
Feeding and care
The correct approach to nutrition is very important for Kopopatchat Bram. Since this is a bird of impressive size, it eats accordingly. It takes more money to feed it than a regular chicken, but the costs are compensated for by its calm character, tasty dietary meat, and also not less useful eggs, which can be used even for baby food. Feed Brama can be grain mixtures, vegetables, fruits, herbs, should also be given wet mash.
It is mandatory to add to the diet of such individuals vitamin-mineral supplements, which include calcium and protein. Periodically, fish oil can be given. In order to achieve great success in the cultivation of these birds, it is imperative to strictly observe the time mode of feeding: 3 times a day. It is better if feeding occurs at about the same time, in order for individuals to become accustomed to the regimen and have better digested food. Water should always be clean and in plenty.
In cold weather, the water should be slightly heated. It is recommended to give drinking water at room temperature. To keep the birds free from common diseases and viruses, disinfect the drinkers and the feeders. In winter, food needs to be given more by 10-15%, because it takes a lot of energy to heat the body. Also in the winter you need to give feathered products that help them cope with avitaminosis.
To feed the chickens should be approached very carefully. Be sure to give:
- carrots and zucchini, grated on a fine grater,
- fresh weed, especially knotweed,
- compound feed with vitamin supplements.
Chickens should also be fed at least 3 times a day and strictly according to time. The main thing is not to overfeed, and in the future problems with the joints cannot be avoided. It is recommended to force-feed chickens with protein for up to 5 months, then its amount should be reduced, otherwise the bones will not sustain such a number of muscles. For walks, chickens of the Kuropatchataya Brama breed need a large spacious aviary.
The fact is that the birds of this breed are large and massive, they need to move a lot. The house should be kept in constant cleanliness, as due to the thick plumage, dirt quickly adheres to the hens. Of course, the house should be equipped with good perches and nests in sufficient quantities, as well as have a constant flow of fresh air and be well protected from drafts. Comfortable day length - 12-14 hours.
To breed chickens of this breed in two ways:
- from an egg, using an incubator or a brood hen,
- buy already grown up youngsters.
Those who prefer the first method and do not have an incubator, should pay special attention to the hen. Chickens of this breed are heavy, and therefore can ruin eggs. The hen in advance must be transferred to a special low-calorie feed. Partridge Brahma are layers that display maternal qualities. Females do not abandon children, either their own or others. After the birth of the chicken, the adult females pay attention to the baby, try to feed and teach all the skills.
As soon as chickens were born, they need to be vaccinated. It is also important to protect them from drafts and hypothermia. If there is not enough heat in the room, the babies can be transplanted into a large box, covered with a cloth and kept under the lamp. The main thing - do not overdo it.
Chickens are ready to go out in 3-4 weeks. In the summer, all individuals should be allowed out onto the street as often as possible. Birds that are constantly on a walk, the least exposed to stress and fights in the house. Chickens and roosters graze in the fresh air and eat fresh greens, which improves immunity.
Those who prefer the second option and are not yet ready to propagate their own birds, when buying young stock, it is necessary to deposit the birds in a separate enclosure for quarantine for a few days.
Birds of the Kuropatchataya Brama breed are not particularly picky. To increase the egg production of chickens and collect more eggs, it is recommended to increase daylight hours to 16 hours. During the day, the birds will have enough daylight, and in the evening they will have to turn on additional lighting. For this you need to purchase special lamps. Some breeders paint the lamps in different colors so that the birds do not see by the light of the blood vessels of their relatives and do not peck at them.
Twice a month, the hens should be treated with birch tar. Such a measure helps to get rid of insects, bedbugs and other parasites. Some farmers put a wide container on the street and fill it with ashes and sand. In this mixture, chickens can bathe, wallow, and thereby clean the pests from their plumage. You can add ashes to the litter. Such a trick will help chickens better clean feathers. Be sure to monitor the cleanliness of the house and aviary.
