Flandre is a giant rabbit, a representative of the most common breed in the world. These animals are large, clumsy, with massive elongated bodies, thick hair. The large weight of individuals, dense warm fur and high fecundity of females make Flandres valuable meat and selfish breed.
History of origin
The history of the appearance of these huge rabbits, sometimes reaching the size of a small dog, is not known for certain. Exists three versions of its occurrence:
- Flandre is the result of the breeding work of the Flemish breeders. According to this theory, the breed of the Belgian Flanders was first bred by rabbit breeders of Flanders in the XVI century.
- Flandre is a descendant of the long-extinct large rabbits that once lived in Argentine Patagonia. It is believed that giant animals were brought to Europe by Dutch navigators in the XVI-XVII centuries. It is impossible to prove this fact, because the Patagonian rabbits have long disappeared. Opponents of this theory claim that the Argentine animals were not large - their average weight was about 1 kg.
- Flandre is the result of crossing Patagonian and large Flemish rabbits. Opponents of this version claim that there was no sense in crossing: the Flemish animals were much larger than their Patagonian relatives. Accordingly, the improvement of the Flemish breed with the help of smaller animals could not be considered.
Not so important where the Flandres came from. For most rabbit breeders, what matters is that such rabbits have high-quality skin, tasty meat and high resistance to negative environmental factors.
Advantages and disadvantages
Benefits of the Belgian flanders before other breeds:
- high fecundity (from 7 to 15 cubs), good milk production of rabbits,
- low mortality among young
- calm, balanced character,
- lack of care and food,
- resistance to adverse climatic conditions,
- high growth rate, weight gain.
The disadvantages of the Belgian flanders:
- low price of skins due to the small amount of fluff and unevenness of the pile,
- gluttony (flandry are ready to eat all day without a break),
- a large number of animals that do not meet the standards of the breed, with developmental disabilities.
And yet this giant rabbit is still popular among farmers. Breeding such animals is a profitable business that can generate income for many years.
External characteristics and breed parameters
Now many countries are withdrawing their species of Flandres. However, they all have features characteristic of the first - the Belgian flandru. Breed flandr different xcharacteristic signs:
- large size, large body weight,
- an extended strong body with developed muscles, a broad chest,
- strong thick legs with well developed pads and strong claws,
- thick, thick coat
- a large, rounded head with wide cheeks and big, fluffy ears sticking up
- color - dark gray, reddish gray, light gray, black, silver, white, bluish, sand.
Flandre is not considered to be very handsome: its massive body with thick legs, a round head and huge ears looks clumsy and slightly disproportionate. However, soft fluffy wool and uniform color make Flandres very cute.
This breed has a calm, good-natured disposition. Therefore, now these giants are kept as decorative pets.
See a brief overview of the Belgian Flandre breed.
The body length of this breed is 65 cm The body itself is elongated, curved with a little bump. Big head with swollen cheeks, powerful paws. Chest wide, up to 47 cm in girth.
The ears are covered with wool with a black border, wide and very long (17 - 25 cm). The weight of the rabbit reaches 10 kg. Refers to meat breeds.
The coat is silky, dense, thick. Its height is average (up to 3.% cm).
Coloring is varied: white, black, yellow-gray, iron-gray, kangaroo.
Features breeding, care
Because of the enormous size of the flanders, large, voluminous cages are necessary, especially for feeding rabbit with cubs. From time to time the cells need to be cleaned. Constantly in drinking bowls should be fresh clean water. Most often they are put in the open air, but sometimes - in closed premises. In such cases it is necessary to provide sufficient sunlight to the cells, regular airing. Great skin requires careful care.
In the spring, before the appearance of mosquito carriers of infections, vaccinations against myxomatosis, pasteurelliosis, and viral anthropagic fever are made. The first such vaccination - in 1, 5 months.
For breeding rabbits are suitable for 8 months. This is two times later than other breeds. But the advantage is that the Flandres are very prolific.
They feed the meat giants 2 times a day. At the first request give hay. In the food for each add a handful of grain. Adult rabbits are unpretentious in the diet. Eat boiled vegetables, seeds, green fodder, oatmeal. In the first months of their life, small rabbits eat dried hay, and then switch to adult food.
Nutrition nursing bunny reinforced. She gets 2 - 3 handfuls of grain per day and wet mash. Mixtures consist of a mixture of different vegetables, cereals, sunflower oil cake with added salt. Such feeding is beneficial, firstly, because it is less expensive. And flandr eats a lot. And secondly, it is convenient to add drugs to the bags.
Like all rabbits, Flandre babies are born naked, deaf and blind. A week later, they begin to be covered with hair. A week later, their eyes would open, their ears would erupt. Caring for babies is the same as in other breeds.
If you have problems with feeding (if, for example, there are cracks in the nipples), the rabbit, experiencing pain, can refuse toddlers. If the young do not gorge, they have sunken tummies and they squeak. In this case, the farmer must adjust lactation. First of all, check whether there are cracks on the nipples. Cracks smeared with vegetable or sea buckthorn oil. Massage the nipples, express the milk, at first attach the rabbits to the mother's nipples.
If there are no such problems, the rabbit feeds the children once or twice a day, mostly at night.
If no new mating is foreseen, the children remain with their mother until the age of 3 months.
In cases when baby rabbits cannot be breastfed, they are fed artificially. Give liquid semolina, diluted dry milk. They feed these babies once a day. In 3 months, when young flanders become adults, they are seated in separate cells. At the same time divided by gender. Also separated less developed, small individuals.
For mating rabbit ready only to achieve 9 months.
Due to the slow development of baby rabbits and the voracity of the breed, they are reluctant to grow them on farms, especially for sale.
In Western Europe, these rabbits are often raised as ornamental animals. They live in families.
Breed external data
Rabbits are distinguished by the large size of the elongated body, long ears, wide cheeks. They look clumsy, good-natured. Their wide powerful paws are very formidable weapons. Some completely unfounded consider Flandres ugly. At the same time, many bring them up as a pet for decorative purposes.
Signs of breed flandr
At present, there are a large number of species and branches of the breed, but there are specific signs characteristic of all representatives.
- The impressive size of the body, whose length is 65-70 cm, chest girth 35-38 cm, back concave or straight.
- Color coat. Official standards are white, sandy, sandy-red (faun), opal, silver, gray-orange (agouti), blue, black, dark gray (kangur), gray color.
- Ears are vertical, wider at the sides, with a wide black stripe on top. The size of the ears - 19-25 cm.
- The head is very large, the cheeks are voluminous, plump.
- Body weight 6-12 kg, an average of 7-8.
- Wool is thick, hair height 3-4cm.
- In one litter the maximum number of animals is 15. The average number is -7-8.
- The average weight of a little rabbit: 1 month - 700g, 2 months - 1500g, 3 months - 2.5 kg, 4 months - 3.5 kg, 5 months - 4.5 kg, 6 months - 5.5 kg, 8 months - 7 kg.
- Adult rabbit calm, non-conflicting.
- Perfectly gets on with other animals.
- Possesses high intellectual abilities.
- Does not show aggression towards people.
- It is characterized by balanced behavior.
- Shows friendliness, especially when dealing with children.