Characteristics and characteristics of the breed
Chickens of the Brahma breed are kopatchataya tall, large body with a wide chest and belly, strong big legs, a long neck. On the small head there is a small pea-shaped red ridge, on which there are three grooves. The earlobes, eyes, earrings and face are red. Strong beak of a yellowish shade. For the breed is characterized by sexual dimorphism. The plumage of females is light-yellow color, the feathers have a triple outline with black color, a longer plumage in the neck area. They also have a shorter neck and smaller size compared to males. In roosters, the main color of the plumage is black with greenish splashes, and the head, collar, shoulders and back are with a luxurious orange-red mane.
Males gain weight of about 5 kg, and females reach a mass of 3-4.5 kg. Chicken breeds Brama Kuropatchataya begin to stalk after 8 months of life. Layers are able to carry about 120 eggs annually. Their eggs have specks on the brownish surface of a strong shell and weigh about 60 g. After the third year of life, egg production is significantly reduced.
Pros and cons of breed
Chickens of this breed have such advantages:
- unpretentiousness to climatic conditions, they tolerate cold and wet weather due to their thick plumage,
- rushing even in the winter,
- gaining big weight
- they have a well-developed incubation instinct,
- have a very decorative look,
- they have a calm and conflict-free character,
- can stand up for themselves before small predators
- consume any quality feed
- good egg production, as for meat breed.
- long maturation - chickens start to be born only from 8 months,
- chickens grow slowly
- the tendency to obesity sometimes leads to the fact that the bird falls to its feet,
- overweight can lead to heart attack,
- несмотря на наличие инстинкта насиживания, наседки иногда пренебрегают своими обязанностями, к тому же из-за большого веса клуша может раздавить высиживаемое яйцо.
Советы по разведению из яиц
Куры породы Брама куропатчатая неплохо разводятся из яиц. Для этой цели можно приобрести инкубационные яйца, а можно купить взрослых особей для дальнейшего разведения и высиживания несушками яиц. In the chicken coop, experts recommend keeping one rooster for ten laying hens. Females hatch eggs themselves and are caring moms. Nests for these large chickens are low. Chick breeding can be done with an incubator. To do this, purchase the appropriate eggs. Purchased fresh specimens can not be stored for more than 10 days before laying in the incubator, and it is best to take eggs that are not more than three days old. Despite the fact that chickens have a brooding instinct, farmers prefer an incubator - this allows you to avoid the occasional crush of eggs, which sometimes occurs because of the considerable weight of the hens. For breeding chickens you need to choose chickens older than two years, since this breed begins to carry large-sized eggs only after reaching the age of two.
The larger the egg, the stronger the offspring. To incubate eggs should be carefully inspected. Specimens of small or too large sizes, deformed form (in the form of a ball or pear), with lime impregnations, excessive rough surface, having too thin or thick shells, and spots should be immediately put off - they are unsuitable for hatching chicks. Too polluted eggs are also discarded because they cannot be washed - this will wash away the protective film and interfere with the air exchange through the pores of the egg. If all conditions are met, the chicks will be born after 19-21 days.
The daily weight of a chicken is about 36 g. Kids compared to other types of chickens are gaining weight slowly. A healthy chicken has a good activity, he stands confidently on his feet, his stomach is tucked up, his legs and beak are yellowish in color.
After their birth, chicks need special attention and care during the first 10 days. When grown at home, the first 14 days of chickens can be held in a box, but after that they need to be moved to a larger place. They need a warm, clean, dry and well ventilated room, without drafts. On 1 square. m place about 20-25 kids. When they reach one month, they are already placed in 17 individuals, and from 2.5 to 5 months - 20 chicks per square meter. m. Feeders and drinkers should be installed so that the chicks do not get into them with their feet - any contamination of food and drinking fluids can cause problems with the intestines. For the prevention of intestinal diseases it is recommended to give brood a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Many diseases (Newcastle, Marek's disease, infectious bronchitis, egg production syndrome, adenovirus infection, etc.) lead to a sharp weight loss in chickens and can quickly cause a massive loss among them. To reduce the risks of such diseases, it is recommended to vaccinate chickens.
As soon as the chicks were born, it is necessary to immediately vaccinate against chicken flu. For other diseases, the recommended dates for vaccination are as follows:
- from Newcastle disease - they inject the vaccine 3 times: at the age of 15-20, 45-60 and 140-160 days,
- in 4-5 months, vaccinated against atypical plague,
- they are vaccinated for salmonellosis for up to 16 weeks
- from infectious bronchitis - in 4-5 months.
Chickens of Brahma Kurochatka breed grow very slowly, so it is important to choose the best diet and feed them to the full. At the same time, it is necessary to develop a feeding regimen and implement it at certain hours. Feeding the chicks in the first 10 days of their life is carried out every two hours, then they switch to food every 3 hours (from 11 to 45 days), and the young animals are fed with an interval of four hours. In the first days of life (3-7 days), food for babies includes chopped boiled egg with cooked porridge (millet, corn), as well as with the addition of chopped nettle, clover.
In the diet of chickens necessarily include grass, especially knotweed. It is advisable to add vegetables - tomatoes, grated carrots, zucchini. From the fifth day of life, instead of eggs, chickens are fed with cottage cheese, boiled meat. The porridge is excluded on day 12, and a wet mash is introduced instead. It should always be fresh, without lumps, at the rate of 30-40 g per chicken. The uneaten mash is removed after 40 minutes, as spoiled food can cause poisoning in babies. Over time, special foods containing vitamins and supplements are introduced into the diet. In specialized stores you can buy high quality food with various useful additives. But experts advise to buy food and additives separately, and only then mix them, observing the necessary proportionality. Young animals need to be fed with protein, but when they reach 5 months, their amount needs to be reduced, as it helps build muscle mass, and the bone skeleton can not withstand a sharp jump in weight.
Adult Bird Diet
Chickens of Brahma Kupatchataya breed are of considerable weight, so their diet should be quite nutritious. Nutritional supplements include calcium, protein, vitamins and fish oil. For these heavyweights, it is very important to have a good musculoskeletal system, otherwise the bird will fall to its feet. To avoid this, crushed egg shells, shell rock, chalk are added to the diet.
The diet of this breed includes the following products:
- feed from grain crops
- food waste,
- fruits and vegetables (carrots, cabbage, beets, zucchini, etc.).
Light and thermal modes
Light and thermal conditions are of great importance when growing chickens. After the birth of babies, they need a full day light. It should be borne in mind that newborn chickens under the age of one week, harmful to be under the direct rays of the sun. But for heating and receiving light they are placed under special lamps with infrared rays. On the second day of life, the illumination is reduced by one hour. By 14 days, the kids already have enough 8-hour coverage. The second important factor for rearing chicks is temperature. The first 5 days it should correspond to the range of + 28-30 ° C, and from 6 to 10 days the temperature should be set within + 26-28 ° C. After that, every 7 days should be a decrease in temperature by three degrees.
At the age of 40 days, chickens calmly perceive an air temperature of about +18 ° C. If it is summer outside, then after 7 days, babies can be taught to the street and taken out into the yard. It should be noted that to ensure the conditions for a good egg production of hens of this breed, the illumination in the room is necessary about 13-14 hours.
It is necessary to ensure that enough light comes through the windows, and in the winter period additional lighting is necessary with the help of lamps. The optimum temperature for adult hens is + 12-18 ° C. Hens of Brama Kuropatchataya breed are one of the largest and unpretentious meat breeds. These birds tolerate cold, and their egg production is not reduced even in winter. In addition, their decorative appearance will decorate any yard.
Where can one buy
The price of hatching eggs from the thoroughbred Brahma producers in Russia as a whole is the same, and varies around 100-130 rubles per piece. Daily chickens are sold from 200 rubles.
Once again we draw your attention to the fact that young birds should be bought only in spring so that they grow up healthy. Adult chickens can be bought at any time of the year.
Moscow and Moscow region
- All types of Brahm: on sale hatching eggs, adult chickens, chickens. Manufacturers brought from the European exhibition. Contacts: Mytishchi, tel: +7 (910) 443-53-17 (Timur)
- Brahma is blue-crested, Brama is blue, black. Only hatching egg. Contacts: Domodedovo district, village Motyakino. phone: +7 (903) 108-83-47, Skype a210180
- Light, kuropatchataya - Bird and incubus. egg address: Solnechnogorsk Rn, d.Timofeevo. tel. +7 (916) 475-74-14 Email: [email protected]
If your farm offers this product - write about it to us, and we will add information about you to the article.